Afghanistan : Northern Flood-Damaged Infrastructure Emergency Rehabilitation Project

Sovereign Project | 48326-001

ADB is helping Afghanistan repair damaged irrigation systems and rural roads in 15 provinces in the north that suffered heavy damage from severe flooding in 2014. The project will also protect land from further flood-related erosion by erecting retaining walls as required, enabling irrigated land to be returned to full production as soon as possible.

Flickr photos from the 48326-001: Northern Flood-Damaged Infrastructure Emergency Rehabilitation Project in Afghanistan album.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    ADB Disclosure
    Central and West Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    Afghanistan
  • Sector
    • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name Northern Flood-Damaged Infrastructure Emergency Rehabilitation Project
Project Number 48326-001
Country / Economy Afghanistan
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0411-AFG: Northern Flood-Damaged Infrastructure Emergency Rehabilitation Project
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 40.00 million
Grant 0412-AFG: Northern Flood-Damaged Infrastructure Emergency Rehabilitation Project
Afghanistan Infrastructure Trust Fund US$ 16.66 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Irrigation

Transport / Road transport (non-urban)

Gender No gender elements
Description

The project will assist the government's efforts in the rehabilitation of irrigation and road infrastructure damaged by the severe flooding in northern Afghanistan between March and June 2014. It will assist the rehabilitation of selected (i) small-scale irrigation and rural road infrastructure in 15 worst-affected provinces based on the damage and needs assessment (DNA) undertaken by the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) and (ii) larger-scale irrigation system infrastructure in three provinces based on the DNA undertaken by the Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW).

Damage to traditional (smaller scale) irrigation infrastructure is estimated by MRRD at around $19.6 million in 15 provinces, mainly to canals, intakes and other structures, retaining walls and land. In some locations, land protection requires the construction of new retaining walls. Village roads and bridges were also damaged, with estimated repair or reconstruction costs totaling $12.3 million. Village roads were particularly severely affected.

Damage to formal (larger-scale) irrigation infrastructure managed by MEW is estimated at $6.3 million. MEW has identified 22 damaged structures on the irrigation systems it manages in Balkh, Jowzjan, and Samangan provinces that need urgent repair. Most of the subprojects comprise repairs to canals, spillways, bank protection, and repair and reconstruction of the Hacha Qala weir servicing extensive irrigation areas in Jowzjan province.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Afghanistan is classified as the world's second most flood-prone country, after Bhutan, on the basis of average annual number of flood-related deaths per million people. The topography, climate, and land cover of the mountainous regions result in the mountain valleys being prone to flooding. Typically, heavy rain in the spring and early summer combined with snow and glacier melt cause flash flooding and damage to villages, roads, and farming areas close to the rivers. Flooding is exacerbated by the narrow valleys, which channel the floodwater through villages, destroying homes and livelihoods. Significant losses also result from inundation of crops and irrigation facilities, and the deposit of silt, rocks, and debris in canals and fields.

During April early June 2014, heavy rains over many parts of northern Afghanistan resulted in severe flash floods, causing widespread destruction and loss of life. By 22 May 2014, 125,000 people residing in 123 districts in 27 provinces had been affected. While flooding is common in most years, the 2014 northern floods were exceptionally severe and are regarded locally as a 1 in 100-year event.

With its support for agriculture and natural resources, including irrigation infrastructure, the project is to contribute to the achievement of government and Asian Development Bank (ADB) development outcomes, as outlined in the interim country partnership strategy, 2014 2015 for Afghanistan. For national planning, the project is directly supportive of the agriculture and rural development, and infrastructure development clusters of the government's national priority programs. The project will contribute to ADB's commitment under the Midterm Review of Strategy 2020 to strengthen integrated disaster risk management to reduce vulnerability to natural and environmental hazards

Impact Community welfare in flood affected project areas improved.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Irrigated agriculture and access to markets restored
Progress Toward Outcome The project was physically closed on 31 October 2017, achieving more than the projects targets. Through the project, more than 82,939 ha of the flood-affected irrigable area of traditional schemes (172 % of the target) and more than 16500 ha of flood-affected irrigable areas of formal schemes, have been brought back to production. Through this project, 851 CDC (small-scale irrigation and other structures contracts) and 11 NCB contracts (8 by the ministry of energy and water, MEW and 3 by the ministry of rural rehabilitation and development, MRRD) were completed.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Selected flood damaged infrastructure rehabilitated

Project management

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

All civil works contracts of MEW and MRRD have been awarded and the works have been completed. in total 859 CDC contracts and 11 NCB of civil works have been completed. All the works were completed on time, within the original closing date of the project.

All progress reports of the project have been submitted on time.

17 small dams have been reconstructed (89 % of the target).

138,749-meters of canal have been reconstructed (208 % of the target).

61,211 meters of retaining walls have been reconstructed (107.23 % of the target).

5,920-meters of intakes of have been reconstructed (167.7% of the target).

131,422 meters of road have been reconstructed (196.15% of the target).

681 meters of bridge have been reconstructed (140.12% of the target).

255 culverts have been reconstructed (118 % of the target).

1075 meters of supper passage have been reconstructed (106.9% of the target).

18 meters of siphon have been reconstructed (100 % of the target).

1033 meters of wash have been reconstructed (103.3% of the target).

191 meters of aqueduct have been reconstructed (238.7%

of the target).

1059 meters of weir have been reconstructed (182.6% of the target).

The target has been achieved by completing 8 NCB contracts under MEW for construction of formal canals, weir, spillways, intake and retaining walls have been awarded and completed.

The target has been achieved by completing 8 NCB contracts under MEW for construction of formal canals, weir, spillways and intake.

The target has been achieved by completing 8 NCB contracts under MEW for construction of formal canals, weir, spillways and intake.

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The project is categorized B for environment. A rapid environmental assessment checklist will be used at the time of subproject identification to determine the level of study required. Subprojects with potential significant environmental impacts and risks (category A) will be excluded from financing. An environmental assessment and review framework for the project was prepared and disclosed on the ADB website on 12 August 2014. The environmental assessment and review framework (i) specifies the requirements for subproject selection, screening and categorization, assessment, consultation and participation, and environmental planning; (ii) assesses MRRD and MEW capacity for implementing national environmental laws and ADB requirements; (iii) describes monitoring and reporting procedures; and (iv) specifies implementation procedures and responsibilities. Adverse environmental impacts such as noise, air and water pollution, and soil erosion could occur during construction. However, these are site-specific and temporary in nature, and will be mitigated through implementation of environmental management plans. An initial environmental examination, including environmental management plans, will be prepared for any category B subproject. The initial environmental examinations and relevant environmental monitoring reports will be disclosed on the ADB website.
Involuntary Resettlement The project is categorized C for involuntary resettlement. As it proposes to reconstruct and rehabilitate existing flood-damaged infrastructure, the project team is confident that land acquisition and physical and economic displacement and/or any other negative impacts are not required under the project and its outputs. The project will not support any subprojects that require land acquisition or involuntary resettlement.
Indigenous Peoples The project is categorized C in relation to indigenous peoples. Afghanistan is inhabited by ethnic groups across its 34 provinces. None are considered indigenous peoples as defined by the ADB Safeguard Policy Statement (2009) for project operation purposes. Afghan minority ethnic groups (mainly comprising Kuchi and Hazara) are not found in the subproject areas, hence will not be impacted by subprojects in any manner.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Survey of affected areas and people were undertaken by MRRD, MEW, other national and international organizations and ADB fact finding missions. Several consultations were conducted by all involved stakeholders with affected people and local government.
During Project Implementation Community consultation and engagement will be held by project teams and other involved parties. Formal coordination with Community Development Councils (CDCs) will take place to prioritize and plan rehabilitation. CDCs and local mirabs will be involved in development of the schemes.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Recruitment of consulting services will be in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).
Procurement Procurement will be in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time) taking into account ADB's Operations Manual instructions on procurement in disaster and emergency assistance situations.
Responsible ADB Officer ADB Disclosure
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Afghanistan Resident Mission
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding 22 Jul 2014 to 06 Aug 2014
MRM 25 Sep 2014
Approval 16 Oct 2014
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 26 Sep 2018

Grant 0411-AFG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
16 Oct 2014 03 Nov 2014 09 Dec 2014 30 Apr 2018 - 26 Dec 2019
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 40.58 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 40.00 16 Oct 2014 38.28 0.00 97%
Counterpart 0.58 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 16 Oct 2014 38.28 0.00 97%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - Satisfactory - -

Grant 0412-AFG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
16 Oct 2014 03 Nov 2014 09 Dec 2014 30 Apr 2018 - 04 Mar 2020
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 16.66 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 16 Oct 2014 0.00 16.58 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 16.66 16 Oct 2014 0.00 16.58 100%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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