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Cambodia: Second Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program

Sovereign (Public) Project | 47136-006 Status: Active

The proposed Second Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program (USESDP 2) is part of the phased support of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to develop high-quality human resources by improving the effectiveness of upper secondary education (USE). It builds on and complements ADB's ongoing Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program (USESDP 1). The program will (i) improve teacher quality and boost the quality and labor market relevance of USE; and (ii) strengthen institutional capacity for USE planning, management, and delivery. While the policy reforms will apply nationwide, the project activities will cover only selected areas.

 
Project Name Second Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program
Project Number 47136-006
Country Cambodia
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3719-CAM: Second Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 15.00 million
Loan 3720-CAM: Second Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 35.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Education / Education sector development - Secondary

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The proposed Second Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program (USESDP 2) is part of the phased support of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to develop high-quality human resources by improving the effectiveness of upper secondary education (USE). It builds on and complements ADB's ongoing Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program (USESDP 1). The program will (i) improve teacher quality and boost the quality and labor market relevance of USE; and (ii) strengthen institutional capacity for USE planning, management, and delivery. While the policy reforms will apply nationwide, the project activities will cover only selected areas.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

ADB's sequenced approach to reform. ADB has supported education and skills development in Cambodia since 2001 through sector development programs, investment loans, technical assistance grants, policy and advisory support, and knowledge products (figure). ADB's USE engagement builds upon critical lessons from its extensive engagement in the education sector. This highlights the importance of strategically sequencing medium- to long-term support to build the foundation for the reforms, allow these to take root, and show results.

Transition from first to second phase of support. This second program builds on the first phase of targeted ADB assistance to USE. The first program supports government efforts to overcome key constraints to increasing access to USE through policy reforms and investment activities. USESDP 1 financially supports poor USE students through scholarships; provides hardship allowance and teacher housing for USE teachers in remote and disadvantaged areas; and constructs upper secondary schools (USSs) in seven disadvantaged provinces, of which five have a significant indigenous peoples' population. USESDP 1 also introduced reforms to improve USE quality, including developing a curriculum framework; strengthening science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education; and issuing a comprehensive teacher policy. Following these policy reforms and the progress of USESDP 1, this second phase focuses on removing the remaining constraints and deepening quality, relevance, and management capacity reforms. USESDP 2 therefore adopts a holistic approach, establishing required inputs, policies, and systems (i.e., well-equipped schools, highly qualified teachers, curriculum and assessment reforms, and strong school leadership and support) before nationwide expansion to allow for stronger and measurable learning outcomes in the future. The overall program aligns with the second strategic pillar of the ADB's country partnership strategy, 2014 2018 for Cambodia.

Impact High-quality human resources developed
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Effectiveness of the USE system improved
Progress Toward Outcome Program: The Royal Government of Cambodia complied with the required policy actions stipulated for the release of the policy-based loan, and accordingly, ADB released $15 million in March 2019 to support USE reform implementation.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Quality of teachers in USSs improved

Quality and labor market relevance of USE improved

Institutional capacity for planning, management, and delivery of education strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Ongoing:

Project coordination unit established and closely coordinating with ADB project team; Several preliminary and critical activities undertaken to initiate procurement of goods and consultancy services including the Project Implementation Consultant (PIC); the two (2) support NGOs; consulting firm for master plan for renovation, upgrading and redevelopment of the NIE campus; and national procurement specialists; Finance Manual and workplan and budget for 2020 approved by ADB; review mission(s) being planned at a later time of the year; Grievance Redress Mechanism established by the EA in March 2020.

Output 1.(a) NIE organizational review and action plan, including gender recommendations, completed by 2019.(b) NIE facilities upgrade, resourcing, and program delivery reform completed (gender-responsive education environment) by 2023.(c) At least 1,100 USS STEAM teachers from 50 SRSs, 2,000 STEM teachers from 81 upper SNSs, and 40 NIE STEM lecturers (at least 25% female overall) increase their understanding of the new curriculum framework, content knowledge, instruction and assessment by 2024.(d) 7 (at least 4 females) NIE lecturers receive scholarships for advanced education programs by 2024.Output 2.(a) Science labs and ICT classrooms in 36 SRSs upgraded, and 2 classrooms in each of the 36 SRSs converted into science classrooms with equipment and teaching materials by 2022.(b) 2 classrooms converted into science classrooms and libraries in 81 upper secondary network schools upgraded with equipment, teaching materials, books, and furnishings by 2022.(c) Project-based, life skills classrooms installed in 25 SRSs by 2023.(d) 50 SRSs establish gender-responsive USE career guidance programs by 2023.(e) Extracurricular STEM skills programs for upper secondary students (50% female) in 20 SRSs pilot tested by 2023.(f) School libraries upgraded in 50 SRSs by 2022.(g) Water sanitation facilities in 18 SRSs upgraded (by gender) by 2021.(h) Solar power systems in 20 SRSs and 30 secondary network schools installed by 2021.(i) USS-industry partnerships established in 50 SRSs by 2024.Output 3:(a) At least 162 SRS directors and deputy directors and 150 administrators (disaggregated by sex) increase their knowledge of schools-based management by 2022.(b) At least 237 administrators and finance staff from 81 upper secondary network schools (disaggregated by sex) increase their knowledge of school-based finance procedures by 2023.(c) 20 DEA personnel (25%) female acquired increase knowledge by examination design and delivery by 2021.(d) 24 SRS unit personnel (at least 30% female) increase their knowledge of SRS supervision by 2020.(e) Teacher deployment policy reformed and implemented, paying attention to gender gaps in USE by 2021.(f) 25 POEs (at least 7 female) increase their knowledge on new regional inspection system by 2020.

Geographical Location Nation-wide
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The proposed upgrade and renovation of facilities within the NIE, secondary resource schools, and selected upper secondary network schools is anticipated to have minimal impacts. The upgrade and renovation of classrooms and libraries and the repair of degraded water pipes in toilets will be limited to the confines of the existing school compounds. The environmental impacts of construction and renovation works are expected to be temporary and localized and can be mitigated by good construction practices.
Involuntary Resettlement There will be no land acquisition and resettlements impacts, as all works will be located within the boundaries of existing facilities on fended state-owned land and will not restrict access to lands or people's livelihoods. The Project Coordinate Unit will carry out consultations throughout the project. It will establish a gender-inclusive, project-specific grievance redress mechanism to receive, record, and resolve communities' concerns on project-related impacts.
Indigenous Peoples Although the project will be implemented countrywide, the features that were integrated in the outputs in lieu of an indigenous peoples plan will provide enhanced benefits to indigenous people and/or ethnic minority communities and learners.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Extensive consultations and focused group discussions were held with key officials and staff of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport during the design stage. Consultations were also held with the Ministry of Economy and Finance officials and key staff to ensure alignment with the key policies, priorities and strategies of the government.
During Project Implementation ADB conducted an inception mission to Phnom Penh in June 2019 to review with MoEYS the preparatory work and initial actions done in terms of consultant recruitment, procurement of goods, services, and civil works; discuss ADB''s reporting requirements for the program in line with the agreed design and monitoring framework, including reporting requirements on safeguards and gender; and discuss and confirm the timetable for compliance with the loan covenants, among others. Since the inception mission, the EA has submitted to ADB for review procurement documents for the recruitment of the PIC, NGOs, website development firm and various individual consultants. ADB has also approved the project's Annual Workplan and Budget for 2020 and Financial Management Manual. A Grievance Redress Mechanism (GRM) was established by the EA in March 2020.
Responsible ADB Officer Perez, Lynnette
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport
148 Norodom Blvd.
Phnom Penh
Kingdom of Cambodia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 03 Oct 2017
Fact Finding 30 Jan 2018 to 13 Mar 2018
MRM 10 May 2018
Approval 28 Sep 2018
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Mar 2020

Loan 3719-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Sep 2018 24 Oct 2018 26 Dec 2018 30 Jun 2019 - 13 Mar 2019
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 15.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 15.00 28 Sep 2018 15.00 0.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 28 Sep 2018 15.00 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory - - - -

Loan 3720-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Sep 2018 24 Oct 2018 26 Dec 2018 30 Jun 2025 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 38.50 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 35.00 28 Sep 2018 4.53 0.00 13%
Counterpart 3.50 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 28 Sep 2018 1.02 0.00 3%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory - - - -

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Design and Construction Supervision of Phase 1 of Renovation, Upgrading and Redebvelopment of NIE Campus Firm - Consulting Active 09 Sep 2020 23 Oct 2020
Organizational Education Development Review Individual - Consulting Closed 13 Jun 2020 03 Jul 2020
Regional Schools Improvement Adviser 5 Individual - Consulting Closed 24 Feb 2020 08 Mar 2020
Regional Schools Improvement Adviser 4 Individual - Consulting Closed 24 Feb 2020 08 Mar 2020
3720-CAM: Second Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program [GD4107] Invitation for Bids Closed 21 Feb 2020 25 Mar 2020
MoEYS Website Design Firm - Consulting Closed 03 Dec 2019 19 Dec 2019
National STEM Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 26 Nov 2019 02 Dec 2019
National Research Consulatnt Individual - Consulting Closed 15 Nov 2019 21 Nov 2019
National Financial Specialist 2 for NIE Individual - Consulting Closed 27 Oct 2019 09 Nov 2019
National Organizational Education Development Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 22 Oct 2019 28 Oct 2019
Master Plan for Renovation, Upgrading and Redevelopment of National Institute of Education (NIE) Campus Firm - Consulting Closed 09 Sep 2019 08 Oct 2019
Second Upper Secondary Education Sector Development Program Individual - Consulting Closed 09 Sep 2019 22 Sep 2019
International Organizational Education Development Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 09 Sep 2019 22 Sep 2019
International STEM Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 09 Sep 2019 22 Sep 2019
Regional Schools Improvement Adviser 2 Individual - Consulting Closed 02 Jul 2019 15 Jul 2019
Regional Schools Improvement Adviser 3 Individual - Consulting Closed 02 Jul 2019 15 Jul 2019
Regional Schools Improvement Adviser 1 Individual - Consulting Closed 02 Jul 2019 15 Jul 2019
National Procurement Specialist 2 Individual - Consulting Closed 17 May 2019 30 May 2019
National Procurement Specialist 1 Individual - Consulting Closed 17 May 2019 30 May 2019
National Finance Specialist 1 for PCU Individual - Consulting Closed 11 Mar 2019 24 Mar 2019
Project Implementation Consultant Firm - Consulting Closed 05 Mar 2019 03 Apr 2019

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
PACKAGE NO. CD4302 (VOLUNTEER SERVICE OVERSEAS, VS O) Loan 3720 26 Aug 2020 VOLUNTEER SERVICE OVERSEAS (VSO CAMBODIA) PHNOM PENH CAMBODIA UNITED KINGDOM Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport CONSULTANCY 1,024,981.00 1,024,981.00
PACKAGE CD4200 PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION CONSULTANT Loan 3720 10 Jul 2020 VARIOUS VARIOUS NEW ZEALAND Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport CONSULTANCY 2,509,242.50 2,509,242.50