47243-004: Rural Connectivity Improvement Project | Asian Development Bank

Bangladesh: Rural Connectivity Improvement Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 47243-004 Status: Proposed

The proposed Rural Infrastructure Maintenance Program (RIMP) will focus on improving rural road rehabilitation and maintenance in Bangladesh. ADB will assist the government in preparing a rehabilitation and maintenance program for rural roads under the project design advance (PDA). The RIMP will support the sector program which the PDA has helped to design.

Project Details

Project Officer
Tai, Lee Ming South Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Bangladesh
Modality
  • Loan
  • Technical Assistance
Sector
  • Transport
 
Project Name Rural Connectivity Improvement Project
Project Number 47243-004
Country Bangladesh
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan: Rural Connectivity Improvement Project
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 100.00 million
Ordinary capital resources US$ 100.00 million
TA: Institutional Strengthening of the Bangladesh Rural Road Sector for Sustainable Development
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Transport / Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The proposed Rural Infrastructure Maintenance Program (RIMP) will focus on improving rural road rehabilitation and maintenance in Bangladesh. ADB will assist the government in preparing a rehabilitation and maintenance program for rural roads under the project design advance (PDA). The RIMP will support the sector program which the PDA has helped to design.

During the past decades, rural infrastructure in Bangladesh significantly improved. Despite progress, rural connectivity remains weak, impeding the physical and economic access. Only 40% rural population has access to all-weather roads. About 33% of upazila and union roads and 84% of village roads are still unpaved. A steep rise in road-based cargo transport in rural areas, driven by rising economic growth, has aggravated rural road conditions. Over 40% of the rural roads network needs to be rehabilitated as these are in an unmaintainable condition. Insufficient rehabilitation and maintenance budgets, covering only 35% of needs, destabilized rural road networks. Weak construction and maintenance skills, plying of overloaded vehicles, and extreme climate events caused a huge rehabilitation backlog. The rural road network, even under present climate conditions, is seriously damaged during flooding and intense rainfalls. Given the high vulnerability to climate change, rural infrastructure in the country must be climate-resilient to manage the long-term costs of investments, and to ensure that such investments deliver their intended benefits.

The impact will be connectivity between lagging and better-off regions improved. The outcome will be mobility of rural residents increased. The key outputs are (i) rural road infrastructure rehabilitated and maintained; and (ii) institutional arrangement for road maintenance strengthened. The program beneficiaries include the government, LGED, road users, transport owners and operators, traders, road construction companies, and the impact zone people.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Bangladesh has a well-developed medium term budgetary framework (MTBF) with program for major sectors. It aims to link annual budget allocation, including revenue and development budgets, to policy priorities to ensure continuing of budgetary allocation over a three-year period. In 2014, the maintenance budget for rural roads amounted to $143 million, a rise of 79% compared with 2011. In 2014, revenue budget financed 75% of maintenance budget and remaining 25% by annual development program (largely funded by the development partners). The rising trend of allocation under the MTBF provides a good opportunity to take a programmatic and results-oriented approach to the maintenance of rural roads.

The Cabinet in 2013 approved a rural road and bridge maintenance policy. The goal of the policy is to keep all rural roads accessible year round in a sustainable manner. The thrust is on (i) reducing backlog in road maintenance; (ii) rehabilitating the roads to climate-resilient standard; (iii) improving maintenance skills and institutional capacity; (iv) establishing a comprehensive and reliable inventory for roads and bridges/culverts; (v) establishing a linkage between the inventory and geographical information system spatial database; and (vi) upgrading the road and bridge maintenance standards.

Results-based lending (RBL) is a suitable modality for improving the effectiveness of rural infrastructure programs because (i) it provides a holistic approach to road rehabilitation and maintenance with an institutional development plan for better alignment with government's rural road and bridge maintenance policy; (ii) it provides greater flexibility and leeway to prioritize investment; (iii) the government considers RBL, particularly the use of country systems, as a useful instrument for better efficiency in public spending for road maintenance; (iv) it fosters development coordination and harmonization for programmatic and results-based approach to road maintenance program; (v) it increases the predictability and amount of maintenance financing whereby other development partners can participate with a harmonized approach; (vi) it lowers the transaction cost by saving staff time in project implementation; and (vii) it supports improving the government's systems and processes. RBL is also justified based on ADB's previous and ongoing experiences in rural infrastructure projects in Bangladesh which indicated that implementation delays are often caused by inefficient and ineffective government's processes. The proposed RBL operation will improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the government-owned rural road rehabilitation and maintenance program.

ADB will add value to the program by (i) complementing and contributing to the efforts of the government to improve rural road maintenance, (ii) expanding the size of the program, (iii) improving the program design and implementation arrangements, and (iv) harmonizing development cooperation. Lessons learnt from improved government's processes and procedures for road rehabilitation and maintenance could later be applied in other districts.

Impact Connectivity between lagging and better-off regions improved (Sixth Five-Year Plan, 2011-2015)
Outcome Mobility of rural residents increased
Outputs

1. Rural road infrastructure rehabilitated and maintained

2. Institutional arrangement for road maintenance strengthened

Geographical Location Nation-wide, B-baria City, Bogra, Chandpur, Chapai Nawabganj, Chittagong, Chuadanga, Comilla, Cox's Bazar, Dinajpur, Faridpur, Feni, Gaibandha, Gopalganj, Jessore, Jhenaidah Sardar UZ, Joypurhat, Kurigram, Kushtia, Laksmipur, Lalmanirhat, Madaripur, Magura, Meherpur, Naogaon, Narail, Natore, Nilphamari, Noakhali, Panchagarh, Rajbari, Rajshahi, Rangpur, Shariatpur, Thakurgaon
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The program beneficiaries include the government, LGED, road users, transport owners and operators, traders, road construction companies and the impact zone people. The program will not have any negative effect on people. The beneficiaries will participate in consultation session during the design of the activities under investment component.
During Project Implementation The primary stakeholders such as the Ministry of Finance and LGED are already involved in the design of the program and due attention is being paid to inclusiveness of poor, vulnerable and excluded groups. The poor and excluded will be involved in rural roads rehabilitation and maintenance, and employment during road upgrading, and information dissemination.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services PDA consultants contacted 10 August 2016
Procurement TBD
Responsible ADB Officer Tai, Lee Ming
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Local Government Engineering Department
LGED Bhaban (Level 6), Agargaon
Sher-e-Bangla Nagar,
Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh
Local Govt Div,Min of Local Govt Rural Devt & Coop
Bangladesh Secretariat
Dhaka
Timetable
Concept Clearance 27 Jul 2015
Fact Finding 01 Apr 2018 to 12 Apr 2018
MRM 29 Jun 2018
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 23 Mar 2018

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

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Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Project Implementation Support Consultant (PISC) Firm - Consulting Active 17 May 2018 20 Jun 2018
BAN: Rural Connectivity Improvement Project Advance Notice Active 24 Apr 2018

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.