Pakistan: Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project Project Design Advance (prev name Karachi Mass Transit Project Design Advance)
The project will contribute to developing a sustainable urban transport system in Karachi through the delivery of a bus rapid transit (BRT) corridor, focusing on accessibility and people's mobility needs. It will aim at organizing the urban growth and public space along the selected corridor through integration of land-use and transport planning (transit-oriented development), making the city more pleasant to live in, providing a holistic solution for integrated urban mobility, and bearing a demonstration value as no modern mass transit system exists in Karachi yet.
Wright, Lloyd F.
Central and West Asia Department
Request for information
|Project Name||Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project Project Design Advance (prev name Karachi Mass Transit Project Design Advance)|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Transport policies and institutional development - Urban public transport - Urban roads and traffic management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The project will contribute to developing a sustainable urban transport system in Karachi through the delivery of a bus rapid transit (BRT) corridor, focusing on accessibility and people's mobility needs. It will aim at organizing the urban growth and public space along the selected corridor through integration of land-use and transport planning (transit-oriented development), making the city more pleasant to live in, providing a holistic solution for integrated urban mobility, and bearing a demonstration value as no modern mass transit system exists in Karachi yet.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Karachi is the largest city of Pakistan and its main seaport, economic and financial center. The population of this fast-expanding megacity grew annually by 4.2% since 1998, and is projected to grow from 18.9 million in 2010 to 27.6 million in 2020 and 31.6 million in 2030. One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Karachi is consistently ranked as one of the world's most unlivable cities.1 Severe traffic congestion and induced air and noise pollution play a major role in these poor rankings. With limited infrastructure and low level of public services, the city''s urban transport system fails to provide mobility for all people. Car and motorcycle ownership (49.7 and 47.4 per 1000 inhabitants in 2010) is still low but increasing fast with a growing middle class. From 1988 to 2010, the number of registered cars in Karachi more than tripled, reaching 940,000, while the number of motorcycles quadrupled, reaching 900,000. Maintaining the same growth rate, there could be up to 2.1 million cars and 2.7 million motorcycles in 2025. With other factors such as weak traffic management to organize many competing modes, lack of transport demand management and inefficient public transport, this rapid motorization exacerbates congestion and leads to increased pollution.
Karachi's UTS in 2012 is characterized by low mobility, long commuter trip times, and the following modal share: (i) 21.6% of all trips are made by private modes [motorcycles:10.9%; cars: 10.7%]; (ii) 22.2% by public transport [buses]; (iii) 10.4% by paratransit modes; and (iv) 45.8% are still non-motorized, made on foot or bicycles. Private modes represent 84% of all vehicles plying on Karachi's street but transport only 40% of total passengers, while buses represent only 4.5% of all vehicles but transport 42% of total passengers. Approximately 10,000 large and mini buses, shared between a multitude of semi-public and private operators, run through the city. The level of service is nonetheless deficient: the bus fleet is in poor condition; bus stops are rudimentary, without information on schedule or itinerary; the ticketing system is obsolete; and operators compete for passengers, worsening congestion and impairing safety. Traffic-based collisions are increasing, affecting pedestrians, mostly the poorest and women.
|Impact||A sustainable urban transport system is developed in Karachi|
|Description of Outcome||Quality of public transport is improved along selected corridor|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Project activities ongoing.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Karachi's first BRT corridor is constructed
Project management is effective, leading to sustainable BRT operations
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||3 consulting packages awarded (EPCM, ODBM and PMCCB).|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||Based on the preliminary information, the project under discussion is expected to be environment category B as specified by ADB's safeguards policy statement 2009 (SPS). As a result, the project will require a separate initial environmental examination (IEE) report which would cover the development and operation phases of the project.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The land acquisition requirement can only be determined once the BRT corridor has been selected and the preliminary engineering design has been completed. If land acquisition and resettlement is required, a resettlement plan will be prepared in accordance with national law and ADB SPS. If land acquisition is not required, the consultants will prepare a due diligence report confirming the land is free of encumbrances and not occupied by informal dwellers. Consultations will be undertaken with the Karachi city planning department to understand the project scope within the red line and possible impacts.|
|Indigenous Peoples||No impact on indigenous peoples is expected.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Workshops, meetings, focus group discussions with NGOs, structured interviews with stakeholders and specific consultations will be held for persons who may be affected by the Project.|
|During Project Implementation||The main stakeholders are: (i) Transport and Mass-Transit Department of the provincial government of Sindh (Executing Agency); (ii) Mass-Transit cell (Implementing Agency)|
|Consulting Services||An estimated 600 person-months (252 international, 348 national) of consulting services are required to (i) undertake all project preparatory work; (ii) facilitate PDA project management and implementation; and (iii) strengthen the institutional and operational capacity of the executing agency. Consulting firms will be engaged using the quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) method with a standard quality: cost ratio of 90:10.|
All advance contracting will be undertaken in conformity with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time) and ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). The issuance of invitations to bid under advance contracting will be subject to ADB approval. The Government of Sindh and its P&DD and TMTD have been advised that approval of advance contracting does not commit ADB to finance the PDA project. Advance contracting for the PDA project will include the recruitment of all consultants to carry out project preparatory work. At the request and on behalf of the Government of Sindh, ADB accepted delegation and undertook the PDA consultants' selection process for EPCM, ODBM, and PMCCB packages, using output-based terms of references and the lump sum contracting method. ADB is also currently selecting individual consultants to staff the PIU on behalf of the government and using the individual consultant selection (ICS) method.
All procurement of goods will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines. However, no procurement of goods of significant value is expected under the proposed PDA. Only minor equipment is expected to be purchased under some of the consultants' contracts, using the shopping method of procurement.
|Responsible ADB Officer||Wright, Lloyd F.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Central and West Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban Development and Water Division, CWRD|
Planning & Development Department, Sindh
|Concept Clearance||11 Dec 2013|
|Fact Finding||14 Jul 2014 to 18 Jul 2014|
|Approval||29 Sep 2016|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||26 Sep 2018|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|29 Sep 2016||17 Nov 2016||17 Nov 2016||30 Oct 2018||30 Oct 2020||06 Oct 2020|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||11.98||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||9.70||29 Sep 2016||0.00||0.00||0%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||29 Sep 2016||0.00||0.00||0%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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None currently available.
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|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Resettlement Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||04 Dec 2017||10 Dec 2017|
|Procurement Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||04 Dec 2017||10 Dec 2017|
|Civil Works Engineer (Road and Structure)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||04 Dec 2017||10 Dec 2017|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|EPCM CONTRACT. FOREIGN CURRENCY TO MOTT MACDONALD LTD; LOCAL CURRENCY TO MM PAKISTAN (PVT) LIMITED||Loan 6008||01 Sep 2017||MOTT MACDONALD LIMITED||X UNITED KINGDOM||Planning & Development Department, Sindh||3607439||3607439|
|Contract for Operational Design and Business Model||Loan 6008||23 May 2017||Logit Consulting Inc., The Rebelgroup International||11756 Sw 135 Place, Miami Fl 33186 United States||Planning and Development Department, Sindh||Consultancy||2497961.56|
|Contract for Operational Design and Business Model||Loan 3316||23 May 2017||Logit Consulting Inc., The Rebelgroup Interna||11756 SW 135 Place, Miami FL 33186, United States||Planning & Development Department, Sindh||Consulting Services||2497962||2497902|
|Project Management Coordination and Capacity Building||Loan 6008||31 Mar 2017||Integrated Transport Planning Ltd.||50 North Thirteen Street Mk9 3Bp Milton Keynes United Kingdom||Planning and Development Department, Sindh||Consultancy||2122120|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project Project Design Advance: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Sep 2016|