fbpx 49113-001: Managing Soil Pollution in Ger Areas through Improved On-site Sanitation Project | Asian Development Bank

Mongolia: Managing Soil Pollution in Ger Areas through Improved On-site Sanitation Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 49113-001 Status: Closed

Around one-quarter of Mongolia's population resides on the outskirts of Ulaanbaatar, the national capital, within peri-urban communities termed ger areas characterized by limited or no access to urban infrastructure, inadequate disposal of human fecal waste, sanitation-related diseases, and increasing risks of soil and water contamination. The grant will support local livelihoods through improved household sanitation and strengthening the lifecycle for on-site (de-centralized) fecal waste management, including the collection, transport and composting of waste, in collaboration with communities, the private sector, and civil society organizations (CSOs). The project will serve as a model to scale up on-site sanitation in Mongolia and which complements infrastructure development in core urban areas.

Project Details

Project Officer
Fan, Mingyuan East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Mongolia
Modality
  • Grant
Sector
  • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
 
Project Name Managing Soil Pollution in Ger Areas through Improved On-site Sanitation Project
Project Number 49113-001
Country Mongolia
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9189-MON: Managing Soil Pollution in Ger Areas Through Improved On-site Sanitation Project
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 2.80 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Water and other urban infrastructure and services

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description Around one-quarter of Mongolia's population resides on the outskirts of Ulaanbaatar, the national capital, within peri-urban communities termed ger areas characterized by limited or no access to urban infrastructure, inadequate disposal of human fecal waste, sanitation-related diseases, and increasing risks of soil and water contamination. The grant will support local livelihoods through improved household sanitation and strengthening the lifecycle for on-site (de-centralized) fecal waste management, including the collection, transport and composting of waste, in collaboration with communities, the private sector, and civil society organizations (CSOs). The project will serve as a model to scale up on-site sanitation in Mongolia and which complements infrastructure development in core urban areas.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The provision of basic sanitation services poses special challenges in Mongolia, where traditional solutions of flushing systems and wastewater treatment plants are hindered by limited infrastructure coverage and the very cold and arid climate, in which water is frozen for several months of the year, bacterial decomposition is slow, and water supplies are scarce. About 60% (1.8 million people) of the national population relies on unimproved sanitation facilities, in particular unlined pit latrines. Human waste is discharged directly into the soil, and combined with poor hygiene awareness, presents risks to human health, and the pollution of soil and water. These issues are most apparent in Ulaanbaatar. Between 1997 and 2014, the city's population increased from 0.63 million to 1.39 million and by 2030 is forecast to increase almost 38%. Population growth has exceeded the rate of infrastructure expansion and around 55% (0.77 million people) of the city's population reside in ger areas, which comprise 79% (21,823 hectares) of the city area, around a core urban center. Only 37% of the city population is connected to a centralized sewerage network and most (95%) of ger residents utilize pit latrines. Soils in some ger areas are contaminated with disease-causing pathogens (e.g., salmonella) distinctive of poor sanitation, and waterborne diseases are common. Development programs are expanding the coverage of sewerage networks but will not reach many ger areas for a decade or more, while the rate of population growth suggests it is unlikely that complete coverage may ever be achieved.



Improving the sanitation conditions of the ger areas requires addressing at least three areas: (i) strengthening the planning for on-site sanitation, including the development of pilot systems tailored to local socio-economic and environmental conditions; (ii) piloting these systems at the site level, and mobilizing the involvement of the community, private sector, and other stakeholders; and (iii) improving the sustainability of on-site sanitation, through capacity building and, developing a road map for strengthening and scaling up on-site sanitation.



At the planning level, there are no established procedures for the collection and disposal of fecal waste in ger areas. The role of local government agencies for managing or regulating sanitation is poorly defined. There is almost no involvement of the private sector for on-site sanitation, yet significant opportunities exist to mobilize partnerships between government, contractors, and communities for waste collection, treatment, and disposal. There is limited understanding of the links between the disposal of human fecal waste and soil pollution, and no long-term monitoring programs for soil quality and sanitation-related diseases to help guide the development of policies and plans. On-site sanitation systems are required which are simple, cost-effective, and replicable. At least one approach, ecological sanitation is appropriate for Mongolia and promotes resource recovery' of the fecal waste, through the diversion of urine from fecal waste within toilets, composting to certified health standards, and subsequent sale and/or use as fertilizer. This offers opportunities for income generation and approaches which prevent the discharge of fecal waste into soil, do not require pit excavation, and reduce pressures on wastewater treatment and landfill facilities.



At the site level, communities in ger areas have a low understanding of disease transmission channels and limited knowledge or resources to adopt new methods of sanitation. Most pit latrines in ger areas are poorly built and do not meet regulatory standards. Around 25% of homes in Ulaanbaatar's ger areas are on steep and/or rocky slopes (footnote 3), providing little opportunity for pit excavation or connection to sewerage networks.

Impact

(i) Public health conditions in ger areas improved; and

(ii) Soil pollution in ger areas reduced.

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Model for on-site sanitation and the prevention of soil pollution from human waste in ger areas is demonstrated
Progress Toward Outcome Target khoroos households are using the improved on-site sanitation with satisfaction and willing to maintain and use it properly according to the instruction that was provided by the PMU.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Planning for on-site sanitation strengthened

On-site sanitation lifecycle piloted

Sustainability for on-site sanitation improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) During the project period a total of 59trainings and events were held and total1255 female (50%) attended out of totalover 2511 participants.Accomplished designation of legalground of the National Working Groupand developed legal documents,identifying objective, charter andresponsibilities.The governors of the target khoroos atthe Songinokhairkhan and khesegleaders were cooperative and engagedin the meetings and events that wereorganized by the PMU during theProject period.After the establishment of agreementwith households at selected khoroos ofthe project the PMU organized numbersof training to the contracted householdson O&M after completion of theconstruction work, with support ofcommunity outreach program.Prepared consultation program andcarried consultation lifecycledesignation for improved on-sitesanitation and ecosan technology at thetarget khoroos.Soil and Water monitoring program andcarried bacterial examination inaccordance with program schedule inagreement from March 2018 to May2020.Program was implemented atSonginokhairkhan 6, 7 and 40th khoroosand Bayanzurkh 27th khoroo by theUrban Development and InnovationInstitute under C001 package ofConsultancy Service.During this reporting period, the projectsuccessfully and completely piloted twodifferent technologies of the improvedon- site sanitation at the four projecttarget khoroos.Community outreach program iscontinually carried out according to theagreement, with the Devshil FinanceLLC under C002 packages ofConsultancy Service at selectedkhoroos of the project.By the period, the Contractor ofConsultancy Service under package ofC002, carried out the second survey toassess socioeconomic, attitude andpractice of the project beneficiaries.Around 7701 people from the 1500target households directly benefit fromthe installed toilet units, including 3856females.Developed and disseminated theOperation and Maintenance manual tothe households which were installed the improved on-site sanitation, accordingto the schedule.100% of the installed facilities aremaintained in accordance with theproject O&M.Completed Feasibility Study, designand overview and work plan to build theComposting facility. The Biddingprocedure had completed andcontracted with the Contractor hasselected to build, construct and equipthe Composting Facility atSonginokhairkhan 21st khoroo.
Geographical Location Nation-wide, Ulan Bator
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Based on the preliminary assessments, the project is classified as category C for environment.
Involuntary Resettlement Based on the preliminary assessments, the project is classified as category C for involuntary resettlement.
Indigenous Peoples Based on the preliminary assessments, the project is classified as category C for indigenous peoples.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Consultant recruitment will follow ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). About 5 person-months of staff time will be required to prepare the project. Funds will be sought to recruit six specialists to help with data collection and project design.
Procurement Procurement of goods and works will follow ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Fan, Mingyuan
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Environment and Tourism
[email protected]
Government Building II, United Nation's
Street 5/2, Chingeltei District,
Ulaanbaatar 15160, Mongolia
Ministry of Environment and Tourism
Government Building II, United Nation's
Street 5/2, Chingeltei District,
Ulaanbaatar 15160, Mongolia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 03 Feb 2016
Fact Finding 10 Apr 2016 to 18 Apr 2016
MRM 02 Aug 2016
Approval 10 Nov 2016
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 26 Mar 2021

Grant 9189-MON

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
10 Nov 2016 22 Dec 2016 07 Feb 2017 30 Jun 2021 - 02 Aug 2021
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 2.80 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 07 Sep 2021 0.00 2.80 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 2.80 07 Sep 2021 0.00 2.80 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Managing Soil Pollution in Ger Areas through Improved On-Site Sanitation: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Jun 2021
Managing Soil Pollution in Ger Areas through Improved On-site Sanitation Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (January 2020-March 2021) Audited Project Financial Statements May 2021
Managing Soil Pollution in Ger Areas through Improved On-site Sanitation Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2019) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2020
Managing Soil Pollution in Ger Areas through Improved On-site Sanitation Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2018) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2019
Managing Soil Pollution in Ger Areas through Improved On-site Sanitation Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2017) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2018
Гэр хорооллын ариун цэврийн байгууламжийг сайжруулах замаар хөрсний бохирдлыг бууруулах төсөл : Төслийн МэдээллийнТайлан Translated PDS Mar 2017
Grant Agreement (Externally Financed) for Grant 9189-MON: Managing Soil Pollution in Ger Areas through Improved On-site Sanitation Project Grant Agreement Dec 2016
Managing Soil Pollution in Ger Areas through Improved On-Site Sanitation: Grant Assistance Report Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction Nov 2016
Managing Soil Pollution in Ger Areas through Improved On-Site Sanitation: Social and Gender Action Plan Gender Action Plans Nov 2016
Managing Soil Pollution in Ger Areas through Improved On-Site Sanitation: Project Administration Manual Project/Program Administration Manual Oct 2016
Managing Soil Pollution in Ger Areas Through Improved On-site Sanitation: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Feb 2016

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Journalist Individual - Consulting Closed 08 Sep 2020 14 Sep 2020
Project Assistant Individual - Consulting Closed 18 Aug 2020 24 Aug 2020
Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 03 Apr 2020 09 Apr 2020
Civil Engineer Individual - Consulting Closed 23 Aug 2019 29 Aug 2019
Environmental Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 23 Aug 2019 29 Aug 2019
Architect Individual - Consulting Closed 23 Aug 2019 29 Aug 2019
Finance and business management specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 17 Jul 2018 23 Jul 2018
Procurement specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 24 Apr 2018 28 Apr 2018
Project Assistant Individual - Consulting Closed 27 Mar 2018 02 Apr 2018
Legal Advisor Individual - Consulting Closed 16 Mar 2018 22 Mar 2018
Architect Individual - Consulting Closed 15 Mar 2018 21 Mar 2018
Construction Engineer Individual - Consulting Closed 15 Mar 2018 21 Mar 2018
Compost specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 03 Mar 2018 17 Mar 2018
Health and sanitation specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 20 Jan 2018 26 Jan 2018
C013: Social, gender and community specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 20 Jan 2018 26 Jan 2018
Health and Sanitation Monitoring Program Firm - Consulting Closed 21 Nov 2017 05 Dec 2017
Supervision and inspection of toilet construction Firm - Consulting Closed 07 Nov 2017 06 Dec 2017
Community outreach programme Firm - Consulting Closed 30 Aug 2017 19 Sep 2017
Soil quality sampling programme Firm - Consulting Closed 22 Jul 2017 20 Aug 2017

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
COMMUNITY OUTREACH PROGRAM Grant 9189 16 Mar 2018 DEVSHIL FINANCE LLC ORBIT 60 4B SONGINOKHAIRKHAN DISTRICT KHOROO 2 ULAANBAATAR MONGOLIA Ministry of Environment and Tourism 212,570.00
SOIL QUALITY MONITORING PROGRAM Grant 9189 16 Mar 2018 URBAN DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION INSTITUTE NG 108-23 SECTION 7 MARSHAL TOWN KHOROO 18 KHAN-UUL DISTRICT ULAANBAATAR MONGOLIA Ministry of Environment and Tourism 178,572.00