The project will address urban development issues in several areas of Hetian City, located in the southernmost part of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR). Hetian is a growing (2015 population of 344,000 exceeds estimates) ethnic (87% Uygur) city, whose urban infrastructure and services are struggling to keep up with population growth. At the same time the city faces climate including an arid climate with very low rainfall, dependency on constrained water resources, and an encroaching desert. The boundaries for urban expansion, limited by the surrounding desert, force the city to build up, rather than out.
|Project Name||Xinjiang Hetian Comprehensive Urban Development and Environmental Improvement|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Water-based natural resources management
Transport / Urban public transport - Urban roads and traffic management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Renovation and protection of cultural heritage - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sewerage - Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project will address urban development issues in several areas of Hetian City, located in the southernmost part of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR). Hetian is a growing (2015 population of 344,000 exceeds estimates) ethnic (87% Uygur) city, whose urban infrastructure and services are struggling to keep up with population growth. At the same time the city faces climate including an arid climate with very low rainfall, dependency on constrained water resources, and an encroaching desert. The boundaries for urban expansion, limited by the surrounding desert, force the city to build up, rather than out.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Existing water pipelines serve approximately 80% of the total population and 65% have wastewater service access. As the population grows these percentages will decline unless services are further expanded. In addition, issues with pressure force some households to dig wells to supplement the erratic water supply, particularly in Jiya county. Largely untreated waste water being discharged into the main canal as one plant was closed while the new one is still being commissioned. Even when the new plant is operational, treatment capacity will soon be exceeded, and a return to this current practice is forecasted. At the same time precious water resources are being wasted as water is used once and then discharged. In addition to solid waste, frequent _black winds_ deposit large amounts of sand and dust across the city, necessitating frequent sweeping and collection. However, as growth increases, the solid waste management system will be overwhelmed unless it is reinforced and expanded. The same holds true for the public transport system. The system is already a low carbon pioneer (the fleet is 100% electric and compressed natural gas). However, large parts of the fleet are aging and will need to be replaced, a situation that will be exacerbated with population growth.|
(i) The West of the People's Republic of China developed with environment and social conditions improved
(ii) A well-off and harmonious society in Hetian City with environment, society, and economy sustainably developed
|Outcome||Living conditions for female and male residents in project areas improved|
1. Urban roads, bridge, and utility conduits constructed
2. Water supply, wastewater, and reclaimed water infrastructure renovated and expanded
3. Environmental solid waste infrastructure and equipment improved
4. Public transportation system and equipment improved
5. Capacity developed and skills built
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
For the loan will require the following:
(i) quality- and cost-based selection - 122 person-months
(ii) consultants qualifications selection - 26 person-months
(iii) individual consultants selection - 10 person-months
The TA will require the 24 person-months inputs through individual consultant selection.
Open competitive bidding/Advertised internationally - 5 contracts
Open competitive bidding/ Advertised nationally - 24 contracts
|Responsible ADB Officer||McIntyre, Andrew J.|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD|
Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Government
XUAR Housing & Urban-Rural Dev't Bureau
No. 462 Zhongshan Road,
Urumqi, Xinjiang, PRC
|Concept Clearance||25 Jul 2016|
|Fact Finding||16 Oct 2017 to 27 Oct 2017|
|MRM||15 Dec 2017|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||25 Sep 2017|
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