The People's Republic of China (PRC) is taking concrete steps to ensure that environmental resources and peoples livelihoods are not undermined by rapid urban and economic development. During the third plenary session of the CPC in February 2014, the concept of eco-civilization has been given high priority and red-lines are being developed to halt environmental degradation. The PRC government has now included sustainable management of scarce water resources as a performance indicator for local governments, and emphasized the need to strengthen eco-civilization approaches as part of the local development planning.
|Project Name||Xinjiang Karamay Sustainable Agro-Forestry Development Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural drainage - Irrigation - Land-based natural resources management - Water-based natural resources management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The People's Republic of China (PRC) is taking concrete steps to ensure that environmental resources and peoples livelihoods are not undermined by rapid urban and economic development. During the third plenary session of the CPC in February 2014, the concept of eco-civilization has been given high priority and red-lines are being developed to halt environmental degradation. The PRC government has now included sustainable management of scarce water resources as a performance indicator for local governments, and emphasized the need to strengthen eco-civilization approaches as part of the local development planning.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Kelamayi Municipality, located in the northwest of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), is an important national energy base. The municipality has experienced rapid urban and economic development for the past several decades, mainly driven by oil and gas extraction. Over the last 10 years, the city experienced an average growth rate of 0.5%, while the population has grown from 250,000 in 1994 to 380,000 in 2010. Expecting strong continued economic growth in the city, the Kelamayi Municipal Government (KMG) recognizes the need for coherent, comprehensive, and sustainable natural resources management. For example, the KMG already achieved a forest cover increase from 13.6% in 2000 to 16.9% in 2013. This growth calls for particular attention for the protection of its natural resources, in particular water resources.
The area is characterized by a dry climate, and water scarcity is a serious concern. For its water resources, Kelamayi Municipality relies mainly on surface water, groundwater, and potentially increased reuse of treated wastewater. Two small rivers are flowing into the Dzungarian Basin from the mountains of its northwestern rim. The water flow in the rivers is derived from snowmelt from the area near the Tarbagatai and Saur mountain ranges during the period of April to August. The KMG has constructed two large reservoirs, Ayi-Kule and San-Pin, which are used for domestic, industrial, and agricultural water use. Groundwater resources in Kelamayi are limited, and in certain areas saline and not suitable for general urban supplies or agricultural production.
The KMG has issued a number of key policy documents and regulations that recognize environmentally sustainable economic growth as essential to improving urban living conditions in the city. Recent development plans for Kelamayi Municipality promote a regional development strategy led by the central urban zones (Kelamayi Urban Area Baijiantan District) of Kelamayi Municipality, which supports efforts to raise the city's overall competitiveness. The Kelamayi Central Urban Area Master Plan 2010 2020 sets out principles for water reuse that will support this development. Those principles are the foundation for the Kelamayi water sector plans.
Critical to the municipality's continued development is the implementation of strategies that increase water saving and water use efficiency. The KMG plans to reduce usage of raw water by (i) increasing the use of treated wastewater, and (ii) adapting more appropriate agricultural practices for the area. Moreover, the KMG recognizes the need to introduce better incentives for agricultural enterprises and local farmers to strengthen the value chain to improve the quality of the agricultural products. The implementation of the proposed project will primarily help the KMG to improve water resource use in the largest agricultural zone in the municipality.
Government policy and ADB's country strategy. The proposed project is consistent with the PRC's Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011 2015), which pursues the long-term goal of building a harmonious and moderately prosperous society through regionally balanced and environmentally sustainable growth. The development of XUAR is a top priority for the PRC Government, as also reflected in the Twelfth Five-Year Plan, which has seven major goals: (i) increased economic growth, (ii) expanded infrastructure construction, (iii) ecological enhancement, (iv)improved public services, (v) local industrial development, (vi) improved living standards, and (vii) reform and opening up the economy. The plan also establishes goals for ecological development of the western PRC: forests should cover 20% of the land by 2015 and water consumption should be cut by 30% per unit of industrial output. This project will respond and help contribute to many of the goals of the plan.
The proposed project is also in line with ADB's country partnership strategy, 2011 2015 for the PRC in supporting the government's overarching strategic goal by focusing on inclusive and environmentally sustainable growth. The project will contribute to ADB's Water Operational Plan 2011 2020 to: (i) increase water use efficiencies across the range of users, (ii) embed integrated water resources management, and (iii) expand knowledge and capacity development that uses technology and innovation more directly. The project is expected to promote sound management practices for the improvement of water resource use and agroforestry in Kelamayi Municipality, which will contribute to sustainable social and economic development. The proposed project is likely to be included in ADB's lending pipeline as 2016 firm for the PRC. Project loan is proposed as financing modality of the project.
|Impact||Improved water security and climate-resilience in Kelamayi|
|Outcome||Strengthened water efficiency in dryland agroforestry in KACDZ|
Water conservation and management for the KACDZ improved
Sustainable practices for dryland agroforestry implemented in the project area
Inclusive development in the KACDZ strengthened
Project management support provided
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||Based on the preliminary assessments, the project is classified as category A for environment. Safeguards documents will be prepared following ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009).|
|Involuntary Resettlement||Based on the preliminary assessments, the project is classified as category C for involuntary resettlement. Safeguards documents will be prepared following ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009).|
|Indigenous Peoples||Based on the preliminary assessments, the project is classified as category B for indigenous peoples. Safeguards documents will be prepared following ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009).|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||It is expected that consultants will be required for capacity development and project management support. All consulting services will be hired in accordance with the ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).|
|Procurement||The PMO will be responsible for organizing and supervising procurement under the project. All ADB-financed procurement for the project will be conducted in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time). A procurement agency will be engaged to procure works and goods under the project on behalf of the implementing agency.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Radstake, Frank|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD|
Kelamayi Municipal Government
Yingbin Road 60, Karamay, Xinjiang
People's Republic of China
|Concept Clearance||28 Nov 2014|
|Fact Finding||18 Jul 2016 to 25 Jul 2016|
|MRM||17 May 2017|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||27 Sep 2016|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|新疆克拉玛依生态林建设项目 : 项目数据表||Translated PDS||Mar 2015|
|Xinjiang Kelamayi Ecological Forest Infrastructure: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Nov 2014|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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