Pakistan : Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project Project Design Advance (prev name Karachi Mass Transit Project Design Advance)

Sovereign Project | 47279-003

The project will contribute to developing a sustainable urban transport system in Karachi through the delivery of a bus rapid transit (BRT) corridor, focusing on accessibility and people's mobility needs. It will aim at organizing the urban growth and public space along the selected corridor through integration of land-use and transport planning (transit-oriented development), making the city more pleasant to live in, providing a holistic solution for integrated urban mobility, and bearing a demonstration value as no modern mass transit system exists in Karachi yet.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Wright, Lloyd F.
    Central and West Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    Pakistan
  • Sector
    • Transport
Project Name
Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project Project Design Advance (prev name Karachi Mass Transit Project Design Advance)
Project Number
47279-003
Country / Economy
  • Pakistan
Project Status
Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance
  • Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 6008-PAK: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project Project Design Advance (prev name Karachi Mass Transit Project Design Advance)
Source Amount
Ordinary capital resources US$ 9.70 million
Strategic Agendas
  • Environmentally sustainable growth
  • Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
  • Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
  • Governance and capacity development
  • Knowledge solutions
  • Partnerships
  • Private sector development
Sector / Subsector
  • Transport / Transport policies and institutional development - Urban public transport - Urban roads and traffic management

Gender
Some gender elements
Description
The project will contribute to developing a sustainable urban transport system in Karachi through the delivery of a bus rapid transit (BRT) corridor, focusing on accessibility and people's mobility needs. It will aim at organizing the urban growth and public space along the selected corridor through integration of land-use and transport planning (transit-oriented development), making the city more pleasant to live in, providing a holistic solution for integrated urban mobility, and bearing a demonstration value as no modern mass transit system exists in Karachi yet.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Karachi is the largest city of Pakistan and its main seaport, economic and financial center. The population of this fast-expanding megacity grew annually by 4.2% since 1998, and is projected to grow from 18.9 million in 2010 to 27.6 million in 2020 and 31.6 million in 2030. One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Karachi is consistently ranked as one of the world's most unlivable cities.1 Severe traffic congestion and induced air and noise pollution play a major role in these poor rankings. With limited infrastructure and low level of public services, the city''s urban transport system fails to provide mobility for all people. Car and motorcycle ownership (49.7 and 47.4 per 1000 inhabitants in 2010) is still low but increasing fast with a growing middle class. From 1988 to 2010, the number of registered cars in Karachi more than tripled, reaching 940,000, while the number of motorcycles quadrupled, reaching 900,000. Maintaining the same growth rate, there could be up to 2.1 million cars and 2.7 million motorcycles in 2025. With other factors such as weak traffic management to organize many competing modes, lack of transport demand management and inefficient public transport, this rapid motorization exacerbates congestion and leads to increased pollution.

Karachi's UTS in 2012 is characterized by low mobility, long commuter trip times, and the following modal share: (i) 21.6% of all trips are made by private modes [motorcycles:10.9%; cars: 10.7%]; (ii) 22.2% by public transport [buses]; (iii) 10.4% by paratransit modes; and (iv) 45.8% are still non-motorized, made on foot or bicycles. Private modes represent 84% of all vehicles plying on Karachi's street but transport only 40% of total passengers, while buses represent only 4.5% of all vehicles but transport 42% of total passengers. Approximately 10,000 large and mini buses, shared between a multitude of semi-public and private operators, run through the city. The level of service is nonetheless deficient: the bus fleet is in poor condition; bus stops are rudimentary, without information on schedule or itinerary; the ticketing system is obsolete; and operators compete for passengers, worsening congestion and impairing safety. Traffic-based collisions are increasing, affecting pedestrians, mostly the poorest and women.

Impact
A sustainable urban transport system is developed in Karachi

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome
Quality of public transport is improved along selected corridor
Progress Toward Outcome
Project activities ongoing.

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

Karachi's first BRT corridor is constructed

Project management is effective, leading to sustainable BRT operations

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
3 consulting packages awarded (EPCM, ODBM and PMCCB).
Geographical Location
Karachi

Safeguard Categories

Environment
C
Involuntary Resettlement
C
Indigenous Peoples
C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Based on the preliminary information, the project under discussion is expected to be environment category B as specified by ADB's safeguards policy statement 2009 (SPS). As a result, the project will require a separate initial environmental examination (IEE) report which would cover the development and operation phases of the project.
Involuntary Resettlement
The land acquisition requirement can only be determined once the BRT corridor has been selected and the preliminary engineering design has been completed. If land acquisition and resettlement is required, a resettlement plan will be prepared in accordance with national law and ADB SPS. If land acquisition is not required, the consultants will prepare a due diligence report confirming the land is free of encumbrances and not occupied by informal dwellers. Consultations will be undertaken with the Karachi city planning department to understand the project scope within the red line and possible impacts.
Indigenous Peoples
No impact on indigenous peoples is expected.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation

During Project Design
Workshops, meetings, focus group discussions with NGOs, structured interviews with stakeholders and specific consultations will be held for persons who may be affected by the Project.
During Project Implementation
The main stakeholders are: (i) Transport and Mass-Transit Department of the provincial government of Sindh (Executing Agency); (ii) Mass-Transit cell (Implementing Agency)

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services
An estimated 600 person-months (252 international, 348 national) of consulting services are required to (i) undertake all project preparatory work; (ii) facilitate PDA project management and implementation; and (iii) strengthen the institutional and operational capacity of the executing agency. Consulting firms will be engaged using the quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) method with a standard quality: cost ratio of 90:10.
Procurement

All advance contracting will be undertaken in conformity with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time) and ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). The issuance of invitations to bid under advance contracting will be subject to ADB approval. The Government of Sindh and its P&DD and TMTD have been advised that approval of advance contracting does not commit ADB to finance the PDA project. Advance contracting for the PDA project will include the recruitment of all consultants to carry out project preparatory work. At the request and on behalf of the Government of Sindh, ADB accepted delegation and undertook the PDA consultants' selection process for EPCM, ODBM, and PMCCB packages, using output-based terms of references and the lump sum contracting method. ADB is also currently selecting individual consultants to staff the PIU on behalf of the government and using the individual consultant selection (ICS) method.

All procurement of goods will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. However, no procurement of goods of significant value is expected under the proposed PDA. Only minor equipment is expected to be purchased under some of the consultants' contracts, using the shopping method of procurement.

Contact

Responsible ADB Officer
Wright, Lloyd F.
Responsible ADB Department
Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division
Urban Development and Water Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Planning & Development Department, Sindh
[email protected]
Sindh Secretariat
Karachi, Pakistan

Timetable

Concept Clearance
11 Dec 2013
Fact Finding
14 Jul 2014 to 18 Jul 2014
MRM
-
Approval
29 Sep 2016
Last Review Mission
-
Last PDS Update
26 Sep 2018

Funding

Loan 6008-PAK

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
29 Sep 2016 17 Nov 2016 17 Nov 2016 30 Oct 2018 30 Oct 2020 06 Oct 2020
Financing Plan
  Total (Amount in US$ million)
Project Cost 11.98
ADB 9.70
Counterpart 2.28
Cofinancing 0.00
Loan Utilization
  Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards 29 Sep 2016 0.00 0.00 0%
Cumulative Disbursements 29 Sep 2016 0.00 0.00 0%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory - Unsatisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Procurement Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
Civil Works Engineer (Road and Structure) Individual - Consulting Closed
Resettlement Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
EPCM CONTRACT. FOREIGN CURRENCY TO MOTT MACDONALD LTD; LOCAL CURRENCY TO MM PAKISTAN (PVT) LIMITED Loan 6008 01 Sep 2017 MOTT MACDONALD LIMITED | X UNITED KINGDOM Planning & Development Department, Sindh 3,607,439.00 3,607,439.00
Contract for Operational Design and Business Model Loan 3316 23 May 2017 Logit Consulting Inc., The Rebelgroup Interna | 11756 SW 135 Place, Miami FL 33186, United States Planning & Development Department, Sindh 2,497,962.00 2,497,902.00
Project Management Coordination and Capacity Building Loan 6008 31 Mar 2017 Integrated Transport Planning Ltd. | 50 North Thirteen Street Mk9 3Bp Milton Keynes United Kingdom Planning and Development Department, Sindh 2,122,120.00
Contract for Operational Design and Business Model Loan 6008 23 May 2017 Logit Consulting Inc., The Rebelgroup International | 11756 Sw 135 Place, Miami Fl 33186 United States Planning and Development Department, Sindh 2,497,961.56

Procurement Plan

Title Document Type Document Date
Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project Project Design Advance: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Sep 2016