The project will: (i) cleanup of uncontrolled stock landfills through on-site closure, landfill mining, and leachate treatment; (ii) contaminated lands treatment for redevelopment; (iii) purchase of waste collection vehicles and construction of municipal solid waste management facilities including, transfer stations, sorting and recycling facilities, and waste-to-energy plants in selected cities; and (vi) project management and institutional capacity building for relevant agencies, including sustainable operation and maintenance of project facilities. Public-private partnership will be sought under the project components.
|Project Name||Hunan Xiangjiang River Watershed Existing Solid Waste Comprehensive Treatment|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development - Rural solid waste management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services - Urban solid waste management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project will: (i) cleanup of uncontrolled stock landfills through on-site closure, landfill mining, and leachate treatment; (ii) contaminated lands treatment for redevelopment; (iii) purchase of waste collection vehicles and construction of municipal solid waste management facilities including, transfer stations, sorting and recycling facilities, and waste-to-energy plants in selected cities; and (vi) project management and institutional capacity building for relevant agencies, including sustainable operation and maintenance of project facilities. Public-private partnership will be sought under the project components.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Xiangjiang River is one of major tributaries of Yangtze River in the southern part of Hunan province (Hunan), People's Republic of China (PRC). Its 946,000 square kilometer (km2) watershed is densely populated, embracing eight cities. Since the 1980s, the area has been a center of nonferrous metal industries, where nonferrous mines, mineral processing, downstream smelting industries, and chemical plants have been located and operated. In 2013, the area produced 72.4% of the provincial gross domestic product and 64.3% of the provincial industrial added value. However, the river basin is also known as one of the most polluted river basins in the PRC. Until the 2000s, Hunan's economic growth through urbanization and industrialization was a priority over cost of environment. The area significantly contributes to the province's toxic heavy metals' emissions, which are ranked first in the country. Increasing population and change in people's lifestyle put a large pressure on environment by multiplied municipal solid waste generation. Untreated municipal solid waste had been stuck in peri-urban and rural hinterland. Over 38 million people in the watershed are directly exposed to rising public health risks due to unsafe sources of drinking water and contaminated lands.
During 2011 -2015, Hunan is investing CNY59.5 billion (approximately $9.5 billion) on environmental pollution control and management in the Xiangjiang River watershed. Targeting the three major pollution sources industry, domestic (i.e., household and commercial), and agriculture; the provincial government's efforts include adjustment of industrial structure, promotion of cleaner production, construction of municipal wastewater treatment facilities, control of agricultural nonpoint sources, and promulgation and enforcement of stringent pollution emission standards. Although these command and control measures reduced emissions from industrial and agricultural sources, the most technically and financially challenging environmental problem is the continuous pollution from uncontrolled stock landfills and increasing municipal solid waste. In 2011, a survey found that 59 uncontrolled stock landfills along the Xiangjiang River are the major sources of foul odor, heavy metal, high chemical oxygen demand loading, various organic pollution, and greenhouse gas emission. These landfills have no impermeable lining and leachate collection system, landfill methane gas flare, nor collection systems. Untreated leachate from the landfills infiltrates underground and flows into Xiangjiang River, polluting surface and ground water resources. A total land area of 7.4 km2 was contaminated and unsuitable for any construction. In 2011, Hunan provincial government banned the use of any uncontrolled stock landfills as waste disposal option. However, pollution continues and alternative and sustainable solid waste management system must be urgently established in municipalities and counties in the Xiangjiang River watershed. The project will assist the Hunan provincial government to implement technically sound and financially sustainable solutions to address the (i) uncontrolled stock landfill problems, (ii) increasing municipal solid waste, and (iii) contaminated lands and their redevelopment.
|Impact||Environment in Xiangjiang River basin in Hunan province improved (Xiangjiang River in Hunan Ecological Environment Comprehensive Management Plan, 2010 -2025)|
|Outcome||Accumulated environmental pollution in selected cities of Xiangjiang River basin reduced|
1. Uncontrolled landfills closed
2. Contaminated lands treated
3. Municipal solid waste handling equipment purchased and facilities in selected cities constructed
4. Capacity for inclusive, financially, and environmentally sound solid waste management enhanced
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Baird, Alan|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD|
Hunan Provincial Housing & Urban-Rural Dev't Dept.
Peace Community, Dongjin Rd., Yuhua Dist.
Changsha, Hunan Province 410116
|Concept Clearance||24 Jun 2015|
|Fact Finding||03 Apr 2017 to 04 Apr 2017|
|MRM||12 May 2017|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||28 Sep 2016|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|湖南湘江流域存量垃圾综合治理项目 : 项目数据表||Translated PDS||Jul 2015|
|Hunan Xiangjiang River Watershed Existing Solid Waste Comprehensive Treatment: Project Preparatory Technical Assistance Report||Project Preparatory Technical Assistance Reports||Jul 2015|
|Hunan Xiangjiang River Watershed Existing Solid Waste Comprehensive Treatment: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Jul 2015|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
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