The TA will support the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Common Agenda for the Modernization of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures for Trade by (i) creating national bodies in each country and a regional body to lead the modernization process; (ii) developing regulations, procedures, and requirements that are aligned with international standards; and (iii) improving the capability of border agencies to implement these measures at selected common borders.
|Project Name||Modernizing Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures to Facilitate Trade|
China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Knowledge solutions
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Industry and trade / Industry and trade sector development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||The TA will support the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Common Agenda for the Modernization of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures for Trade by (i) creating national bodies in each country and a regional body to lead the modernization process; (ii) developing regulations, procedures, and requirements that are aligned with international standards; and (iii) improving the capability of border agencies to implement these measures at selected common borders.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
CAREC countries aim for economic growth through diversification and competitiveness, with strategies to develop agriculture-based value chains and improve quality through better services that incorporate sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures. However, SPS systems of some CAREC countries are complex and not aligned with the World Trade Organization (WTO) SPS Agreement or international standards; (ii) the absence of risk-based analysis, and (iii) inefficient SPS controls at border points. Furthermore, there are no coordinated or comprehensive national SPS strategies, resulting in ad hoc interventions and incoherent institutional arrangements.
In 2015, CAREC endorsed the Common Agenda for Modernization of SPS Measures for Trade (CAST), a regionally agreed framework for priority actions to upgrade SPS measures and complement customs-related and trade-facilitating initiatives. CAST recognizes the need to revamp CAREC countries' SPS systems in a concerted manner in view of their similarity in agro-ecosystems, products, and agricultural practices.
In October 2017, the 16th CAREC Ministerial Conference endorsed a new long-term strategy CAREC 2030. The strategy provides for continuing support to regional cooperation to facilitate trade including the promotion of regional trade in agriculture through alignment of SPS measures with international standards, capacity-building on product quality and diversity, and improvement of shipment linkages. This will help member countries integrate into regional and global value chains. Furthermore, CAREC 2030 will support transboundary animal disease control and the development of a food safety network and a common quality control system.
Trade expanded and competitiveness improved
Movement of people and goods along CAREC corridors and across borders made efficient
|Description of Outcome||Sanitary and phytosanitary systems modernized|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
National and regional SPS working groups organized
National SPS measures substantially aligned with international standards
Technical capacities on SPS measures at selected common borders improved
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
A team of international consultants specializing in plant health, animal health and food safety were engaged supported by TA coordinator and national consultants from CAREC countries.
The TA was launched at the CAREC Regional Workshop on Modernizing Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Measures to Facilitate Trade held on 29-30 May 2018 in Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic. More than 60 participants from SPS agencies and development partners attended the workshop. Outcomes include (i) preliminary mapping of legislative reform needs; (ii) deliberation on the creation of SPS National Working Groups (NWGs); (iii) initial prioritization of SPS technical assistance and investment projects; and (iv) potential collaboration including with the World Trade Organization (WTO) and other DPs for related initiatives.
The workshop outcomes were reported at the inaugural meeting of Regional Trade Group in June 2018 which supported the establishment of regional and national SPS working groups.
Substantial progress has been achieved in terms of establishing the SPS national working groups (NWGs). As of March 2019, all CAREC countries have formally established their NWGs and at various stages of developing their respective National SPS Strategy (5-year plan) and SPS Priority Action Plan (3-year plan).
A mission to Mongolia was undertaken on 27-31 August 2018 to support the SPS NWG in performing their Terms of Reference (TOR) including through a workshop on SPS legislation and implementation; and assess laboratories and terminal inspection in Ulaanbaatar, among others. Relevant border authorities and personnel from border crossing points (BCPs) in Zamyn-Uud, Sukhbaatar and Darkhan-Uul also attended the workshop. Similar country missions with back-to-back workshop and site visits were undertaken in Uzbekistan in October 2018, in Turkmenistan in January 2019 and in Georgia in March 2019.
TA (through training, mentoring or advisory work) is being provided for identified national priorities such as: (a) SPS risk assessment and categorization for Mongolia; (b) amendment of animal and plant health laws for Pakistan; (c) pilot project for adoption of modern risk-based food safety management and inspection systems in Turkmenistan; and (d) adoption of various international standards for phytosanitary measures and pest risk analysis (PRA) management plan for Uzbekistan. A proposal for biosafety channel between PRC and Central Asia, through Horgos border in Kazakhstan is being developed.
Implementation of an ongoing investment project - Mongolia's regional upgrade of SPS measures for trade - has been closely coordinated with and supported on the soft side by the TA for introduction of risk-based inspection system and revise existing SPS related regulations as needed. TA mentoring was provided in June 2019.
A preliminary scoping study on the SPS infrastructural development of Gardabani railway was submitted to Georgia for investment consideration in July 2019.
In March 2019, a CAREC policy dialogue on regional pest surveillance program was jointly organized by the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environmental Protection and Agriculture, SPS National Working Group of Georgia, and Asian Development Bank in Tbilisi. Senior- and technical-level officials responsible for regulatory and inspection policies for plant health participated in the policy dialogue to discuss key challenges and prospects in modernizing phytosanitary measures in CAREC. The policy dialogue demonstrated good practices from Georgia from joint border-related quarantine and inspection services at the Red Bridge border inspection post between Azerbaijan and Georgia. The participants also learned new technologies from a commercial greenhouse producing variety of tomatoes and cucumber in Georgia.
In April 2019, a CAREC Policy Dialogue on Regional Program for Control and Prevention of Transboundary Animal Diseases was held in Nur-Sultan and hosted by the Ministry of Agriculture of Kazakhstan. Participants agreed on a regional framework to improve animal health situation, promote international harmonization and coordination, and facilitate international trade, including through: (a) discussion platform to agree on minimum requirements, mutual recognition and electronic exchange of veterinary and trade-related certificates, (b) improve animal identification and traceability,(c) data-sharing on surveillance and outbreak response and (d) for some members, potential twinning/exchange for training of laboratory staff.
The Sanitary and Phytosanitary Regional Working Group (SPS RWG) inaugural meeting was held in Tashkent on 24-25 June 2019. The SPS RWG, comprising chairs and supported by deputy chairs or other senior members of the SPS national working group (SPS NWG) in each CAREC country, will spearhead policy dialogues and regional cooperation initiatives toward greater harmonization of measures to facilitate trade within the region and beyond. The meeting (i) endorsed its terms of reference and discussed institutional structure and implementation approach; (ii) discussed the progress of regional and global initiatives related to implementation of the Common Agenda for Modernization of SPS Measures for Trade (CAST), which are SPS priorities under CITA and RSAP; and (iii) deliberated on the SPS RWG workplan which feeds into RSAP 2019-2021. Sector-specific programs or mechanisms were discussed for animal and plant health and food safety.
A report on Modernizing Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures in CAREC: An Assessment and the Way Forward was published in May 2019. The knowledge product assesses the plant health, animal health, and food safety measures of CAREC member countries; covering laws and procedures, laboratory infrastructure, and border services management. Translation into the Russian-language version and dissemination through various means (email and blog articles) are underway.
In September 2019, a Workshop on Simplified Modern Food Safety Management and Inspection Systems, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry (MoH) was held in Turkmenistan. The workshop included mentoring on risk profiling and risk-based food safety management systems for inspectors and food business operators in Ashgabat.
Following CAREC countries agreement to cooperate on a regional pest surveillance program and pilot in Fergana Valley, ADB and USAID Competitiveness, Trade and Jobs in Central Asia Activity (USAID CTJ) began to design and implement initiatives. In August 2019, ADB and USAID CTJ organized a pest risk analysis training for quarantine inspectors for select CAREC countries in Tashkent. A follow-up workshop/training was organized jointly by ADB, USAID and the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization on 12-14 August 2020 which was attended by around 35 specialists from National Plant Protection Offices of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
At the request of Georgia Revenue Service, a training for risk assessment of animal by-products was designed to build capacity for Georgia's SPS Border Control Division. Training modules were developed in March 2020 and a virtual training planned in April/May 2021.
At the request of Kyrgyz Republic''s Ministry of Economy and Ministry of Agriculture, Food Industry and Land Reclamation in June 2020, technical support has been initiated for the preparation of practical guidelines on the application of the rules for importation of food products from third countries.
At the request of the Mongolia's General Agency for Specialized Inspection, capacity building support were provided for SPS risk assessment and categorization based on international standards. The activity supports the amendment of the SPS components of Government Resolution No. 233 (Criteria and Indicators for Determining Risk of Imported Goods) and No. 60 (Risk Categorization).
ADB and CAREC Institute jointly conduct an assessment on the feasibility of electronic phytosanitary certificates. The study leverages on ePhyto solution designed by the International Plant Protection Convention and explores potential exchange of e-certificates. A Knowledge-Sharing Module on CAREC Trade: Facilitating Trade Through Digital Certification was developed in February 2021. A policy brief on Electronic Phytosanitary Certification in CAREC countries is forthcoming.
In February to March 2021, the TA delivered training program to strengthen phytosanitary measures in Uzbekistan, particularly in plant quarantine legislation, plant clinics, pest risk assessment for import requirements, and border related measures. Over 400 specialists from 13 regional inspectorates of State Plant Quarantine Inspection participated. The trainings will help Uzbekistan implement its commitment under the International Plant Protection Convention after joining in 2020.
A CAREC SPS week will be held prior to the second SPS regional working group meeting in April 2021.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||In 2015, CAREC endorsed the Common Agenda for Modernization of SPS Measures for Trade (CAST) a regionally agreed framework for priority actions to upgrade SPS measures and complement customs-related and trade-facilitating initiatives. In October 2017, the 16th CAREC Ministerial Conference endorsed a new long-term strategy CAREC 2030. The strategy provides for continuing support to regional cooperation to facilitate trade including the promotion of regional trade in agriculture through alignment of SPS measures with international standards, capacity-building on product quality and diversity, and improvement of shipment linkages. This will help member countries integrate into regional and global value chains. Furthermore, CAREC 2030 will support transboundary animal disease control and the development of a food safety network and a common quality control system.|
|During Project Implementation||Work is being undertaken with the SPS national working groups and in partnership with development partners.|
|Consulting Services||The TA will require 17 person-months of international and 120 person-months of national consultant inputs. The level of effort will be intermittent. The international consultants will be experts in plant health, animal health, food safety or related fields, and knowledgeable about the SPS Agreement and international standards. National consultants shall be the focal points for each of the 11 countries, and will have degrees in management or related discipline, good command of English, and organizational skills. A project coordinator will ensure that the work of international and national consultants, SPS working groups, and the regional working group are synchronized and complement each other. The consultants will be engaged by ADB in accordance with ADB's Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Lazaro, Dorothea|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Public Mgt, Financial Sector and Regional Coop Division, EARD|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||17 Mar 2017|
|Fact Finding||02 May 2017 to 06 May 2017|
|Approval||13 Feb 2018|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||29 Mar 2021|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|13 Feb 2018||-||13 Feb 2018||30 Sep 2020||29 Sep 2021||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|1,150,000.00||800,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||1,950,000.00||13 Feb 2018||950,195.30|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Modernizing Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures to Facilitate Trade: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Feb 2018|
|Бүс нутгийн ургамал, малын эрүүл ахуй, хүнсний аюулгүй байдлыг хангах арга хэрэгслийг шинэчлэн сайжруулах замаар худалдааг дэмжих төсөл : Төслийн МэдээллийнТайлан||Translated PDS||Feb 2018|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Expanding Agri-Trade in Central Asia through the Use of Electronic Certificates||Papers and Briefs||Jul 2021|
|Modernizing Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures in CAREC: An Assessment and the Way Forward||Reports||May 2019|
|Модернизация санитарных и фитосанитарных мер в ЦАРЭС: Оценка и дельнейшие шаги||Reports||May 2019|
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
Modernizing Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures for Trade in the CAREC RegionCAREC's Common Agenda for Modernization of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures for Trade helps countries address transboundary risks to human, plant and animal health while facilitating trade and improving access to global agricultural value chains.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|National Consultant Focal Point for Sanitary and Phyto-sanitary Measures in Azerbaijan||Individual - Consulting||Closed||04 Nov 2020||10 Nov 2020|
|National Consultant Focal Point- People's Republic of China||Individual - Consulting||Closed||10 Jan 2020||16 Jan 2020|
|Modernizing Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures to Facilitate Trade - National Consultant Afghanistan||Individual - Consulting||Closed||13 Mar 2019||19 Mar 2019|
|Sanitary and Phytosanitary Expert in Animal Health||Individual - Consulting||Closed||25 Apr 2018||01 May 2018|
|National Consultant Focal Point- Mongolia||Individual - Consulting||Closed||14 Apr 2018||20 Apr 2018|
|National Consultant Focal Point- Turkmenistan||Individual - Consulting||Closed||14 Apr 2018||20 Apr 2018|
|National Consultant Focal Point- Afghanistan||Individual - Consulting||Closed||11 Apr 2018||17 Apr 2018|
|National Consultant Focal Point- Tajikistan||Individual - Consulting||Closed||16 Feb 2018||22 Feb 2018|
|National Consultant Focal Point- Georgia||Individual - Consulting||Closed||16 Feb 2018||22 Feb 2018|
|National Consultant Focal Point- Uzbekistan||Individual - Consulting||Closed||16 Feb 2018||22 Feb 2018|
|National Consultant Focal Point- Pakistan||Individual - Consulting||Closed||16 Feb 2018||22 Feb 2018|
|National Consultant Focal Point- Azerbaijan||Individual - Consulting||Closed||16 Feb 2018||22 Feb 2018|
|National Consultant Focal Point- Kyrgyz Republic||Individual - Consulting||Closed||16 Feb 2018||22 Feb 2018|
|National Consultant Focal Point- Kazakhstan||Individual - Consulting||Closed||16 Feb 2018||22 Feb 2018|
|Trade Facilitation and Sanitary and Phytosanitary Lead Expert||Individual - Consulting||Closed||14 Feb 2018||20 Feb 2018|
|Sanitary and Phytosanitary Expert in Plant Health||Individual - Consulting||Closed||14 Feb 2018||20 Feb 2018|
|Sanitary and Phytosanitary Expert in Food Safety||Individual - Consulting||Closed||14 Feb 2018||20 Feb 2018|
|Project Coordinator - National||Individual - Consulting||Closed||08 Feb 2018||21 Feb 2018|
No contracts awarded for this project were found
None currently available.