48373-007: Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project | Asian Development Bank

India: Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 48373-007 Status: Active

The project will construct a new road bridge (the new Ganga Bridge) across the Ganges River and an integrated approach roadway network in the state of Bihar. It will improve transport connectivity between north and south Bihar, which is divided by the Ganges River, and better link Patna, the state capital city, and the surrounding areas. The main bridge structure of about 9.8 kilometers (km) is expected to become the longest river bridge in India. It will have a transformational impact by promoting the geographical integration of Bihar, and help balance the social economic development. In the regional context, it is strategically located near India''s neighboring country of Nepal, and will enhance the existing road corridors between the two countries. This will lead to greater physical cross-border connectivity, which is supported by the Regional Cooperation and Integration Strategy of the Asian Development Bank (ADB).

Project Details

Project Officer
Motwani, Anil South Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • India
Modality
  • Loan
  • Technical Assistance
Sector
  • Transport
 
Project Name Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project
Project Number 48373-007
Country India
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3396-IND: Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 500.00 million
TA 9125-IND: Strengthening Bridge Operation and Management Project
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 900,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Transport / Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description The project will construct a new road bridge (the new Ganga Bridge) across the Ganges River and an integrated approach roadway network in the state of Bihar. It will improve transport connectivity between north and south Bihar, which is divided by the Ganges River, and better link Patna, the state capital city, and the surrounding areas. The main bridge structure of about 9.8 kilometers (km) is expected to become the longest river bridge in India. It will have a transformational impact by promoting the geographical integration of Bihar, and help balance the social economic development. In the regional context, it is strategically located near India''s neighboring country of Nepal, and will enhance the existing road corridors between the two countries. This will lead to greater physical cross-border connectivity, which is supported by the Regional Cooperation and Integration Strategy of the Asian Development Bank (ADB).
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The problem of low per capita income in Bihar is accentuated by the physical north- south divide. In 2012, district-wise per capita gross domestic product was on average 40% higher among districts in the south. Among the 38 districts of the state, 7 of the 10 most prosperous districts were in the south, while 7 of the 10 poorest districts were in the north. This disparity is clearly attributed to the Ganges River and its enormous scale, which makes providing connectivity between north and south Bihar a very difficult task. Currently, along the entire length of the Ganges River in Bihar (approximately 200 km), only four bridges are operational, and the combined capacity is far too limited to meet traffic demand. This not only constrains connectivity but also overall socioeconomic development.

Four new bridges are under construction at critical locations to help remove the growing constraint on connectivity. Moreover, the proposed project will construct a new Ganga Bridge, located about 10 km downstream and east of Patna. The main objective is to provide badly needed additional capacity, and improve connectivity for Patna and the surrounding areas. This includes the Raghopur Diara river island, which is situated and cut off in between two channels of the Ganges River. Its 250,000 inhabitants now have only a seasonal link (pontoon bridge) connecting it to Patna, apart from boats. The new Ganga Bridge will span the entire width of the Ganges River, including the two channels, with access ramps to the Raghopur Diara river island, and connect to nearby national highways along the north and south banks of the Ganges River. It will also serve as an alternative to the existing Ganga Bridge (also called Mahatma Gandhi Bridge), which currently is the main link between Patna and north Bihar. The old bridge is deteriorating and has insufficient capacity, which causes severe traffic congestion.

The new Ganga Bridge, together with the other bridges already under construction, will provide the required transport capacity between north and south Bihar, and significantly improve connectivity. It will substantially reduce the travel time to Patna from the surrounding regions, in particular north Bihar, which will ease access to the state''s administrative and social services, and health and higher education facilities. The inhabitants of the Raghopur Diara river island will gain year-round road access, allowing children access to higher-level schooling and women better access to pre- and postnatal health care. It will help balance the benefits of developments in agriculture, tourism, and industrial sectors, and contribute to achieving the priority goal of the Government of Bihar to connect Patna to the remotest areas in the state, so that people can reach the capital in no more than 6 hours from any place within the state.

The Government of Bihar has stepped up investments in the development of quality infrastructure. Since 2008, ADB has provided three loans totaling $1.02 billion to upgrade 1,466 km of state highways in north and south Bihar, linking rural areas to national highways. With these collectively, the new Ganga Bridge will improve mobility and accessibility between north and south Bihar, and is critical to ensuring that the overall development impact is optimized and its benefits are fully reaped. The new bridge is integral to the vision and action plan of the Road Master Plan for Bihar's State Highways Development, a 20-year strategy (2015 -2035) prepared with ADB assistance to direct further investment into fostering overall economic development in the state.

Impact Mobility and accessibility within India, and connectivity with its neighboring countries improved
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Transport connectivity across Ganges River between North and South Bihar improved
Progress Toward Outcome Detailed design of the new Ganga Bridge is ongoing. Construction works started July 2017.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Bihar New Ganga Bridge and integrated approach roadway network constructed

Bridge operation and management capacity enhanced

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Consultant recruitment ongoing

Consultant recruitment ongoing

Consultant recruitment ongoing

Detailed design and pre-construction activities ongoing

Detailed design and pre-construction activities ongoing

Detailed design and pre-construction activities ongoing

Detailed design and pre-construction activities ongoing

Detailed design and pre-construction activities ongoing

Geographical Location Bihar
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The project is classified as category A for environmental impacts in accordance with the ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS) due to the presence of the Gangetic Dolphin (Platanista gangetica) and the Ganges soft shell turtle (Nilssonia gangetica) in the project area.
Involuntary Resettlement The project is classified as category A for involuntary resettlement in accordance with ADB''s SPS.
Indigenous Peoples The project is classified as category C for indigenous peoples in accordance with ADB''s SPS.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Participatory approaches and project activities. Meaningful consultation and social surveys were conducted in the project area of influence, which included surveys of 366 households and 8 focus groups discussions in public areas. 15 key informant interviews also took place. The community participation was done to increase awareness of the project, to identify needs and concerns, to obtain suggestions for enhancing benefits and mitigating negative impacts, and to make project communities aware of the grievance redressal mechanism.
During Project Implementation Land acquisition is ongoing. An NGO is engaged to implement the resettlement activities and undertake continued consultation and information disclosure.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consultants are being recruited in accordance with ADB''s Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).
Procurement Procurement of goods and works was undertaken in accordance with ADB''s Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Motwani, Anil
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division India Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Bihar State Road Development Corporation Ltd.
RCD Mechanical Workshop Campus (Near Patna Airport), Sheikhpura
Patna-800014, Bihar, India
Timetable
Concept Clearance 13 Mar 2015
Fact Finding 14 Dec 2015 to 21 Dec 2015
MRM 06 Apr 2016
Approval 24 Jun 2016
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 21 Mar 2018

Loan 3396-IND

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
24 Jun 2016 15 Nov 2016 26 Jan 2017 30 Jun 2021 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 715.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 500.00 24 Jun 2016 419.66 0.00 84%
Counterpart 215.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 24 Jun 2016 47.29 0.00 9%

TA 9125-IND

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
24 Jun 2016 04 May 2017 04 May 2017 31 Dec 2018 30 May 2019 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
900,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 900,000.00 24 Jun 2016 0.00

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Consulting Services for Strengthening Bridge Operation, Management and Maintenance Firm - Consulting Closed 07 Jun 2017 24 Jul 2017

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Capacity Development Technical Assistance 9125 06 Jul 2018 PADECO CO. LTD.(JAPAN) in association with Padeco India Private Limited(INDIA) SHIN-ONARIMON BLDG., 6-17-19 SHINBASHI MINATO-KU, TOKYO 105-0004 JAPAN Bihar State Road Development Corporation Ltd. 898,930.00
CS-01/ Project Management and Authority Engineer (PMAE) Loan 3396 08 Mar 2017 M/S AECOM Asia Co. Ltd. JV M/S Rodic Consultants 9F Infinity Tower C, Dlf Cyber City Dlf Phase Ii, Gurgaon-122002, Haryana, Hong Kong, China Bihar State Road Development Corporation Ltd. Consultancy 14,992,313.43
Rehabilitation of Distribution Networks for 7 District Meter Areas Loan 3396 20 Feb 2017 Daewoo Engineering. and Const. Co. Ltd. JV L&T Ltd. 75 Saemunan-Ro, Jongno-Gu, Seoul 110-713 Korea, Republic Of Bihar State Road Development Corporation Ltd. Construction 465,963,707.20 429,906,542.10

Procurement Plan

Title Document Type Document Date
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Dec 2015