fbpx 48102-002: Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project | Asian Development Bank

China, People's Republic of: Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 48102-002 Status: Active

Qinghai Province, situated mostly on the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau in northwestern PRC, has long been home to a number of ethnic groups due to its location along the old Silk Road. Ethnically diverse and featuring a beautiful and rugged landscape with mountains and pastures, Qinghai is the source of the Mekong, Yangtze, and Yellow rivers, making it a socially and environmentally significant province for the PRC. Given the fragile terrain, Qinghai is promoting urbanization within a northeastern corridor linking its capital, Xining, to Lanzhou, in Gansu Province. While protecting its natural resources, Qinghai also aims to protect urban areas from natural hazards such as flash flooding, which has increased in cities across the PRC as a result of impermeable paved surfaces, deforestation, poor waterway management, and an overall decrease in natural water collection areas.

Project Details

Project Officer
Liu, Xinjian East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • China, People's Republic of
Modality
  • Loan
Sector
  • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
 
Project Name Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project
Project Number 48102-002
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3443-PRC: Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 150.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Forestry - Land-based natural resources management - Rural flood protection - Rural solid waste management - Rural water supply services

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban flood protection - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

Qinghai Province, situated mostly on the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau in northwestern PRC, has long been home to a number of ethnic groups due to its location along the old Silk Road. Ethnically diverse and featuring a beautiful and rugged landscape with mountains and pastures, Qinghai is the source of the Mekong, Yangtze, and Yellow rivers, making it a socially and environmentally significant province for the PRC. Given the fragile terrain, Qinghai is promoting urbanization within a northeastern corridor linking its capital, Xining, to Lanzhou, in Gansu Province. While protecting its natural resources, Qinghai also aims to protect urban areas from natural hazards such as flash flooding, which has increased in cities across the PRC as a result of impermeable paved surfaces, deforestation, poor waterway management, and an overall decrease in natural water collection areas.

Haidong, the second-largest city in Qinghai, is located within this corridor, immediately east of Xining. A city of 1.7 million residents (30.0% of Qinghai's total population of 5.7 million), Haidong upgraded to a prefecture-level city in 2013, denoting its importance in regional development. Haidong has two districts, Ping'an and Ledu, and four counties. Both districts straddle the Huangshui River, an important tributary of the Yellow River. Strengthening the ecological function of the Huangshui River to protect these critical watersheds is an urgent priority. This involves managing flood risks, reducing soil erosion, improving water quality and availability, increasing climate change resilience, and limiting urban expansion.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

According to the Haidong master plan, the two districts are expected to add more than half a million residents by 2030. This will put pressure on an already fragile landscape; Haidong's location in the river valley, surrounded by steep and barren mountains, makes it vulnerable to flash flooding. According to Haidong's historical records, flood events of different levels have occurred every year since 1949, with large-scale floods every 6 to 7 years. While some flood infrastructure is in place, it is poorly maintained and unevenly distributed across urban and rural areas. Mountainside soil erosion exacerbates flooding risks, increasing the sediment loads and threatening agricultural land downstream. As Haidong continues to grow, public services in urban and rural areas remain inadequate; without upgrades, they will further fail to meet local water supply and solid waste disposal needs. The steep terrain surrounding Haidong has led to the development of small villages in the mountains, including minority villages, which will suffer socially and economically if public service investments remain unbalanced between rural and urban areas.

The project is closely aligned with both the PRC government's priorities and the country strategy and operations of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). The PRC's Thirteenth Five-Year Plan, 2016 to 2020, the National New-type Urbanization Plan (2014), and ADB's PRC country partnership strategy, 2016 to 2020, support strategic priorities, in the areas of urban and environmental management. Key thematic areas that coincide with the proposed project include (i) strengthening climate resilience; (ii) promoting sustainable use of land and natural resources; (iii) strengthening water security; and (iv) promoting integrated water resource management, wetland protection, and afforestation.

Impact

Environmental protection, ecological rehabilitation, and climate change adaptation enhanced

Flood control standards and urban aesthetics along the Huangshui River improved

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Ecological and environmental services in Haidong improved
Progress Toward Outcome Being achieved.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Integrated flood plain management infrastructure for the Huangshui River provided

Measures to control soil erosion in Haidong's urban catchment are implemented

Rural- urban water supply and solid waste infrastructure constructed

Project management capacity strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Project is being implemented with most targets being achieved, while some targets are being revised or delayed for achievement due to pending change of project scope and implementation arrangements. Trainings are being conducted.
Geographical Location Qinghai
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects An initial environmental examination with an environmental management plan was prepared in compliance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009) and disclosed on the ADB website. The initial environmental examination incorporates findings of domestic environmental impact assessments and topical studies conducted under the project preparatory technical assistance. Construction will cause no loss of valuable ecology or physical cultural resources. Construction dust, noise, erosion, and local disruption to traffic and communities will be temporary. The design of flood mitigation embankments will promote the reestablishment of riverside habitats. Downstream afflux effects of flood mitigation works will be minor and manageable. Strict reservoir operation planning will ensure drinking and irrigation water security for the target rural communities as well as minimum environmental flows even in dry years. Landfill design, enforcement of buffer zone requirements, and operational control will minimize impacts on environment and communities. HMG will be responsible for the overall implementation and compliance with the environmental management plan. Environmental management is supported by capacity development and institutional strengthening activities under output 4. HMG conducted meaningful consultation with potentially affected people and complaints will be handled in accordance with the project's grievance redress mechanism.
Involuntary Resettlement One resettlement plan was prepared following ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement. The project will need to acquire a total area of 1,461 mu; 987 households and 3,535 people will suffer land acquisition impacts, distributed across project components. The average annual income loss per household owing to land acquisition is estimated to be 16%; all households losing land opted for cash compensation, as farming is not the main source of income. Also, 744 mu of collective land will be leased for the Ping'an urban riverside greenbelt component, affecting 736 households and 2,721 people. About 106.8 mu will be occupied temporarily, affecting 145 households with 423 people. Compensation rates for land acquisition and leasing are at replacement cost and are adequate for affected persons' livelihood restoration. Meetings with district officials and related agencies revealed that about 80% of cultivated land to be leased is of poor quality and has low production value (less than CNY700 annually). Consultation results indicated that villagers prefer land leasing to acquisition because they can receive CNY1,040 in annual compensation while retaining land-use rights. Upon the expiration of the 5-year lease term, the lease will be renewed at an updated compensation rate based on the government's published land values. The leasing agreements will be signed between affected villages and/or affected persons and the district forestry bureau. 32. The resettlement plan was disclosed to the affected people and posted on the ADB website in June 2016. During project implementation, HMG and the implementing agencies will establish a proper grievance redress mechanism, allocate resettlement staff, and coordinate with relevant government departments for land acquisition, leasing, and income restoration activities. HMG has committed to provide adequate and timely budget for land acquisition, leasing, and resettlement costs; all compensation amounts and resettlement benefits to affected persons will be distributed prior to dispossession of land or livelihood. HMG and the implementing agencies will conduct internal monitoring and report on land acquisition and resettlement activities in project progress reports. HMG and the implementing agencies will also engage an external monitor for semiannual monitoring and evaluation of resettlement plan implementation; these reports will be forwarded directly to the PMO and ADB.
Indigenous Peoples The four counties in Haidong are minority autonomous counties; the local population includes 18 ethnic minorities. In 2014, Haidong had a minority population of 618,500, accounting for 44.3% of official city residents; among these, a Hui population of 273,700 (19.0%), a Tibetan population of 132,400 (9.2%), and a Tu population of 115,000 (8.0%). Within the direct project areas, ethnic minorities comprise about 10.0% of the population. Of these, 10,054 Hui people (4.6% of direct beneficiaries) and 4,192 Tibetans (1.9%), together with Menggu and Tu, will benefit from better access to public services and enjoy the improved living environment. While most of the minority populations in the direct project area are scattered throughout Ledu and Ping'an districts, Shihuiyao Xiang County contains three Tibetan villages with a concentrated total minority population of 370 that will benefit from rural water supply. An ethnic minority development plan (EMDP) was prepared and focuses on measures to facilitate the inclusion of ethnic minorities in all project activities, and to ensure that their customs and beliefs are respected throughout project implementation. Two key targets for the EMDP are for 15% of jobs going to the poor and ethnic minorities, and 50% of those participating in the public awareness program are ethnic minorities. The EMDP was disclosed to ethnic minorities in the areas targeted by the project. EMDP implementation and monitoring is supported under output 4. Monitoring and reporting arrangements for the ethnic minority safeguard are included in the PAM and the project agreement.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design The main stakeholders of the project include Haidong Development and Reform Commission, Water Resources Bureau, Finance Bureau, Environment Protection Bureau, Land Resources Bureau, Forestry Bureau, Ethnic and Religious Affairs Bureau, Womens Federation, Planning and Construction Bureau and Ledu and Pingan county governments. The stakeholders also include the beneficiaries and negatively impacted people from the project. They will participate in the project design through consultations and series of review and approval processes. Potentially affected urban as well as rural communities, will participate in public consultations during the domestic environment impact assessment preparation and will also have an opportunity to engage in project design improvement through potential public consultation meetings and other communication channels that will be set up during the project preparation stage as well as project implementation.
During Project Implementation Stakeholder communication, participation, and consultation during implementation will be carried out in accordance with the project's Gender and Social Development Action Plan.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Project management consulting services and capacity development services will be recruited according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). The PMO will be responsible for engaging consultants for relevant services.
Procurement A procurement plan indicating procurement or selection methods, estimated costs of contracts, thresholds and review procedures for goods, works, and consulting service contract packages is prepared. The procurement plan shall be executed in the manner in which it has been approved by ADB. The procurement plan shall be updated annually or as needed throughout the duration of the project. The contract packages are categorized into three categories including Goods, Works, and Consulting Services. The technical assistance and studies designed to strengthen the capacity of the PMO and implementing agencies during implementation and O&M of the project are packaged into consulting service contracts.
Responsible ADB Officer Liu, Xinjian
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division PRC Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Haidong Municipal Government
[email protected]
City Ping'an County, Qinghai Haidong
Xining, Qinghai, People's Republic of China
Timetable
Concept Clearance 19 Dec 2014
Fact Finding 09 May 2016 to 19 May 2016
MRM 17 Jun 2016
Approval 19 Oct 2016
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 18 Mar 2021

Loan 3443-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
19 Oct 2016 23 Aug 2017 04 Dec 2017 30 Sep 2022 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 234.30 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 150.00 19 Oct 2016 22.47 0.00 15%
Counterpart 84.30 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 19 Oct 2016 14.47 0.00 10%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory Satisfactory -

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project: Social Monitoring Report No. 4 Social Monitoring Reports Mar 2021
Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project: External Ethnic Minority Development Plan Monitoring and Evaluation No. 3 Social Monitoring Reports Nov 2020
Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project: Environmental Monitoring Report No. 2 Environmental Monitoring Reports Sep 2020
Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project: Social Monitoring Report No. 3 Social Monitoring Reports Sep 2020
Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project: Social Monitoring Report No. 2 Social Monitoring Reports Sep 2020
Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project: Social Monitoring Report No. 1 Social Monitoring Reports Sep 2020
Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project: Environmental Monitoring Report No. 1 Environmental Monitoring Reports May 2020
Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project: Huangshui River Channel Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Mar 2020
Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project: Rural Water Supply Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Mar 2020
Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project: Environmental Due Diligence Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Mar 2020
Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project: Updated Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Apr 2019
Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project: Ethnic Minority Development Plan Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Jun 2016
Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project: Ethnic Minority Development Plan Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Jun 2016
Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project: Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jun 2016
青海海東城鄉生態發展項目:移民安置計劃 Resettlement Plans Jun 2016
Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project: Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2016

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
3443-PRC Qinghai Haidong Urban-Rural Eco Development Project [HD-SE-W2] Invitation for Bids Closed 24 Oct 2018 20 Nov 2018
External Social Safeguard and Social Monitoring and Evaluation Firm - Consulting Closed 19 Oct 2018 02 Nov 2018
External Social Safeguard and Social Monitoring and Evaluation Firm - Consulting Closed 13 Feb 2018 14 Mar 2018
Project implementation and institutional strengthening support Firm - Consulting Closed 24 Jan 2018 22 Feb 2018

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
HD-IF-W1 HUANGSHUI RIVER PING'AN SEGMENT Loan 3443 24 Mar 2021 BEIJING XINDAYU WATER CONSERVANCY CONSTRUCTIO BEIJING CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF Haidong Municipal Government CONSTRUCTION 9,117,082.40 7,716,637.62
HD-RUI-W1 WENZUKOU WTP AND FATAI WTP Loan 3443 05 Feb 2021 QINGHAI HONGYA HYDROPOWER ENGINEERING CO., LT QINGHAI CHINA, PEOPLE'S REP. OF Haidong Municipal Government CONSTRUCTION 1,459,033.95 1,239,104.96
HD-RUI-W2 SANHE TOWN WTP AND HIGHLAND RESERVOIR Loan 3443 05 Feb 2021 XINXIN CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO., LTD. JIANGXI CHINA, PEOPLE'S REP. OF Haidong Municipal Government CONSTRUCTION 3,821,727.65 3,245,655.57
LANDFILL EXPANSION Loan 3443 06 Dec 2019 SHAANXI HONGXING CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING NO. 14 XIHE GARDEN, NO. 15 WEST HEJIA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF Haidong Municipal Government CONSTRUCTION 3,114,863.23 2,694,439.96
PING'AN DISTRICT RECLAIMED WATER IRRIGATION WATER RECLAMATION-PIPELINE HD-SE-W3 Loan 3443 18 Sep 2019 XIBEI SHUNTIAN CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD/CHINA YUYANG DISTRICYT, YULIN CITY, SHAANXI CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF Haidong Municipal Government CONSTRUCTION 3,772,693.96 3,195,876.00
HD-SE-W2- FIRST CIVIL WORKS WATER RECLAMATION-PUMPING STATION Loan 3443 25 Jun 2019 JV- JIANGSU GUANGYA CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO.LTD NO. 2 TENGLONG ROAD, WUJIN ECONOMIC DEVT ZONE, JIANGZU PROVINCE CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF Haidong Municipal Government CONSTRUCTION 1,351,911.97 1,144,131.84
CS2 EXTERNAL RESETTLEMENT AND SOCIAL MONITORING Loan 3443 14 Jun 2019 NATIONAL RESEARCH CENTER FOR RESETTLEMENT HOHAI UNIVERSITY CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF Haidong Municipal Government CONSULTANCY 149,144.00 149,144.00
HD-CB-CS1 PROJECT IMPLEMENTRATION AND INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING SUPPORT Loan 3443 25 Apr 2019 ET GROUP INTERNATIONAL PTY LTD AUSTRALIA AUSTRALIA Haidong Municipal Government CONSULTANCY 1,890,125.00 1,890,125.00

Procurement Plan