Mongolia: Managing Soil Pollution in Ger Areas through Improved On-site Sanitation Project
Around one-quarter of Mongolia's population resides on the outskirts of Ulaanbaatar, the national capital, within peri-urban communities termed ger areas characterized by limited or no access to urban infrastructure, inadequate disposal of human fecal waste, sanitation-related diseases, and increasing risks of soil and water contamination. The grant will support local livelihoods through improved household sanitation and strengthening the lifecycle for on-site (de-centralized) fecal waste management, including the collection, transport and composting of waste, in collaboration with communities, the private sector, and civil society organizations (CSOs). The project will serve as a model to scale up on-site sanitation in Mongolia and which complements infrastructure development in core urban areas.
East Asia Department
Request for information
- Water and other urban infrastructure and services
|Project Name||Managing Soil Pollution in Ger Areas through Improved On-site Sanitation Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Water and other urban infrastructure and services
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||Around one-quarter of Mongolia's population resides on the outskirts of Ulaanbaatar, the national capital, within peri-urban communities termed ger areas characterized by limited or no access to urban infrastructure, inadequate disposal of human fecal waste, sanitation-related diseases, and increasing risks of soil and water contamination. The grant will support local livelihoods through improved household sanitation and strengthening the lifecycle for on-site (de-centralized) fecal waste management, including the collection, transport and composting of waste, in collaboration with communities, the private sector, and civil society organizations (CSOs). The project will serve as a model to scale up on-site sanitation in Mongolia and which complements infrastructure development in core urban areas.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The provision of basic sanitation services poses special challenges in Mongolia, where traditional solutions of flushing systems and wastewater treatment plants are hindered by limited infrastructure coverage and the very cold and arid climate, in which water is frozen for several months of the year, bacterial decomposition is slow, and water supplies are scarce. About 60% (1.8 million people) of the national population relies on unimproved sanitation facilities, in particular unlined pit latrines. Human waste is discharged directly into the soil, and combined with poor hygiene awareness, presents risks to human health, and the pollution of soil and water. These issues are most apparent in Ulaanbaatar. Between 1997 and 2014, the city's population increased from 0.63 million to 1.39 million and by 2030 is forecast to increase almost 38%. Population growth has exceeded the rate of infrastructure expansion and around 55% (0.77 million people) of the city's population reside in ger areas, which comprise 79% (21,823 hectares) of the city area, around a core urban center. Only 37% of the city population is connected to a centralized sewerage network and most (95%) of ger residents utilize pit latrines. Soils in some ger areas are contaminated with disease-causing pathogens (e.g., salmonella) distinctive of poor sanitation, and waterborne diseases are common. Development programs are expanding the coverage of sewerage networks but will not reach many ger areas for a decade or more, while the rate of population growth suggests it is unlikely that complete coverage may ever be achieved.
(i) Public health conditions in ger areas improved; and
(ii) Soil pollution in ger areas reduced.
|Description of Outcome||Model for on-site sanitation and the prevention of soil pollution from human waste in ger areas is demonstrated|
|Progress Toward Outcome||Target khoroos households are using the improved on-site sanitation with satisfaction and willing to maintain and use it properly according to the instruction that was provided by the PMU.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Planning for on-site sanitation strengthened
On-site sanitation lifecycle piloted
Sustainability for on-site sanitation improved
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||During the project period a total of 59trainings and events were held and total1255 female (50%) attended out of totalover 2511 participants.Accomplished designation of legalground of the National Working Groupand developed legal documents,identifying objective, charter andresponsibilities.The governors of the target khoroos atthe Songinokhairkhan and khesegleaders were cooperative and engagedin the meetings and events that wereorganized by the PMU during theProject period.After the establishment of agreementwith households at selected khoroos ofthe project the PMU organized numbersof training to the contracted householdson O&M after completion of theconstruction work, with support ofcommunity outreach program.Prepared consultation program andcarried consultation lifecycledesignation for improved on-sitesanitation and ecosan technology at thetarget khoroos.Soil and Water monitoring program andcarried bacterial examination inaccordance with program schedule inagreement from March 2018 to May2020.Program was implemented atSonginokhairkhan 6, 7 and 40th khoroosand Bayanzurkh 27th khoroo by theUrban Development and InnovationInstitute under C001 package ofConsultancy Service.During this reporting period, the projectsuccessfully and completely piloted twodifferent technologies of the improvedon- site sanitation at the four projecttarget khoroos.Community outreach program iscontinually carried out according to theagreement, with the Devshil FinanceLLC under C002 packages ofConsultancy Service at selectedkhoroos of the project.By the period, the Contractor ofConsultancy Service under package ofC002, carried out the second survey toassess socioeconomic, attitude andpractice of the project beneficiaries.Around 7701 people from the 1500target households directly benefit fromthe installed toilet units, including 3856females.Developed and disseminated theOperation and Maintenance manual tothe households which were installed the improved on-site sanitation, accordingto the schedule.100% of the installed facilities aremaintained in accordance with theproject O&M.Completed Feasibility Study, designand overview and work plan to build theComposting facility. The Biddingprocedure had completed andcontracted with the Contractor hasselected to build, construct and equipthe Composting Facility atSonginokhairkhan 21st khoroo.|
|Geographical Location||Nation-wide, Ulan Bator|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||Based on the preliminary assessments, the project is classified as category C for environment.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||Based on the preliminary assessments, the project is classified as category C for involuntary resettlement.|
|Indigenous Peoples||Based on the preliminary assessments, the project is classified as category C for indigenous peoples.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||Consultant recruitment will follow ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). About 5 person-months of staff time will be required to prepare the project. Funds will be sought to recruit six specialists to help with data collection and project design.|
|Procurement||Procurement of goods and works will follow ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Fan, Mingyuan|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD|
Ministry of Environment and Tourism
Government Building II, United Nation's
Street 5/2, Chingeltei District,
Ulaanbaatar 15160, Mongolia Ministry of Environment and Tourism
Government Building II, United Nation's
Street 5/2, Chingeltei District,
Ulaanbaatar 15160, Mongolia
|Concept Clearance||03 Feb 2016|
|Fact Finding||10 Apr 2016 to 18 Apr 2016|
|MRM||02 Aug 2016|
|Approval||10 Nov 2016|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||26 Mar 2021|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|10 Nov 2016||22 Dec 2016||07 Feb 2017||30 Jun 2021||-||02 Aug 2021|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||2.80||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||0.00||07 Jan 2022||0.00||2.80||100%|
|Cofinancing||2.80||07 Jan 2022||0.00||2.80||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
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|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Journalist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||08 Sep 2020||14 Sep 2020|
|Project Assistant||Individual - Consulting||Closed||18 Aug 2020||24 Aug 2020|
|Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||03 Apr 2020||09 Apr 2020|
|Civil Engineer||Individual - Consulting||Closed||23 Aug 2019||29 Aug 2019|
|Environmental Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||23 Aug 2019||29 Aug 2019|
|Architect||Individual - Consulting||Closed||23 Aug 2019||29 Aug 2019|
|Finance and business management specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||17 Jul 2018||23 Jul 2018|
|Procurement specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||24 Apr 2018||28 Apr 2018|
|Project Assistant||Individual - Consulting||Closed||27 Mar 2018||02 Apr 2018|
|Legal Advisor||Individual - Consulting||Closed||16 Mar 2018||22 Mar 2018|
|Architect||Individual - Consulting||Closed||15 Mar 2018||21 Mar 2018|
|Construction Engineer||Individual - Consulting||Closed||15 Mar 2018||21 Mar 2018|
|Compost specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||03 Mar 2018||17 Mar 2018|
|Health and sanitation specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||20 Jan 2018||26 Jan 2018|
|C013: Social, gender and community specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||20 Jan 2018||26 Jan 2018|
|Health and Sanitation Monitoring Program||Firm - Consulting||Closed||21 Nov 2017||05 Dec 2017|
|Supervision and inspection of toilet construction||Firm - Consulting||Closed||07 Nov 2017||06 Dec 2017|
|Community outreach programme||Firm - Consulting||Closed||30 Aug 2017||19 Sep 2017|
|Soil quality sampling programme||Firm - Consulting||Closed||22 Jul 2017||20 Aug 2017|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor | Address||Executing Agency||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|COMMUNITY OUTREACH PROGRAM||Grant 9189||16 Mar 2018||DEVSHIL FINANCE LLC | ORBIT 60 4B SONGINOKHAIRKHAN DISTRICT KHOROO 2 ULAANBAATAR MONGOLIA||Ministry of Environment and Tourism||212,570.00||—|
|SOIL QUALITY MONITORING PROGRAM||Grant 9189||16 Mar 2018||URBAN DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION INSTITUTE NG | 108-23 SECTION 7 MARSHAL TOWN KHOROO 18 KHAN-UUL DISTRICT ULAANBAATAR MONGOLIA||Ministry of Environment and Tourism||178,572.00||—|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Managing Soil Pollution in Ger Areas through Improved On-Site Sanitation: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Jun 2021|