fbpx 48468-002: Guizhou Rocky Desertification Area Water Management Project | Asian Development Bank

China, People's Republic of: Guizhou Rocky Desertification Area Water Management Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 48468-002 Status: Active

The project is aligned with the following impact: livelihoods of people living in rocky desertification areas improved (Guizhou Provincial Government. 2011. Guizhou Provincial Master Plan for Water Resources Development, Ecological Improvement, and Rocky Desertification Management. Guiyang). The project will have the following outcome: rocky desertification area reduced. The project will have two outputs: (i) water resources conserved and (ii) environment, ecology, and land productivity restored.

Project Details

Project Officer
Kobayashi, Yoshiaki East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • China, People's Republic of
Modality
  • Loan
Sector
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
 
Project Name Guizhou Rocky Desertification Area Water Management Project
Project Number 48468-002
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3564-PRC: Guizhou Rocky Desertification Area Water Management Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 150.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Irrigation - Land-based natural resources management - Rural water supply services - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project is aligned with the following impact: livelihoods of people living in rocky desertification areas improved (Guizhou Provincial Government. 2011. Guizhou Provincial Master Plan for Water Resources Development, Ecological Improvement, and Rocky Desertification Management. Guiyang). The project will have the following outcome: rocky desertification area reduced. The project will have two outputs: (i) water resources conserved and (ii) environment, ecology, and land productivity restored.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The project will help the Guizhou Provincial Government (GPG) reduce rocky desertification areas and improve the livelihoods of people living in rocky desertification areas by conserving water resources; restoring environment, ecology, and land productivity; and increasing resilience to climate change.

Rocky desertification is characterized by vegetation degradation, soil erosion, and bedrock exposure. It occurs in various countries and regions, including the Mediterranean and Dinaric karst regions of the Balkan Peninsula as well as the southwest region of the PRC on a large scale. In the PRC, rocky desertification is one of the most serious land degradation problems in karst areas spreading in the southwest, which has a population of 220 million and overlaps the Yangtze River Economic Belt. Karst area is susceptible to rocky desertification because of the low soil formation rate and high permeability of limestone. Where arable flat land and water are limited, originally vegetated karst areas are cultivated by removing vegetation and planting rain-fed crops which are less effective for soil conservation. Soil erosion control is not conducted in most cultivation areas. Such repeated unsustainable cultivation has increased the rocky desertification areas. Climate change is expected to increase temperatures and the frequency and intensity of extreme climatic events, including storms. This could exacerbate rocky desertification by exposing the soil surface to warming and evaporation, and by causing physical damage such as erosion. Rocky desertification reduces vegetation, soil, land productivity, and arable lands; increases natural disasters such as landslides and debris flows; and deteriorates ecology, increasing vulnerability to climate change and deteriorating people's livelihoods.

Guizhou is in the southwest PRC and has a population of 35 million, of which 36.1% is ethnic minority. Agriculture, forestry, and fishery account for 16.3% of Guizhou's gross domestic product (GDP) much higher than the PRC average of 9.2%. Crop production is the most important agricultural activity (10.4% of Guizhou's GDP and 64.0% of its agricultural, forestry, and fishery products). Guizhou's total area is 176,167 square kilometers, of which 92.5% is mountain or hilly area. It has 112,240 square kilometers of karst areas (63.7% of its total area). Guizhou is in the Yangtze River Economic Belt and is an important province to develop the southwest and far west regions. It has the biggest rocky desertification area in the PRC, at 30,237 square kilometers (17.2% of its total area and 25.2% of the total rocky desertification area in the PRC).

Water is necessary to change unsustainable land use and restore vegetation in rocky desertification areas. In the southwest PRC, including Guizhou, rainfall concentrates during the rainy season and becomes floodwater that cannot be used. Porous limestone formations cannot capture and store much rainfall. Much of the water drains into rivers quickly through numerous short creeks and streams that run deep in valleys, or through deep aquifers (groundwater rivers) in limestone layers. Although annual precipitation in Guizhou (1,273 millimeters) is much higher than the PRC average (622 millimeters), the amount of annual water supply per person (272 cubic meters [m3]/person) is about 60% of the PRC average (447 m3/person). To capture sufficient water and distribute it to users in karst areas, and to change unsustainable land use and restore vegetation in rocky desertification areas, water storage facilities are essential.

Guizhou has the lowest GDP in the PRC at CNY26,444, which is 56.7% of the PRC average. The rural poverty ratio in Guizhou (18.0%) is much higher than the national rate (7.2%). The poor population in rocky desertification areas accounts for 50.2% of Guizhou's total poor population. Rocky desertification is a main cause of the deterioration of livelihoods in Guizhou.

Impact Livelihoods of people living in rocky desertification areas improved
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Rocky desertification area reduced
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Water resources conserved

Environment, ecology, and land productivity restored

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Guizhou Sheng
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The project is classified category A for environment because of the potential environmental impacts from the construction of the two reservoirs and water transfer facilities (para. 32). An environmental impact assessment, including an environmental management plan (EMP), was prepared in accordance with the SPS. The EMP includes mitigation and monitoring requirements and institutional responsibilities to ensure proper environmental management throughout construction and O&M. The environmental impact assessment, including the EMP, was disclosed on ADB's website on 19 December 2016.
Involuntary Resettlement The reservoirs and water transfer facilities will cause significant resettlement impacts. A total of 2,261 households with 7,980 persons will be affected by permanent land acquisition, out of which 3,190 persons in 678 households will be physically relocated and resettled. A total of 534.3 ha of land will be affected permanently, including 13.0 ha of state land and 521.3 ha of collective land; 115.8 ha of collective land will be occupied temporarily; and 113,285.6 square meters of residential structures will be demolished. Resettlement plans have been prepared for Anlong and Nayong following the SPS and PRC laws and regulations, and were disclosed on the ADB website.
Indigenous Peoples Ethnic minorities constitute 52% of the direct beneficiaries of the project. The EMP and resettlement plans address the adverse impacts of civil works, land acquisition, and resettlement. Other impacts will be mostly positive for ethnic minorities and other populations. Ethnic minority and social development plans were prepared in consultation with local stakeholders, including ethnic minorities, in accordance with the SPS; and have been disclosed to affected persons as well as on the ADB website.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Project information will be disclosed through ADB's and government's websites, meetings, interviews, focus group discussions, and community consultation meetings, in accordance with requirements of ADB's information disclosure policy. Main stakeholders are the different agencies of the GPG, ACG, and NCG, beneficiaries, APs, and participants in the project implementation. Stakeholder communication is also part of the EMSDPs and the GAP, and will be monitored accordingly.
During Project Implementation Same as above.
Responsible ADB Officer Kobayashi, Yoshiaki
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Guizhou Provincial Finance Department (GFD)
No.7 Bldg., No.242 Provincial Govt.Inst.
Comp., North Zhong Hua Rd., Guiyang City
Guizhou Province, P.O. Box: 550004, PRC
Guizhou Provincial Government (EA)
[email protected]
No 43, Zhongshan West Road, Guiyang city, 550003
Guizhou Province, PRC
Timetable
Concept Clearance 29 Jan 2016
Fact Finding 19 Sep 2016 to 26 Sep 2016
MRM 02 Jun 2017
Approval 20 Sep 2017
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 21 Mar 2019

Loan 3564-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
20 Sep 2017 31 Oct 2017 18 Dec 2017 31 Dec 2023 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 338.81 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 150.00 20 Sep 2017 62.22 0.00 41%
Counterpart 188.81 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 20 Sep 2017 15.52 0.00 10%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory - - - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Guizhou Rocky Desertification Area Water Management Project: Social Monitoring Report No. 2 Social Monitoring Reports Mar 2018
Guizhou Rocky Desertification Area Water Management Project: Social Monitoring Report (September 2016-August 2017) Social Monitoring Reports Aug 2017
Guizhou Rocky Desertification Area Water Management Project: Updated Environmental Impact Assessment Environmental Impact Assessments Aug 2017
Guizhou High Efficiency Water Utilization Demonstration in Rocky Desertification Area Project: Environmental Impact Assessment Environmental Impact Assessments Dec 2016
Guizhou High Efficiency Water Utilization Demonstration in Rocky Desertification Area: Resettlement Plan for Anlong County Resettlement Plans Nov 2016
Guizhou High Efficiency Water Utilization Demonstration in Rocky Desertification Area: Nayong County Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Nov 2016
Guizhou High Efficiency Water Utilization Demonstration in Rocky Desertification Area: Ethnic Minority and Social Development Plan for Anlong County Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Nov 2016
Guizhou High Efficiency Water Utilization Demonstration in Rocky Desertification Area: Nayong County Ethnic Minority and Social Development Plan Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Nov 2016
Guizhou High Efficiency Water Utilization Demonstration in Rocky Desertification Area Project: Pingqiao Reservoir Preparatory Works Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Aug 2016

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
3564-PRC: Guizhou Rocky Desertification Area Water Management Project [PS-CW-02] Invitation for Bids Closed 22 Apr 2019 21 May 2019
3564-PRC: Guizhou Rocky Desertification Area Water Management Project [PS-CW-01] Invitation for Bids Closed 02 Jul 2018 31 Jul 2018
Water and rocky desertification management consultant team Firm - Consulting Closed 15 Jun 2018 14 Jul 2018
PROJECT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT Firm - Consulting Closed 25 Dec 2017 23 Jan 2018
48468-PRC: Guizhou Rocky Desertification Area Water Management Project [PQ-CW-01] Invitation for Bids Closed 27 Nov 2017 27 Dec 2017
EXTERNAL MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF LAND ACQUISITION AND RESETTLEMENT Firm - Consulting Closed 23 Jun 2017 22 Jul 2017
Guizhou Rocky Desertification Area Water Management Project Advance Notice Active 21 Jun 2017

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
CS-04 EXTERNAL RESETTLEMENT MONITORING AND EVALUATION AGENCY Loan 3564 24 Nov 2018 NATIONAL RESEARCH CENTER FOR RESETTLEMENT 1 XI KANG ROAD, NANJING, JIANGSU PROVINC CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF Guizhou Provincial Government Consulting Services 242,000.00 242,000.00
CS-05: PROJECT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT CONSULTANT TEAM Loan 3564 29 Oct 2018 EASEN INTERNATIONAL COMPANY LTD. R, 1810, NO. 450 OF CAOYANG ROAD, PUTUO DISTRICT, SHANGHAI, PRC CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF Guizhou Provincial Government Consulting Services 586,904.00 586,904.00
PQ-CW-01 CONSTRUCTION OF DAM, SPILLWAY, AND RELATED STRUCTURES AND FACILITIES FOR PINGQIAO RESERVOI Loan 3564 24 May 2018 SINOHYDRO BUREAU 8 CO., LTD. PRC CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF Guizhou Provincial Government CONSTRUCTION 40,245,732.00 33,567,875.00