Himachal Pradesh (HP), located in the north of India along the Himalayan range, has a population of 6.8 million. Despite constraints such as its hilly terrain, poor connectivity, and predominantly rural population (90%), HP has shown significant improvement in economic, poverty, education, and health indicators since 2000 owing to the concerted effort of successive governments to invest in infrastructure and improve delivery of basic public services. With the marked increase in secondary school enrolments over the past decade, the Government of HP (GOHP) now faces the _second-generation_ challenge of providing appropriate technical and vocational education training (TVET) opportunities to its youth to prepare them for the fast-changing needs of the job market.
|Project Name||Supporting Skill Development in Himachal Pradesh|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Education / Technical and vocational education and training
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||Himachal Pradesh (HP), located in the north of India along the Himalayan range, has a population of 6.8 million. Despite constraints such as its hilly terrain, poor connectivity, and predominantly rural population (90%), HP has shown significant improvement in economic, poverty, education, and health indicators since 2000 owing to the concerted effort of successive governments to invest in infrastructure and improve delivery of basic public services. With the marked increase in secondary school enrolments over the past decade, the Government of HP (GOHP) now faces the _second-generation_ challenge of providing appropriate technical and vocational education training (TVET) opportunities to its youth to prepare them for the fast-changing needs of the job market. The proposed project will assist GOHP in increasing the employability of its youth and improving their employment prospects by modernizing and reforming the state's TVET programs, aligning it to the needs of the market through public private partnerships (PPP), and improving overall quality and outcome of TVET programs.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Between fiscal year (FY) 2004 -2005 and FY2013 -2014, HP's economy grew at 7.8% as compared to the Indian economy which grew at 7.6%. Overall poverty declined from 22.9% to 8.1% between FY2004 -2005 and FY2011 -2012. Decline in rural poverty from 25.6% to 8.5% was commendable. Nearly all villages in HP have access to electricity. Two-thirds of rural households in HP have sanitation facilities as compared to all India average of 30.7%. Life expectancy in HP at 70 years is higher than the national average of 66.1 years. Overall literacy rate has improved and the gender gap has narrowed steadily. In FY2013 -2014, the gross enrolment rate at the secondary and higher secondary levels in HP was 120 and 96 respectively as compared to 76 and 52 for India. Owing to high female literacy and improved access to basic health, education, and family planning services, HP's fertility rate in 2013 was 1.7, which is lower than the replacement level. HP has a narrow demographic window till 2022 after which, the share of the working age population (15 -59 years) will begin to decline. The GOHP is keen to take advantage of this demographic window by boosting the TVET level of its youth. Despite the increase in secondary school enrolment and improvement in literacy levels, HP is constrained by the low employability of its school and college graduates. The challenge of _educated unemployment_ is growing. Like in the other states of India, general education at the secondary and college levels is not adequately aligned to the needs of the market. TVET programs in HP are fragmented across 12 government departments. There are no uniform benchmarks for quality assurance, outcomes, certification, or costs. Owing to outdated curricula and delivery methods, weak industry-linkage, and poor placement record, TVET is not viewed as a viable career option by HP''s youth. Consequently, there continues to be heavy dependence on government jobs in HP which is neither fiscally sustainable, nor economically productive. Further, a sharp mismatch has arisen between HP''s economic and employment profiles over time. Between FY2004 -2005 and FY2013 -2014, the share of the primary sector in HP''s gross domestic product declined from 25% to 19%, of the secondary sector remained stable at 38%, and that of the tertiary sector increased from 36% to 43%. However, as of FY2013 -2014, 58.5% of the workforce continues to be employed in the primary sector, 22.5% in the secondary sector, and only 19% in the services sector. It is estimated that between 2017 and 2022, there will be a net demand for 515,557 skilled workers. Yet, as of FY2011 -2012, nearly 90% of HP''s current workforce has not been exposed to any TVET training. HP''s TVET system needs to be reformed and scaled up on a priority basis to equip its youth with the skills required to make the transition from primary to secondary to tertiary jobs. In September 2015, GOHP established a skill development corporation the HPKVN as an autonomous body under the Department of Planning to deliver the mandate of the HPSDM by bringing about convergence across the TVET programs being run by different departments, and aligning all training with the competency levels specified in India''s NSQF and other national quality assurance and certification norms. There will be industry representation in HPKVN's Board to strengthen market links and catalyze PPPs in training and assessment. HP is one of the first few states including Kerala and Haryana to introduce vocational education at the secondary level successfully. GOHP aims to build on this by integrating vocational education at the college level so that a TVET career path can also be opened up for students pursuing general education. This project will modernize and reform HP''s TVET institutional framework, scale up the state's annual TVET training capacity by 17,000, and align it to the needs of the market so that the employment prospects of HP''s youth improves.|
|Description of Outcome|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs|
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Geographical Location||Nation-wide, State of Himachal Pradesh|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||The primary stakeholders (and beneficiaries) of the project are HP''s urban and rural youth belonging to low-income households, and students studying in government colleges and TVET institutions. Secondary stakeholders include the parents of these youth, teachers, vocational training providers, potential employers, non-government organizations, GOHP, and industry. The project is being designed in close consultation with these stakeholders. While undertaking the technical and safeguards assessment, additional consultations will be held focusing in particular, on women, poor students, and their families.|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||A total of 64 person-months of consulting inputs has been provided under the TA. ADB has engaged a firm (49 person-months for 12 national and 1 international consultant) as well as 3 individual consultants. The selection and engagement of consulting inputs was carried out in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). The consulting firm was selected on the basis of simplified technical proposal in accordance with quality and cost based selection procedures. A quality to cost ratio of 90:10 was followed.|
|Procurement||All TA-financed good will be procured in line with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time). All disbursements under the TA will be done in accordance with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended). The TA will be implemented over 13 months which commenced in February 2016 and completion in April 2017.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Chong, Fook Yen|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Human and Social Development Division, SARD|
|Approval||16 Dec 2015|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||25 Sep 2017|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|16 Dec 2015||26 Feb 2016||26 Feb 2016||30 Apr 2017||30 Apr 2018||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|875,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||875,000.00||16 Dec 2015||872,742.27|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Supporting Skill Development in Himachal Pradesh: Project Data Sheet (हिन्दी)||Translated PDS||Mar 2017|
|Supporting Skill Development in Himachal Pradesh: Project Preparatory Technical Assistance Report||Project Preparatory Technical Assistance Reports||Dec 2015|
|Supporting Skill Development in Himachal Pradesh: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Dec 2015|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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No tenders for this project were found.
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Project Preparatory||Technical Assistance 9060||15 Apr 2016||PriceWaterhouseCoopers Private Limited (India)||#8-2-293/82/A/1131A; Road No. 36, Jubile derabad, India/Andhra Pradesh 500 034 In 17th Flr,Bldg10,TowerC,DLF Cyber City Gu||Department of Planning, Government of Himachal Pradesh||390,457.00||—|
None currently available.