The project will construct a new road bridge (the new Ganga Bridge) across the Ganges River and an integrated approach roadway network in the state of Bihar. It will improve transport connectivity between north and south Bihar, which is divided by the Ganges River, and better link Patna, the state capital city, and the surrounding areas. The main bridge structure of about 9.8 kilometers (km) is expected to become the longest river bridge in India. It will have a transformational impact by promoting the geographical integration of Bihar, and help balance the social economic development. In the regional context, it is strategically located near India''s neighboring country of Nepal, and will enhance the existing road corridors between the two countries. This will lead to greater physical cross-border connectivity, which is supported by the Regional Cooperation and Integration Strategy of the Asian Development Bank (ADB).
|Project Name||Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The project will construct a new road bridge (the new Ganga Bridge) across the Ganges River and an integrated approach roadway network in the state of Bihar. It will improve transport connectivity between north and south Bihar, which is divided by the Ganges River, and better link Patna, the state capital city, and the surrounding areas. The main bridge structure of about 9.8 kilometers (km) is expected to become the longest river bridge in India. It will have a transformational impact by promoting the geographical integration of Bihar, and help balance the social economic development. In the regional context, it is strategically located near India''s neighboring country of Nepal, and will enhance the existing road corridors between the two countries. This will lead to greater physical cross-border connectivity, which is supported by the Regional Cooperation and Integration Strategy of the Asian Development Bank (ADB).|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The problem of low per capita income in Bihar is accentuated by the physical north- south divide. In 2012, district-wise per capita gross domestic product was on average 40% higher among districts in the south. Among the 38 districts of the state, 7 of the 10 most prosperous districts were in the south, while 7 of the 10 poorest districts were in the north. This disparity is clearly attributed to the Ganges River and its enormous scale, which makes providing connectivity between north and south Bihar a very difficult task. Currently, along the entire length of the Ganges River in Bihar (approximately 200 km), only four bridges are operational, and the combined capacity is far too limited to meet traffic demand. This not only constrains connectivity but also overall socioeconomic development.
Four new bridges are under construction at critical locations to help remove the growing constraint on connectivity. Moreover, the proposed project will construct a new Ganga Bridge, located about 10 km downstream and east of Patna. The main objective is to provide badly needed additional capacity, and improve connectivity for Patna and the surrounding areas. This includes the Raghopur Diara river island, which is situated and cut off in between two channels of the Ganges River. Its 250,000 inhabitants now have only a seasonal link (pontoon bridge) connecting it to Patna, apart from boats. The new Ganga Bridge will span the entire width of the Ganges River, including the two channels, with access ramps to the Raghopur Diara river island, and connect to nearby national highways along the north and south banks of the Ganges River. It will also serve as an alternative to the existing Ganga Bridge (also called Mahatma Gandhi Bridge), which currently is the main link between Patna and north Bihar. The old bridge is deteriorating and has insufficient capacity, which causes severe traffic congestion.
The new Ganga Bridge, together with the other bridges already under construction, will provide the required transport capacity between north and south Bihar, and significantly improve connectivity. It will substantially reduce the travel time to Patna from the surrounding regions, in particular north Bihar, which will ease access to the state''s administrative and social services, and health and higher education facilities. The inhabitants of the Raghopur Diara river island will gain year-round road access, allowing children access to higher-level schooling and women better access to pre- and postnatal health care. It will help balance the benefits of developments in agriculture, tourism, and industrial sectors, and contribute to achieving the priority goal of the Government of Bihar to connect Patna to the remotest areas in the state, so that people can reach the capital in no more than 6 hours from any place within the state.
The Government of Bihar has stepped up investments in the development of quality infrastructure. Since 2008, ADB has provided several loans to upgrade state highways in north and south Bihar, linking rural areas to national highways. With these collectively, the new Ganga Bridge will improve mobility and accessibility between north and south Bihar, and is critical to ensuring that the overall development impact is optimized and its benefits are fully reaped. The new bridge is integral to the vision and action plan of the Road Master Plan for Bihar''s State Highways Development, a 20-year strategy (2015 -2035) prepared with ADB assistance to direct further investment into fostering overall economic development in the state.
|Impact||Mobility and accessibility within India, and connectivity with its neighboring countries improved|
|Description of Outcome||Transport connectivity across Ganges River between North and South Bihar improved|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Construction works commenced in January 2017.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Bihar New Ganga Bridge and integrated approach roadway network constructed
Bridge operation and management capacity enhanced
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Construction work is ongoing.
TA consultant is assisting in capacity enhancement on bridge operations and management.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The project is classified as category A for environmental impacts in accordance with the ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS) due to the presence of the Gangetic Dolphin (Platanista gangetica) and the Ganges soft shell turtle (Nilssonia gangetica) in the project area.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The project is classified as category A for involuntary resettlement in accordance with ADB''s SPS.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The project is classified as category C for indigenous peoples in accordance with ADB''s SPS.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Participatory approaches and project activities. Meaningful consultation and social surveys were conducted in the project area of influence, which included surveys, focus groups discussions in public areas and key informant interviews. The community participation was done to increase awareness of the project, to identify needs and concerns, to obtain suggestions for enhancing benefits and mitigating negative impacts, and to make project communities aware of the grievance redressal mechanism.|
|During Project Implementation||Land acquisition has been substantially completed. An NGO is engaged to implement the resettlement activities and undertake continued consultation and information disclosure.|
|Consulting Services||Consultants have been recruited in accordance with ADB''s Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).|
|Procurement||Procurement of goods and works was undertaken in accordance with ADB''s Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Motwani, Anil|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||India Resident Mission|
Bihar State Road Development Corporation Ltd.
RCD Mechanical Workshop Campus (Near Patna Airport), Sheikhpura
Patna-800014, Bihar, India
|Concept Clearance||13 Mar 2015|
|Fact Finding||14 Dec 2015 to 21 Dec 2015|
|MRM||06 Apr 2016|
|Approval||24 Jun 2016|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||13 Mar 2020|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|24 Jun 2016||15 Nov 2016||26 Jan 2017||30 Jun 2021||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||715.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||500.00||24 Jun 2016||412.64||0.00||83%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||24 Jun 2016||128.75||0.00||26%|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|24 Jun 2016||04 May 2017||04 May 2017||31 Dec 2018||31 Dec 2020||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|900,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||900,000.00||24 Jun 2016||560,387.85|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (1 April 2017-31 March 2018)||Audited Project Financial Statements||Oct 2018|
|Loan Agreement (Ordinary Operations) for Loan 3396-IND: Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project||Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources)||Nov 2016|
|Project Agreement for Loan 3396-IND: Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project||Project/Program Agreements||Nov 2016|
|Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Project Administration Manual||Project/Program Administration Manual||Jun 2016|
|Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Report and Recommendation of the President||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Jun 2016|
|Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Dec 2015|
|Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Project Data Sheet (हिन्दी)||Translated PDS||Mar 2015|
|Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Mar 2015|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Consulting Services for Strengthening Bridge Operation, Management and Maintenance||Firm - Consulting||Closed||07 Jun 2017||24 Jul 2017|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|CS: EXTERNAL MONITORING FOR ENVIRONMENT SAFEGUARDS (EMES)||Loan 3396||11 Jul 2019||JPS ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD.||R-16 HAUZ KHAS ENCLAVE, NEW DELHI-110016 INDIA||Bihar State Road Development Corporation Ltd.||CONSULTANCY||766,703.44||741,785.73|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 9125||06 Jul 2018||PADECO CO. LTD.(JAPAN) in association with Padeco India Private Limited(INDIA)||SHIN-ONARIMON BLDG., 6-17-19 SHINBASHI MINATO-KU, TOKYO 105-0004 JAPAN||Bihar State Road Development Corporation Ltd.||898,930.00||—|
|CS-01/ Project Management and Authority Engineer (PMAE)||Loan 3396||08 Mar 2017||M/S AECOM Asia Co. Ltd. JV M/S Rodic Consultants||9F Infinity Tower C, Dlf Cyber City Dlf Phase Ii, Gurgaon-122002, Haryana, Hong Kong, China||Bihar State Road Development Corporation Ltd.||Consultancy||14,992,313.43||—|
|Rehabilitation of Distribution Networks for 7 District Meter Areas||Loan 3396||20 Feb 2017||Daewoo Engineering. and Const. Co. Ltd. JV L&T Ltd.||75 Saemunan-Ro, Jongno-Gu, Seoul 110-713 Korea, Republic Of||Bihar State Road Development Corporation Ltd.||Construction||465,963,707.20||429,906,542.10|