Pakistan: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Red Line Project

Sovereign Project | 47279-002

The proposed project will help increase the use of quality public transport in Karachi by delivering the 26.6-kilometer (km) Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Red Line corridor and associated facilities, directly benefiting 1.5 million people. The project is economically justified by major time savings for BRT passengers; vehicle operating cost savings; and better air quality and reduced carbon emissions through an innovative waste-to-fuel scheme, which will improve the public health and mitigate climate change. It will also make Karachi safer, greener, and more inclusive and competitive.

The project is aligned with the following impact: quality of life in Karachi improved. The project will have the following outcome: use of quality public transport in Karachi increased.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Wright, Lloyd F.
    Central and West Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country
    Pakistan
  • Sector
    • Transport
Project Name Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Red Line Project
Project Number 47279-002
Country Pakistan
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 6008-PAK: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project Project Design Advance (prev name Karachi Mass Transit Project Design Advance)
Ordinary capital resources US$ 9.70 million
Grant 0649-PAK: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Red Line Project
Green Climate Fund US$ 11.80 million
Loan 3799-PAK: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Red Line Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 235.00 million
Loan 8366-PAK: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Red Line Project
Agence Francaise de Developpement US$ 71.80 million
Loan 8367-PAK: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Red Line Project
Green Climate Fund US$ 37.20 million
Loan 8368-PAK: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Red Line Project
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank US$ 71.80 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Energy / Renewable energy generation - biomass and waste

Transport / Transport policies and institutional development - Urban public transport - Urban roads and traffic management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The proposed project will help increase the use of quality public transport in Karachi by delivering the 26.6-kilometer (km) Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Red Line corridor and associated facilities, directly benefiting 1.5 million people. The project is economically justified by major time savings for BRT passengers; vehicle operating cost savings; and better air quality and reduced carbon emissions through an innovative waste-to-fuel scheme, which will improve the public health and mitigate climate change. It will also make Karachi safer, greener, and more inclusive and competitive.

The project is aligned with the following impact: quality of life in Karachi improved. The project will have the following outcome: use of quality public transport in Karachi increased.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Karachi is Pakistan's largest city and its main seaport and economic and financial center. The population of this fast-expanding megacity was estimated at 15 million in the 2017 census, and 23 million for the metropolitan area. Karachi is one of the most densely populated cities in the world and is consistently ranked as one of the world's most unlivable cities, largely because of traffic congestion and induced air and noise pollution. Car and motorcycle ownership is still low but fast-increasing because of a growing middle class. With other factors such as weak traffic management and inefficient public transport, rapid motorization worsens congestion and pollution. Karachi is one of the largest cities in the world without a formal public transport and mass transit system, and until 2015, large investments in flyovers reflected the prioritization of private road transport over public transport.

Karachi's transport system does not deliver mobility for all and is marked by long commute times, the rise of private and paratransit modes, and the decline of public transport (Table 1). Services are provided by paratransit vehicles and about 4,000 privately owned buses, which together serve 2.8 million passengers daily. These weakly regulated services are irregular and lack designated stops and customer standards. Drivers compete and pull over to pick up passengers at will, or wait idling on the side of the road until their vehicles are full, worsening congestion and impairing safety. During peak commute times, it is common for passengers to sit on the roof or hang from the side of moving vehicles. Vehicles in this informal network tend to be old and poorly maintained, leading to increased emissions and higher operating costs. Services tend to be costly for the urban poor, as customers must pay for each transfer between modes. Therefore, 40% of all city trips are still being made on foot. Karachi's poorest, women, children, elderly, and people with disabilities would benefit from a safe, efficient and accessible public transport system.

Impact Quality of life in Karachi improved
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Use of quality public transport in Karachi increased
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Red Line BRT corridor and associated facilities constructed

BRT operations established

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Karachi
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The environmental impact assessment (EIA) has been prepared by TMTD in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). Adequate mitigation measures are incorporated into project design and will be implemented through an environmental management plan, which includes a capacity building and training program for TransKarachi project staff, and contractors during pre-construction and construction stages. The draft EIA was disclosed on the ADB website on 30 May 2018.
Involuntary Resettlement A draft resettlement plan has been prepared in consultation with the affected persons and relevant agencies. This will be updated following the completion and approval of the detailed design. TransKarachi will be responsible for updating and implementing the resettlement plan, on behalf of SMTA, with support from the consultant team for resettlement under the PDA loan.
Indigenous Peoples The project will not affect any indigenous communities and, accordingly, no indigenous peoples planning documents are required.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

UNDP will participate to the project design, mainly through stakeholder engagement process and inclusive infrastructure design (i.e. technical design including inputs from future users), including awareness campaigns.

Under ADB Cluster TA and PPTA, a bus industry transition process will be initiated through negotiations with existing private bus operators, to include them at early stages in the BRT operational design.

During Project Implementation

The bus industry transition process, initiated during project design, will continue with the objective that current bus operators will become the operators of the new BRT system.

For operators not participating to future BRT operations, a fleet scrapping and compensation mechanism will be set up and financed under the loan.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consultants will be selected in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants by Asian Development Bank and Its Borrowers (2013, as amended from time to time). A total of 2,602 person-months will be required.
Procurement Advance contracting and retroactive financing will be considered for consulting services and civil work packages, and if approved by ADB, undertaken in conformity with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time) and ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Wright, Lloyd F.
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Sindh Mass Transit Authority (SMTA)
[email protected]
201 2nd Floor, The Doctors Plaza
(near 2 Talwar), Plot No.G-7, Block-9, KDA Scheme 5
Kehkashan Clifton, Karachi, Pakistan
TransKarachi Company
Sindh Mass Transit Authority (SMTA)
Office Bldg. F34/1 Block 7, Near Teen
Tewar, Karachi, Pakistan
Timetable
Concept Clearance 06 Dec 2013
Fact Finding 06 May 2018 to 21 May 2018
MRM 25 Jun 2018
Approval 05 Jul 2019
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 23 Jul 2019

Grant 0649-PAK

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
05 Jul 2019 19 Jun 2020 06 Oct 2020 30 Jun 2024 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 11.80 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 29 Sep 2021 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 11.80 29 Sep 2021 0.00 0.00 0%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 3799-PAK

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
05 Jul 2019 19 Jun 2020 06 Oct 2020 30 Jun 2024 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 323.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 235.00 29 Sep 2021 19.49 0.00 8%
Counterpart 88.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 29 Sep 2021 10.67 0.00 5%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 6008-PAK

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Sep 2016 17 Nov 2016 17 Nov 2016 30 Oct 2018 30 Oct 2020 06 Oct 2020
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 11.98 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 9.70 29 Sep 2021 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 2.28 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 29 Sep 2021 0.00 0.00 0%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Loan 8366-PAK

Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 71.80 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 %
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 71.80 - 0.00 0.00 %

Loan 8367-PAK

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
05 Jul 2019 19 Jun 2020 06 Oct 2020 30 Jun 2024 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 37.20 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 29 Sep 2021 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 37.20 29 Sep 2021 0.00 0.00 0%

Loan 8368-PAK

Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 71.80 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 %
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 71.80 - 0.00 0.00 %

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Project Agreement for Loan 3799-PAK: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Red Line Project Project/Program Agreements Jun 2020
Grant Agreement (ADB Green Climate Fund) for Grant 0649-PAK: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Red Line Project Grant Agreement Jun 2020
Loan Agreement (ADB Green Climate Fund) for Loan 8367-PAK: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Red Line Project Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) Jun 2020
Loan Agreement (Ordinary Operations) for Loan 3799-PAK: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Red Line Project Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) Jun 2020
Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Red Line Project: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Feb 2020
Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Red Line Project: Report and Recommendation of the President Reports and Recommendations of the President Jun 2019
Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Red Line Project: Gender Action Plan Gender Action Plans Jun 2019
Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Red Line Project: Project Administration Manual Project/Program Administration Manual Jun 2019
Project Design Advance Loan Agreement (Ordinary Operations) for Loan 6008-PAK: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) Nov 2016
Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project: Project Design Advance Project Design Advance Sep 2016
Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project Project Design Advance: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Sep 2016
Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Mar 2014
Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project: Project Data Sheet (Urdu Translation) Translated PDS Mar 2014

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
AFD-8366/AIIB-8368/GCF-0649/OCR-3799-PAK: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Red Line Project [KBRT-CW-01] - CORRIGENDUM Invitation for Bids Closed 04 Dec 2020 16 Dec 2020
AFD-8366/AIIB-8368/GCF-0649/OCR-3799-PAK: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Red Line Project [KBRT-CW-01] - ORIGINAL Invitation for Bids Closed 12 Oct 2020 08 Dec 2020
Project Management and Construction Supervision Firm - Consulting Closed 17 Dec 2019 31 Jan 2020

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Project Management and Construction Supervision Loan 3799 27 Aug 2021 MINCONSULT SDN. BHD. | Lot 6, Jalan 51A/223, 46100 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia TransKarachi Company 9,885,284.50 9,878,943.98
RIAZ KARIM KHAN (COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA SPECIALIS T) Loan 3799 01 Dec 2020 RIAZ KARIM KHAN | HOUSE 42, STREET-1, SECTOR G-4, PHA HAYATABAD, PESHAWAR, KP PAKISTAN Sindh Mass Transit Authority (SMTA) 157,334.00 157,334.00
FAZAL KARIM KHATRI (BUS OPERATION EXPERT, PIU BRT RED LINE) Loan 3799 01 Dec 2020 FAZAL KARIM KHATRI | PLOT#1887, ZAHOOR GHANI BLDG, KMC #2 OFF SIDDIQ WAHAB ROAD, GHASMANDI PAKISTAN Sindh Mass Transit Authority (SMTA) 160,299.00 160,299.00
ABDUL RASHEED MUGHAL (PROJECT DIRECTOR PIU BRT RED LINE) Loan 3799 01 Dec 2020 ABDUL RASHEED MUGHAL | 2A/10 SEA CLIFF APARTMENT, BLOCK 2 CLIFTON, KARACHI PAKISTAN Sindh Mass Transit Authority (SMTA) 247,576.00 247,576.00
PROJECT MANAGEMENT COORDINATION AND CAPACITY BUILD ING Loan 3799 01 Dec 2020 INTEGRATED TRANSPORT PLANNING LTD. | 50 NORTH THIRTEEN STREET MK9 3BP MILTON KEYNES UNITED KINGDOM Sindh Mass Transit Authority (SMTA) 2,152,120.00 2,152,120.00
CONTRACT FOR OPERATIONAL DESIGN AND BUSINESS MODEL Loan 3799 01 Dec 2020 LOGIT CONSULTING INC., THE REBELGROUP INTL BV | 11756 SW 135 PLACE, MIAMI FL 33186 UNITED STATES Sindh Mass Transit Authority (SMTA) 3,150,695.28 3,150,695.28
EPCM CONTRACT; FOREIGN CURRENCY TO MOTT MACDONALD LTD; LOCAL CURRENCY TO MM PAKISTAN (PVT) LIMITED Loan 3799 01 Dec 2020 MOTT MACDONALD LIMITED | MOTT MACDONALD HOUSE, 8-10 SYNDENHA CROYDON, SURREY CR0 2EE UNITED KINGDOM Sindh Mass Transit Authority (SMTA) 3,658,479.35 3,658,479.35