Pakistan : Gulpur Hydropower Project
|Gulpur Hydropower Project
|Borrower / Company
|Mira Power Limited
|Country / Economy
|Type or Modality of Assistance
|Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector
Energy / Large hydropower generation
|No gender elements
|Responsible ADB Department
|Private Sector Operations Department
|Responsible ADB Division
|Portfolio Management Division, PSOD
|Responsible ADB Officer
|Daelim Industrial Company Limited
Korea South-East Power Company
Lotte Engineering and Construction
|Objectives and Scope
|The project provides low-cost generation and additional electricity supply to the national grid. The project will generate electricity by using indigenous water resources, and the tariff for electricity supplied by the project will be lower than that for plants that use imported fuel and other renewable energy sources such as wind and solar. The project will also avoid greenhouse gas emissions.
|Status of Operation/Construction
|The project has achieved COD in March 2020.
|Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
ADB's support for the project is in line with the country partnership strategy for Pakistan, 2009-2013, which emphasizes energy sector development, private sector participation in infrastructure development, and expansion of ADB's private sector operations in the energy sector. The project is a logical continuation of ADB's development and reform efforts in Pakistan's energy sector, which have been designed to promote a well-regulated, market-oriented power industry, particularly when the country faces challenges in attracting commercial financing. Energy infrastructure has featured prominently in ADB's private sector operations in Pakistan.
The project is in line with ADB's Energy Policy, and is particularly consistent with one of the three pillars of that policy - maximizing access to energy for all. Access to modern and reliable energy services fosters sustainable human development, economic growth, a higher quality of life, and improved delivery of social services. The project will add generation capacity and increase the reliability of electricity supplies in a country facing a severe power shortage. Electricity tariff for the project will be significantly lower than the average price of power in the country, and will not be affected by the volatility of the international fuel market. The project will promote the use of indigenous water resources, and will contribute to the country's energy security. The project will help ADB meet its commitment to undertake clean energy investments of $2 billion per year.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
|activities, which could adversely impact biodiversity, air quality, water quality, hydrology, and occupational and community health and safety. The Environmental Management and Monitoring Plans for this Project in the ESIA, Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP), Sustainable Sediment Mining Management Plan, Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan and other related plans will ensure the necessary measures to address impacts and maximize potential benefits of the Project. The Project complies with national and local laws and regulations, and safeguard policy of international financial organizations such as ADB and IFC. To comply with the AJK-Environmental Protection Agency's requirements an Environmental Construction Audit and update of BAP for operation stage is currently being conducted by a third- party consultant and expected to be completed end of 2023.
|The project involves the acquisition of 894.53 acres of land broken down as: 801.35 acres of government land, 47.190 acres of communally-owned land and 45.995 acres of privately-owned land. Private land acquisition led to displacement of 4 households and significantly impacted 61 households utilizing their land for crop production. There are no users of the government land acquired. Although part of the communally-owned land are used for grazing, land acquisition did not lead to significant impact to the villagers as a large portion of these land remain which can be used for grazing. Two businesses were also impacted by the project. A Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan was prepared to ensure that the livelihood of affected households will be improved or at least restored and mechanisms for prompt replacement and payment for all affected assets are in place. A supplementary Resettlement Action Plan will be prepared for households who may be at risk of landslide during heavy rain and reservoir drawdown.
|There are no Indigenous Peoples that will be impacted by the project.
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
|Series of consultation has been conducted since 2012 involving affected households, local community members, local government and local NGO officials. Upon finalization of the project design, public consultations with the stakeholders were again undertaken. The activity also involved the distribution of Background Information Document (BID) to different stakeholders containing information on the ESIA process and project details in English and Urdu. Feedbacks from the communities were considered in the final design of the project and different concerns of the stakeholders were addressed in the ESIA. Now that the project is operational, the project continuously engage with the communities through its community liaison officer to ensure effective stakeholder engagement and management of issues in relation to the project.
|Timetable for assistance design, processing and implementation
|17 Jun 2013
|Credit Committee Meeting
|16 Oct 2014
|17 Apr 2015
|PDS Creation Date
|08 Mar 2014
|Last PDS Update
|28 Mar 2023
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Gulpur Hydropower Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis
|Initial Poverty and Social Analysis
|Gulpur Hydropower Project: Project Data Sheet (Urdu Translation)
|Gulpur Hydropower Project: Report and Recommendation of the President
|Reports and Recommendations of the President
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.