Tranche 2 will improve the efficiency and safety of transport on the state highways of Rajasthan thereby providing quality connectivity for social and economic activities. It will (i) upgrade about 754 kilometers of state highways and major district roads (MDRs) to two-lane or intermediate-lane standards in keeping with road safety requirements; and (ii) enhance the capacity of the Public Works Department of the Government of Rajasthan (RPWD) by improving the business processes and procedures of its public-private partnership (PPP) division on project management, safeguards implementation and monitoring, and road safety. The project will catalyze the sustainable development of Rajasthan through the collaboration of the public and private sectors.
|Project Name||Rajasthan State Highway Investment Program - Tranche 2|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||Tranche 2 will improve the efficiency and safety of transport on the state highways of Rajasthan thereby providing quality connectivity for social and economic activities. It will (i) upgrade about 754 kilometers of state highways and major district roads (MDRs) to two-lane or intermediate-lane standards in keeping with road safety requirements; and (ii) enhance the capacity of the Public Works Department of the Government of Rajasthan (RPWD) by improving the business processes and procedures of its public-private partnership (PPP) division on project management, safeguards implementation and monitoring, and road safety. The project will catalyze the sustainable development of Rajasthan through the collaboration of the public and private sectors.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Rajasthan is the largest state in India, covering an area of 342,239 square kilometers. It has a population of about 68.5 million, 75% of whom live in rural areas and depend their livelihood primarily on agriculture and agro-based industries, mining and mineral processing, tourism, handicraft and cottage industries. Although Rajasthan has strong potential for growth in these sectors, it remains underutilized due to the poor connectivity to socioeconomic centers and social services. Road density in Rajasthan is around 63.61 kilometers per 100 square kilometers, which is significantly lower compared to the national average of 166.47 km per 100 square kilometers. In contrast, the number of vehicles registered in Rajasthan has increased significantly, from 10.07 million in 2013 to 14.9 million in 2017, with an average annual growth of 8.2%. To facilitate Rajasthan's development through inclusive economic growth and poverty reduction, the Government of Rajasthan aims to provide a safe, sound, environment-friendly and sustainable state-of-the-art road infrastructure network through the Rajasthan's State Highway Development Program (SHDP). To achieve this objective, SHDP needs to address the following four key challenges: insufficient state budget for capital investment on road constructions; inadequate road maintenance program; weak road safety management; and inadequate capacity of RPWD, in particular on road asset management and road safety. The investment program, designed as an integral part of the SHDP, aims to improve the performance of the state's road transport subsector to facilitate movements of people and goods in a more efficient, safe, and sustainable manner.|
|Impact||Good quality connectivity in all areas provided.|
|Description of Outcome||Efficiency and safety of transport on the state highways of Rajasthan improved.|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
State highways and major district roads improved
Capacity of the RPWD enhanced
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||An environmental assessment and review framework (EARF) to guide screening, environmental assessment and monitoring of subprojects has been prepared and updated to include the authority and independent engineer and clarify roles in the institutional arrangement. Tranche 2 is categorized as B_ for environment safeguards in accordance with the SPS. The scope of works for roads under tranche 2 is limited to widening of existing roads to mainly two-lane with granular shoulder. None of the roads pass through or are located near any environmentally sensitive areas. Anticipated environmental impacts under tranche 2 entail typical road construction-related issues such as the generation of dust, noise, exhaust, and waste from construction and worker camps; water contamination; restrictions on animal movement; and occupational health and safety hazards. To minimize adverse impacts on the movements of animals such as the chinkara, nilgai, and road users, particularly in the Thar Desert, the road design includes signboards and pipes turned into box culverts with vegetation camouflage to serve as underpasses. A consolidated Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) has been prepared for all roads with road-specific EMPs and EMoPs and has been disclosed on the ADB and RPWD website. Meaningful consultations with key environmental agencies and roadside communities were conducted during project preparation, and all concerns of the affected persons and stakeholders were incorporated in IEE and EMP. An integrated social and environmental grievance redress mechanism has been formed to continue receiving feedback and complaints from affected parties and addressing them during the construction and operation stages.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||A resettlement framework guides the screening and preparation of subprojects. Tranche 2 is classified as category A for involuntary resettlement following the ADB SPS. The engineering design was optimized to minimize land acquisition. Eleven resettlement plans corresponding to the number of project roads have been prepared following India's Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation, and Resettlement Act, 2013 and ADB's SPS, and have been disclosed on ADB's website. About 107 hectares of private land will be acquired, which will affect 645 private structures. In total, 2,295 households comprising 13,334 people will be impacted, of which 799 households will experience economic displacement and 1,496 households will experience physical displacement. The displaced households will be entitled to replacement compensation, shifting cost, and other income restoration assistance for the loss of land and structures. Impacts have been thoroughly assessed and the proposed measures in the resettlement plans are commensurate with these. The RPWD is experienced in implementing projects funded by international development banks and has committed to provide resources to implement the resettlement plans in a timely manner. The RPWD will engage nongovernment organizations to assist with the implementation of the resettlement plans, a project management consultant with a social safeguard specialist to support the implementing agency, and an external expert to verify the outcome of resettlement plan implementation.|
|Indigenous Peoples||Tranche 2 is classified as category C following the SPS. Due diligence has confirmed that there are no indigenous peoples groups in the project area within the meaning of the ADB SPS.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||Project implementation consultant (QCBS 80:20) and External monitor (ICS). All consultants will be recruited according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).|
|Procurement||International competitive bidding for 6 contracts. All procurement of works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Yang Lu|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport and Communications Division, SARD|
Government of Rajasthan
Main Building, Secretariat, Jaipur-302 005, India Public Works Department-Rajasthan
1 Jacob Road, Civil Lines, Jaipur-302006,
|MRM||03 Jul 2019|
|Approval||13 Sep 2019|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||22 Aug 2019|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||379.24||Cumulative Contract Awards|
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