The TA is consistent with ADB's Strategy 2020 with its focus on support for infrastructure development for achieving environmentally sustainable growth and also with ADB's Urban Operational Plan, which emphasizes integrated urban investments. The CDIA received 20 requests for support in the first quarter of 2013. However, the current funding is limited compared with the demand placed by DMC cities for CDIA support, including some of the programmed activities. Therefore, additional resources are required to continue current activities as well as expand activities to meet the growing demand for CDIA services. Recognizing the need to strengthen mechanisms to assist medium-sized cities in preparing and financing sustainable urban infrastructure investment projects, the CDIA is engaging with relevant partner organizations and support them in delivering high-quality outputs to benefit cities.
|Project Name||Supporting the Cities Development Initiative for Asia|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Finance / Banking systems and nonbank financial institutions - Infrastructure finance and investment funds
Transport / Urban public transport
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
The TA is consistent with ADB's Strategy 2020 with its focus on support for infrastructure development for achieving environmentally sustainable growth and also with ADB's Urban Operational Plan, which emphasizes integrated urban investments. The CDIA received 20 requests for support in the first quarter of 2013. However, the current funding is limited compared with the demand placed by DMC cities for CDIA support, including some of the programmed activities. Therefore, additional resources are required to continue current activities as well as expand activities to meet the growing demand for CDIA services. Recognizing the need to strengthen mechanisms to assist medium-sized cities in preparing and financing sustainable urban infrastructure investment projects, the CDIA is engaging with relevant partner organizations and support them in delivering high-quality outputs to benefit cities. With the emphasis on _linkage to finance_ in the CDIA Strategy and Business Plan, two key areas include increasing private sector participation in urban infrastructure provision through the use of public private partnerships (PPPs) and stimulating pro-poor investments. This RETA is proposed to facilitate channeling of development partners contributions to support CDIA activities.
The impact of the TA is improved management of cities in ADB's DMCs by increasing the number of urban infrastructure projects ready for detailed assessment (project preparatory TA) and subsequent funding by ADB and CDIA partners.
The outcome of the TA is improvement in operational support to management in Asian cities and improvement in ADB's policy dialogue, relevance, and responsiveness to the demands of ADB's DMCs.
The proposed TA will support CDIA to strengthen its sustainable urban development orientation. This will include maintaining a core management team capable of administering the program well, and providing outreach to cities and national and regional urban development partners. The TA will fund (i) interactions with cities as they develop their CDIA programs and select focus areas for interventions; (ii) liaison with potential project funding partners; (iii) supervision of city interventions; (iv) consultant resources for undertaking project development for city interventions; and (v) capacity development to strengthen city institutions for future project development and improved implementation. In addition to these programmed activities expected to be funded under this TA, various urban development initiatives are planned, including support for urban infrastructure investment prioritization plans and pre-feasibility studies for priority infrastructure projects identified by cities and funding agencies in the DMCs.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The majority of the world's population now lives in urban areas. Asia's population is forecast to grow at 1.1% a year between 2000 and 2015, rising from 3.7 billion people to 4.4 billion. During the same period, Asia's urban population growth is expected to be 2.4% per year, increasing from 1.4 billion (37% of the total) in 2000 to 1.9 billion (48%) in 2015. By 2050, 66.2% of Asia will be classified as urban. Overall, urban growth will be more than double the rate of national average population growth. Urban centers worldwide are increasing in size and number. The United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division listed the world's 30 largest cities of which 15 are in Asia.
To fully meet the needs of its DMCs, ADB must help them maximize the opportunities of urbanization while addressing its escalating negative social and environmental impacts. Underserviced urban growth often leads to congestion, pollution, and a decline in the quality of the environment. This reduces the quality of life for city dwellers even when their incomes rise. Nearly one third of the region's urban poor lack access to safe water. Half have no adequate sanitation services, About the same number live in environmentally dangerous areas. It is estimated that at least 900 million urban dwellers living in low and middle income countries are at risk from the direct and indirect impacts of climate change over the next 5-10 years. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) special report on extreme events confirms that extreme events are likely to become more frequent and intense. The urban poor in low lying coastal, inland, and highland cities are expected to be hit first and hardest by the effects of climate change. For instance 238 million people now live in low elevation coastal zones in Asia. In some countries such as Bangladesh and Vietnam about 50% of their entire population lives in low elevation coastal zones. These challenges make urban development increasingly difficult for many DMCs to manage. ADB faces difficulties helping these governments improve urban services due to the insufficient capacity of counterpart institutions and its own institutional constraints.
ADB's Strategy 2020 sets the goal of making Asia's cities livable and it seeks to align ADB's operations with the changes in the development context of the region and the demands of DMCs. The overall aim is to help DMCs establish a sustainable pattern of development, one that will enable people to satisfy their basic needs and enjoy a better quality of life without compromising the quality of life of future generations. This is mostly the job of Asia's cities, which thus constitute the primary focus of ADB's support to the urban sector. The ADB's Urban Operational Plan (UOP) seeks to define an effective and responsive approach to supporting cities in this role. One of the main components of such an approach is for ADB to focus intervention on specific urban regions, preferably on second tier cities which have limited capacity and will come under proportionately more population stress, in which ADB can have more impact and through which ADB can have greater demonstration effects to foster systemic change towards sustainability. It has been projected that by 2015 nearly 60% of the total urban population will be living in such second tier cities.
While urban planning has improved across the region, many cities in Asia often lack two critical resources for effective implementation: (i) adequate infrastructure investment financing; and (ii) institutional capacity to effectively manage the programming and prioritization of these strategic investments. Therefore a _gap_ exists between the strategic development plans typically presenting a wish-list of projects, and the requirements of financiers for well-formulated infrastructure projects. Many city governments in Asia also lack the necessary funding to deliver critical infrastructure to make them competitive. There is a lack of appropriately structured and bankable projects that could attract private sector financing, given significant short fall in public sector financing of urban infrastructure projects.
The CDIA is a flagship international partnership that ADB has developed with financial support from development partners to assist medium sized Asian cities to bridge this gap between their development plans and the implementation of their infrastructure investments. CDIA uses a demand driven approach to support the identification and development of urban infrastructure investment projects in the framework of existing city development plans which emphasize one or more of the following impact areas: (i) urban environmental improvement; (ii) urban poverty reduction; (iii) climate change mitigation and adaptation; and (iv) improved governance. To facilitate these initiatives at city level, CDIA provides a range of international and domestic expertise and advice to cities to move from strategic master plans to concrete policies and infrastructure projects ready to present to financiers and project developers.
|Impact||Improved integration of sustainability dimensions in project design|
|Description of Outcome||ADB urban infrastructure investment projects supported by prefeasibility studies|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Five completed PFS have been linked to approved ADB loans as follows: (i) L3562-PAK: Punjab Intermediate Cities Improvement Project; (ii) L3617-GEO: Sustainable Urban Transport Investment Program; (iii) L3525-MON: Ulaanbaatar Urban Services and Ger Area Development Investment Program; (iv) L3630-CAM: Provincial Water Supply and Sanitation Project; and (v) L3684-CAM: Second Urban Environmental Management Project in the Tonle Sap. One completed PFS, GEO: Tbilisi Bus Network Improvement, was linked to local government financing.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Prefeasibility studies completed
Knowledge products featuring innovative approaches to project design disseminated
CDIA network and partnerships with national partner organizations in DMCs strengthened
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
(i) Output 1: Prefeasibility studies completed. The TA has enabled ADB and its CDIA partners to work closely with the governments to address infrastructure needs in Asia and the Pacific. Under the TA 17 PFSs have been completed and 10 are ongoing, covering more than 30 cities in 13 DMCs, namely Bangladesh, Cambodia, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Pakistan, People's Republic of China, Philippines, Tajikistan, Vanuatu and Viet Nam. The PFSs activities supported project development in the areas of sanitation and integrated wastewater management, water supply, identification of priority urban sector investments, bay development, transport and other urban infrastructure improvements. One completed PFS was linked to local government financing (GEO: Tbilisi Bus Network Improvement) while 7 completed PFSs were linked to ADB downstream financing amounting to $624.7 million as follows: (i) L3562-PAK: Punjab Intermediate Cities Improvement Project; (ii) L3617-GEO: Sustainable Urban Transport Investment Program; (iii) L3525-MON: Ulaanbaatar Urban Services and Ger Area Development Investment Program; (iv) L6010-BAN: City Region development Project II; (v) L3630-CAM: Provincial Water Supply and Sanitation Project; (vi) L3684-CAM: Second Urban Environmental Management Project in the Tonle Sap; (vii) L3766-PRC: Sichuan Ziyang Green Transformation and Development Project.
(ii) Output 2: Knowledge products featuring innovative approaches to project design disseminated. CDIA has produced the following eight knowledge products: (i) Photobook on _Investing in Asia's Urban Future: Stories from Naga, Pimpri, Islamabad and Tangerang; (ii) CDIA's 10th Year Anniversary Publication; (iii) Video-documentation of CDIA Interventions in Naga, Pimpri and Tangerang; (iv) Video-documentation of CDIA Interventions in Yangzhou (PRC) and Yogyakarta (INO); and (v) Project briefs of CDIA-assisted urban infrastructure investments in Naga (PHI), Islamabad (PAK), and Khulna (BAN); (vi) Video-documentation of CDIA Interventions in Tbilisi (GEO); (vii) Tracer study reports on CDIA-assisted urban infrastructure investments in Palembang (INO), Darkhan (MON), Ulaanbaaar (MON) and Pu'er (PRC); and (viii) CDIA Publication on _Bridging Cities, People and Sustainable Development_. These publications and video documentaries highlighted the results and impacts of CDIA supported projects. To showcase the innovative approaches and experience in designing and implementing projects in the field, four of the CDIA-supported projects were presented in the Urban Studio. These are: (i) the PFS and Preliminary Engineering in Gazipur and Khulna Corporations; (ii) Ulaanbaatar Ger Area Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Community Enhancement Project PFS; (iii) Shandong Spring City Modern Trolleybus Network Demonstration Project; and (iv) Georgia Sustainable Urban Transport Investment Program Status of Project Implementation and Completion Strategy.
(iii) Output 3: CDIA network and partnerships with national partner organizations in DMCs strengthened. A knowledge partnership agreement (KPA) between ADB and Austrian Institute of Technology was signed in February 2018 where areas of cooperation includes: city transport system diagnostic; smart urban transport planning and management; non-motorized transport and pedestrianization; system for disaster and climate preparedness; planning for remediation and re-development of sites contaminated by hazardous wastes; information and communication applications for managing cities and towns; policy development to support urban innovation; and capacity building activities. CDIA has also supported and organized with various national partner organizations trainings and workshop to build capacity of DMCs in analytical and technical work, due diligence, project preparation, urban infrastructure programming, among others. Workshops were conducted in India, Cambodia, and Viet Nam on City Infrastructure Investment Prioritization and Programming and trainings in Cambodia, Philippines, and the PRC were completed on wastewater management, sustainable transport planning, effective urban infrastructure program and financial modelling. CDIA continues to intensify its capacity building activities through conduct of more activities aimed to enhance responsiveness of key government officials and stakeholders to urban management issues.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||The TA will finance consulting services, workshops and trainings including resource persons, report preparation and communications, miscellaneous administration and support costs, equipment and surveys. Resource persons will be engaged on an individual basis. A multidisciplinary team of national and international experts, led by an international senior municipal and/or environmental engineering, urban infrastructure specialist or a project finance specialist, will be required to successfully execute the assignments. Consultants may be recruited on an individual basis or firms using the quality and cost-based selection or quality-based selection or fixed budget selection methods with indefinite delivery contract (IDC) , assignment, as appropriate. Key expertise will include waste and wastewater management, flood and drainage management, urban economics, transport planning, urban planning, water supply and sanitation, environment, climate change, social development, public financial management, infrastructure finance, PPP, urban governance, organizational/institutional development, communications and capacity development. All consultants will be engaged by ADB in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). TA needs an input of 370 person-months of international professional services is envisaged with 584 person-months of national consultants' input. The international consultants Municipal/Environmental Engineering/Urban Infrastructure Specialists (185 person-months); Urban Planners (55 person-months); PPP Specialists/Financial Analysts (130 person-months) will be responsible for providing the strategic and technical direction for the pre-feasibility studies, quality assurance for the inputs, program management and all key reporting related to the CDIA.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Lara Arjan|
|Responsible ADB Department||SDSC|
|Responsible ADB Division||SDSC-URB|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||08 Oct 2013|
|Fact Finding||17 Feb 2014 to 06 Mar 2014|
|Approval||06 Dec 2013|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||28 Mar 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|06 Dec 2013||-||06 Dec 2013||31 Dec 2017||31 Dec 2020||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|2,000,000.00||22,116,446.24||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||24,116,446.24||06 Dec 2013||15,422,209.44|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Supporting the Cities Development Initiative for Asia: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Nov 2013|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8556||22 Jun 2018||SCE(FRANCE) in association with National Development Consultants (Pvt) Limited(PAKISTAN)||5 AVENUE AUGUSTIN-LOUIS CAUCHY NANTES CE 7 FRANCE||Asian Development Bank||Consulting Services||899,812.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8556||06 Jun 2018||SAFEGE, FRANCE(FRANCE) in association with TANCONS (Cambodia) Co., Ltd.()||76 RUE DES SUISSES-B.P.727,92007 NANTERR FRANCE; 15/27 rue du port, Parc de l'Ile 92022 France||Asian Development Bank||Consulting Services||777,000.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8556||12 Feb 2018||CRISIL RISK & INFRASTRUCTURE SOLUTIONS LTD.(INDIA) in association with INFRATAMA YAKTI, P.T.(INDONESIA)||Crisil House, Central Avenue Road, Opp D Mumbai, Maharashtra 400 076 India Fax #+912 233423001; www.crisil.com||Asian Development Bank||Consulting Services||569,976.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8556||06 Feb 2018||HaskoningDHV Consulting Pvt. Ltd.(INDIA) in association with HaskoningDHV Nederland B.V., Netherlands(NETHERLANDS)||Green Boulevard, Plot B 9A, Tower B 4th Floor, Sector 62, Noida Uttar Pradesh 201301, India||Asian Development Bank||Consulting Services||671,908.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8556||05 Dec 2017||Far East BRT Planning Co., Limited(HONG KONG, CHINA)||RM 1401 Cambridge Hse 26-28, CAMERON RD TST KLN, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China||Asian Development Bank||Consulting Services||775,707.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8556||09 Nov 2017||GHD Pty Ltd(AUSTRALIA)||Level 7, 16 Marcus Clarke St., Canberra, Australia ACT 2601||Asian Development Bank||Consulting Services||738,034.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8556||13 Jun 2017||Naree International Limited (Hong Kong, China) In Association With Naree Consulting Limited, China (China,People's Rep.Of)||Unit N, 5/F, 4 Cho Yuen Street, Yau Tong Kowloon, Hong Kong, China||Asian Development Bank||327,450.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8556||23 Feb 2017||Systra France (France) in Association with Spectrum Consulting Ltd., Geo (Georgia)||5, Avenue Du Coq, 75009 Paris France||Asian Development Bank||396,045.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8556||11 Oct 2016||Finnish Consulting Group Asia Pte. Ltd (Singapore) in Association with Pitco (Pakistan)||North Bridge Road, 12-01 High Street Cen Singapore Singapore||Asian Development Bank||750,000.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8556||22 Sep 2016||Eptisa Servicios De Ingenieria S.L. (Spain) in Association with Key Consultants Cambodia (Kcc) Ltd. ()||EMILIO MUNOZ 35-37 MADRID, SPAIN 28037||Asian Development Bank||702,118.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8556||06 Jul 2016||Mott Macdonald Limited (United Kingdom)||MOTT MACDONALD HOUSE, 8-10 SYDENHAM ROAD CROYDON CR0 2EE, UNITED KINGDOM||Asian Development Bank||448,661.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8556||20 Jun 2016||IPE Global Limited (India) in association with NU (Mongolia)||B-84, Defence Colony, Bhisham Pitamah Ma Delhi 110 024, India / C-2 Green Park Extension Delhi 110016, India||Asian Development Bank||349,055.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8556||21 Apr 2016||Hifab International Ab (Sweden) in Association with Urban Solutions BV (Netherlands)||167, Sveavagen, SE-104 SE-104 32 STOCKHOLM SWEDEN||Asian Development Bank||750,000.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8556||14 Mar 2016||Egis Eau (France) in Association with Key Consultants Cambodia (Kcc) Ltd. ()||78 ALLEE JOHN NAPIER, MONTPELLIER 34965, CEDEX 2 FRANCE [email protected]||Asian Development Bank||749,980.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8556||29 Feb 2016||SCE (France) in Association with Groupe Huit S.A.S. France (France)||5 AVENUE AUGUSTIN-LOUIS CAUCHY NANTES CE 7 FRANCE||Asian Development Bank||747,000.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 8556||20 Jan 2016||Mott Macdonald Limited (Water Supply) (United Kingdom)||DEMETER HOUSE, STATION ROAD, CAMBRIDGE CAMBRIDGESHIRE CB1 2RS UNITED KINGDOM||Asian Development Bank||278,052.00||—|
|Research and Development||Technical Assistance 8556||07 Aug 2015||Urban Solutions BV (Netherlands) in association with Ciriajasa Rancangbangun Mandiri PT (Indonesia)||PO Box 299 3000 AG, Rotterdam, Netherlands||Asian Development Bank||157,643.00||—|
|Research and Development||Technical Assistance 8556||04 Jun 2015||ICF Consulting Services Limited (United Kingdom)||6F Watling House, 33 Cannon Street, London||Asian Development Bank||464,224.00||—|
None currently available.