This TA will satisfy the requirement for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of the refined TTFS. It will confirm the competitiveness of corridors by sustaining and expanding CPMM piloted under TA 6437 and institutionalized under TA 7353. Monitoring indicators will be identified, baselines established, and CPMM coverage expanded to capture data on performance of trade logistics service provision along CAREC corridors. It will augment operational priorities by catalyzing the generation and adoption of industry-developed standards to facilitate cross-border trade. In all cases, TA activities will ensure that private sector views are considered in the development, implementation, and modernization of trade facilitation measures. In these ways, it will aid CAREC WTO member countries in complying with their TFA obligations.
|Project Name||Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation: Working with the Private Sector in Trade Facilitation (Phase 2)|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Industry and trade / Trade and services
Transport / Multimodal logistics
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||This TA will satisfy the requirement for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of the refined TTFS. It will confirm the competitiveness of corridors by sustaining and expanding CPMM piloted under TA 6437 and institutionalized under TA 7353. Monitoring indicators will be identified, baselines established, and CPMM coverage expanded to capture data on performance of trade logistics service provision along CAREC corridors. It will augment operational priorities by catalyzing the generation and adoption of industry-developed standards to facilitate cross-border trade. In all cases, TA activities will ensure that private sector views are considered in the development, implementation, and modernization of trade facilitation measures. In these ways, it will aid CAREC WTO member countries in complying with their TFA obligations.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||This regional policy and advisory TA is designed to support implementation of the refined Transport and Trade Facilitation Strategy (TTFS) 2020. The original TTFS aimed to improve the CAREC region's competitiveness and expand trade among CAREC economies and the rest of the world. This too is the stated aim of CAREC 2020, the CAREC Program''s strategic framework adopted in conjunction with the admission of Pakistan and Turkmenistan into CAREC. The refined TTFS 2020 reaffirms that establishing competitive corridors, facilitating the efficient movement of goods and people across borders, and developing a safe and sustainable network are the strategy's outcomes. The Refined TTFS also defines three operational priorities: (i) development of multimodal corridor networks through infrastructure investments in roads, railways, logistics centers, and border crossing points; (ii) improvement of trade and border crossing services through Customs reform and modernization, coordinated border management, introduction of national single window facilities, and beyond-the-border trade facilitation; and (iii) improvement of operational and institutional effectiveness through focus on road maintenance, road safety, introduction of designated rail corridors, and capacity building with respect to policies and institutions.|
|Impact||Trade among CAREC countries and with global markets via CAREC corridors expanded.|
|Description of Outcome||Sustainable, safe, and user-friendly transport and trade networks (and corresponding institutional frameworks) developed for CAREC.|
|Progress Toward Outcome||
As of September 2019, there are 23 association and 13 enterprise members of the CAREC Federation of Carrier and Forwarder Association (CFCFA), which meets on regular basis and in the process of developing common standards for adoption among the members.
At the 5th Joint CAREC Customs Cooperation Committee (CCC)-CFCFA meeting in June 2019, the CFCFA and CCC agreed to coordinate on common areas of cooperation, which include, among others: (i) implementation of the WTO TFA; (ii) CAREC Advanced Transit System (CATS) and Information Common Exchange (ICE); and (iii) Authorized economic operator (AEO) systems.
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. CPMM conducted, its methodology refined and strengthened, with emphasis on capturing performance of trade logistics services.
2. Sustainability of CFCFA strengthened.
3. PSP opportunities developed to promote wider involvement in integrated trade facilitation.
4. Trade Facilitation and Logistics Reports prepared.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Consultants have been engaged and Memorandums of Understanding (MOU) signed with partners, to ensure the smooth continuation of CAREC Corridor Performance Measurement and Monitoring (CPMM). Other consultant recruitment has been delayed pending the resolution of measures under TA 7353 to ensure the sustainability of the CAREC Federation of Carrier and Forwarder Associations (CFCFA).
The 2014 CPMM Annual Report has been disseminated at the mid-year Senior Officials' Meeting, and posted to the CFCFA website. The first quarterly CPMM report for 2015 has been released.
A CPMM mission in June-July 2015 met with CPMM partners and trained CPMM coordinators in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyz Republic.
Following a CFCFA Annual Meeting in August 2015 in which CFCFA resolved to maintain its legal entity status in the absence of an ADB subsidy, recruitment of a consultant to work with CFCFA on sustainability issues has been considered.
Consultant contracts and MOUs with CPMM partners are in place to continue the conduct of CPMM through 2016. Second and third quarterly CPMM reports for 2015 have been issued. The 2015 CPMM Annual Report was presented to the mid-year Senior Officials' Meeting. A consultant has been engaged to examine whether monitorable indicators can be identified that will allow CPMM to assess the impact on corridor performance of trade logistics service provision. A protracted lack of clarity over the status of CFCFA banking arrangements and the collection of annual membership dues continues to inhibit the recruitment of expertise to aid in ensuring the sustainability of this virtual organization.
Draft CPMM reports for the first two quarters of 2016 were finalized for the 2016 Ministerial Conference.
The 2017 Annual CFCFA Meeting and the Joint CFCFA/CAREC Customs Cooperation Committee meeting was held in Dushanbe on 25-26 September 2017.
A CPMM Workshop and Coordinators Training was held in Almaty, Kazakhstan on 20-21 October 2017, where the implementation of CPMM+ (refined and augmented methodology) was discussed. CFCFA partner associations and CPMM experts deliberated on implementation plans, concepts, and proposed countermeasures to challenges, and suggested good practices to be observed. Measurement of behind-the-border indicators were also explored for review, deliberation and implementation starting 2018.
The 2016 CPMM Annual Report has been finalized and posted to the CAREC website in January 2018. The 2017 CPMM Annual Report is planned to be published in October 2018.
The MOUs with CPMM partners included implementation of CPMM+ which will begin collection for January 2018. A workshop on CPMM+ and behind-the-border indicators is planned in second half of 2018.
A project coordinator (national consultant) will be engaged to assist the Chairman, CFCFA to manage and oversee the quality and timely coordination of the CFCFA administrative and logistical requirements.
In July 2018, a workshop on CAREC Corridors Performance Measurement and Monitoring, Time Release Study, and Behind-the-Border Indicators was organized jointly with CAREC Institute. The workshop gathered experts from development partners (ADB, UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, World Bank Group/IFC) to discuss the continuing improvement of CPMM and promote the use of CPMM data to broader stakeholders including the private sector and research institutions of CAREC countries.
In September 2018, the 9th Annual Meeting of CFCFA and 4th Joint Meeting of the CAREC Customs Cooperation Committee and CFCFA were held. CFCFA members heard the progress report presented by its Chair and Vice Chair, discussed issues such as revitalization of the CFCFA website, expansion of membership to enterprise members, pilot of transit corridors routes, improvement of Corridors Performance Measurement and Monitoring methodology, and skills enhancement through partnerships with technical and vocational institutions. The Meetings discussed the need to strengthen the role of the private sector in the CAREC Integrated Trade Agenda (CITA) 2030 implementation and to participate in activities listed in the rolling strategic action plan (RSAP) 2018 -2020. At the meetings, views were exchanged on ways to strengthen dialogue between customs and private sector operations, and how CFCFA can contribute to priority areas of work identified by CCC. Customs-business partnership was identified as one of the priority areas. Participants agreed on steps to broaden the representation of the private sector to include importers/exporters, customs brokers, and other segments of businesses to the forum. CFCFA's standardization initiative not only will expedite exchange of information between business-to-business and business-to-customs, but also will facilitate risk management by the customs, and generate more trade and transit flows through the CAREC region.
Following the success of the workshop, pilot studies of the expanded methodology were conducted in Afghanistan and the People's Republic of China in October 2018, implemented by CPMM's freight forwarder association partners who are most directly challenged by multiple difficulties in trading across borders in most CAREC countries. Findings of the study show wide disparity in trade-related business processes and compliance requirements across CAREC region. In 2019 and upon consultation with other CFCFA members to determine the appropriate approach and methodology, the pilot study will be rolled out in other CAREC countries to help inform policymakers about the status of CAREC trade facilitation from the perspective of the private sector.
In November 2018, the TA supported the representation of CFCFA in the CAREC Ministerial Conference and promoted the role of private sector in the overall CAREC framework. Also, the CPMM 2017 Annual report was disseminated to participants of the meeting.
Data collection and analysis were finalized for the drafting of the CPMM 2018 Annual report, which will include findings of the pilot study on behind-the-border compliance and procedures.
The TA began preliminary work in strengthening the role of the private sector through the CFCFA, by identifying platforms of collaboration (advocacy, studies, dialogue) with the CCC. Proposals will be deliberated during the CFCFA Annual Meeting and its joint meeting with the CCC in Tashkent.
In June 2019, the TA supported the 10th Annual Meeting of the CFCFA and 5th Joint Meeting of the CAREC CCC and CFCFA, with participation of association and enterprise members. Outcomes of the Annual Meeting include discussion on: (i) CFCFA' collaboration in the implementation of CITA 2030 and RSAP; (ii) endorsement of a proposed ADB TA designed to strengthen CFCFA capacity; (iii) continued cooperation with the CAREC CCC; and (iv) CFCFA workplan to address operational, financial, organizational, and governance issues. In their joint meeting with the CCC, the CFCFA forged an agreement to coordinate on common areas of cooperation, which include, among others: (i) implementation of the WTO TFA; (ii) CAREC Advanced Transit System (CATS) and Information Common Exchange (ICE); and (iii) Authorized economic operator (AEO) systems.
Steps to publish the CPMM 2018 Annual Report as an ADB publication are underway. Final publication will be delivered and disseminated to the CAREC Ministerial Conference in November 2019.
Following strategic-level review and consideration, ADB embarked upon a series of consultations with the CAREC Institute (based in Urumqi, People's Republic of China) to discuss the transfer of responsibility and management of the CPMM from ADB HQ to the CAREC Institute, given the latter's increasing capacity to expand the dissemination of the CPMM report and data to a wider network of stakeholders and research institutions and individuals throughout the CAREC region. This transfer of management will be undertaken during implementation of the next ADB KSTA in support of the CPMM mechanism and the CFCFA.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Consultations were conducted with CAREC Federation of Carrier and Forwarder Associations members, other Corridor Performance Measurement and Monitoring partners, and CAREC country Trade Facilitation Sector Focal Points on numerous occasions throughout 2013 (in connection with the conduct of a Midterm Review of the original TTFS) to determine the impact, outcome, outputs, and implementation arrangements for the TA. It is included in the CAREC list of Medium-Term Priority Projects endorsed by the Ministerial Conference. Broad agreement was reached on key aspects of the TA, and strong support was obtained for its design and implementation.|
|During Project Implementation||International consultants are in regular contact with CPMM partners and designated coordinators to ensure the prompt and accurate submission of data. Consultations with CAREC Institute are ongoing to see how CAREC Institute might work with ADB to make greater use -- and expand dissemination -- of CPMM data and data analyses. Close cooperation is taking place between the CPMM team and consultants engaged under TA 8584-REG to support CAREC countries in the conduct of Time Release Studies.|
|Consulting Services||A total of 27 person-months of international and 96 person-months of national consultant inputs may be required to provide advisory and technical services under the TA. The consultants and resource persons will be specialists in the areas of integrated trade facilitation, regional trade logistics, customs reform and modernization, and institutional and capacity building, with special expertise in crafting agreement on common standards and achieving mutual recognition of inspection findings and laboratory tests, supporting public-private dialogue and increasing private sector participation in the provision of transport and trade logistics services. Because the TA will involve varied activities that will consist mostly of straightforward assignments conducted on an intermittent basis, consultants and resource persons will be selected and engaged by ADB as individuals based on their qualifications and experience in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). The proceeds of the TA will be disbursed in line with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||McKenzie, Rosalind Y.|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Public Mgt, Financial Sector and Regional Coop Division, EARD|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||17 Mar 2014|
|Fact Finding||06 Oct 2014 to 09 Oct 2014|
|Approval||30 Oct 2014|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||30 Sep 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|30 Oct 2014||-||30 Oct 2014||30 Jun 2018||20 Oct 2019||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|4,000,000.00||500,000.00||300,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||4,800,000.00||30 Oct 2014||1,477,589.45|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation – Working with the Private Sector in Trade Facilitation (Phase 2): Technical Assistance Completion Report||TA Completion Reports||May 2020|
|Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation – Working with the Private Sector in Trade Facilitation (Phase 2): Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Oct 2014|
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