Cambodia: Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program

Sovereign Project | 47136-003

The Asian Development Bank is working with Cambodia to improve access to quality upper secondary education. The program is supporting the government's efforts to improve the quality of its human resources to sustain Cambodia's economic development and enhance its competitiveness.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Mar, Sophea
    Southeast Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country
    Cambodia
  • Modality
    • Loan
    • Technical Assistance
  • Sector
    • Education
Project Name Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program
Project Number 47136-003
Country Cambodia
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3426-CAM: Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program (formerly Strengthening Secondary Education and Teaching of Math and Science)
Asian Development Fund US$ 15.00 million
Loan 3427-CAM: Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program (formerly Strengthening Secondary Education and Teaching of Math and Science)
Asian Development Fund US$ 30.00 million
TA 9178-CAM: Accelerating Policy Reforms in Secondary Education
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Education / Education sector development - Secondary

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The program is the response of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to the government's vision of improving the quality of its human resources to sustain Cambodia's economic development and enhance its competitiveness. This will be achieved by supporting sequenced reforms aimed at improving the effectiveness of upper secondary education (USE). The program will (i) support initiatives to improve access to, quality of, and relevance of USE; and (ii) strengthen institutional capacity for planning, management, and delivery of education. While the policy reforms will be applied nationwide, most of the project activities will be implemented in seven disadvantaged provinces.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy While there was substantial progress in increasing access to basic education over the last 10 years, significant challenges remain at the USE level. The USE gross enrollment rate declined from 32.9% (30.1% female) in SY2010/11 to 25.1% (26.0% female) in SY2015/16. This dismal performance is more particularly pronounced in disadvantaged provinces, with recorded average gross enrollment below 20% as of SY 2013/2014. Grade 12 dropout rates reached an all-time high of 45% (42% female) in SY 2015/16, an increase of 34.9 percentage points (32.2 percentage points for females) from SY 2011/12. Completion rates for USE remained low at 20% in SY 2014/15. Through the USESDP, ADB will help the government address the problems of low access, low quality and relevance of upper secondary education and the lack of institutional capacity to plan, deliver and manage education services. USESDP is aligned with ADB's country partnership strategy, 20142018 for Cambodia which in turn is in line with the governments priorities on expanding access to, and improving the relevance and quality of, secondary education.
Impact High-quality human resources developed (Education Strategic Plan, 2014- 2018)
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Effectiveness of the USE system improved
Progress Toward Outcome

As of October 2021:

Two out of three outcome indicators have been met. The remaining indicator, the promotion rate from grade 10 to 11, is likely be achieved by the project completion despite schools have been closed since February 2021 due to Covid-19 outbreak. Below are the status of each of the three outcome indicators.

a. 2020/21: GER for USE is 32.2% (female: 36.4%).

b. 2020/21: Promotion rate from grade 10 to grade 11 is 87.4% (female: 87.8%).

c. 2020/21: Promotion rate from grade 11 to grade 12 is 92.4% (female: 92%).

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Access to USE improved

Quality and relevance of USE improved

Institutional capacity for planning, management, and delivery of education strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1. Improved access to upper secondary education. Five out of six sub outputs under this output have been substantially achieved and will be fully achieved by the project completion. The sub output on hardship allowances will be partially achieved (i.e., 789 out of the projects target of 938 upper secondary teachers posted in seven disadvantaged provinces) as there was no recruitment of teachers in school year (SY) 2019-20.

Output 2. Improved quality and relevance of upper secondary education. Seven out of nine sub outputs under this output have been substantially achieved, and the remaining two sub outputs, which currently are partially achieved, are likely achieved by the project completion. The COVID-19 outbreak in provinces, particularly after 20 February 2021, has delayed capacity development activities held at secondary resource schools (SRSs) and travel of international experts. The mission agreed with the Executing Agency's (EA) request for partial improvement of secondary education math and science textbooks (Grades 10-12) instead of rewriting as the existing textbooks do not require a complete overhaul at this stage.

Output 3. Strengthened institutional capacity for planning, management, and delivery of education. Five out of six sub outputs have been substantially achieved and will be fully achieved by the project completion. Similar to Output 2, COVID-19 outbreak has delayed capacity development, monitoring and mentoring support. The mission has agreed with the EA's requests for using loan savings to further strengthen institutional capacity for planning, management, and delivery of education. These activities and costs are being finalized but can all be delivered by the project completion.

Geographical Location Nation-wide
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The project will include the construction of school buildings and/or classrooms and teacher housing. While environmental impacts are anticipated during construction, these are principally confined to noise, dust, and vibration, and safety of students and school and/or training center staff. Impacts will be minor, localized, temporary, and could adequately be addressed and covered in the civil works contract awards. The project is classified as category B for environment. An environmental assessment and review framework and an initial environmental examination have been prepared. The policy actions in the policy-based loan component will not have any potential environmental impacts.
Involuntary Resettlement The involuntary resettlement category is C. The program as a whole will not entail involuntary resettlement issues. The project activities, including construction of additional USS buildings and teacher housing, will not require land acquisition nor restrict access to lands and/or people's livelihoods since school campuses occupy large tracts of land with adequate room for future expansion. Due diligence has confirmed that targeted project areas have land titles and/or certificates indicating ownership of land by the school or by the MoEYS. Based on anassessment of the policy actions, the policy-based loan component will not have any potential involuntary resettlement and indigenous peoples issues.
Indigenous Peoples The project is classified as indigenous peoples category B. Ethnic minority students and staff make up a large percentage of the project's target schools in at least five of the seven disadvantaged provinces. In accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009), measures to ensure that students, teachers, and school administrators in ethnic minority areas are included in the project design in lieu of preparing a separate ethnic group plan.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Various stakeholders including parents, community, teachers, students, school directors, and MoEYS officials and staff were consulted and engaged in the design of the program. Development partners supporting policy reforms and projects were also consulted to ensure complementarity of support.
During Project Implementation One of 10 virtual public consultations with indigenous communities in a major ethnic minority province (Preah Vihear) was held and participated by 29 participants (IP students, IP parents, teachers, and directors of schools). The remaining consultations will be completed by Q4 of 2021.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consultants will be recruited according to ADBs Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). The terms of reference for all consulting services are detailed in Section D.
Procurement

All procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time).

For goods, ICB procedures will be used for goods valued at $1,000,000 or above; national competitive bidding (NCB) procedures will be used for goods valued below $1,000,000 but equal to $100,000 or above; and shopping procedures will be used for goods valued below $100,000. For works, ICB procedures will be used for works valued at $3,000,000 or above; NCB procedures will be used for works valued below $3,000,000 but equal to $100,000 or above; and shopping procedures will be used for works valued below $100,000.

An 18-month procurement plan indicating threshold and review procedures, goods, works, and consulting service contract packages and national competitive bidding guidelines is in Section C.

Responsible ADB Officer Mar, Sophea
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Cambodia Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport
Mr. Chea Oeung
148 Norodom Blvd.
Phnom Penh
Kingdom of Cambodia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 07 Feb 2014
Fact Finding 04 Apr 2016 to 08 Apr 2016
MRM 08 Jun 2016
Approval 23 Sep 2016
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 11 Oct 2021

Loan 3426-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2016 06 Oct 2016 05 Dec 2016 30 Jun 2017 - 31 May 2017
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 18.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 15.00 20 Oct 2021 14.63 0.00 100%
Counterpart 3.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 20 Oct 2021 14.63 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory - - - - -

Loan 3427-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2016 06 Oct 2016 05 Dec 2016 30 Jun 2022 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 30.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 30.00 20 Oct 2021 23.45 0.00 78%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 20 Oct 2021 23.83 0.00 79%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory - - - - -

TA 9178-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2016 04 Nov 2016 04 Nov 2016 30 Jun 2018 30 Jun 2021 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,000,000.00 20 Oct 2021 992,133.87
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory - - - - -

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Oct 2021
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2020) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2021
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2019) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2020
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2018) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2019
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2017) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2018
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Project Administration Manual Project/Program Administration Manual Jul 2017
Loan Agreement (Special Operations) for Loan 3426-CAM: Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program Loan Agreement (Special Operations) Oct 2016
Loan Agreement (Special Operations) for 3427-CAM: Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Project Loan Agreement (Special Operations) Oct 2016
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Gender Action Plan Gender Action Plans Sep 2016
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Project Administration Manual (as of Project Approval) Project/Program Administration Manual Sep 2016
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Report and Recommendation of the President Reports and Recommendations of the President Sep 2016
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Concept Paper Concept Papers Jul 2016
Strengthening Secondary Education and Teaching of Math and Science: Project Data Sheet (Khmer Translation) Translated PDS Nov 2014
Strengthening Secondary Education and Teaching of Math and Science (formerly Fourth Education Sector Development Program (ESDP IV) Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Mar 2014

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2021) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2021
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2020) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2021
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2020) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2020
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Updated Environmental Management Plan and Monitoring Matrix Environmental Management Plans Jun 2020
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Construction of 84 Subprojects Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2020
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Construction of 84 Subprojects Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Feb 2020
Upper Secondary Educaton Sector Development Program: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2019) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2020
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Construction of 73 Subprojects Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2019
Upper Secondary Educaton Sector Development Program: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2019) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2019
Upper Secondary Educaton Sector Development Program: Social Monitoring Report Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2018
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Environmental Management Plan and Monitoring Matrix Environmental Management Plans Sep 2016
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination May 2016
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Environmental Assessment and Review Framework May 2016

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
National Finance Officer Individual - Consulting Closed 28 Jul 2020 11 Aug 2020
National Finance Officer Individual - Consulting Closed 17 Mar 2020 23 Mar 2020
Consutling Firm: Preparation of the Long-Term Roadmap and Plan for Secondary Education Firm - Consulting Closed 20 Sep 2019 04 Oct 2019
ICT Consulting Service for Strengthening of Content Portal Firm - Consulting Closed 09 Sep 2019 20 Sep 2019
National Individual Consultants for impact study on hardship allowance and other teacher incentives Individual - Consulting Closed 01 Feb 2019 08 Feb 2019
ICT Consultant Service for Strengthening of IT System, Assessing and strengthening of content portal, and ICT training for teachers Firm - Consulting Closed 19 Jan 2019 04 Feb 2019
L3427-CAM: Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program [USESDP-W-02] Invitation for Bids Closed 16 Apr 2018 27 Apr 2018
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Education Specialist (National) Individual - Consulting Closed 20 Dec 2017 29 Dec 2017
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Education Specialist (International) Individual - Consulting Closed 19 Dec 2017 29 Dec 2017
Teacher Development Specialist (Teacher Career Pathway [TCP]) Individual - Consulting Closed 16 Dec 2017 29 Dec 2017
National Procurement and Contract Administration Officer Individual - Consulting Closed 08 Sep 2017 14 Sep 2017
REGIONAL EDUCATION INSTITUTE Firm - Consulting Closed 20 Jul 2017 18 Aug 2017

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
USESDP-CS-03 Loan 3427 17 Apr 2020 DEV(KHMER) S.A.R.L. | CAMBODIA CAMBODIA Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport 206,774.00 206,774.00
Policy and Advisory Technical Assistance 9178 14 Jan 2020 Inno-Change International Consultants, Inc.(PHILIPPINES) in association with International Development Center of Japan(JAPAN) | UG8 Palm Towers, Tower B, 7706 St.Paul R Makati, Metro Manila 1203, Philippines Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport 791,000.00
USESDP-W-01- CONSTRUCTION OF 44 TEACHER HOUSING UNITSIN REMOTE AREAS Loan 3427 20 Sep 2019 TAING CHENG OING CONST & IMPORT EXPORT CO.LTD | NO. 80 STREET 6A, SKUN VILLAGE, SOTIP COMMUNE, CHEUNG PREY DIST, KAMPHONG CHAM CAMBODIA Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport 1,647,680.76 1,647,680.76
USESDP-W-04 Loan 3427 21 Jun 2019 VIMEANCHEY GROUPS CO., LTD. | 206, STREET 598 PHNM PENG THMEY, SEN SOK PHNOM PENH CAMBODIA Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport 2,648,997.72 2,648,997.72
REGIONAL EDUCATION INSTITUTE (USESDP-CS-02) Loan 3427 28 May 2019 NIE INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LIMITED IN JV WITH | SINGAPORE SINGAPORE Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport 1,230,662.47 1,230,662.47
PACKAGE USESDP-W-03: LOT 1: VIMEANCHEY GROUP CO., LTD ($1,389,029.39) & LOT 2: EASTERN CONSTRUCTION & INVESTMENT CO., LTD ($1,415,668.72) Loan 3427 15 Jan 2019 VARIOUS | VARIOUS CAMBODIA Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport 2,804,698.11 2,804,698.11
UPGRADING OF 6 USS TO SRS BY CONSTRUCTING 6 SRCS IN KAMPONG CHAM, KRATIE, KAMPNG THOM, BANTEAY, MEANCHEY, BATTAMBANG, AND ODDOR MEANCHY Loan 3427 29 Aug 2018 SBPH ENGINEERING & CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD. | NO.25A, STREET 432, SANGKAT BOEUNG TRABEK, KHAN CHAMKAMON, PHNOM PENH CAMBODIA Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport 2,056,736.00 2,056,736.00
CONTRACT NO. USESDP-CS-01 PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION AND MONITORING CONSULTANT (PIC) Loan 3427 13 Jul 2018 E.GEN CONSULTANTS LTD. IN JOINT VENTURE WITH | 14 A CHANDRASHILA SUVASTU TOWER, 69/1 BIR UTTAM QAZI NURUZZAMAN ROADS DHAKA BANGLADESH Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport 1,816,134.00 1,816,134.00

Procurement Plan