The policy and advisory technical assistance (PATA) directly supports Myanmar's Comprehensive Education Sector Review (CESR), which is led by the Ministry of Education (MOE)_coordinating involvement by relevant government agencies_and support by multiple development partner organizations (DPOs). As the first rigorous and comprehensive assessment of the education sector in 2 decades, the CESR will be fundamentally important in helping the government more precisely pinpoint sector challenges and providing a strengthened evidence base for needed reforms and investments. In particular, the CESR process will culminate in the formulation (by around end of 2014) of a costed National Education Sector Plan (NESP) as unified framework for prioritized and sequenced investments by both the government and DPOs. The CESR process consists of 3 phases, focusing on: (i) rapid assessment (Phase 1), (ii) in-depth analysis (Phase 2), and (iii) NESP formulation (Phase 3).
|Project Name||Support for Post-Primary Education Development|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Education - Education sector development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
The policy and advisory technical assistance (PATA) directly supports Myanmar's Comprehensive Education Sector Review (CESR), which is led by the Ministry of Education (MOE)_coordinating involvement by relevant government agencies_and support by multiple development partner organizations (DPOs). As the first rigorous and comprehensive assessment of the education sector in 2 decades, the CESR will be fundamentally important in helping the government more precisely pinpoint sector challenges and providing a strengthened evidence base for needed reforms and investments. In particular, the CESR process will culminate in the formulation (by around end of 2014) of a costed National Education Sector Plan (NESP) as unified framework for prioritized and sequenced investments by both the government and DPOs. The CESR process consists of 3 phases, focusing on: (i) rapid assessment (Phase 1), (ii) in-depth analysis (Phase 2), and (iii) NESP formulation (Phase 3). The NESP will include (i) a 1-year plan covering _FY2015, and (ii) interim planning for education sector investments during FY2016-_FY2020 and input into formulation of the national multisector Sixth Five-Year Plan.
More specifically, the PATA directly supports MOE and other agencies in undertaking analysis, policy dialogue, and planning related to the post-primary education (PPE) subsectors_ consisting of the secondary education subsector (SES), technical and vocational education and training (TVET), and higher education subsector (HES)_ under the umbrella of the government-led, DPO-supported CESR. In particular, the PATA will provide flexible, needs-tailored support for in-depth analysis and policy dialogue and advice during CESR Phase 2, and formulation of viable PPE elements within the broader CESP to be approved at the end of Phase 3.
Inputs under the PATA TA involve close cooperation with a small number of other DPOs supporting PPE-related elements of the CESR (e.g., GIZ and UNESCO), while support for secondary education curriculum reform is closely dovetailed with JICA support for primary education curriculum reform. More generally, the PATA is closely harmonized with and complement other DPOs' support (largely focused on primary, pre-primary, and nonformal education), and also complements and builds on foundational analysis, capacity development, and other front-end support under ongoing ADB capacity development technical assistance CDTA 8187-MYA (in partnership with Australia).
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The Government of Myanmar has recently stepped up efforts to strengthen the education sector, recognizing the vital role of an educated population and workforce as a prerequisite for sustained economic growth and poverty reduction. In addition to increased budgeting, this is reflected in the government's critical decision in early 2012 to undertake the CESR, which will culminate in the noted CESP to guide sector investments by the government and DPOs. In recent years, education sector development in Myanmar has been obstructed by a dearth of data (particularly affecting PPE subsectors), and the lack of concrete quantitative targets, hence the CESR will be vitally important in developing evidence-based, prioritized and sequenced sector planning as well as longer-term strategies and reforms.
The education sector has made important progress in recent years, perhaps particularly in primary education (grades 1_5) where_ despite persistent gaps and challenges_ the net enrolment ratio (NER) reached roughly 90% in school year SY2009/2010. At the same time, progress has lagged in PPE levels, and SES, TVET, and HES face particular challenges in key aspects of equitable access, education quality and relevance, and subsector management. As Myanmar undergoes dramatic and accelerating socioeconomic transformations, these subsectors must play a particularly critical role in promoting inclusive growth and poverty reduction, meeting rapidly evolving labor market needs, and rebalancing and equipping the economy to modernize and climb the technological ladder into higher value-added sectors and successfully enter into global markets as well as the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015. Development of evidence-based policies, planning, and investments to address such gaps thus represents an urgent priority.
|Impact||Viable and sequenced education planning implemented|
|Description of Outcome||Post-primary education subsector plans and priority investments embedded in new CESP|
|Progress Toward Outcome||The TA was expanded (via $700,000 additional financing from ADB) and extended through July 2017, and is now in late-stage implementation. Subject to continued monitoring, progress appears on-track to support achievement of the outcome by TA completion.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
In-depth PPE subsector analyses completed
PPE policy and planning frameworks strengthened
Preliminary feasibility analyses completed for high-priority PPE subsector investments
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
The TA has made significant contributions to analysis, policy dialogue, and planning under the CESR process, complementing support under TA 8187 as part of ADB's lead role in supporting post-primary education (secondary, TVET, and higher education) within Myanmar's CESR.
Output 1 is principally completed, though the TA and ADB staff inputs are supporting follow-up analysis extending beyond the CESR. 6 technical/supplementary annexes prepared (in some cases in collaboration with other development partners) as part of CESR Phase 2 are posted at http://www.adb.org/projects/47177-001/main#project-documents
(in addition to 6 additional input reports for CESR Phases 1 and 2 supported under TA 8187, posted at https://www.adb.org/projects/46369-001/main?page-1=1#project-documents ).
Under output 2, in coordination with support from other DPOs, the TA also supported Myanmar's development of the National Education Strategic Plan (under Phase 3 of the CESR), which is expected to be refined and finalized by the incoming government. The TA extension and increased resources also allows the TA to provide additional policy and planning support based on priorities to be identified by the incoming government. In close coordination with JICA support to primary curriculum reforms, the TA is also continuing to support MOE's preparation for lower and upper secondary education reforms, expected to be rolled out as part of the NESP with ADB support (see output 3). As another example, the TA has commenced support to the government's new Working Committee on Building Myanmar's Human Capital Base, which includes officials from several ministries, UMFCCI, and other private sector entities.
Under output 3, analytical and policy dialogue work under the TA have helped lay the foundations for the new 2016 Equipping Youth for Employment Project (EYE), which will support the government's implementation of key reforms and NESP programs in the SES and TVET subsectors, including reforms of SES curriculum, pedagogy, and assessment, as well as reforms to shift TVET towards demand-driven and competency-based approaches.
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Support under the PATA is fully mainstreamed within the government-led, DPO-supported CESR process, under which MOE has acted as overall lead agency, coordinating inputs from other agencies involved in education (particularly TVET and HES). More specifically, the TA has directly supported post-primary education elements of the CESR, as part of CESR Phases 2-3. Via maintained dialogue with the government and multiple DPOs since the start of 2012, ADB has been involved from initial conceptualization of the CESR and development of the analytical agenda for the CESR, including participation in working groups to TVET and HES, as well as working within a larger basic education (grade 1-11) group to scope out SES-related analysis and support under the CESR. ADB''s support to CESR Phases 1-2 has involved a collaborative effort between ADB staff and consultants (and those from other DPOs) and CESR Team staff seconded by various ministries. The process to date has engaged a diverse array of DPOs _ranging from bilateral and multilateral international agencies to international and national NGOs_ and stakeholder dialogue will be continued/expanded during CESR Phase 3. CESR coordination mechanisms (including the noted JESWG) have been established to support continued harmonization of support by DPOs (including under this proposed TA) during CESR implementation.|
|During Project Implementation||Stakeholder participation and consultation has been and will be maintained throughout PATA implementation. This ranges from continued ADB support to a series of roundtable discussions with key government non-government stakeholders in the PPE subsectors (including the private sector, employer organizations, and other segments of civil society) commenced under CDTA 8187, to senior-level, multi-stakeholder policy forums. In addition to consultations organized by the Ministry of Education under the CESR process, key TA findings have been discussed in various forums (e.g., as part of ADB's 24 March 2015 ADO launch, a September 2015 forum for labor unions and CSOs organized by the Solidarity Center, a November 2016 CSO Outreach on education support under ADB's draft country partnership strategy, and participatory consultation meetings linked to development of the government's Private Sector Development Framework starting from January 2016). Such dialogue has aimed to promote participation in and validation of analysis of key challenges and priorities, and to build consensus among multiple ministries and other key stakeholders on directions ahead and priority investments under Myanmar's National Education Sector Plan (expected to be refined and finalized by the incoming government). ADB has also begun to facilitate collaboration between MOE, MSWRR, and CSOs to ensure that the future secondary education curriculum is sensitive to gender, ethnic group, disability, and other social dimensions.|
[Original] Subject to further review, the TA will support indicatively 45.0 person-months of international and 60.0 person-months of national consultants, who will have expertise in secondary education subsectors (SES), technical and vocational education and training (TVET), and/or higher education subsectors (HES), who will be recruited as individuals and engaged by ADB in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2010, as amended from time to time). Advertisements for initially required consultant positions are expected to be posted via ADB's Consultant Management System (CMS) Consulting Service Recruitment Notice (CSRN) in June 2013, with additional recruitments later in the TA. The TA will also flexibly mobilize short-term resource persons to provide specific expertise, as needed.
[March 2017 Update]: additional inputs expected to total 15 person-months of international and 20 person-months of national consultants were mobilized in February 2017 to augment the TA's support to the Ministry of Education in developing reformed secondary education curriculum. Two additional individual consultancies (for SES and TVET advisors) will be advertised by early March.
|Procurement||The TA is expected to finance very modest procurement, including resource materials and minor equipment (indicatively three laptop computers and one printer), in a manner consistent with ADB s Procurement Guidelines (2010, as amended from time to time), and other ADB guidelines and procedures.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Spohr, Christopher A.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Myanmar Resident Mission|
Ministry of Education
Building No. (13) Ministry of Education
Nay Pyi Taw Myanmar
|Concept Clearance||29 Apr 2013|
|Fact Finding||01 May 2013 to 07 May 2013|
|Approval||19 Jun 2013|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||07 Mar 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|19 Jun 2013||16 Aug 2013||16 Aug 2013||31 Jul 2015||31 Jul 2017||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|1,700,000.00||500,000.00||300,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||2,500,000.00||19 Jun 2013||1,025,035.59|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|CESR Phase 2 (In-depth Analysis): Technical Annex on the Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Subsector||Consultants' Reports||Sep 2015|
|CESR Phase 2 (In-depth Analysis): Technical Annex on the Secondary Education Subsector||Consultants' Reports||Sep 2015|
|CESR Phase 2 (In-depth Analysis): Supplementary Annex - Education Access, Retention, and Attainment in Myanmar, with a Focus on Post-Primary Education||Consultants' Reports||May 2015|
|CESR Phase 2 (In-depth Analysis): Technical Annex on the Higher Education Subsector||Consultants' Reports||Oct 2014|
|CESR Phase 2 Technical Annex on Secondary Education Curriculum, Textbooks, and Learner Assessment||Consultants' Reports||Oct 2014|
|CESR Phase 2 Technical Annex on Secondary Teacher Education and Continuing Professional Development||Consultants' Reports||Oct 2014|
|Support for Post-Primary Education Development||Technical Assistance Reports||Jun 2013|
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