The project is aligned with the following impact: livelihoods of people living in rocky desertification areas improved (Guizhou Provincial Government. 2011. Guizhou Provincial Master Plan for Water Resources Development, Ecological Improvement, and Rocky Desertification Management. Guiyang). The project will have the following outcome: rocky desertification area reduced. The project will have two outputs: (i) water resources conserved and (ii) environment, ecology, and land productivity restored.
|Project Name||Guizhou Rocky Desertification Area Water Management Project|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Irrigation - Land-based natural resources management - Rural water supply services - Water-based natural resources management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project is aligned with the following impact: livelihoods of people living in rocky desertification areas improved (Guizhou Provincial Government. 2011. Guizhou Provincial Master Plan for Water Resources Development, Ecological Improvement, and Rocky Desertification Management. Guiyang). The project will have the following outcome: rocky desertification area reduced. The project will have two outputs: (i) water resources conserved and (ii) environment, ecology, and land productivity restored.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The project will help the Guizhou Provincial Government (GPG) reduce rocky desertification areas and improve the livelihoods of people living in rocky desertification areas by conserving water resources; restoring environment, ecology, and land productivity; and increasing resilience to climate change.
Rocky desertification is characterized by vegetation degradation, soil erosion, and bedrock exposure. It occurs in various countries and regions, including the Mediterranean and Dinaric karst regions of the Balkan Peninsula as well as the southwest region of the PRC on a large scale. In the PRC, rocky desertification is one of the most serious land degradation problems in karst areas spreading in the southwest, which has a population of 220 million and overlaps the Yangtze River Economic Belt. Karst area is susceptible to rocky desertification because of the low soil formation rate and high permeability of limestone. Where arable flat land and water are limited, originally vegetated karst areas are cultivated by removing vegetation and planting rain-fed crops which are less effective for soil conservation. Soil erosion control is not conducted in most cultivation areas. Such repeated unsustainable cultivation has increased the rocky desertification areas. Climate change is expected to increase temperatures and the frequency and intensity of extreme climatic events, including storms. This could exacerbate rocky desertification by exposing the soil surface to warming and evaporation, and by causing physical damage such as erosion. Rocky desertification reduces vegetation, soil, land productivity, and arable lands; increases natural disasters such as landslides and debris flows; and deteriorates ecology, increasing vulnerability to climate change and deteriorating people's livelihoods.
Guizhou is in the southwest PRC and has a population of 35 million, of which 36.1% is ethnic minority. Agriculture, forestry, and fishery account for 16.3% of Guizhou's gross domestic product (GDP) much higher than the PRC average of 9.2%. Crop production is the most important agricultural activity (10.4% of Guizhou's GDP and 64.0% of its agricultural, forestry, and fishery products). Guizhou's total area is 176,167 square kilometers, of which 92.5% is mountain or hilly area. It has 112,240 square kilometers of karst areas (63.7% of its total area). Guizhou is in the Yangtze River Economic Belt and is an important province to develop the southwest and far west regions. It has the biggest rocky desertification area in the PRC, at 30,237 square kilometers (17.2% of its total area and 25.2% of the total rocky desertification area in the PRC).
Water is necessary to change unsustainable land use and restore vegetation in rocky desertification areas. In the southwest PRC, including Guizhou, rainfall concentrates during the rainy season and becomes floodwater that cannot be used. Porous limestone formations cannot capture and store much rainfall. Much of the water drains into rivers quickly through numerous short creeks and streams that run deep in valleys, or through deep aquifers (groundwater rivers) in limestone layers. Although annual precipitation in Guizhou (1,273 millimeters) is much higher than the PRC average (622 millimeters), the amount of annual water supply per person (272 cubic meters [m3]/person) is about 60% of the PRC average (447 m3/person). To capture sufficient water and distribute it to users in karst areas, and to change unsustainable land use and restore vegetation in rocky desertification areas, water storage facilities are essential.
Guizhou has the lowest GDP in the PRC at CNY26,444, which is 56.7% of the PRC average. The rural poverty ratio in Guizhou (18.0%) is much higher than the national rate (7.2%). The poor population in rocky desertification areas accounts for 50.2% of Guizhou's total poor population. Rocky desertification is a main cause of the deterioration of livelihoods in Guizhou.
|Impact||Livelihoods of people living in rocky desertification areas improved|
|Description of Outcome||Rocky desertification area reduced|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Water resources conserved
Environment, ecology, and land productivity restored
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Geographical Location||Guizhou Sheng|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The project is classified category A for environment because of the potential environmental impacts from the construction of the two reservoirs and water transfer facilities (para. 32). An environmental impact assessment, including an environmental management plan (EMP), was prepared in accordance with the SPS. The EMP includes mitigation and monitoring requirements and institutional responsibilities to ensure proper environmental management throughout construction and O&M. The environmental impact assessment, including the EMP, was disclosed on ADB's website on 19 December 2016.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The reservoirs and water transfer facilities will cause significant resettlement impacts. A total of 2,261 households with 7,980 persons will be affected by permanent land acquisition, out of which 3,190 persons in 678 households will be physically relocated and resettled. A total of 534.3 ha of land will be affected permanently, including 13.0 ha of state land and 521.3 ha of collective land; 115.8 ha of collective land will be occupied temporarily; and 113,285.6 square meters of residential structures will be demolished. Resettlement plans have been prepared for Anlong and Nayong following the SPS and PRC laws and regulations, and were disclosed on the ADB website.|
|Indigenous Peoples||Ethnic minorities constitute 52% of the direct beneficiaries of the project. The EMP and resettlement plans address the adverse impacts of civil works, land acquisition, and resettlement. Other impacts will be mostly positive for ethnic minorities and other populations. Ethnic minority and social development plans were prepared in consultation with local stakeholders, including ethnic minorities, in accordance with the SPS; and have been disclosed to affected persons as well as on the ADB website.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Project information will be disclosed through ADB's and government's websites, meetings, interviews, focus group discussions, and community consultation meetings, in accordance with requirements of ADB's information disclosure policy. Main stakeholders are the different agencies of the GPG, ACG, and NCG, beneficiaries, APs, and participants in the project implementation. Stakeholder communication is also part of the EMSDPs and the GAP, and will be monitored accordingly.|
|During Project Implementation||Same as above.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Kobayashi, Yoshiaki|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD|
Guizhou Provincial Finance Department (GFD)
No.7 Bldg., No.242 Provincial Govt.Inst.
Comp., North Zhong Hua Rd., Guiyang City
Guizhou Province, P.O. Box: 550004, PRC Guizhou Provincial Government (EA)
No 43, Zhongshan West Road, Guiyang city, 550003
Guizhou Province, PRC
|Concept Clearance||29 Jan 2016|
|Fact Finding||19 Sep 2016 to 26 Sep 2016|
|MRM||02 Jun 2017|
|Approval||20 Sep 2017|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||21 Mar 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|20 Sep 2017||31 Oct 2017||18 Dec 2017||31 Dec 2023||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||338.81||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||150.00||20 Sep 2017||62.22||0.00||41%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||20 Sep 2017||15.52||0.00||10%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
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ADB to Help Reduce Rocky Desertification in GuizhouADB's Board of Directors has approved a $150 million loan to help the Guizhou provincial government reduce its rocky desertification areas and improve people’s livelihoods.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|3564-PRC: Guizhou Rocky Desertification Area Water Management Project [PS-CW-02]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||22 Apr 2019||21 May 2019|
|3564-PRC: Guizhou Rocky Desertification Area Water Management Project [PS-CW-01]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||02 Jul 2018||31 Jul 2018|
|Water and rocky desertification management consultant team||Firm - Consulting||Closed||15 Jun 2018||14 Jul 2018|
|PROJECT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT||Firm - Consulting||Closed||25 Dec 2017||23 Jan 2018|
|48468-PRC: Guizhou Rocky Desertification Area Water Management Project [PQ-CW-01]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||27 Nov 2017||27 Dec 2017|
|EXTERNAL MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF LAND ACQUISITION AND RESETTLEMENT||Firm - Consulting||Closed||23 Jun 2017||22 Jul 2017|
|Guizhou Rocky Desertification Area Water Management Project||Advance Notice||Active||21 Jun 2017|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|CS-04 EXTERNAL RESETTLEMENT MONITORING AND EVALUATION AGENCY||Loan 3564||24 Nov 2018||NATIONAL RESEARCH CENTER FOR RESETTLEMENT||1 XI KANG ROAD, NANJING, JIANGSU PROVINC CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Guizhou Provincial Government||Consulting Services||242,000.00||242,000.00|
|CS-05: PROJECT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT CONSULTANT TEAM||Loan 3564||29 Oct 2018||EASEN INTERNATIONAL COMPANY LTD.||R, 1810, NO. 450 OF CAOYANG ROAD, PUTUO DISTRICT, SHANGHAI, PRC CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Guizhou Provincial Government||Consulting Services||586,904.00||586,904.00|
|PQ-CW-01 CONSTRUCTION OF DAM, SPILLWAY, AND RELATED STRUCTURES AND FACILITIES FOR PINGQIAO RESERVOI||Loan 3564||24 May 2018||SINOHYDRO BUREAU 8 CO., LTD.||PRC CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Guizhou Provincial Government||CONSTRUCTION||40,245,732.00||33,567,875.00|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Guizhou Rocky Desertification Area Water Management Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Jan 2019|