The program will complement past and ongoing efforts of the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi to improve water supply services to the residents of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCTD). The program will improve the infrastructure, management, and performance of the water supply services for 2.41 million people in the Wazirabad Water Treatment Plant (WTP) command area, located in North Delhi.
|Project Name||Delhi Water Supply Improvement Investment Program|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The program will complement past and ongoing efforts of the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi to improve water supply services to the residents of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCTD). The program will improve the infrastructure, management, and performance of the water supply services for 2.41 million people in the Wazirabad Water Treatment Plant (WTP) command area, located in North Delhi.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
India's urban infrastructure development has not kept pace with its rapid urbanization. Water supply, wastewater collection and treatment, solid waste management, and the urban road networks are increasingly becoming inadequate to respond to population pressures and economic demands on urban services. Across India, poor infrastructure and services have resulted in the loss of cities' economic competitiveness and a significant deterioration of the urban environment. The NCTD, with an area of 1,483 square kilometers and a population of 17.81 million, is no exception and suffers from inadequate, inequitable, and inefficient water supply infrastructure and services.
Delhi Jal Board (DJB) Delhi Water Board an autonomous body under the control of the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi, is responsible for potable water production and distribution, and waste water collection, treatment, and disposal in the NCTD. The NCTD's raw water source is a combination of surface water from the Yamuna, Ganga and Sutlej rivers, and groundwater from tube wells and infiltration galleries along the banks of the Yamuna. The proportion of the residents of the NCTD having piped water supply is 81.3% and having sewer connections is 59.3%. The DJB service area is divided into nine water treatment plant (WTP) command areas. The proposed program will focus on Wazirabad WTP command area, which has some of the oldest and most inefficient water infrastructure. The DJB produces 4,200 million liters per day of raw water (equivalent to 236 liters per capita per day); however, the actual volume delivered to customers is estimated to be much lower than the stipulated 150 liters per capita per day due to high nonrevenue water (NRW). While the lack of comprehensive metering makes an accurate calculation of NRW difficult, overall NRW, including both physical and commercial losses, is estimated at more than 50% of the treated water produced. Physical losses in the network constitute a major portion of NRW. The water supply service is limited to 3 hours per day at low pressures and poor quality.
Consequently, households incur additional coping costs on secondary pumping, storage, and in-house treatment of water, and health care. In addition, the lack of system records, the high number of interconnecting pipelines, the inadequate operation and maintenance of facilities, and the weak metering, billing, and revenue collection procedures make the water supply services inequitable and their management quite challenging. The DJB needs to improve its institutional and financial effectiveness to meet global standards such as rationalization of staff to about 7 per 1,000 connections, improvement of billing and collection efficiency to at least 98%, and operating ratio (ratio of operational expenditure to operational revenue) of about 0.8.
The program will be implemented as a multitranche financing facility (MFF). This is an appropriate modality because (i) the Water Supply Master Plan for Delhi (footnote 16) provides a clear road map for the water sector's improvement; (ii) the investments are significant but sequenced, thereby allowing the DJB to adopt a phased approach; (iii) it allows ADB to enter into a long-term commitment with the government and the DJB, thereby ensuring a comprehensive approach to water supply service delivery; and (iv) it enhances project readiness, reduces transaction costs, and supports institutional capacity building. The program is in line with ADB's country partnership strategy for India.
|Impact||Water supply services in Delhi improved (Handbook of Service Level Benchmarking, MOUD, Government of India , Master Plan for Delhi 2021 , and Water Supply Master Plan for Delhi ).|
|Outcome||Access to reliable, continuous, and sustainable water supply services improved in the Wazirabad WTP command area of Delhi|
Distribution network improved in the Wazirabad WTP command area
Water treatment and transmission systems improved in the Wazirabad WTP command area
Institutional capacity, DMA management, and program management strengthened
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||Project 1 is categorized as B for the environment in accordance with the SPS. An environmental assessment and review framework has been prepared for the program in line with the SPS and applicable laws. Three initial environmental examination (IEE) reports prepared for project 1 subprojects show that the subprojects are not likely to cause any significant adverse environmental impacts. The impacts, which will mostly be temporary, predictable, and reversible, can be mitigated through appropriate design, good practices, and implementation of environmental management plans (EMPs) included in the IEEs. Public consultations were conducted for all project 1 subprojects during preparation of the program. The IEEs, which are disclosed on ADB's website, will be updated based on the detailed designs. The program will have adequate personnel responsible for monitoring the implementation of EMPs and for submitting the semi-annual environmental monitoring reports to ADB|
|Involuntary Resettlement||Project 1 is categorized as B for involuntary resettlement and C for indigenous peoples. No impacts are expected on indigenous peoples for the MFF as project locations are known and located within the urban area of Delhi. The project does not involve permanent land acquisition or physical displacement. A resettlement framework has been prepared in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009) (SPS) and applicable laws. One resettlement plan and two due diligence reports for project 1 have been prepared in line with the SPS and will be updated after detailed designs. Project 1 resettlement impacts comprise 174 affected persons (36 households). The impacts are temporary and would be further minimized with the use of trenchless technology, wherever feasible. The proposed mitigation measures, including capacity building of the PMU and PIUs, are adequate to address the assessed risks. The safeguard documents are disclosed on the ADB website, and relevant information will be shared with the affected persons.|
|Indigenous Peoples||Delhi is generally homogeneous in the random distribution of groups across it. It is inhabited by population that has migrated to the city and does not house indigenous people.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||NGO and CBOs will be engaged as part of the social assessment undertaken by the TA. The proposed investment program will build on the consultation and community participation exercises undertaken during the TA, with the support from consultants and NGOs. These include community participation for planning, design and implementation in highly dense and poor settlements.|
|During Project Implementation||A gender equality and social inclusion action plan, which includes gender audit and development of a gender strategy for DJB, and a consultation and participation plan have been prepared with targets, responsibilities, and adequate resources allocated for their timely and effective implementation. DJB will implement these plans with support from the project management consultant, community mobilization and resettlement consultant, and nongovernment organizations.|
|Consulting Services||DJB will recruit consultants in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).|
|Procurement||Procurement of civil works and goods will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Tada, Momoko|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban Development and Water Division, SARD|
Delhi Jal Board
Varunalaya Ph-II, Jhandewalan, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 110005 India
|Concept Clearance||29 Jul 2013|
|Fact Finding||23 Jan 2017 to 23 Jan 2017|
|MRM||04 Aug 2017|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||27 Mar 2018|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Delhi Water Supply Improvement Investment Program: Project Data Sheet (हिन्दी)||Translated PDS||Sep 2013|
|Delhi Water Supply Improvement Investment Program||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Jul 2013|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
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The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|IND: Delhi Water Supply Improvement Investment Program||Advance Notice||Archived||08 Oct 2013|
No contracts awarded for this project were found
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