China, People's Republic of: Guangxi Modern Technical and Vocational Education and Training Development Program
The program will provide, in 2017-2022, timely and essential support for the establishment of a technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system that provides graduates with better employment opportunities in industries in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (GZAR) by enhancing the industry relevance of TVET, improving the quality of TVET, increasing the inclusiveness of TVET, and expanding the role of TVET in regional economic development. The proposed results-based lending (RBL) program is critical for GZAR to implement a comprehensive TVET system reform package with a focus on results and system improvements, in accordance with the GZAR''s Thirteenth Five-Year Plan, 2016-2020, which is in the second year of implementation. It is expected to create strong synergetic effects, together with the Guangxi Regional Cooperation and Integration Promotion Investment Program, on cross-border cooperation and training, particularly benefiting bordering Viet Nam.
East Asia Department
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China, People's Republic of
|Project Name||Guangxi Modern Technical and Vocational Education and Training Development Program|
|Country / Economy||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Education / Technical and vocational education and training
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The program will provide, in 2017-2022, timely and essential support for the establishment of a technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system that provides graduates with better employment opportunities in industries in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (GZAR) by enhancing the industry relevance of TVET, improving the quality of TVET, increasing the inclusiveness of TVET, and expanding the role of TVET in regional economic development. The proposed results-based lending (RBL) program is critical for GZAR to implement a comprehensive TVET system reform package with a focus on results and system improvements, in accordance with the GZAR''s Thirteenth Five-Year Plan, 2016-2020, which is in the second year of implementation. It is expected to create strong synergetic effects, together with the Guangxi Regional Cooperation and Integration Promotion Investment Program, on cross-border cooperation and training, particularly benefiting bordering Viet Nam.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The program builds on the experience of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and other development partners with lending and nonlending operations for TVET, including RBL, in the PRC, and will support the implementation of the GZAR Modern TVET System Development Plan. Lessons have been reflected in the program, including the importance of sustained incremental adjustments and improvements to the existing system based on national and international good practices, rather than introducing new practices in a fragmented manner, and the need for institutional mechanisms to engage industries in TVET. The program is aligned with two of the strategic priorities set out in ADB's country partnership strategy for the PRC, 2016-2020: supporting inclusive economic growth, and promoting regional cooperation and integration.
The use of the RBL modality is proposed for the program because the wide range of interventions required to establish a modern TVET system needs a clear focus on overall results-increased TVET graduates who entered stable employment in GZAR's industries-and system improvements, rather than a limited number of discrete interventions designed for specific TVET institutions. The program will involve 265 public TVET institutions spread across 14 municipalities of GZAR, which would be difficult if the conventional investment lending modality were used. RBL has the potential to expand the development impact of ADB financing, which accounts for only 2.5% of the total program financing. The GZAR government has strong ownership of the program, and demonstrates deep commitment to results-based planning and management as opportunities for system improvements and institutional capacity development. RBL also provides a platform for development coordination, relying on sector-wide and programmatic approaches. ADB and German development cooperation through KfW will cofinance the program based on a common program results framework, disbursement-linked indicator (DLI) matrix, program action plan (PAP), and program implementation document. Due diligence assessments provide assurance for effective achievement of results through RBL, with measures to strengthen government plans and program systems built into the program design.
ADB''s involvement in the government program will add value by (i) facilitating access to knowledge, expertise, and national and international good practice in quality assurance, industry partnership, and skills and knowledge transfer cooperation between TVET institutions in GZAR and ASEAN countries; (ii) promoting dialogues and partnerships among the government, TVET institutions, enterprises, and industries; and (iii) strengthening the capacity of the government to provide guidance and supervision for TVET institutions. ADB will conduct an impact evaluation study of the key program initiatives on student learning and labor market outcomes, and employer satisfaction, using experimental and quasi-experimental approaches. Findings of the impact evaluation study will be used to improve the government program.
Socioeconomic development in GZAR accelerated
|Description of Outcome||
A TVET system that provides graduates with better employment opportunities in GZAR''s industries established
|Progress Toward Outcome||DLI 1: TVET graduates who entered stable employment increased- 2020 target achieved.- GED shared the 2020 MyCOS annual graduate employment survey report on tertiary TVET colleges with ADB and KfW in October 2021.DLI 2: TVET provision based on industry needs improved- TA consultant provided trainings and developed a standardized template for the industry advisory plan for GED which has been shared with all industry steering committees- During the review mission in March 2022, a timebound action plan has been discussed and agreed to ensure that 16 industry advisory plans are implemented by 15 July 2022, verified by 15 November 2022, and accepted by 22 November 2022DLI 3: Competency-based approach in TVET piloted- Contracting of consulting services completed.- The consultant team has been enlarged by 9 persons plus a program coordinator based in Nanning to give DLI 3 the utmost attention.- The consultant team has been working on a detailed action plan to ensure that DLI 3 is achieved.DLI 4: Practical training facilities established in priority industries - The completion acceptance evaluation process is completed and report accepted by ADB.DLI 5: Model TVET institutions established- Evaluation report will be shared with ADB in Q1 2022.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Industry relevance of TVET enhanced
Quality of TVET improved
Inclusiveness of TVET increased
Role of TVET in regional economic development expanded
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||In progress. Prior results (2017) achieved. 2019 target achievement being verified by the independent third-party verification agency. The 2019, 2020 and 2021 targets are to be achieved in 2022.In progress. Prior results (2017) achieved. The 2019, 2020, and 2021 targets to be achieved in 2022. The targets have not been achieved due to delay in the recruitment of the consultant and the COVID-19 situation caused further delay.All targets have been achieved.Target achieved. As of Dec 2020, 20 TVET groups certified as model TVET groups.Target achieved. As of 31 Dec 2020, a total of 10 units in the first two batches of pilot have trained about 1,731 school-planned graduates, including about 450 females.Completed. All targets have been achieved: 2018 and 2020 targets.The reason for the elevated student-teacher ratio is because tertiary TVET colleges have expanded student involvement in recent years while the increase in teacher is not as proportional as that in students.GED is currently working on data collection.The ratio decreased compared to the baseline value mainly because of the reduction in secondary TVET students resulting from cancellation of poorly performing schools and promotionof secondary TVET students into tertiary TVET colleges.DLI targets have been revised and the minor change in scope has been approved. Revised targets under DLI 6 have all been achieved and disbursement completed. A service request in eOps will be submitted to reflect the changes.In progress. GED is currently working on data collection.In progress. During the March 2022 review mission it was found that 55 schools demonstrated improvements in star ranking. Thus, targets for secondary TVET schools for 2020 and 2021 have been achieved. GED will complete the assessment in October to November 2022.Target achieved. 633,200 TVET students received poverty-related subsidies (about 40% are women); and 533,300 students from colleges and universities.Target achieved. 42 TVET facilities with culture inheritance and innovation.Completed. All targets have been achieved: 2017 (prior results), 2018, 2019, and 2020.In progress. As of 31 Dec 2020, a total of 642 students (female: 249) received vocational education certificates annually - 1 CAM (0); 220 LAO (94); 64 MAL (24); 118 THA (17); 206 INO (95); and 33 VIE (19).|
|Geographical Location||Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||Outputs 1 and 2 will involve civil works on existing campuses or reserved lands that may have some temporary and site-specific environmental impacts. Any physical activity of the program that may be classified category A for the ADB environment safeguards is excluded from the program scope. The following gaps identified in the program safeguard system will be addressed through the program action plan and attached TA: inadequate disclosure of environmental monitoring reports and public engagement during construction, and some difference in categorization criteria for civil works and related environmental impact assessment requirements.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||Outputs 1 and 2 will involve civil works on existing campuses or reserved lands that may have potential involuntary resettlement impacts. Any physical activity of the program that may be classified category A for the ADB involuntary resettlement safeguards is excluded from the program scope. The following gaps identified in the program safeguard system will be addressed through the program action plan and attached TA: lack of identification of the poor and vulnerable groups during the screening process, lack of documentation of the consultation and information disclosure activities, and grievances received, and inadequate institutional arrangements, monitoring, and reporting arrangements.|
|Indigenous Peoples||Output 3 will support students from poor ethnic minority families and ethnic culture inheritance and innovation. The following gaps identified in the program safeguard system will be addressed through the program action plan and attached TA: lack of an effective monitoring and reporting system to analyze the performance of students from ethnic minority groups other than the Zhuang.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Consultations on poverty, social, and gender issues were conducted through (i) about 40 focus group discussions in 12 TVET institutions (4 tertiary TVET colleges and 8 secondary TVET schools), in which different groups of students (secondary and/or tertiary, female and/or male, ethnic minority and/or Han, poor and/or not poor, and disabled and/or not disabled) took part; (ii) about 30 key informant interviews with management teams of TVET institutions, representatives of students and teachers, and staff of relevant government agencies.|
|During Project Implementation||Industry associations will be involved in developing curriculum, training materials and methods, and assessments; delivering training; and providing research, recommendations, and guidance to align TVET with human resources needs in industries. Effects of the program on TVET graduates will be assessed annually through annual TVET graduate employment surveys.|
|Consulting Services||The RBL program implementation will use the country's program procurement systems. Guangxi Education Department will undertake the recruitment of consulting services.|
|Procurement||The RBL program implementation will use the country's program procurement systems. Guangxi Education Department and TVET institutions will undertake the procurement of civil works, goods, and services.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Chen, Jinqiang|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD|
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Govt (GZARG)
|Concept Clearance||18 Apr 2016|
|Fact Finding||17 Apr 2017 to 28 Apr 2017|
|MRM||11 Jul 2017|
|Approval||20 Sep 2017|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||20 Sep 2022|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|20 Sep 2017||14 Dec 2017||14 Mar 2018||30 Jun 2023||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||2,051.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||250.00||27 Jan 2023||231.00||0.00||92%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||27 Jan 2023||250.00||0.00||100%|
|Status of Covenants|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|20 Sep 2017||17 Oct 2017||17 Oct 2017||31 Dec 2022||-||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|600,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||600,000.00||27 Jan 2023||486,905.05|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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ADB Supports Vocational Education System Reform in GuangxiADB's Board of Directors has approved a results-based loan of $250 million to help establish a demand-driven technical and vocational education and training system in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor | Address||Executing Agency||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|PROGRAM'S ACHIEVEMENT OF SPECIFIED 2018, 2019, AND 2020 DISBURSEMENT-LINKED INDICATOR (DLIS)||Loan 3565||10 Dec 2020||PRC | PRC CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Govt (GZARG)||59,750,000.00||58,750,000.00|
|WA ON THE DLI FOR 2017 (PRIOR RESULTS) 2018 AND 2019 DLI TARGETS||Loan 3565||20 Dec 2019||DLIS | PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF CHINA CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Govt (GZARG)||65,750,000.00||65,750,000.00|
|WA ON THE DISBURSEMENT-LINKED INDICATORS FOR 2017 (PRIOR RESULTS) AND 2018 TARGETS||Loan 3565||04 Dec 2018||DLIS | GUANGXI CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF||Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Govt (GZARG)||21,500,000.00||21,500,000.00|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 9381||15 Oct 2018||BEIJING HELISON INFORMATION CONSULTING CO., LTD.(CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF) | Room 320, No. 12, Anhuili 2nd District,, District, Beijing, China,100101||Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Govt (GZARG)||123,128.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 9381||24 May 2018||NAREE International Limited(CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF) in association with Training & Technology Transfer Ltd.(NEW ZEALAND) | Unit N, 5/F, 4 Cho Yuen Street, Yau Tong Kowloon, Hong Kong, China||Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Govt (GZARG)||315,590.00||—|
None currently available.