47136-006: Second Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program | Asian Development Bank

Cambodia: Second Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program

Sovereign (Public) Project | 47136-006 Status: Approved

The proposed Second Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program (USESDP 2) is part of the phased support of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to develop high-quality human resources by improving the effectiveness of upper secondary education (USE). It builds on and complements ADB's ongoing Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program (USESDP 1). The program will (i) improve teacher quality and boost the quality and labor market relevance of USE; and (ii) strengthen institutional capacity for USE planning, management, and delivery. While the policy reforms will apply nationwide, the project activities will cover only selected areas.

 
Project Name Second Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program
Project Number 47136-006
Country Cambodia
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3719-CAM: Second Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 15.00 million
Loan 3720-CAM: Second Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 35.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Education / Education sector development - Secondary

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The proposed Second Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program (USESDP 2) is part of the phased support of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to develop high-quality human resources by improving the effectiveness of upper secondary education (USE). It builds on and complements ADB's ongoing Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program (USESDP 1). The program will (i) improve teacher quality and boost the quality and labor market relevance of USE; and (ii) strengthen institutional capacity for USE planning, management, and delivery. While the policy reforms will apply nationwide, the project activities will cover only selected areas.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

ADB's sequenced approach to reform. ADB has supported education and skills development in Cambodia since 2001 through sector development programs, investment loans, technical assistance grants, policy and advisory support, and knowledge products (figure). ADB's USE engagement builds upon critical lessons from its extensive engagement in the education sector. This highlights the importance of strategically sequencing medium- to long-term support to build the foundation for the reforms, allow these to take root, and show results.

Transition from first to second phase of support. This second program builds on the first phase of targeted ADB assistance to USE. The first program supports government efforts to overcome key constraints to increasing access to USE through policy reforms and investment activities. USESDP 1 financially supports poor USE students through scholarships; provides hardship allowance and teacher housing for USE teachers in remote and disadvantaged areas; and constructs upper secondary schools (USSs) in seven disadvantaged provinces, of which five have a significant indigenous peoples' population. USESDP 1 also introduced reforms to improve USE quality, including developing a curriculum framework; strengthening science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education; and issuing a comprehensive teacher policy. Following these policy reforms and the progress of USESDP 1, this second phase focuses on removing the remaining constraints and deepening quality, relevance, and management capacity reforms. USESDP 2 therefore adopts a holistic approach, establishing required inputs, policies, and systems (i.e., well-equipped schools, highly qualified teachers, curriculum and assessment reforms, and strong school leadership and support) before nationwide expansion to allow for stronger and measurable learning outcomes in the future. The overall program aligns with the second strategic pillar of the ADB's country partnership strategy, 2014 2018 for Cambodia.

Impact High-quality human resources developed
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Effectiveness of the USE system improved
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Quality of teachers in USSs improved

Quality and labor market relevance of USE improved

Institutional capacity for planning, management, and delivery of education strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Nation-wide
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The proposed upgrade and renovation of facilities within the NIE, secondary resource schools, and selected upper secondary network schools is anticipated to have minimal impacts. The upgrade and renovation of classrooms and libraries and the repair of degraded water pipes in toilets will be limited to the confines of the existing school compounds. The environmental impacts of construction and renovation works are expected to be temporary and localized and can be mitigated by good construction practices.
Involuntary Resettlement There will be no land acquisition and resettlements impacts, as all works will be located within the boundaries of existing facilities on fended state-owned land and will not restrict access to lands or people's livelihoods. The Project Coordinate Unit will carry out consultations throughout the project. It will establish a gender-inclusive, project-specific grievance redress mechanism to receive, record, and resolve communities' concerns on project-related impacts.
Indigenous Peoples Although the project will be implemented countrywide, the features that were integrated in the outputs in lieu of an indigenous peoples plan will provide enhanced benefits to indigenous people and/or ethnic minority communities and learners.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Extensive consultations and focused group discussions were held with key officials and staff of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport during the design stage. Consultations were also held with the Ministry of Economy and Finance officials and key staff to ensure alignment with the key policies, priorities and strategies of the government.
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Perez, Lynnette
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport
148 Norodom Blvd.
Phnom Penh
Kingdom of Cambodia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 03 Oct 2017
Fact Finding 30 Jan 2018 to 13 Mar 2018
MRM 10 May 2018
Approval 28 Sep 2018
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 28 Sep 2018

Loan 3719-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Sep 2018 24 Oct 2018 - 30 Jun 2019 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 15.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 15.00 28 Sep 2018 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 28 Sep 2018 0.00 0.00 0%

Loan 3720-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Sep 2018 24 Oct 2018 - 30 Jun 2025 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 38.50 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 35.00 28 Sep 2018 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 3.50 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 28 Sep 2018 0.00 0.00 0%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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