Fiji : Project Design Advance Urban Water Supply and Wastewater Management Project

Sovereign Project | 49001-001

The Asian Development Bank is working Fiji to improve urban water supply and wastewater management systems that benefit a third of the country’s population. The project is building new infrastructure to increase clean water supplies by 20% and boost wastewater treatment capacity by 200% in the greater Suva area, the main metropolitan center of Fiji.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Kohlhase, Jude Ernest
    Pacific Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
  • Modality
  • Sector
    • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
Project Name Project Design Advance Urban Water Supply and Wastewater Management Project
Project Number 49001-001
Country / Economy Fiji
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 6004-FIJ: Urban Water Supply and Wastewater Management Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 2.65 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sewerage - Urban water supply

Gender Effective gender mainstreaming

The project impact is to ensure that inhabitants of some of Fiji s most densely populated areas have access to regular and safe piped water and an environment friendly sewerage system. This is aligned with the government's policy to improve delivery of water supply and sanitation services as articulated in the Roadmap for Democracy and Sustainable Socio-Economic Development, 2010 -2014. The outcome will be improved access to sustainable water supply and sewerage services. The project has three outputs:

Output 1: Increasing access to reliable and safe water supply by (i) reducing water losses through meter replacement, improved leak detection and repairs, establishment of district metering areas and pressure management systems; and (ii) increasing production by 30,000 m3 per day by building a new water intake by the Rewa River, a new pumping station, a new water treatment plant, a new clear water reservoir and a pipeline to supplement water supply for the GSA.

Output 2: Improving sewer coverage and reliability of wastewater treatment (WWT) by (i) increasing capacity to process sewage flow and pretreat septic tanker waste; (ii) upgrading pump stations to allow more flow to the treatment plant; (iii) upgrading the existing sewer gravity and rising mains to allow connection of additional backlog areas; and (iv) increasing sewer coverage by 15% to connect approximately 4,500 additional households.

Output 3: Strengthening water and wastewater sector management and sustainable service delivery capacity by: (i) implementing a water demand management program and liquid trade waste program; (ii) reviewing the environmental regulatory framework for municipal WWT discharge standards; (iii) supporting the monitoring and enforcement of sector regulations; (iv) formulating and implementing a roadmap to complete the corporatization of WAF; and (v) strengthening the financial management of WAF.

7. The PDA will support the government to deliver the concept design for design build operate, conceptual and detailed engineering designs for wastewater treatment expansion and sewerage works, and bidding documents for all works, and support the technical evaluation of bid proposals, as well as other project preparatory work for the project including (i) initial environmental assessments; (ii) a land acquisition and resettlement plan; (iii) a consultation and communication strategy for the project; (iv) technical review and support to the Government of Fiji for the approval of a national liquid trade waste program; (v) support for the development and approval of a road map for the corporatization of WAF; and (vi) a strategy to improve WAF accounting practices and financial management, and commence implementation. The PDA will allow the government to complete detailed engineering design and preliminary designs before the proposed project becomes effective.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Fiji has a population of approximately 868,000, of which 53% is urban. By 2030, it is estimated that two in three Fijians will be living in the country's urban centers. While poverty rates in Fiji are highest in rural areas, the rapid growth of peri-urban squatter settlements implies that the majority of poor people in Fiji now live in and around urban areas. Fiji's urban sector accounts for 60% of the country's gross domestic product, with the share of the GSA estimated at 40%. The GSA, which consists of Suva City the national capital as well as the towns of Lami, Nasinu, and Nausori and their surrounding peri-urban areas, accounts for 57% of Fiji's urban population. By 2023, the population of the GSA is expected to grow by 12.8%.

Despite the economic importance of the country's cities and towns, urban infrastructure and services have not kept pace with rapid urban growth. Extreme drought and flooding events as well as sea level rise result in higher cost in the provision of these services by the Government. Inevitably this is contributing to environmental degradation and increased health risks, and acts as a binding constraint on social and economic development. The improved delivery of urban water supply and sanitation services is thus essential for ongoing economic development and is a high priority of government. The investments to be financed by the project have been identified based on the WAF draft Water Supply and Sewerage Master Plan 2013-2033 and the WAF 2014 corporate plan.

Fiji's development plan entitled the Government of Fiji: Roadmap for Democracy and Sustainable Socio Economic Development 2010 2014 aligned to the Millennium Development Goals, has prioritized water and sanitation services in Fiji's socio economic development. The recently approved The Green Growth Framework for Fiji: Restoring the Balance in Development that is Sustainable for Our Future reiterates a similar commitment to enhancing accessibility to safe drinking water and sanitation in Fiji. In addition the Framework has recognized increased population growth, water consumption and climate change impacts as an impediment to efforts to achieving sustainable development.

Impact The project is aligned with government's objective to ensure that inhabitants of some of Fiji s most densely populated areas have access to regular and safe piped water and an environment friendly sewerage system.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Improved access to sustainable water supply and sewerage services.
Progress Toward Outcome The Fiji Urban Water Supply and Wastewater Management Investment Program was approved on 9 December 2016 and subsequent the Tranche 1/Project 1 (comprising the water supply works and Water Authority of Fiji (WAF) management components). Tranche 2/Project 2 for the wastewater and continued WAF management components is scheduled for ADB approval in quarter 4 2018.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. WAF increases access to reliable and safe water supply in the GSA

2. WAF increases sewer coverage capacity and reliability of WWT processes in the GSA

3. WAF management and sustainable service delivery capacity improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. On 31 March 2017, prequalification was initiated for two contracts, design-build-operate for the Rewa River Water Supply scheme and a construct only contract for the transmission main. The bid document will be issued to prequalified applicants before 30 September 2017. Contract award is targeted for quarter 1 2018.

2. Detailed design and preparation of the bid document for Kinoya WWTP is scheduled to be available by quarter 4 2017; and the detailed design and preparation of the bid document for the sewer system upgrades and extension is planned to be available by quarter 1 2018. Tranche 2/Project 2 is scheduled for ADB approval by quarter 4 2018, hence advance procurement will be used to align with the ADB approval date.

3. PDA support for state-own enterprise reforms roadmap developed, human resource management is expected to be completed September 2017. Non-revenue water and liquid trade waste program being implemented.

Geographical Location Lami, Nasinu Hill, Nausori, Suva
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The investment program will build new water intake and treatment facilities and will support implementation of WAF's asset management plan and annual works program to reduce non-revenue water in the GSA and will rehabilitate and augment sewer networks and waste water treatment facilities. Draft Initial Environment Examinations (IEE) was prepared for the investment projects. Tranche1/Project 1 IEE has been approved by the Ministry of Environment (on 13 June 2017).
Involuntary Resettlement A Land Acquisition Resettlement Plan and Land Acquisition Resettlement Framework has ben prepared for investments that require additional land, which might include the expansion of the existing waste water treatment sewer network capacity.
Indigenous Peoples The investment program has prepared a Indigenous Peoples Planning Framework. Urban population comprises of both i-Taukei and Indo-Fijians with slighly higher proportion of Indo-Fijians in urban areas, particularly in the Suva-Nausori and Nadi-Lautoka area.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Kohlhase, Jude Ernest
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Pacific Subregional Office in Suva, Fiji
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Economy
Level 5x Ro Lalabalavu House
370 Victoria Parade
Suva, Fiji
Concept Clearance 13 May 2015
Fact Finding 04 Jul 2016 to 15 Jul 2016
MRM 17 Aug 2016
Approval 09 Dec 2015
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 11 Sep 2017

Loan 6004-FIJ

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
09 Dec 2015 22 Dec 2015 22 Dec 2015 15 Feb 2017 12 Jan 2018 12 Jan 2018
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 9.35 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 2.65 09 Dec 2015 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 6.70 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 09 Dec 2015 0.00 0.00 0%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.


No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

Title Document Type Document Date
Urban Water Supply and Wastewater Management Project: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Oct 2015