Regional: Building Climate Change Resilience in Asia's Critical Infrastructure

Sovereign (Public) Project | 49158-001

This proposed technical assistance aims to increase knowledge, promote innovation and good practice, and identify priorities for scaling up climate resilient investments in the Asia and Pacific region. The TA will improve understanding of climate risks and identify investment priorities to increase resilience to climate variability and change of existing and planned critical infrastructure in the region. The TA will cover developing member countries in South and Southeast Asia, and will assess vulnerabilities of infrastructure in the transport, energy and water sectors in the rural and urban context. The TA will also assess technology, policy and knowledge solutions that will increase resilience of infrastructure investments, including engineering measures, ecosystem based adaptation, financial delivery mechanism, insurance and risk transfer mechanisms

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Sinha Roy, Arghya
    Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department
    Request for information
  • Country
    Regional
  • Modality
    • Technical Assistance
  • Sector
    • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
Project Name Building Climate Change Resilience in Asia's Critical Infrastructure
Project Number 49158-001
Country Regional
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 9191-REG: Building Climate Change Resilience in Asia's Critical Infrastructure
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.50 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Energy / Conventional energy generation - Large hydropower generation

Transport / Road transport (non-urban) - Urban public transport

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban flood protection - Urban water supply

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description This proposed technical assistance aims to increase knowledge, promote innovation and good practice, and identify priorities for scaling up climate resilient investments in the Asia and Pacific region. The TA will improve understanding of climate risks and identify investment priorities to increase resilience to climate variability and change of existing and planned critical infrastructure in the region. The TA will cover developing member countries in South and Southeast Asia, and will assess vulnerabilities of infrastructure in the transport, energy and water sectors in the rural and urban context. The TA will also assess technology, policy and knowledge solutions that will increase resilience of infrastructure investments, including engineering measures, ecosystem based adaptation, financial delivery mechanism, insurance and risk transfer mechanisms
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Asia and the Pacific will experience most climate-related impacts. In particular, climate change will increase the risk of submergence, coastal flooding and coastal erosion in coastal systems and low-lying areas. It is estimated that by 2060, between 729 million and 983 million people will be living in low-elevation coastal zones in Asia, with China, India, Bangladesh, Indonesia and Viet Nam representing the five countries with the largest share of population in low-elevation coastal zones worldwide. Coastal infrastructure such as inland ports, seaports, roads, rail, airports, energy and water supply, energy distribution, storm water and sewerage, are highly sensitive to slow-onset climate changes such as increase in air temperature and sea level rise, and extreme events such as flooding arising from extreme precipitation, high winds, and storm surges. A detailed understanding of the impacts of climate change on Asia's infrastructure critical to its continued and sustainable development thus remains of great importance to inform national governments' development plans and donors support
Impact The expected impact is Scaled-up support for climate adaptation (ADB Strategy 2020 Midterm Review, 2014)
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Knowledge base of climate change risk to critical infrastructure in selected regions enhanced
Progress Toward Outcome The TA, currently in its final stages of implementation, has contributed to increased knowledge base on climate change risk to critical infrastructure through the development of 1) technical reports on the methodology for identifying critical infrastructure; 2) case studies (Cimanuk-Cisanggarung River Basin in Indonesia, Long Song River Basin in Viet Nam, Kelani River basin in Sri Lanka); and 3) vulnerability assessments in the form of hotspot analysis of critical infrastructure at risk to climate change. The Inventory databases of existing and planned critical infrastructures for the water, energy, and transport sectors (available in excel files), as well as the GIS- web based critical infrastructure information system, are being finalized. The TA's knowledge product is likewise currently being drafted.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Critical infrastructure in the energy, transport and water sectors in South Asia and Southeast Asia are identified

Climate change risk to existing and planned critical infrastructure in the energy, transport and water sectors in South-Asia and Southeast Asia are assessed

Policy, financial priorities, adaptation options and climate resilience standards for the target sectors are

identified

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) 1. Consulting firm, ICEM Asia Limited, commenced services on 24 July 2017 for completion on 30 June 2019. Subsequent variations in ICEM Asia Limited contract extended the completion date, first to 30 June 2020, and next, to September 2020.2. Analyses and consultations for identifying TA pilot countries were completed on August 2017; selected pilot countries include Viet Nam, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka. 3. TA9191 held a two-day Technical Consultation Meeting on 28-29 November 2017 at the ADB Headquarters, Manila, Philippines. The meeting was attended by ADB technical staff (Sector Specialists, RM experts [IRM and VRM via videoconference]) and the TA9191 team (ADB Project team and ICEM/ADPC team implementing the project), where they: 1) discussed technical aspects of the TA implementation (i.e., definition of, criteria and methodology for identifying critical infrastructure); 2) outlined activities of TA for 2018-2019; 3) assessed potential issues that may arise on-the-ground; and 4) brainstormed on the other possible concerns in the over-all implementation of the TA. 4. No Objection from the Government of Indonesia received on 03 October 2017; Government of Sri Lanka, 2 February 2018; and from the Government of Viet Nam, on 6 September 2018.5. TA Inception mission to Viet Nam was fielded on 29-31 January 2018. The mission team had a consultation meeting with relevant Ministries of Viet Nam who provided insights into the value addition that ADB client countries are seeking from their development investments.6. TA is collaborating with the Enhanced Water Security Investment Project (EWSIP) in Indonesia and TRTA 51122-001: Preparing Power System Reliability Strengthening Project (TA 9460) in Sri Lanka. TA9191 will provide technical inputs to the projects regarding climate risk and adaptation assessments, and its case study activities in Indonesia and Sri Lanka will place a special focus on issues related to the water and energy sectors, respectively. Results of the Cimanuk and Belawan climate risk assessments produced by TA9191 were presented during the EWSIP workshop in Jakarta, Indonesia on October 2019. 7. TA's first minor change in scope was approved on 02 March 2018. The change in scope addressed budgetary and implementation concerns related to the Consulting Joint Venture (i.e., ICEM Asia Limited and ADPC); modified activities associated to budget line Training, seminars, and conferences; and modified one of the outcomes in TA Output 2 (GIS web-based information platform produced into a web-based interactive geospatial database and analytical decision support tool). TA9191's Request for Extension of Completion Date and Minor Change in Implementation Arrangement was approved on 20 November 2018. The Memorandum proposed extension of TA, from 30 June 2019 to 30 June 2020; 2) extension of the Consulting Joint Venture's engagement (Contract No. 133034-S53054) from 30 June 2019 to 31 March 2020; and 3) a reallocation of resources. The Third Minor Change in Scope Arrangements was approved on 20 August 2019. It involved the revision of the reporting method for the deliverable as measured by Indicator 2a (Technical paper on climate change vulnerability of critical infrastructure) from a peer-reviewed article in an international journal to a technical report. The Fourth TA9191 Memorandum for a Minor Change in Scope and Implementation Arrangements was approved on 23 May 2020. Primarily, it extended the TA completion date from 30 June 2020 to 31 December 2020. It also mentioned the possibility of converting the regional conference into a webinar series.8. Three rounds of national consultation missions were conducted. The first round introduced the TA to the relevant Government Ministries; briefed the ministries on the TA objectives and expected outputs; and conducted a half-day workshop on climate change and critical infrastructure. Second consultation missions were comprised of meetings with national partners and other relevant line ministries; field visits to the case study areas (Cimanuk basin in Indonesia; Long Song basin in Viet Nam; Kelani basin in Sri Lanka), including visits to critical infrastructure complexes; and full-day workshops on vulnerability assessment and adaptation planning. During the final round of consultations, the TA presented its findings, including lessons learned from the case study analyses, and other outputs (i.e., web-based GIS platform and CI inventories). A workshop on strategies for building climate resilience concluded the national workshop series. 9. Case study missions in Bandung, Indonesia and Binh Thuan, Viet Nam were conducted on 14-18 January 2019, and 29 May-1 June 2019, respectively. 10. Future Activity: Virtual Dialogues on Resilient Infrastructures.National Consultation MissionsIndonesia: The 1st national consultation mission was from 9-13 July 2018; the 2nd from 14-18 January 2019; and the 3rd from 3-6 Dec 2019. Case study visit was from 17-21 June 2019 (Cimanuk River Basin).Viet Nam: The 1st national consultation mission was from 14-18 January 2019; the 2nd from 24-28 June 2019; and the 3rd from 18-22 November 2019. Case study visit was from 29 May - 1 June 2019 (Long Song River Basin).Sri Lanka: The 1st national consultation mission was from 11-15 March 2019; the 2nd from 19-23 August 2019; and the 3rd from 5-6 February 2020. Case study visit was from 20-21 August 2019 (Kelani River Basin)National Consultation WorkshopsConsultation Workshop on Climate Change and Critical Infrastructure (INO-12 July 2018; VIE-15 Jan 2019; SRI-15 Mar 2019)Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning Workshop (INO-20 June 2019; VIE-27 June 2019; SRI-22 Aug 2019)Critical Infrastructure and Climate Change - Strategies for Resilience (INO-6 Dec 2019; VIE-21 Nov 2019; SRI-6 Feb 2020)
Geographical Location Regional
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Sinha Roy, Arghya
Responsible ADB Department Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department
Responsible ADB Division SDCD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 23 Sep 2016
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 30 Sep 2016
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 08 Sep 2020

TA 9191-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
30 Sep 2016 - 30 Sep 2016 30 Jun 2019 31 Dec 2020 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,500,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,500,000.00 07 Sep 2021 1,454,723.02

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
TA Coordinator Individual - Consulting Closed 17 Sep 2019 23 Sep 2019

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Research and Development Technical Assistance 9191 24 Jul 2017 ICEM ASIA LIMITED(HONG KONG, CHINA) in association with ASIAN DISASTER PREPAREDNESS CENTER (ADPC)(THAILAND) Suite 2006, 20th floor, 340 Queen's Road CENTRAL HONG KONG HONG KONG, CHINA Asian Development Bank 996903

Procurement Plan

None currently available.