The proposed TA will support Pakistan in the implementation of its national climate change policy, particularly in mitigating climate change through development of GHG reduction technologies. The TA will explore the potential of CCS by developing demonstration roadmaps, engaging in dialogues with public and private sectors, and drafting relevant policy statements. The TA will specifically look into CO2 emitting sectors such as energy, agriculture, transport and industrial processes for the purpose of determining best type of demonstration roadmaps.
|Project Name||Determining the Potential for Carbon Capture and Storage|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Energy / Energy efficiency and conservation - Energy sector development and institutional reform
Industry and trade / Industry and trade sector development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||The proposed TA will support Pakistan in the implementation of its national climate change policy, particularly in mitigating climate change through development of GHG reduction technologies. The TA will explore the potential of CCS by developing demonstration roadmaps, engaging in dialogues with public and private sectors, and drafting relevant policy statements. The TA will specifically look into CO2 emitting sectors such as energy, agriculture, transport and industrial processes for the purpose of determining best type of demonstration roadmaps.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Over the last 20 years, carbon emissions in Pakistan grew by 105% from 152.79 million tons in 1990 to 313.48 million tons in 2010. The significant increase in greenhouse gases (GHGs), particularly carbon dioxide (CO2) is mainly attributed to the burning of fossil fuels like coal and oil for electricity, transport and those in manufacturing industries. This includes industries producing fertilizers (ammonia), cement, alternative fuels (methane & ethanol) and iron & steel (>45% of CO2 emissions came from industrial sector). Likewise, the clearing of land for agriculture, industry and other human activities have also upped GHG concentrations. GHG emission will be further increased with the anticipated shift to coal generation in the near future to decrease the existing power shortfall. Meeting the country's energy needs and the quest for economic growth presents a huge challenge to reduce the country's GHG levels. Pakistan will therefore need a portfolio of low-carbon technologies to reduce GHGs in the shortest possible time to avoid the more serious effects of climate change. Renewable energies (REs) will clearly play a critical role in moving the country to a low carbon future but the challenge of reducing emissions and simultaneously increasing energy source is daunting. REs contribution in the energy mix remains low that even with a rapid increase in its use is unlikely to meet energy demand and reduce GHG. With coal becoming a dominant source of energy across all sectors, CCS will be a critical technology for meeting the country's goal of reducing GHG. The new national Climate Change Policy underscores this need to develop low carbon technologies, specifically CCS for energy and other sectors like agriculture, transport and industries.|
|Impact||CCS roadmap is implemented|
|Description of Outcome||Improved capacity in planning and management of demonstration project in Pakistan.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Individual Experts engaged and mobilized. Consultation with Executing Agency and other stakeholders ongoing.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. Scoping analysis on the potential for CCS undertaken
2. Knowledge dissemination program for CCS undertaken
3. Road map for CCS demonstration with priority demonstration projects identified
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
1. A scoping study was prepared in March 2016 and initial findings were presented to stakeholders at the knowledge exchange workshop held in Melbourne in April 2016. The CCS readiness assessment draft will be available to discussion at the stakeholders' workshop in October 2017.
2. Two study tours has been organized for relevant Pakistan Government officials and preparation is ongoing for (i) TA CCS final report, (ii) country study on CCS including case study for the Jamshoro project, and (iii) video documentary of the study tour on CCS demonstrations with expert interviews will be the main knowledge product.
3. A preliminary roadmap for storage is under preparation, which will be discussed at two individual workshops in Islamabad. A team of local peer reviewer (experts) will provide independent review of the consultant's work before it is finalized.
Government requested for an extension of the TA closing date from 31 August 2017, which is currently under consideration, which will allow completion of ongoing activities
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The CDTA was conceived during a series of discussions between ADB and MOWP and Climate Change Division during reconnaissance and fact-finding missions in June and September 2013. It builds on ongoing activities in CCS being supported by ADB in other countries, and will help expand ADB's support for CCS to other high-priority developing member countries as a way of mitigating carbon emissions.|
|During Project Implementation||A knowledge exchange workshop on CCS was held in Australia which included a study tour in April 2016. The workshop provided opportunity for stakeholders and experts to share their views, experiences, updates on CCS and contributed in deepening and broadening the understanding of CCS technology. A second study tour held in Boryeong, Korea in April 2017, for a small _capture_ project. The site is a post combustion CCS project operated by KEPCO Research Institute's R&D consortium. This 10-MW pilot project, costing $20 million, will test the economic viability of advanced amine technologies to capture CO2 emissions from a 500-MW coal-fired power plant.|
The TA will require 15 person-months of international and 34 person-months of national consulting services. ADB will engage consultants according to its Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). Because of the highly specialized nature of the CCS technology and the limited number of experts in the field, the TA will be implemented by a team of international and national consultants.
Because of limited firms with required expertise, consultants were hired on an individual basis.
|Procurement||Equipment required under the TA, including computers and GIS software for mapping purposes, will be procured following ADB''s Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Sohail Hasnie|
|Responsible ADB Department||Central and West Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Energy Division, CWRD|
Ministry of Climate Change, Government of Pakistan
Mr. Irfan Tariq, Director General, Ministry of Climate Change
LD & RD Complex, SectorG-5/2, near State Bank of Pakistan, Islamabad
|Concept Clearance||21 Feb 2014|
|Approval||14 May 2014|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||21 Mar 2018|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|14 May 2014||09 Jun 2014||09 Jun 2014||31 Aug 2015||31 Mar 2018||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|0.00||1,000,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||1,000,000.00||14 May 2014||343,971.59|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Determining the Potential for Carbon Capture and Storage: Technical Assistance Completion Report||TA Completion Reports||Nov 2019|
|Determining the Potential for Carbon Capture and Storage||Technical Assistance Reports||May 2014|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
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