India : Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project

Sovereign Project | 48373-007

The project will construct a new road bridge (the new Ganga Bridge) across the Ganges River and an integrated approach roadway network in the state of Bihar. It will improve transport connectivity between north and south Bihar, which is divided by the Ganges River, and better link Patna, the state capital city, and the surrounding areas. The main bridge structure of about 9.8 kilometers (km) is expected to become the longest river bridge in India. It will have a transformational impact by promoting the geographical integration of Bihar, and help balance the social economic development. In the regional context, it is strategically located near India''s neighboring country of Nepal, and will enhance the existing road corridors between the two countries. This will lead to greater physical cross-border connectivity, which is supported by the Regional Cooperation and Integration Strategy of the Asian Development Bank (ADB).

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Jagir Kumar
    South Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    India
  • Modality
  • Sector
    • Transport
Project Name
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project
Project Number
48373-007
Country / Economy
  • India
Project Status
Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance
  • Loan
  • Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3396-IND: Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project
Source Amount
Ordinary capital resources US$ 500.00 million
TA 9125-IND: Strengthening Bridge Operation and Management Project
Source Amount
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 900,000.00
Strategic Agendas
  • Environmentally sustainable growth
  • Inclusive economic growth
  • Regional integration
Drivers of Change
  • Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
  • Governance and capacity development
  • Private sector development
Sector / Subsector
  • Transport / Road transport (non-urban)

Gender
Some gender elements
Description
The project will construct a new road bridge (the new Ganga Bridge) across the Ganges River and an integrated approach roadway network in the state of Bihar. It will improve transport connectivity between north and south Bihar, which is divided by the Ganges River, and better link Patna, the state capital city, and the surrounding areas. The main bridge structure of about 9.8 kilometers (km) is expected to become the longest river bridge in India. It will have a transformational impact by promoting the geographical integration of Bihar, and help balance the social economic development. In the regional context, it is strategically located near India''s neighboring country of Nepal, and will enhance the existing road corridors between the two countries. This will lead to greater physical cross-border connectivity, which is supported by the Regional Cooperation and Integration Strategy of the Asian Development Bank (ADB).
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The problem of low per capita income in Bihar is accentuated by the physical north-south divide. In 2012, district-wise per capita gross domestic product was on average 40% higher among districts in the south. Among the 38 districts of the state, 7 of the 10 most prosperous districts were in the south, while 7 of the 10 poorest districts were in the north. This disparity is clearly attributed to the Ganges River and its enormous scale, which makes providing connectivity between north and south Bihar a very difficult task. Currently, along the entire length of the Ganges River in Bihar (approximately 200 km), only four bridges are operational, and the combined capacity is far too limited to meet traffic demand. This not only constrains connectivity but also overall socioeconomic development.

Several new bridges have either been recently completed or are under construction at critical locations to help remove the growing constraint on connectivity. The proposed project will construct a new Ganga Bridge, located about 10 km downstream and east of Patna. The main objective is to provide needed additional capacity, and improve connectivity for Patna and the surrounding areas. This includes the Raghopur Diara river island, which is situated and cut off in between two channels of the Ganges River. Its 250,000 inhabitants now have only a seasonal link (pontoon bridge) connecting it to Patna, apart from boats. The new Ganga Bridge will span the entire width of the Ganges River, including the two channels, with access ramps to the Raghopur Diara river island, and connect to nearby national highways along the north and south banks of the Ganges River. It will also serve as an alternative to the existing Ganga Bridge (also called Mahatma Gandhi Bridge), which currently is the main link between Patna and north Bihar. The old bridge is deteriorating and has insufficient capacity, which causes severe traffic congestion.

The new Ganga Bridge, together with the other recently constructed or under construction bridges , will provide the required transport capacity between north and south Bihar, and significantly improve connectivity. It will substantially reduce the travel time to Patna from the surrounding regions, in particular north Bihar, which will ease access to the state's administrative and social services, and health and higher education facilities. The inhabitants of the Raghopur Diara river island will gain year-round road access, allowing children access to higher-level schooling and women better access to pre- and postnatal health care. It will help balance the benefits of developments in agriculture, tourism, and industrial sectors, and contribute to achieving the priority goal of the Government of Bihar to connect Patna to the remotest areas in the state, so that people can reach the capital in no more than 6 hours from any place within the state.

The Government of Bihar has stepped up investments in the development of quality infrastructure. Since 2008, ADB has provided several loans to upgrade state highways in north and south Bihar, linking rural areas to national highways. With these collectively, the new Ganga Bridge will improve mobility and accessibility between north and south Bihar, and is critical to ensuring that the overall development impact is optimized and its benefits are fully reaped. The new bridge is integral to the vision and action plan of the Road Master Plan for Bihar's State Highways Development, a 20-year strategy (2015-2035) prepared with ADB assistance to direct further investment into fostering overall economic development in the state.

Impact

Mobility and accessibility within India, and connectivity with its neighboring countries improved

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

Transport connectivity across Ganges River between North and South Bihar improved

Progress Toward Outcome
Construction works commenced in January 2017.

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

Bihar New Ganga Bridge and integrated approach roadway network constructed

Bridge operation and management capacity enhanced

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Construction activities ongoing.Completed.
Geographical Location
Bihar

Safeguard Categories

Environment
A
Involuntary Resettlement
A
Indigenous Peoples
C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
The project is classified as category A for environmental impacts in accordance with the ADB'sSafeguard Policy Statement (SPS) due to the presence of the Gangetic Dolphin (Platanista gangetica) and the Ganges soft shell turtle (Nilssonia gangetica) in the project area.
Involuntary Resettlement
The project is classified as category A for involuntary resettlement in accordance with ADB''s SPS.
Indigenous Peoples
The project is classified as category C for indigenous peoples in accordance with ADB''s SPS.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation

During Project Design
Participatory approaches and project activities. Meaningful consultation and social surveys were conducted in the project area of influence, which included surveys, focus groups discussions in public areas and key informant interviews. The community participation was done to increase awareness of the project, to identify needs and concerns, to obtain suggestions for enhancing benefits and mitigating negative impacts, and to make project communities aware of the grievance redressal mechanism.
During Project Implementation
Land acquisition has been completed. An NGO has been engaged to implement the resettlement activities and undertake continued consultation and information disclosure.Social and environment monitoring reports are being submitted as per the requirement of loan docs.

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services
Consultants have been recruited in accordance with ADB''s Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).
Procurement
Procurement of goods and works was undertaken in accordance with ADB''s Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time).

Contact

Responsible ADB Officer
Jagir Kumar
Responsible ADB Department
South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division
India Resident Mission (INRM)
Executing Agencies
Bihar State Road Development Corporation Ltd.

Timetable

Concept Clearance
13 Mar 2015
Fact Finding
14 Dec 2015 to 21 Dec 2015
MRM
06 Apr 2016
Approval
24 Jun 2016
Last Review Mission
-
Last PDS Update
20 Mar 2024

Funding

Loan 3396-IND

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
24 Jun 2016 15 Nov 2016 26 Jan 2017 30 Jun 2021 31 Dec 2024 -
Financing Plan
  Total (Amount in US$ million)
Project Cost 715.00
ADB 500.00
Counterpart 215.00
Cofinancing 0.00
Loan Utilization
  Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards 05 Jul 2024 450.20 0.00 100%
Cumulative Disbursements 05 Jul 2024 391.47 0.00 87%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory - Satisfactory - Satisfactory

TA 9125-IND

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
24 Jun 2016 04 May 2017 04 May 2017 31 Dec 2018 23 Jun 2021 12 Jul 2021
Financing Plan/TA Utilization
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
900,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 900,000.00
Cumulative Disbursements
Date Amount
05 Jul 2024 632,235.08
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory - Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (April 2022-March 2023) Audited Project Financial Statements Sep 2023
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (April 2021-March 2022) Audited Project Financial Statements Oct 2022
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (April 2020-March 2021) Audited Project Financial Statements Apr 2022
Strengthening Bridge Operation and Management Project: Technical Assistance Completion Report TA Completion Reports Apr 2022
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (April 2019-March 2020) Audited Project Financial Statements Mar 2021
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (April 2018-March 2019) Audited Project Financial Statements Jan 2021
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (11 December 2015-31 March 2017) Audited Project Financial Statements Sep 2020
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (April 2017-March 2018) Audited Project Financial Statements Aug 2020
Loan Agreement (Ordinary Operations) for Loan 3396-IND: Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) Nov 2016
Project Agreement for Loan 3396-IND: Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project Project/Program Agreements Nov 2016
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Project Administration Manual Project/Program Administration Manual Jun 2016
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Report and Recommendation of the President Reports and Recommendations of the President Jun 2016
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Dec 2015
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Project Data Sheet (हिन्दी) Translated PDS Mar 2015
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Mar 2015

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-March 2023) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2024
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-September 2023) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2024
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (October–December 2023) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2024
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (April-June 2023) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2024
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-March 2022) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2024
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2023) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2024
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-March 2024) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jun 2024
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2023) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2024
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2023) Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2024
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2022) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2023
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2021) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2023
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2022) Social Monitoring Reports Jun 2023
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2020) Social Monitoring Reports Nov 2021
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2021) Social Monitoring Reports Nov 2021
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2020) Social Monitoring Reports Nov 2020
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2019) Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2020
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Addendum to the Environmental Impact Assessment Environmental Impact Assessments Jun 2020
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-September 2019) Environmental Monitoring Reports Feb 2020
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Social Monitoring Report (July-December 2018) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2020
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2019) Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2019
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (October-December 2018) Environmental Monitoring Reports Oct 2019
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Greenfield Six-Lane Extra-Dosed Cable Bridge Environmental Monitoring Report (April-June 2019) Environmental Monitoring Reports Oct 2019
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Greenfield Six-Lane Extra-Dosed Cable Bridge Environmental Monitoring Report (January-March 2019) Environmental Monitoring Reports Oct 2019
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Social Monitoring Report (January-June 2018) Social Monitoring Reports Mar 2019
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-September 2018) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2019
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (April-June 2018) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2019
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Quarterly Environmental Monitoring Report (January-March 2018) Environmental Monitoring Reports Aug 2018
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Environmental Safeguards Monitoring Report (August 2017 - January 2018) Environmental Monitoring Reports Aug 2018
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2017) Environmental Monitoring Reports Aug 2018
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Quarterly Environmental Monitoring Report (October-December 2017) Environmental Monitoring Reports May 2018
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Semiannual Social Monitoring Report No. 1 (July-December 2017) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Feb 2018
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Quarterly Environmental Monitoring Report No. 1 (July-September 2017) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Nov 2017
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Environmental Impact Assessment Environmental Impact Assessments Sep 2017
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Environmental Impact Assessment Environmental Impact Assessments Feb 2016
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Dec 2015
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Draft Environmental Impact Assessment Environmental Impact Assessments Nov 2015
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Draft Environmental Impact Assessment Environmental Impact Assessments Aug 2015

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Consulting Services for Strengthening Bridge Operation, Management and Maintenance Firm - Consulting Closed

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
CS: EXTERNAL MONITORING FOR ENVIRONMENT SAFEGUARDS (EMES) Loan 3396 11 Jul 2019 JPS ASSOCIATES PVT. LTD. | R-16 HAUZ KHAS ENCLAVE, NEW DELHI-110016 INDIA Bihar State Road Development Corporation Ltd. 766,703.44 741,785.73
Capacity Development Technical Assistance 9125 06 Jul 2018 PADECO CO. LTD.(JAPAN) in association with Padeco India Private Limited(INDIA) | SHIN-ONARIMON BLDG., 6-17-19 SHINBASHI MINATO-KU, TOKYO 105-0004 JAPAN Bihar State Road Development Corporation Ltd. 898,930.00
Rehabilitation of Distribution Networks for 7 District Meter Areas Loan 3396 20 Feb 2017 Daewoo Engineering. and Const. Co. Ltd. JV L&T Ltd. | 75 Saemunan-Ro, Jongno-Gu, Seoul 110-713 Korea, Republic Of Bihar State Road Development Corporation Ltd. 465,963,707.20 429,906,542.10
CS-01/ Project Management and Authority Engineer (PMAE) Loan 3396 08 Mar 2017 M/S AECOM Asia Co. Ltd. JV M/S Rodic Consultants | 9F Infinity Tower C, Dlf Cyber City Dlf Phase Ii, Gurgaon-122002, Haryana, Hong Kong, China Bihar State Road Development Corporation Ltd. 14,992,313.43

Procurement Plan

Title Document Type Document Date
Bihar New Ganga Bridge Project: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Dec 2015