The Asian Development Bank is working with Uzbekistan to improve the reliability of the power transmission network in the northwest regions of Karakalpakstan and Khorezm. The project is building a more than 360 km-long 220-kilovolt transmission line and upgrading and expanding three substations. An efficient power supply is crucial for industrial development and growth in the country’s northwest.
|Project Name||Northwest Region Power Transmission Line Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Energy - Electricity transmission and distribution
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||The project aims to (i) improve power transmission network capacity and reliability in the northwest region of the country, the Karakalpakstan and Khorezm regions; (ii) reduce transmission losses; and (iii) improve the operational efficiency of the power sector. The project components include (a) the construction of a 220 kilovolt (kV) single-circuit overhead transmission line approximately 364 kilometers (km) in length, (b) the expansion, rehabilitation and construction of 3 substations, and (c) institutional development, capacity building and project management.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Uzbekistan is one of the fastest-growing economies in Central Asia, aspiring to become an upper-middle-income country by 2020. The economy has sustained a high growth rate averaging at 8% for 2010 -2014. Generally, stable macroeconomic conditions and robust growth are set to continue as Uzbekistan aims for a highly developed and diversified industrial and export base. The Karakalpakstan and Khorezm regions, inhabited by 3.3 million people (or 12% of the total population) and located in the western part of Uzbekistan, will continue to attract large scale industrial investment projects. Reliable power supply is critical to support industrial development in these regions. These regions expect power demand to grow at 3%, double the expected medium-term national average rate of 1.5%.
The country has ample primary energy resources. The total installed capacity for power generation in the country is about 13,500 megawatts (MW) including thermal power 86% and hydropower 14%. In 2014, the country generated about 54,400 gigawatt-hours (GWh) of electric power, of which it exported 1,400 GWh or 2.6%. Uzbekistan''s power transmission system consists of 1,850 km of 500 kV lines, 6,200 km of 220 kV lines, and 15,300 km of 110 kV lines. The government owns and manages the energy sector in Uzbekistan. The Joint Stock Company-Uzbekenergo, a vertically integrated and publicly owned monopoly (in charge of electricity generation, transmission, and distribution), operates under the supervision and regulation of the Cabinet of Ministers. The sector is corporatized with separate business units, and further commercialization of Uzbekenergo is planned.
Uzbekistan''s development priorities stress structural change and greater productivity. Energy efficiency is a key part of the energy sector strategy. The government adopted policy and legal frameworks with clear goals to reduce energy intensity and losses; and action plans covering investments and institutional change. In March 2015, the government approved a 5-year rolling Program of Measures to Promote Structural Reforms, Modernization and Diversification of Production in 2015- 2019. The program aims to ensure adequate and reliable power system; and improved management, operations, and performance of utilities based on commercial principles. To improve energy efficiency, one combined-cycle gas turbine (CCGT) unit was commissioned in Navoi thermal power plant (TPP) and four more combined-cycle gas turbine units are under preparation with confirmed funding from Asian Development Bank (ADB) for replacement of old and inefficient gas-fired steam turbine generation units. A loss-reduction program was initiated by adopting advanced meters to increase collections and reduce losses. The electricity tariffs have been steadily raised since 2004 to ensure financial sustainability. Financial transparency has improved since Uzbekenergo, with the assistance of ADB, adopted external audits based on the International Standards of Auditing starting from Fiscal Year (FY) 2011.
The key challenges in the sector are deteriorating infrastructure and unreliable power supply. The existing Takhiatash TPP is the only power station located in the northwest region. ADB has approved a loan to finance construction of two CCGT units (230- 280 MW each) in Takhiatash TPP for replacement of old and inefficient gas-fired steam turbine generation units. However, the existing power transmission network has limited capacities to transmit additional power because of inadequate investments in the past. The power transmission system was designed during the Soviet era with the objective to leverage the diversified energy and water resources in the region. The resulting location of the substations and the line routings did not take into consideration the countries'' geographical borders, as these were irrelevant at that time. The existing transmission line from Takhiatash to Navoi passes through Turkmenistan. Although the transmission assets belong to Uzbekistan, the difficulty to maintain them causes frequent and prolonged outages which bring down production rate, and hamper socioeconomic development leading to people''s dissatisfaction. Due to the transmission capacity limitation the excess production of TPP can hardly be evacuated and the Takhiatash TPP must accommodate its production to the highly variable local demand, which leads to a technical wear and aging of generation blocks and makes the operation of the power plant economically inefficient.
In addition, most of the transmission facilities are aging which now require rehabilitation and modernization. The Khorezm substation commissioned in 1969 is now more than 40 years old. The poor condition of these assets leads to a higher risk of system outages, poor energy services, higher maintenance costs, and increased transmission losses. A strong transmission system is therefore essential to the provision of an efficient, reliable, and flexible infrastructure that meets the ever growing demand of electricity consumers.
The project fits within the ADB's Country Partnership Strategy for Uzbekistan, which includes focus on energy efficiency and reliable power supply. It is also consistent with ADB''s Strategy 2020 and ADB''s Energy Policy (2009). The project is included in the draft Country Operations Business Plan: Uzbekistan 2015 -2017.
|Impact||Adequate and reliable power supply in Uzbekistan by 2023 (Program of Measures to Promote Structural Reforms, Modernization and Diversification of Production in 2015-2019, the Government of Uzbekistan, 2015)|
|Description of Outcome||An expanded and modernized high-voltage transmission grid in Khorezm and Karakalpakstan regions.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Project Implementation Consultant contract awarded to Fichtner GmBh and mobilized in Sep 2016. Bidding documents (BD) for Package 1 was issued in Nov 2016 and bids were opened in Feb 2017. BD for Package 2 was submitted for ADB review and approval in Mar 2017.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
220 kV transmission line between Takhiatash Thermal Power Plant -Khorezm Substation -Ellikkala Substation commissioned.
Substations rehabilitated and new switching station constructed
Support for institutional development and capacity building
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||Target achievable.|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||PPTA will prepare initial environmental examination following ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS) (2009).|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The LARP dated Mar 2015 has been prepared and disclosed. The LARP is based on the pre-project design documents and will be updated after completion of the final detailed documents and will be updated after completion of the final detailed design by the design institution. Bi-annual Environment Monitoring Report for Jan-Jun and July-Dec 2016 has been disclosed.|
|Indigenous Peoples||In the project area, there is no community or group that maintains any particular culture and language.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Stakeholders' consultations through community meetings, discussions and interviews will be conducted to share information about the proposed project and to get views from stakeholders on their expectations.|
|During Project Implementation||Consultation and Participation Plan to be prepared during PPTA|
|Consulting Services||A supervision consulting firm will be recruited using quality- and cost-based selection method, with a 90:10 ratio for quality and cost, and following ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time) to help the executing agency implement the project.|
|Procurement||ADB loan proceeds will be used to finance procurement of equipment and materials. International competitive bidding method will be used to procure the goods following ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Luo, Tianhua|
|Responsible ADB Department||Central and West Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Energy Division, CWRD|
6 Istiklol Street
Tashkent, 100000, Uzbekistan
|Concept Clearance||05 Feb 2014|
|Fact Finding||16 Mar 2015 to 31 Mar 2015|
|MRM||14 Jul 2015|
|Approval||22 Sep 2015|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||28 Mar 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|22 Sep 2015||12 Nov 2015||24 May 2016||30 Jun 2020||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||255.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||150.00||22 Sep 2015||2.42||0.00||2%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||22 Sep 2015||0.22||0.00||0%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Northwest Region Power Transmission Line Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Aug 2016|
|Loan Agreement for Loan 3285-UZB: Northwest Region Power Transmission Line Project||Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources)||Nov 2015|
|Project Agreement for Loan 3285-UZB: Northwest Region Power Transmission Line Project||Project/Program Agreements||Nov 2015|
|Northwest Region Power Transmission Line Project: Project Administration Manual||Project/Program Administration Manual||Aug 2015|
|Northwest Region Power Transmission Line Project: Report and Recommendation of the President||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Aug 2015|
|Проект по строительству линии электропередачи Северо-западного региона (Строительство ЛЭП 220 кВ Тахиаташская ТЭС – ПС «Хорезм» - н/п «Сарымай» - ПС «В-1» : Информация о проекте||Translated PDS||Jan 2015|
|Northwest Region Power Transmission Line Project||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Apr 2014|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Northwest Region Power Transmission Line Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2017)||Environmental Monitoring Reports||Jul 2017|
|Northwest Region Power Transmission Line Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-December 2016)||Environmental Monitoring Reports||Jan 2017|
|Northwest Region Power Transmission Line Project: Initial Environmental Examination||Initial Environmental Examination||Jul 2015|
|Northwest Region Power Transmission Line Project: Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Mar 2015|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.