China, People's Republic of: Hunan Xiangjiang River Watershed Existing Solid Waste Comprehensive Treatment

Sovereign Project | 48443-002 Status: Proposed

The project will: (i) cleanup of uncontrolled stock landfills through on-site closure, landfill mining, and leachate treatment; (ii) contaminated lands treatment for redevelopment; (iii) purchase of waste collection vehicles and construction of municipal solid waste management facilities including, transfer stations, sorting and recycling facilities, and waste-to-energy plants in selected cities; and (vi) project management and institutional capacity building for relevant agencies, including sustainable operation and maintenance of project facilities. Public-private partnership will be sought under the project components.

Project Details

Project Officer
Baird, Alan East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • China, People's Republic of
Modality
  • Loan
Sector
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
  • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
 
Project Name Hunan Xiangjiang River Watershed Existing Solid Waste Comprehensive Treatment
Project Number 48443-002
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan: Hunan Xiangjiang River Watershed Existing Solid Waste Comprehensive Treatment
Ordinary capital resources US$ 150.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Rural solid waste management

Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban solid waste management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project will: (i) cleanup of uncontrolled stock landfills through on-site closure, landfill mining, and leachate treatment; (ii) contaminated lands treatment for redevelopment; (iii) purchase of waste collection vehicles and construction of municipal solid waste management facilities including, transfer stations, sorting and recycling facilities, and waste-to-energy plants in selected cities; and (vi) project management and institutional capacity building for relevant agencies, including sustainable operation and maintenance of project facilities. Public-private partnership will be sought under the project components.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Xiangjiang River is one of major tributaries of Yangtze River in the southern part of Hunan province (Hunan), People's Republic of China (PRC). Its 946,000 square kilometer (km2) watershed is densely populated, embracing eight cities. Since the 1980s, the area has been a center of nonferrous metal industries, where nonferrous mines, mineral processing, downstream smelting industries, and chemical plants have been located and operated. In 2013, the area produced 72.4% of the provincial gross domestic product and 64.3% of the provincial industrial added value. However, the river basin is also known as one of the most polluted river basins in the PRC. Until the 2000s, Hunan's economic growth through urbanization and industrialization was a priority over cost of environment. The area significantly contributes to the province's toxic heavy metals' emissions, which are ranked first in the country. Increasing population and change in people's lifestyle put a large pressure on environment by multiplied municipal solid waste generation. Untreated municipal solid waste had been stuck in peri-urban and rural hinterland. Over 38 million people in the watershed are directly exposed to rising public health risks due to unsafe sources of drinking water and contaminated lands.

During 2011 -2015, Hunan is investing CNY59.5 billion (approximately $9.5 billion) on environmental pollution control and management in the Xiangjiang River watershed. Targeting the three major pollution sources industry, domestic (i.e., household and commercial), and agriculture; the provincial government's efforts include adjustment of industrial structure, promotion of cleaner production, construction of municipal wastewater treatment facilities, control of agricultural nonpoint sources, and promulgation and enforcement of stringent pollution emission standards. Although these command and control measures reduced emissions from industrial and agricultural sources, the most technically and financially challenging environmental problem is the continuous pollution from uncontrolled stock landfills and increasing municipal solid waste. In 2011, a survey found that 59 uncontrolled stock landfills along the Xiangjiang River are the major sources of foul odor, heavy metal, high chemical oxygen demand loading, various organic pollution, and greenhouse gas emission. These landfills have no impermeable lining and leachate collection system, landfill methane gas flare, nor collection systems. Untreated leachate from the landfills infiltrates underground and flows into Xiangjiang River, polluting surface and ground water resources. A total land area of 7.4 km2 was contaminated and unsuitable for any construction. In 2011, Hunan provincial government banned the use of any uncontrolled stock landfills as waste disposal option. However, pollution continues and alternative and sustainable solid waste management system must be urgently established in municipalities and counties in the Xiangjiang River watershed. The project will assist the Hunan provincial government to implement technically sound and financially sustainable solutions to address the (i) uncontrolled stock landfill problems, (ii) increasing municipal solid waste, and (iii) contaminated lands and their redevelopment.

Impact Environment in Xiangjiang River basin in Hunan province improved (Xiangjiang River in Hunan Ecological Environment Comprehensive Management Plan, 2010 -2025)
Outcome Accumulated environmental pollution in selected cities of Xiangjiang River basin reduced
Outputs

1. Uncontrolled landfills closed

2. Contaminated lands treated

3. Municipal solid waste handling equipment purchased and facilities in selected cities constructed

4. Capacity for inclusive, financially, and environmentally sound solid waste management enhanced

Geographical Location

Safeguard Categories

Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples B

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation

Responsible Staff

Responsible ADB Officer Baird, Alan
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Hunan Provincial Housing & Urban-Rural Dev't Dept.
Peace Community, Dongjin Rd., Yuhua Dist.
Changsha, Hunan Province 410116

Timetable

Concept Clearance 24 Jun 2015
Fact Finding 03 Apr 2017 to 04 Apr 2017
MRM 12 May 2017
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 28 Sep 2016

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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