Regional: Building Climate Change Resilience in Asia's Critical Infrastructure
This proposed technical assistance aims to increase knowledge, promote innovation and good practice, and identify priorities for scaling up climate resilient investments in the Asia and Pacific region. The TA will improve understanding of climate risks and identify investment priorities to increase resilience to climate variability and change of existing and planned critical infrastructure in the region. The TA will cover developing member countries in South and Southeast Asia, and will assess vulnerabilities of infrastructure in the transport, energy and water sectors in the rural and urban context. The TA will also assess technology, policy and knowledge solutions that will increase resilience of infrastructure investments, including engineering measures, ecosystem based adaptation, financial delivery mechanism, insurance and risk transfer mechanisms
Sinha Roy, Arghya
Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department
Request for information
- Technical Assistance
- Water and other urban infrastructure and services
|Project Name||Building Climate Change Resilience in Asia's Critical Infrastructure|
|Country / Economy||Regional
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Energy / Conventional energy generation - Large hydropower generation
Transport / Road transport (non-urban) - Urban public transport
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban flood protection - Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||This proposed technical assistance aims to increase knowledge, promote innovation and good practice, and identify priorities for scaling up climate resilient investments in the Asia and Pacific region. The TA will improve understanding of climate risks and identify investment priorities to increase resilience to climate variability and change of existing and planned critical infrastructure in the region. The TA will cover developing member countries in South and Southeast Asia, and will assess vulnerabilities of infrastructure in the transport, energy and water sectors in the rural and urban context. The TA will also assess technology, policy and knowledge solutions that will increase resilience of infrastructure investments, including engineering measures, ecosystem based adaptation, financial delivery mechanism, insurance and risk transfer mechanisms|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Asia and the Pacific will experience most climate-related impacts. In particular, climate change will increase the risk of submergence, coastal flooding and coastal erosion in coastal systems and low-lying areas. It is estimated that by 2060, between 729 million and 983 million people will be living in low-elevation coastal zones in Asia, with China, India, Bangladesh, Indonesia and Viet Nam representing the five countries with the largest share of population in low-elevation coastal zones worldwide. Coastal infrastructure such as inland ports, seaports, roads, rail, airports, energy and water supply, energy distribution, storm water and sewerage, are highly sensitive to slow-onset climate changes such as increase in air temperature and sea level rise, and extreme events such as flooding arising from extreme precipitation, high winds, and storm surges. A detailed understanding of the impacts of climate change on Asia's infrastructure critical to its continued and sustainable development thus remains of great importance to inform national governments' development plans and donors support|
|Impact||The expected impact is Scaled-up support for climate adaptation (ADB Strategy 2020 Midterm Review, 2014)|
|Description of Outcome||Knowledge base of climate change risk to critical infrastructure in selected regions enhanced|
|Progress Toward Outcome||The TA, currently in its final stages of implementation, has contributed to increased knowledge base on climate change risk to critical infrastructure through the development of 1) technical reports on the methodology for identifying critical infrastructure; 2) case studies (Cimanuk-Cisanggarung River Basin in Indonesia, Long Song River Basin in Viet Nam, Kelani River basin in Sri Lanka); and 3) vulnerability assessments in the form of hotspot analysis of critical infrastructure at risk to climate change. The Inventory databases of existing and planned critical infrastructures for the water, energy, and transport sectors (available in excel files), as well as the GIS- web based critical infrastructure information system, are being finalized. The TA's knowledge product is likewise currently being drafted.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Critical infrastructure in the energy, transport and water sectors in South Asia and Southeast Asia are identified
Climate change risk to existing and planned critical infrastructure in the energy, transport and water sectors in South-Asia and Southeast Asia are assessed
Policy, financial priorities, adaptation options and climate resilience standards for the target sectors are
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||1. Consulting firm, ICEM Asia Limited, commenced services on 24 July 2017 for completion on 30 June 2019. Subsequent variations in ICEM Asia Limited contract extended the completion date, first to 30 June 2020, and next, to September 2020.2. Analyses and consultations for identifying TA pilot countries were completed on August 2017; selected pilot countries include Viet Nam, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka. 3. TA9191 held a two-day Technical Consultation Meeting on 28-29 November 2017 at the ADB Headquarters, Manila, Philippines. The meeting was attended by ADB technical staff (Sector Specialists, RM experts [IRM and VRM via videoconference]) and the TA9191 team (ADB Project team and ICEM/ADPC team implementing the project), where they: 1) discussed technical aspects of the TA implementation (i.e., definition of, criteria and methodology for identifying critical infrastructure); 2) outlined activities of TA for 2018-2019; 3) assessed potential issues that may arise on-the-ground; and 4) brainstormed on the other possible concerns in the over-all implementation of the TA. 4. No Objection from the Government of Indonesia received on 03 October 2017; Government of Sri Lanka, 2 February 2018; and from the Government of Viet Nam, on 6 September 2018.5. TA Inception mission to Viet Nam was fielded on 29-31 January 2018. The mission team had a consultation meeting with relevant Ministries of Viet Nam who provided insights into the value addition that ADB client countries are seeking from their development investments.6. TA is collaborating with the Enhanced Water Security Investment Project (EWSIP) in Indonesia and TRTA 51122-001: Preparing Power System Reliability Strengthening Project (TA 9460) in Sri Lanka. TA9191 will provide technical inputs to the projects regarding climate risk and adaptation assessments, and its case study activities in Indonesia and Sri Lanka will place a special focus on issues related to the water and energy sectors, respectively. Results of the Cimanuk and Belawan climate risk assessments produced by TA9191 were presented during the EWSIP workshop in Jakarta, Indonesia on October 2019. 7. TA's first minor change in scope was approved on 02 March 2018. The change in scope addressed budgetary and implementation concerns related to the Consulting Joint Venture (i.e., ICEM Asia Limited and ADPC); modified activities associated to budget line Training, seminars, and conferences; and modified one of the outcomes in TA Output 2 (GIS web-based information platform produced into a web-based interactive geospatial database and analytical decision support tool). TA9191's Request for Extension of Completion Date and Minor Change in Implementation Arrangement was approved on 20 November 2018. The Memorandum proposed extension of TA, from 30 June 2019 to 30 June 2020; 2) extension of the Consulting Joint Venture's engagement (Contract No. 133034-S53054) from 30 June 2019 to 31 March 2020; and 3) a reallocation of resources. The Third Minor Change in Scope Arrangements was approved on 20 August 2019. It involved the revision of the reporting method for the deliverable as measured by Indicator 2a (Technical paper on climate change vulnerability of critical infrastructure) from a peer-reviewed article in an international journal to a technical report. The Fourth TA9191 Memorandum for a Minor Change in Scope and Implementation Arrangements was approved on 23 May 2020. Primarily, it extended the TA completion date from 30 June 2020 to 31 December 2020. It also mentioned the possibility of converting the regional conference into a webinar series.8. Three rounds of national consultation missions were conducted. The first round introduced the TA to the relevant Government Ministries; briefed the ministries on the TA objectives and expected outputs; and conducted a half-day workshop on climate change and critical infrastructure. Second consultation missions were comprised of meetings with national partners and other relevant line ministries; field visits to the case study areas (Cimanuk basin in Indonesia; Long Song basin in Viet Nam; Kelani basin in Sri Lanka), including visits to critical infrastructure complexes; and full-day workshops on vulnerability assessment and adaptation planning. During the final round of consultations, the TA presented its findings, including lessons learned from the case study analyses, and other outputs (i.e., web-based GIS platform and CI inventories). A workshop on strategies for building climate resilience concluded the national workshop series. 9. Case study missions in Bandung, Indonesia and Binh Thuan, Viet Nam were conducted on 14-18 January 2019, and 29 May-1 June 2019, respectively. 10. Future Activity: Virtual Dialogues on Resilient Infrastructures.National Consultation MissionsIndonesia: The 1st national consultation mission was from 9-13 July 2018; the 2nd from 14-18 January 2019; and the 3rd from 3-6 Dec 2019. Case study visit was from 17-21 June 2019 (Cimanuk River Basin).Viet Nam: The 1st national consultation mission was from 14-18 January 2019; the 2nd from 24-28 June 2019; and the 3rd from 18-22 November 2019. Case study visit was from 29 May - 1 June 2019 (Long Song River Basin).Sri Lanka: The 1st national consultation mission was from 11-15 March 2019; the 2nd from 19-23 August 2019; and the 3rd from 5-6 February 2020. Case study visit was from 20-21 August 2019 (Kelani River Basin)National Consultation WorkshopsConsultation Workshop on Climate Change and Critical Infrastructure (INO-12 July 2018; VIE-15 Jan 2019; SRI-15 Mar 2019)Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning Workshop (INO-20 June 2019; VIE-27 June 2019; SRI-22 Aug 2019)Critical Infrastructure and Climate Change - Strategies for Resilience (INO-6 Dec 2019; VIE-21 Nov 2019; SRI-6 Feb 2020)|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Sinha Roy, Arghya|
|Responsible ADB Department||Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||SDCD|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||23 Sep 2016|
|Approval||30 Sep 2016|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||08 Sep 2020|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|30 Sep 2016||-||30 Sep 2016||30 Jun 2019||31 Dec 2020||29 Apr 2021|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|1,500,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||1,500,000.00||17 Jun 2022||1,454,723.02|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Building Climate Change Resilience in Asia's Critical Infrastructure: Technical Assistance Completion Report||TA Completion Reports||Jun 2021|
|Building Climate Change Resilience in Asia's Critical Infrastructure: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Sep 2016|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Building Climate Change Resilience in Asia's Critical Infrastructure||Validation of Technical Assistance Completion Reports||Dec 2021|
None currently available.
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|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|TA Coordinator||Individual - Consulting||Closed||17 Sep 2019||23 Sep 2019|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor | Address||Executing Agency||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Research and Development||Technical Assistance 9191||24 Jul 2017||ICEM ASIA LIMITED(HONG KONG, CHINA) in association with ASIAN DISASTER PREPAREDNESS CENTER (ADPC)(THAILAND) | Suite 2006, 20th floor, 340 Queen's Road CENTRAL HONG KONG HONG KONG, CHINA||Asian Development Bank||996,903.00||—|
None currently available.