fbpx 47136-003: Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program | Asian Development Bank

Cambodia: Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program

Sovereign (Public) Project | 47136-003 Status: Active

The Asian Development Bank is working with Cambodia to improve access to quality upper secondary education. The program is supporting the government's efforts to improve the quality of its human resources to sustain Cambodia's economic development and enhance its competitiveness.

Project Details

Project Officer
Lynnette Perez Southeast Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Cambodia
Modality
  • Loan
  • Technical Assistance
Sector
  • Education
 
Project Name Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program
Project Number 47136-003
Country Cambodia
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3426-CAM: Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program (formerly Strengthening Secondary Education and Teaching of Math and Science)
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 15.00 million
Loan 3427-CAM: Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program (formerly Strengthening Secondary Education and Teaching of Math and Science)
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 30.00 million
TA 9178-CAM: Accelerating Policy Reforms in Secondary Education
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Education / Education sector development - Secondary

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The program is the response of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to the government's vision of improving the quality of its human resources to sustain Cambodia's economic development and enhance its competitiveness. This will be achieved by supporting sequenced reforms aimed at improving the effectiveness of upper secondary education (USE). The program will (i) support initiatives to improve access to, quality of, and relevance of USE; and (ii) strengthen institutional capacity for planning, management, and delivery of education. While the policy reforms will be applied nationwide, most of the project activities will be implemented in seven disadvantaged provinces.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy While there was substantial progress in increasing access to basic education over the last 10 years, significant challenges remain at the USE level. The USE gross enrollment rate declined from 32.9% (30.1% female) in SY2010/11 to 25.1% (26.0% female) in SY2015/16. This dismal performance is more particularly pronounced in disadvantaged provinces, with recorded average gross enrollment below 20% as of SY 2013/2014. Grade 12 dropout rates reached an all-time high of 45% (42% female) in SY 2015/16, an increase of 34.9 percentage points (32.2 percentage points for females) from SY 2011/12. Completion rates for USE remained low at 20% in SY 2014/15. Through the USESDP, ADB will help the government address the problems of low access, low quality and relevance of upper secondary education and the lack of institutional capacity to plan, deliver and manage education services. USESDP is aligned with ADB's country partnership strategy, 20142018 for Cambodia which in turn is in line with the governments priorities on expanding access to, and improving the relevance and quality of, secondary education.
Impact High-quality human resources developed (Education Strategic Plan, 2014- 2018)
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Effectiveness of the USE system improved
Progress Toward Outcome

As of Dec 2018:

a. 2017/18: Public 26.9% (female: 29.3%); Private: 1.6% (female: 1.6%)

2017/18: Total (Public and Private): 28.5% (female: 30.9%)

b. 2017/18: Public - 85% (female: 86.1%)

c. 2017/18: Public - 93.1% (female: 94.4%)

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Access to USE improved

Quality and relevance of USE improved

Institutional capacity for planning, management, and delivery of education strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Program Loan completed

Program Loan completed

3c. Intensive Training on M&E to be conducted from January 2019.

Consultation workshop on Draft SRS M&E frame-work & tools held on 21-23 May 2018 in Battambang (78 participants, 9- fem)

Piloting M&E tools conducted in 10 SRSs in July; draft SRS M&E framework & M&E tools revised in Aug 2018.

Workshop for relevant depts & POE conducted in Siem Reap from 26 -28 Sep 2018 to finalize M&E framework & tools.

3d. 374 people (7% females) trained

A manual on data management and data analysis was developed in a workshop in Kampong Cham from 23 to 27 April 2018 and finalized during 25-29 June 2018 in Kampot.

SQL server delivered; testing to be completed soon.

3e. No progress as of 3e. INSET curriculum for the training of school principals and School Based Management Manual was harmonized among NIE, TTD and DGSE in August 2018.

The training to be adapted for training of USS Directors; 19 training modules exist. Awaiting REI to conduct this training.

3f. Staff development training not undertaken in designated departments except ERC monthly talk for staff capacity building).

Departments have received some furniture and equipment.

DIT: Completed ICT curriculum grade 10-12; computer equipment, digital camera, video camera, Macbook Pro, camera accessories provided

DEA: 3 training workshops were held from 12 to 13 June 2018 on the _Dissemination of the Analysis of the 2017 Grade 12 Exam and Paper_ in: (i) Battambang - 106 participants

(ii) Kampong Speu - 160 participants

(iii) Kratie - 112 participants

3g. 36 SRSs (75% of the target) and 181 networks schools (75% of the target) received SIF.

Training for SRSs was conducted in early Q1, 2018

1st payment of SIF to 217 schools made in March 2018.

Training documents prepared and training conducted

Monitoring and coaching of SRS conducted in Q2, 2018

3h. FM manual is being finalized; FM manual prepared in 2016 & approved by MoEYS in Feb 2018.

Capacity building conducted for national trainers.

Training workshop on planning, preparation, budget management, and SRSs operation, cooperation between SRSs and network conducted from 13 Dec 2017 to 26 Jan 2018 in Battambang, Siem Reap, Pursat, Kg Speu, Preah Sihanouk, Takeo, Prey Veng, Kg Cham and Kg Thom with 1,196 participants (360 females)

Monitoring on usage of 500$ grant undertaken for 217 schools in May 2018 in 25 provinces

Program Loan completed.

Program Loan completed.

Program Loan completed.

Program Loan completed.

Program Loan completed.

Program Loan completed.

Program Loan completed.

Program Loan completed.

Program Loan completed.

Program Loan completed.

Program Loan completed.

Program Loan completed.

1e. 1427 Grade 11 students (847 females, or 60%) received scholarships In Academic Year (AY) 2017-18. 1427 is 23.78% of the total scholarships to be provided.

1st Cohort: 59% female achieved against target of 60%; but 23.5% of the total target of 3600 female students.

1st Cohort: 858 (60%) students provided scholarships are from the 7 disadvantaged provinces, with 494 (58%) female.

569 (40%) SRSs students from non-disadvantaged provinces received scholarship, with 353 (62%) female students receiving scholarship.

1f. 389 (female 90, 23.4%) or 41.47%of the target USE teachers t received hardship allowance

USE teachers of Math, Science and ICT/ computer in 7 disadvantaged provinces received hardship allowance of $20/month for 7 months from Nov 2017 to May 2018

1g. 44 teacher housing units ready for bidding.

Long list of 66 schools approved on 27 March 2018; 24 were screened from disadvantaged provinces and 42 from other provinces during Oct-Dec 2017.

Additional sites screened during Oct-Dec 2018; short list completed in mid-Dec 2018 to comply with requirement of 70% from disadvantaged provinces and the rest from other provinces

1h. Bidding ongoing; contract awards expected by the end of January.

14 LSSs in 9 provinces were site screened in November 2018.

All drawings, specifications and other documents updated for bidding

1i. Site screening will be undertaken in the 2nd Quarter of 2019. Construction work to be undertaken in the third quarter of 2019.

1j. Bidding is ongoing

34 overcrowded USS in 16 provinces were site screened; some more schools were site screened during the months of Oct-Dec 2017. Additional site screening was done in Oct-Nov 2018.

The drawings, specifications and other bidding documents prepared; bidding is ongoing.

2i. Bidding of two lots of textbooks completed; Bid Evaluation Report (BER) is being finalized

2j. BER is being finalized

The teacher guides for all subjects of Grade 10-12 reviewed and corrected for errors

Textbooks of Grade 10-12 of all subjects reviewed and corrected for errors.

2k. New curricular frameworks finalized and approved in July 2018 for 13 subjects, including Math, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Science and ICT, in Grades 10 to 12.

The selected REI will review the curriculum to ensure alignment with international standards.

2l. PRESETT and INSET teacher training curriculum harmonized among NIE, TTD and DGSE.

These are to be further reviewed by selected REI in collaboration with NIE Cambodia.

2m. 1st Phase: 6 SRCs are 15% completed; 2nd phase: 8 SRCs are ready for final contract award

2n. The REI tasked to conduct these programs is expected to be mobilized in January 2018.

However, the priority of the REI will be to review and improve the curriculum.

2o. The REI tasked to conduct these programs is expected to be mobilized in January 2018.

However, the priority of the REI will be to review and improve the curriculum

2p. The REI tasked to conduct these programs is expected to be mobilized in January 2018.

Career guidance and counselling manual for USS finalized

Need assessment on career counselling conducted in 10 SRSs.

Consultative workshops held to identify potential school career counselors (74 participants- 25 PoEs & 36 SRS directors).

Career Guidance Manual finalized for Grades 10-12 in Sept 2018 (18 participants, 4 females)

2q. Cumulative: 67 (28 females =41.79% of target), 12% achieved against the total target.

Teacher candidates from 10 provinces' received fellowship of $80/month from November 2017 to August 2018

Geographical Location Nation-wide
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The project will include the construction of school buildings and/or classrooms and teacher housing. While environmental impacts are anticipated during construction, these are principally confined to noise, dust, and vibration, and safety of students and school and/or training center staff. Impacts will be minor, localized, temporary, and could adequately be addressed and covered in the civil works contract awards. The project is classified as category B for environment. An environmental assessment and review framework and an initial environmental examination have been prepared. The policy actions in the policy-based loan component will not have any potential environmental impacts.
Involuntary Resettlement

The involuntary resettlement category is C. The program as a whole will not entail involuntary resettlement issues. The project activities, including construction of additional USS buildings and teacher housing, will not require land acquisition nor restrict access to lands and/or people's livelihoods since school campuses occupy large tracts of land with adequate room for future expansion. Due diligence has confirmed that targeted project areas have land titles and/or certificates indicating ownership of land by the school or by the MoEYS. Based on an

assessment of the policy actions, the policy-based loan component will not have any potential involuntary resettlement and indigenous peoples issues.

Indigenous Peoples The project is classified as indigenous peoples category B. Ethnic minority students and staff make up a large percentage of the project's target schools in at least five of the seven disadvantaged provinces. In accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009), measures to ensure that students, teachers, and school administrators in ethnic minority areas are included in the project design in lieu of preparing a separate ethnic group plan.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Various stakeholders including parents, community, teachers, students, school directors, and MoEYS officials and staff were consulted and engaged in the design of the program. Development partners supporting policy reforms and projects were also consulted to ensure complementarity of support.
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

All consultants will be recruited according to ADBs Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). The terms of reference for all consulting services are detailed in Section D.

An international consulting firm will be recruited to provide an estimated 203 person-months (41 international, 162 national) of project management services. The firm will be engaged using the quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) method with a standard quality-cost ratio of 90:10.

In addition, a suitable regional education institute (REI), will be engaged (QBS), to provide technical expertise and guidance to MoEYS in the implementation of project activities. Qualifications for selecting the REI include: (i) proven outstanding track record in teacher development, particularly on pedagogical innovation, content knowledge, classroom management, and research management skills; (ii) extensive experience in math and science curriculum and textbook development; (iii) several years of experience providing services that conform to both international as well as ASEAN standards; (iv) main country of operation consistently in the top five countries in international student tests; (v) geographic proximity to Cambodia; (vi) shared diplomatic and other on-going collaborations that will facilitate the cooperation on basis of equality, shared vision, and cultural and regional sensitivity; and (vii) English language as the main medium of communication/instruction.

Procurement

All procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time).

For goods, ICB procedures will be used for goods valued at $1,000,000 or above; national competitive bidding (NCB) procedures will be used for goods valued below $1,000,000 but equal to $100,000 or above; and shopping procedures will be used for goods valued below $100,000. For works, ICB procedures will be used for works valued at $3,000,000 or above; NCB procedures will be used for works valued below $3,000,000 but equal to $100,000 or above; and shopping procedures will be used for works valued below $100,000.

An 18-month procurement plan indicating threshold and review procedures, goods, works, and consulting service contract packages and national competitive bidding guidelines is in Section C.

Responsible ADB Officer Lynnette Perez
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport
148 Norodom Blvd.
Phnom Penh
Kingdom of Cambodia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 07 Feb 2014
Fact Finding 04 Apr 2016 to 08 Apr 2016
MRM 08 Jun 2016
Approval 23 Sep 2016
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 26 Mar 2019

Loan 3426-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2016 06 Oct 2016 05 Dec 2016 30 Jun 2017 - 31 May 2017
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 18.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 15.00 23 Sep 2016 14.63 0.00 100%
Counterpart 3.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2016 14.63 0.00 100%

Loan 3427-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2016 06 Oct 2016 05 Dec 2016 30 Jun 2022 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 30.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 30.00 23 Sep 2016 15.05 0.00 51%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Sep 2016 6.51 0.00 22%

TA 9178-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2016 04 Nov 2016 04 Nov 2016 30 Jun 2018 31 Dec 2020 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,000,000.00 23 Sep 2016 158,091.49

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Datesort descending
Strengthening Secondary Education and Teaching of Math and Science (formerly Fourth Education Sector Development Program (ESDP IV) Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Mar 2014
Strengthening Secondary Education and Teaching of Math and Science: Project Data Sheet (Khmer Translation) Translated PDS Nov 2014
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Concept Paper Concept Papers Jul 2016
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Project Administration Manual (as of Project Approval) Project/Program Administration Manual Sep 2016
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Gender Action Plan Gender Action Plans Sep 2016
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Report and Recommendation of the President Reports and Recommendations of the President Sep 2016
Loan Agreement (Special Operations) for 3427-CAM: Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Project Loan Agreement (Special Operations) Oct 2016
Loan Agreement (Special Operations) for Loan 3426-CAM: Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program Loan Agreement (Special Operations) Oct 2016
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Project Administration Manual Project/Program Administration Manual Jul 2017
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2017) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2018
Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Jun 2019

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
REGIONAL EDUCATION INSTITUTE Firm - Consulting Closed 20 Jul 2017 18 Aug 2017
National Procurement and Contract Administration Officer Individual - Consulting Closed 08 Sep 2017 14 Sep 2017
Teacher Development Specialist (Teacher Career Pathway [TCP]) Individual - Consulting Closed 16 Dec 2017 29 Dec 2017
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Education Specialist (International) Individual - Consulting Closed 19 Dec 2017 29 Dec 2017
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Education Specialist (National) Individual - Consulting Closed 20 Dec 2017 29 Dec 2017
L3427-CAM: Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program [USESDP-W-02] Invitation for Bids Closed 16 Apr 2018 27 Apr 2018
ICT Consultant Service for Strengthening of IT System, Assessing and strengthening of content portal, and ICT training for teachers Firm - Consulting Closed 19 Jan 2019 04 Feb 2019
National Individual Consultants for impact study on hardship allowance and other teacher incentives Individual - Consulting Closed 01 Feb 2019 08 Feb 2019

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
CONTRACT NO. USESDP-CS-01 PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION AND MONITORING CONSULTANT (PIC) Loan 3427 13 Jul 2018 E.GEN CONSULTANTS LTD. IN JOINT VENTURE WITH 14 A CHANDRASHILA SUVASTU TOWER, 69/1 BIR UTTAM QAZI NURUZZAMAN ROADS DHAKA BANGLADESH Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport CONSULTANCY 1,816,134.00 1,816,134.00
UPGRADING OF 6 USS TO SRS BY CONSTRUCTING 6 SRCS IN KAMPONG CHAM, KRATIE, KAMPNG THOM, BANTEAY, MEANCHEY, BATTAMBANG, AND ODDOR MEANCHY Loan 3427 29 Aug 2018 SBPH ENGINEERING & CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD. NO.25A, STREET 432, SANGKAT BOEUNG TRABEK, KHAN CHAMKAMON, PHNOM PENH CAMBODIA Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport CONSTRUCTION 2,056,736.00 2,056,736.00

Procurement Plan