fbpx 48021-001: Developing Pathways to Low-Carbon Transport in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region | Asian Development Bank

China, People's Republic of: Developing Pathways to Low-Carbon Transport in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

Sovereign (Public) Project | 48021-001 Status: Closed

The proposed TA will assist the NHAR Provincial Government and five local governments in formulating strategies and policies for low-carbon transport. The TA is consistent with ADB's country partnership strategy for the PRC for 2011-2015 which support the government's efforts to foster a cleaner and more sustainable growth process (Pillar 2) by supporting the development of low-carbon transport systems, particularly in public transport. The TA is included in the PRC Country Operations Business Plan 2014-2016.

Project Details

Project Officer
Masahiro Nishimura East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • China, People's Republic of
Modality
  • Technical Assistance
Sector
  • Transport
 
Project Name Developing Pathways to Low-Carbon Transport in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
Project Number 48021-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8775-PRC: Developing Pathways to Low-Carbon Transport in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
Climate Change Fund US$ 500,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Sector / Subsector

Transport / Transport policies and institutional development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The proposed TA will assist the NHAR Provincial Government and five local governments in formulating strategies and policies for low-carbon transport. The TA is consistent with ADB's country partnership strategy for the PRC for 2011-2015 which support the government's efforts to foster a cleaner and more sustainable growth process (Pillar 2) by supporting the development of low-carbon transport systems, particularly in public transport. The TA is included in the PRC Country Operations Business Plan 2014-2016.

Formulation of the TA draws upon the findings and recommendations of ADB's evaluation knowledge brief on Reducing Carbon Emissions from Transport Projects. The brief found that low-carbon transport strategies based on the avoid-shift-improve (ASI) paradigm can be the least costly ways to reducing CO2 emissions, and that such strategies can produce significant social and economic benefits for low-income people who are more dependent on public transport and non-motorized transport. The brief recommended estimation and monitoring of carbon emissions, and adopting carbon emission reduction approaches in project design and appraisal.

The TA will adopt the ASI paradigm for developing a low carbon transport strategy for each assisted city, and a bottom-up approach for developing a consolidated low-carbon transport strategy for the provincial government, building from the strategies generated from each city. The ASI approach will be followed for each city as the basis for examining the city's current and future urban and transport sector development. Low carbon transport strategies will be selected after pre-feasibility analysis and carbon emissions estimation using emission estimation tools. The selected strategies will be aligned for a phased implementation plan for each city, then the plans for each city will be consolidated into a provincial government level implementation plan. Future travel demand will be estimated using a simplified travel demand forecast model.

The TA will develop an emission estimation method for the NHAR from existing tools such as Transport Emissions Evaluation Models for Projects (TEEMP), For Future Inland Transport Systems (ForFIT) or travel demand forecast model based method. The results from different tools will be reviewed and selected for evaluating emissions reduction impact of low-carbon transport strategies for the project cities.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Through economic growth and urbanization, the PRC made remarkable progress in improvement of the quality of life of people over the last three decades. Transport infrastructure development and increased travel demand, both in passenger and freight transport, are an integral part of providing mobility to support the economic growth and urbanization process. However, transport also has an associated cost for the environment including through vehicle emissions. Transport is already a major contributor to carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, accounting for 23% of global energy-related CO2 emissions. The PRC is responsible for 25.4% of global CO2 emissions and World Energy Outlook (WEO) 2013 New Policies Scenario projects that emissions from the transport sector in the PRC will reach 13% of total PRC emissions in 2035 compared to 8% in 2011.

The PRC government attaches great importance to the issue of climate change. The PRC's approach to climate change is of global significance since it is now the world's largest source of CO2 emissions. The government has committed to a 40-45% reduction in the carbon intensity of gross domestic product (GDP) by 2020 relative to 2005. Since 2006, the authorities became involved in several sustainable urban development initiatives under various titles such as Eco-Cities, Low-Carbon Cities and Smart Cities. More than 120 initiatives have been launched by several government departments and government-related structures, including the National Development and Reform Committee (NDRC); Ministry of Transport (MOT); Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST); and Ministry of Housing, Urban and Rural Development (MOHURD).

The PRC plans to set a total cap on its CO2 emissions when the 13th five-year plan comes into force in 2016. However, this will be challenging to implement in the transport sector as the objective of reducing carbon emissions of transport has often been subordinated to the pursuit of economic growth and urbanization at the local level, and few initiatives targeting low-carbon transport are formally embedded within the policy, financing, implementation and operational levels of the transport sector at provincial and local governments level. The lack of locally adapted objectives, indicators, and weaknesses in the process for designing, monitoring and evaluation of low-carbon transport needs to be addressed at provincial, local and municipal government level.

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR) is a province located at the northwest of the PRC. It has a population of 6.5 million people residing in 5 prefecture cities, 21 counties and 219 townships. NHAR is experiencing rapid urbanization, with the urban population reaching 3.4 million by late 2013. NHAR has not yet developed a specific and implementable low-carbon transport policy at the provincial and city government levels. Parts of NHAR with relatively lower motorization and urbanization rate have more opportunities of developing low-carbon transport system with locally feasible solutions such as public transport, non-motorized transport improvements, parking policy and transit oriented development, rather than having to resort to restrictive policy measures as seen in the megacities in the PRC.

Impact Reduced carbon emission from transport sector in NHAR
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Adopted low-carbon transport policy and supporting government reform by the provincial and the local governments
Progress Toward Outcome To be assessed during project implementation.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

City level ASI strategies and phased implementation plans

Prepare carbon emissions estimation and monitoring framework

Develop provincial level low carbon transport policy and implementation plan

Prepare institutional reform and capacity development for implementation

Produce knowledge product

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) TA completion date was extended to 31 December 2016. Revised final report received and approved by ADB. Payment of final claims and financial closing of consultants' contracts ongoing.
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The proposed TA has been identified, conceptualized and prepared through direct discussions with the Department of Finance, Ningxia Department of Transport, Ningxia Planning Bureau, and five local governments.
During Project Implementation

To monitor progress in the TA activities and review the key deliverables, the EA established a TA working group chaired by EA and includes Ningxia Department of Transport and Ningxia Planning Bureau, representatives of the five cities and local bus operators.

Workshops were held at key stages of the TA to establish consensus among stakeholders regarding the approach, findings and recommendations of the TA and to provide technical training about low-carbon transport policy and strategy development and carbon-estimation skills with emission estimation tool developed for the TA.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

The TA will be implemented over a 18 month period from November 2014 to April 2016 and will require a total of 20 person-months for six international consultants and 40 person-months for five national consultants. ADB will engage individual international and national consultants in accordance with its Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).

The consulting team will require expertise in: (i) low-carbon urban transport policy and strategies; (ii) travel demand forecast methods and practices; (iii) emissions estimation methods, including ForFIT, TEEMP, and travel demand forecast based method; (iv) preparing cost estimates for policy and investment project implementation; and (v) the PRC government organizational structures and financial mechanisms in the transport sector. The consulting team will be responsible for organizing a TA working group and workshop sessions, seminars, study tour and survey with assistance from the EA during the TA implementation.

The international team will comprise: (i) one team leader/urban transport specialist (6 person-months); (ii) one public transport specialist (4 person-months); (iii) one non-motorized transport specialist (3 person-months); (iv) one vehicle emission estimation specialist (2 person-months); (v) one transport demand forecast specialist (2 person-months); and (vi) one institutional specialist (3 person-months). Individual consultants will be recruited for (iv) and (v), and a firm will be recruited to provide the rest of the specialists.

The team of national consultants will comprise: (i) deputy team leader and transport policy specialist (12 person-months); (ii) one public transport specialist (8 person-months); (iii) one non-motorized transport specialist (6 person-months); (iv) one transport model specialist (8 person-months); and (v) and one public administration specialist (6 person-months).

Responsible ADB Officer Masahiro Nishimura
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Ningxia Finance Department
416 Jiefangxijie, Xingging District,
Yinchuan, Ningxia China, 7500001
Timetable
Concept Clearance 23 Jul 2014
Fact Finding 11 Sep 2014 to 12 Sep 2014
MRM -
Approval 03 Dec 2014
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 17 Mar 2017

TA 8775-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
03 Dec 2014 29 Dec 2014 29 Dec 2014 30 Apr 2016 31 Dec 2016 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,000,000.00 0.00 100,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,100,000.00 03 Dec 2014 685,698.40

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Policy and Advisory Technical Assistance 8775 21 May 2015 Contrans AB (Sweden) Tallboangen 65, SE-436 44, Askim, Sweden Ningxia Department of Finance 388,574.00

Procurement Plan

None currently available.