Nepal: Nuts and Fruits in Hilly Areas Project

Sovereign Project | 48218-006

The project will increase agricultural income of approximately 40,000 farm households in 100 municipalities in hilly areas of five provinces: Province 1, Bagmati, Gandaki, Karnali and Sudurpashchim. This will be mainly achieved through the development of approximately 10,000 hectares (ha) of climate resilient fruit and nut orchards providing value-addition to the nuts and fruits produced by at least 30,000 farm households. The project will also improve the institutional capacity for managing the nursery and horticulture sector. For about 10,000 smallholder households, who are not capable of investing in fruit and nut orchard development in the project provinces, the project will assist them to improve their vegetable and other nutritious crop production and its marketing.

Project Name Nuts and Fruits in Hilly Areas Project
Project Number 48218-006
Country / Economy Nepal
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0845-NEP: Nuts and Fruits in Hilly Areas Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 10.00 million
Grant 0846-NEP: Nuts and Fruits in Hilly Areas Project
Global Agriculture and Food Security Program US$ 9.00 million
Grant: Nuts and Fruits in Hilly Areas Project
World Food Programme US$ 3.00 million
Loan 4211-NEP: Nuts and Fruits in Hilly Areas Project
Concessional ordinary capital resources lending US$ 60.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Agricultural production - Agro-industry, marketing, and trade

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project will increase agricultural income of approximately 40,000 farm households in 100 municipalities in hilly areas of five provinces: Province 1, Bagmati, Gandaki, Karnali and Sudurpashchim. This will be mainly achieved through the development of approximately 10,000 hectares (ha) of climate resilient fruit and nut orchards providing value-addition to the nuts and fruits produced by at least 30,000 farm households. The project will also improve the institutional capacity for managing the nursery and horticulture sector. For about 10,000 smallholder households, who are not capable of investing in fruit and nut orchard development in the project provinces, the project will assist them to improve their vegetable and other nutritious crop production and its marketing.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Nepal is experiencing a rapid change in its farming systems, particularly in hilly areas that are between 500 and 3,000 meters (m) above sea level._In these areas, agriculture still provides livelihoods to 66% of the population, but the share of agriculture in rural income was merely 11.4% in 2014-2015, and remittance has become the most important source of household income._As outmigration from these areas continuously rises, about 30% of cultivated land has now been abandoned from farming. Also, climate change is shifting crop cultivation altitude, and increasing diseases, insect pests and wet days._Climate vulnerability index is highest in the West, Northwest and Northeast with mountain regions in the Northwest having the lowest adaptation capacity._These land abandonment, outmigration and climate vulnerability result in less livelihood options, further accelerating youth outmigration to urban areas and abroad.

The effective exploration of Nepal's horticulture potential has been constrained by a wide range of factors including: (i) lack of business and marketing channel; (ii) high post-harvest losses up to 40% of production due to poor quality planting materials, poor post-harvest management techniques and inadequate equipment and infrastructure for grading, packaging, and climate-controlled storage; (iii) limited access to loans, particularly the medium term loans required for horticulture production, due to complex loan acquisition and collateral valuation processes; (iv) shortage and high cost of seasonal labor; and (v) steadily declining farm productivity by 20% over the last 15 years._

The declining fruit and nut crop productivity has led to Nepal's orchard productivity falling below the world average in 2017. This is a result of: (i) poor quality planting materials in the absence of nursery regulations such as Nursery Act; (ii) old and senile orchards with limited use of machinery; (iii) small landholding farms, characterized by land fragmentation, with an average size of 0.6 ha; (iv) limited water storage in hilly areas preventing year-round farming; and (v) lack of resilient varieties to climate change induced diseases. Also, female farmers in hilly areas are more likely to face a lack of equitable access to, and control over, productive resources such as land, credit, and technology._

Yet, there are new opportunities emerging for farmers in hilly areas. Nepal's diverse agro-climatic conditions and geophysical locations provide a wide range of opportunities for tropical, sub-tropical and temperate fruit and nut production. Between 2008-2018, both the total area and the volume of fruit production has increased by more than 70%.4 Still, domestic fruit and nut supply is not meeting the fast-growing demand. Fruit and nut demand in Nepal is increasing because of urbanization, rising national wealth, improved knowledge of nutrition and increased tourist flow. Between 2013-2017, nut importation rose by 43% and apple importation rose by 260%. This resulted in a 136% increase in the cost of fruit, nut, and potato importation during the same period.

Higher profits from commercial fruit and nut farming could help retain the younger population. It also offers income generation opportunities for women who are heading households after male outmigration and are disadvantaged in finding off-farm employment. Engagement of women, and excluded and vulnerable groups in less labor-intensive horticulture production, marketing, and processing could help them be economically empowered and socially recognized in the household decision-making process. Through supporting fruit and nut farmers, the project will help the country to meet the horticulture demand, and increase hilly area farmers' income, employment opportunities and climate resilience.

Impact

Livelihoods of rural households improved (Agriculture Development Strategy 2015-2035).

Resilience of farmers to climate change improved (Agriculture Development Strategy 2015-2035).

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Beneficiary farmers' agricultural income from climate-resilient horticulture farming increased.

Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Institutional capacity for nursery and horticulture sector management improved.

Production and productivity of project farmers increased.

Value addition to hilly area horticulture produce enhanced.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Bagmati Province, Gandaki Pradesh, Karnali Pradesh, Province 1, Sudurpashchim Pradesh
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consulting services will be carried out using the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and the Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).
Procurement All procurement activities will be undertaken following the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and the Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Kim, Sunae
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development
Timetable
Concept Clearance 07 Jun 2021
Fact Finding 19 Jul 2021 to 02 Aug 2021
MRM 25 May 2022
Approval 12 Sep 2022
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 12 Sep 2022

Grant 0845-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Sep 2022 07 Nov 2022 - 28 Feb 2030 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 10.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 10.00 09 Nov 2022 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 09 Nov 2022 0.00 0.00 0%

Grant 0846-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Sep 2022 07 Nov 2022 - 28 Feb 2030 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 9.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 09 Nov 2022 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 9.00 09 Nov 2022 0.00 0.00 0%

Loan 4211-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Sep 2022 07 Nov 2022 07 Dec 2022 28 Feb 2030 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 74.45 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 60.00 09 Nov 2022 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 14.45 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 09 Nov 2022 0.00 0.00 0%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Nuts and Fruits in Hilly Areas: Indigenous Peoples Planning Framework Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks May 2022
Nuts and Fruits in Hilly Areas: Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination May 2022

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

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Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.


Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found


Procurement Plan