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Pakistan: Prioritizing Interventions for Financial Sector Development in Pakistan

Sovereign (Public) Project | 48327-001 Status: Closed

Impact and Outcome

The expected impact of the proposed S-PATA is informed decision making by government for reform of the financial sector. The expected outcome of the proposed S-PATA will be the identification and prioritization of key steps to expand and deepen private sector financing in Pakistan.

B.Methodology and Key Activities

The proposed S-PATA will have three outputs.

1) Identification of key financial sector constraints. This output will be delivered by completing a review of the current constraints facing the financial sector and its ability to allocate capital and provide financial intermediation. Attention will be paid to (i) the growing level of public debt, (ii) need for development of the conventional bond and sukuk markets to supply long-term capital for infrastructure investments, and (iii) ) financial inclusion for export led growth integration of SMEs cluster in the exporters being facilitated.

Project Details

Project Officer
Sana Masood Central and West Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Pakistan
Modality
  • Technical Assistance
Sector
  • Public sector management
 
Project Name Prioritizing Interventions for Financial Sector Development in Pakistan
Project Number 48327-001
Country Pakistan
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 8832-PAK: Prioritizing Interventions for Financial Sector Development in Pakistan
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 225,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Finance / Finance sector development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description

Impact and Outcome

The expected impact of the proposed S-PATA is informed decision making by government for reform of the financial sector. The expected outcome of the proposed S-PATA will be the identification and prioritization of key steps to expand and deepen private sector financing in Pakistan.

B.Methodology and Key Activities

The proposed S-PATA will have three outputs.

1) Identification of key financial sector constraints. This output will be delivered by completing a review of the current constraints facing the financial sector and its ability to allocate capital and provide financial intermediation. Attention will be paid to (i) the growing level of public debt, (ii) need for development of the conventional bond and sukuk markets to supply long-term capital for infrastructure investments, and (iii) ) financial inclusion for export led growth integration of SMEs cluster in the exporters being facilitated.

2) Action plan and prioritization of outputs and activities that address financial sector constraints. This output will be delivered by: (i) mapping and prioritizing the proposed outputs and activities of technical assistance so that they address those constraints in a holistic manner, meet the current needs of the GOP, are achievable, and include potential options for the proposed Project; (ii) coordinate with other donors to agree on a resource allocation plan for the proposed Project and other technical assistance acceptable to the GOP; and (iii) convene a consultative group consisting of experienced policy makers, economists, commercial banking experts, capital market professionals and other key stakeholders who will provide feedback, review, and validation of the identified constraints and proposed action plan and its implementation.

3) Identification and coordination of funding and preparation of implementation plan for future ADB assistance. This output will be delivered by: (i) completing an implementation plan for the delivery of future ADB assistance, , and (ii) preparing terms of reference for a larger technical team of international and national financial sector specialists under the more detailed and longer-term technical assistance to be provided.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The new government is keen to support further financial market reform, strengthening, diversification and growth, to facilitate better allocation of capital for infrastructure and other investment and provide more inclusive financial services. The S-PATA will (i) help the GOP map out and prioritize the steps that need to be taken to achieve further financial sector growth, and (ii) identify and structure technical assistance that may be provided by ADB, other donors and or the government to support such steps. This will ensure that the technical assistance provided addresses real constraints in a holistic manner, meet current sector needs and government priorities, and can realistically be achieved within the time and resources available.

Public debt management. Pakistan's public debt has increased significantly in recent years due to high fiscal deficit levels, which peaked to about 8% of GDP for the fiscal year (FY) ended 30 June 2013 and expected to be around 4.9% as projected in the budget for FY2014-15. For FY2014 public debt totaled PRs16,321 billion or 64.3% of GDP, compared to PRs6,044 billion or 56.8% of GDP in FY2008 . To fund this increase government relied heavily on domestic debt, which was 66.8% of total public debt for FY2013 compared to 54% in FY2008. Domestic government debt was mainly generated from the banking market, through the issuance of short term government securities, and the National Savings Schemes (NSS), which provided a variety of attractive retail savings instruments. These NSS instruments are a source of vulnerability, liquidity risk and market distortion because of the put-options that NSS investors can exercise at any time of the instruments' life.

The GOP's debt management function is spread across a number of agencies under the MOF. This fragmentation makes policy coordination, implementation and reforms very difficult, and recruitment of qualified staff from the market is problematic. It can result in (i) mixed signals to the capital markets about the government's short, medium and long-term domestic and external debt requirements; (ii) contingent liabilities missed or not properly accounted for; and (iii) the overall cost of public debt to be higher than needed. To address this, in April 2014 the GOP announced the Medium Term Debt Management Strategy (FY 2014-18) (MTDS). The MTDS contains a new policy on an appropriate mix of funding, and provides a framework that enables the government to take informed decisions based on cost-risk tradeoffs. It also calls for the centralization of the debt management functions to achieve greater clarity and accountability.

In Pakistan the corporate debt market is underdeveloped and the private sector is dependent on the banking sector for finance. Pakistan is relatively under-leveraged as an economy, with total private sector debt at about 20% of GDP. One of the reasons for underdeveloped debt capital markets is lack of interest of institutional and retail investor for such instruments. The average maturity of domestic public debt is 1.8 years, which means that the risk-free yield curve is not developed, and benchmarking for the cost of long term capital is very difficult.

Lack of infrastructure finance. It is estimated that priority infrastructure projects in the power sector alone need long-term financing equal to $9.7 billion from the public sector and $14.9 billion from the private sector. Availability of financing for energy, transport and other infrastructure projects from capital markets is extremely limited. Infrastructure finance from banks has been static for many years for a number of reasons, including (i) concerns about the circular debt , (ii) a strong bias towards asset-backed corporate loans and risk-free public debt, and (iii) banks' internal portfolio preferences. To help address this gap, the SBP has issued guidelines on infrastructure project financing, and developed proposals for an infrastructure financing veh

Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome Three International Consultants and Four National Cconsultants hired.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Seven consultants were hired for the assignment, which included very senior bankers, one of whom was a former governor of SBP. The team of consultants met all the important stakeholders including domestic and international banks, mutual funds, capital market companies, housing finance company, stock exchanges, Pakistan Mercantile Exchange, private equity funds, leading corporate conglomerates, SBP and SECP. During the process, consultants identified major constraints of the financial sector which are impeding the deepening of financial sector intermediation and access to finance. It was assessed that access for infrastructure finance, SMEs, export credit, agriculture financing, financial inclusion at large and housing finance are major gaps. The consultants have submitted two reports on housing finance and a proposed infrastructure financing vehicle as potential areas for ADB support. For effective interventions on infrastructure financing, it is imperative that the support is aligned with government's initiatives.

The international consultant on EXIM Bank has provided a draft report on the roadmap towards operationalization of EXIMBP, which is under review.

Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design

The 2014-16 Country Operations Business Plan allocated $0.5 million for a technical assistance grant and a $10 million for a loan from Asian Development Fund resources to support the development of the financial sector and improve public debt management in 2014. In May 2014 an ADB consultation mission met with the government of Pakistan (GOP) and agreed to delink the technical assistance grant from the loan, process the technical assistance grant as a Small-Scale Policy and Advisory Technical Assistance (S-PATA) on a standalone basis and shift the loan to 2015. This change was made in light of considerable grant assistance being offered by a number of donors to support financial sector development and related areas and the need for clarify and prioritize these interventions. A follow-up mission in October 2014 reconfirmed this approach with the Ministry of Finance (MOF), State Bank of Pakistan (SBP), Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) and selected stakeholders.

ADB has a long history of supporting Pakistan's financial sector development through its sovereign and non-sovereign operations. Support for financial sector development is expected to remain a priority in the Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) 2015-19 currently being finalized. The $260 million Financial (Nonbank) Markets and Governance Program in 2002 supported capacity building of the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP), establishment of regulatory frameworks for money and futures markets, strengthening of disclosure and governance requirements, and establishment of professional standards. The $400 million Second Generation of Capital Market Reform Program in 2007 supported the development of institutional investors to facilitate long-term capital formation, improved the efficiency of securities and strengthened market governance to protect investors. Yet, there is an unfinished agenda as Pakistani financial and capital markets do not adequately respond to the needs of economy. In recent years ADB's involvement in the financial sector through its sovereign operations has been limited as priority was given to energy and transport development, and carried out mainly through its non-sovereign operations to eleven banks participating in the Trade Finance Program as well as Rural Financial Inclusion and Diary Growth project.

During Project Implementation

The Ministry of Finance has since requested ADB assistance to capitalize and operationalize the Pakistan Development Fund Limited (PDFL). PDFL will support the financing of infrastructure projects in Pakistan.

The government had also recently requested ADB to assist in the operationalization of the recently established Export Import Bank of Pakistan (EXIMBP) to promote financial inclusion for export led growth integration SMEs cluster in the exporters being facilitated. The EXIMBP will support expansion and diversification of the export base of the country by providing short term export credit, medium, long term financing facilities, guarantees, export credit insurance and other supporting services to the exporters. One international consultant was also hired to help identify a roadmap for operationalization on EXIMBP.

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

The individual consultants will be recruited in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). Disbursements under the TA will be made in accordance with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time).

Indicative Consulting Services Inputs

Financial Sector Specialist and Team Leader 3.0 months input

Financial Sector/Capital Market Specialist 3.0 months input

Financial Sector/Capital Market Expert-Local 4.0 months input

Infrastructure Financing Expert-Local 88 WD over a period of seven months

Financial & Capital Market Expert-Local 66 WD over a period of seven months

Financial Sector/EXIM bank Expert -Intl 40 WD input spread over 5 months

EXIM Bank Legal Expert -Local 60 WD input spread over 5 months

Responsible ADB Officer Sana Masood
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Pakistan Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance, Revenue and Economic Affairs
Block Q, Pakistan Secretariat
Islamabad, ICT, Pakistan 44000
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 15 Dec 2014
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 26 Sep 2018

TA 8832-PAK

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
15 Dec 2014 - 15 Dec 2014 30 Nov 2015 30 Sep 2018 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
225,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 225,000.00 15 Dec 2014 209,103.36

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Related Publications

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Tenders

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Contracts Awarded

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Procurement Plan

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