The project will: (i) cleanup of uncontrolled stock landfills through on-site closure, restoration, and leachate management; (ii) contaminated land treatment; (iii) purchase of waste collection vehicles and construction of municipal solid waste management facilities including, transfer stations, sorting and recycling facilities in selected areas; and (vi) project management and institutional capacity building for relevant agencies, including sustainable operation and maintenance of project facilities. Public-private partnership will be sought under the project components.
|Project Name||Hunan Xiangjiang River Watershed Existing Solid Waste Comprehensive Treatment|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Rural solid waste management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban solid waste management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project will: (i) cleanup of uncontrolled stock landfills through on-site closure, restoration, and leachate management; (ii) contaminated land treatment; (iii) purchase of waste collection vehicles and construction of municipal solid waste management facilities including, transfer stations, sorting and recycling facilities in selected areas; and (vi) project management and institutional capacity building for relevant agencies, including sustainable operation and maintenance of project facilities. Public-private partnership will be sought under the project components.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Xiangjiang River is one of major tributaries of Yangtze River in the southern part of Hunan province (Hunan), People's Republic of China (PRC). Its 946,000 square kilometer (km2) watershed is densely populated, embracing eight cities. Since the 1980s, the area has been a center of nonferrous metal industries, where nonferrous mines, mineral processing, downstream smelting industries, and chemical plants have been located and operated. In 2013, the area produced 72.4% of the provincial gross domestic product and 64.3% of the provincial industrial added value. However, the river basin is also known as one of the most polluted river basins in the PRC. Until the 2000s, Hunan's economic growth through urbanization and industrialization was a priority over cost of environment. The area significantly contributes to the province's toxic heavy metals emissions, which are ranked first in the country. Increasing population and change in peoples' lifestyle put a large pressure on environment by multiplied municipal solid waste generation. Untreated municipal solid waste had been stuck in peri-urban and rural hinterland. Over 38 million people in the watershed are directly exposed to rising public health risks due to unsafe sources of drinking water and contaminated lands.
During 2011-2015, Hunan is investing CNY59.5 billion (approximately $9.5 billion) on environmental pollution control and management in the Xiangjiang River watershed. Targeting the three major pollution sources industry, domestic (i.e., household and commercial), and agriculture; the provincial government's efforts include adjustment of industrial structure, promotion of cleaner production, construction of municipal wastewater treatment facilities, control of agricultural nonpoint sources, and promulgation and enforcement of stringent pollution emission standards. Although these command and control measures reduced emissions from industrial and agricultural sources, the most technically and financially challenging environmental problem is the continuous pollution from uncontrolled stock landfills and increasing municipal solid waste. In 2011, a survey found that 59 uncontrolled stock landfills along the Xiangjiang River are the major sources of foul odor, heavy metal, high chemical oxygen demand loading, various organic pollution, and greenhouse gas emission. These landfills have no impermeable lining and leachate collection system, landfill methane gas flare, nor collection systems. Untreated leachate from the landfills infiltrates underground and flows into Xiangjiang River, polluting surface and ground water resources. A total land area of 7.4 km2 was contaminated and unsuitable for any construction. In 2011, Hunan provincial government banned the use of any uncontrolled stock landfills as waste disposal option. However, pollution continues and alternative and sustainable solid waste management system must be urgently established in municipalities and counties in the Xiangjiang River watershed. The project will assist the Hunan provincial government to implement technically sound and financially sustainable solutions to address the (i) uncontrolled stock landfill problems, (ii) increasing municipal solid waste, and (iii) contaminated lands and their redevelopment.
|Description of Outcome|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs|
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The main stakeholders of the project include the project management office under Hunan Provincial Housing and Urban-Rural Development Department (HURD), implementing agencies (i.e., project municipal governments and county governments), village/community committees, and waste-to-energy plant operators and contractors. Local residents in the project area are the direct beneficiaries, particularly those living in nearby uncontrolled landfills. During project preparation, HURD and implementing agencies will undertake public consultation activities focusing on design, implementation, and monitoring.|
|During Project Implementation||The beneficiaries will be consulted during project implementation through social surveys, stakeholders' workshops, focus group discussions, and key informant interviews. Key documents, such as resettlement plans, environmental management plan, social development action plan, and gender action plan will outline consultation and participation for implementation. Loan assurances will address implementation and monitoring of the plans.|
|Consulting Services||The PPTA is being implemented in two phases. The first phase engaged individual consultants to identify appropriate project scope and financial modality for the project. The second phase engaged a firm to conduct necessary due diligence. The firm was engaged using quality- and cost-based selection method and simplified technical proposal procedure, with a quality-cost ratio of 90:10. Recruitment of consulting services was carried out in accordance with ADB''s Guidelines on the Use of Consultants, 2013 (as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Alan Baird|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD|
Hunan Provincial Housing & Urban-Rural Dev't Dept.
Peace Community, Dongjin Rd., Yuhua Dist.
Changsha, Hunan Province 410116
|Approval||02 Jul 2015|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||22 Mar 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|02 Jul 2015||24 Jul 2015||24 Jul 2015||31 Dec 2016||30 Jun 2019||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|925,000.00||225,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||1,150,000.00||02 Jul 2015||1,013,430.00|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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No tenders for this project were found.
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Project Preparatory||Technical Assistance 8919||21 Dec 2016||HJI Group Corporation (United States)||3300 IRVINE AVE. SUITE 325 NEWPORT BEACH, CA92660 U.S.A.||Hunan Provincial Housing and Urban-Rural Development Department||519,259.00||—|
None currently available.