The program will provide, in 2017 -2022, timely and essential support for the establishment of a technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system that provides graduates with better employment opportunities in industries in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (GZAR) by enhancing the industry relevance of TVET, improving the quality of TVET, increasing the inclusiveness of TVET, and expanding the role of TVET in regional economic development. The proposed results-based lending (RBL) program is critical for GZAR to implement a comprehensive TVET system reform package with a focus on results and system improvements, in accordance with the GZAR''s Thirteenth Five-Year Plan, 2016 -2020, which is in the second year of implementation. It is expected to create strong synergetic effects, together with the Guangxi Regional Cooperation and Integration Promotion Investment Program, on cross-border cooperation and training, particularly benefiting bordering Viet Nam.
|Project Name||Guangxi Modern Technical and Vocational Education and Training Development Program|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Education / Technical and vocational education and training
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The program will provide, in 2017 -2022, timely and essential support for the establishment of a technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system that provides graduates with better employment opportunities in industries in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (GZAR) by enhancing the industry relevance of TVET, improving the quality of TVET, increasing the inclusiveness of TVET, and expanding the role of TVET in regional economic development. The proposed results-based lending (RBL) program is critical for GZAR to implement a comprehensive TVET system reform package with a focus on results and system improvements, in accordance with the GZAR''s Thirteenth Five-Year Plan, 2016 -2020, which is in the second year of implementation. It is expected to create strong synergetic effects, together with the Guangxi Regional Cooperation and Integration Promotion Investment Program, on cross-border cooperation and training, particularly benefiting bordering Viet Nam.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The program builds on the experience of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and other development partners with lending and nonlending operations for TVET, including RBL, in the PRC, and will support the implementation of the GZAR Modern TVET System Development Plan. Lessons have been reflected in the program, including the importance of sustained incremental adjustments and improvements to the existing system based on national and international good practices, rather than introducing new practices in a fragmented manner, and the need for institutional mechanisms to engage industries in TVET. The program is aligned with two of the strategic priorities set out in ADB's country partnership strategy for the PRC, 2016 -2020: supporting inclusive economic growth, and promoting regional cooperation and integration.
The use of the RBL modality is proposed for the program because the wide range of interventions required to establish a modern TVET system needs a clear focus on overall results -increased TVET graduates who entered stable employment in GZAR's industries -and system improvements, rather than a limited number of discrete interventions designed for specific TVET institutions. The program will involve 265 public TVET institutions spread across 14 municipalities of GZAR, which would be difficult if the conventional investment lending modality were used. RBL has the potential to expand the development impact of ADB financing, which accounts for only 2.5% of the total program financing. The GZAR government has strong ownership of the program, and demonstrates deep commitment to results-based planning and management as opportunities for system improvements and institutional capacity development. RBL also provides a platform for development coordination, relying on sector-wide and programmatic approaches. ADB and German development cooperation through KfW will cofinance the program based on a common program results framework, disbursement-linked indicator (DLI) matrix, program action plan (PAP), and program implementation document. Due diligence assessments provide assurance for effective achievement of results through RBL, with measures to strengthen government plans and program systems built into the program design.
ADB''s involvement in the government program will add value by (i) facilitating access to knowledge, expertise, and national and international good practice in quality assurance, industry partnership, and skills and knowledge transfer cooperation between TVET institutions in GZAR and ASEAN countries; (ii) promoting dialogues and partnerships among the government, TVET institutions, enterprises, and industries; and (iii) strengthening the capacity of the government to provide guidance and supervision for TVET institutions. ADB will conduct an impact evaluation study of the key program initiatives on student learning and labor market outcomes, and employer satisfaction, using experimental and quasi-experimental approaches. Findings of the impact evaluation study will be used to improve the government program.
|Impact||Socioeconomic development in GZAR accelerated|
|Description of Outcome||A TVET system that provides graduates with better employment opportunities in GZAR''s industries established|
|Progress Toward Outcome||The first annual TVET graduate employment survey was conducted in 2018-2019. The achievement of 2020 target is to be verified by the end of 2020 (DLI 1).|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Industry relevance of TVET enhanced
Quality of TVET improved
Inclusiveness of TVET increased
Role of TVET in regional economic development expanded
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||Terms of reference for 16 industry steering committees have been approved and 2019 industry advisory plans are being approved (DLI 2). The preparation of pilot competency-based initiatives is ongoing (DLI 3). 196 practical training facilities have been established in cooperation with industry and enterprises (DLI 4). Provincial standards for model TVET institutions have been issued (DLI 5). Around 70% of teachers have been certified with industry experience (DLI 6). 23 TVET institutions have been assessed as having effective internal quality assurance systems (DLI 7). Partnership agreements between 7 pilot TVET institutions in GZAR and TVET institutions and enterprises in ASEAN countries have been signed (DLI 8).|
|Geographical Location||Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||Outputs 1 and 2 will involve civil works on existing campuses or reserved lands that may have some temporary and site-specific environmental impacts. Any physical activity of the program that may be classified category A for the ADB environment safeguards is excluded from the program scope. The following gaps identified in the program safeguard system will be addressed through the program action plan and attached TA: inadequate disclosure of environmental monitoring reports and public engagement during construction, and some difference in categorization criteria for civil works and related environmental impact assessment requirements.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||Outputs 1 and 2 will involve civil works on existing campuses or reserved lands that may have potential involuntary resettlement impacts. Any physical activity of the program that may be classified category A for the ADB involuntary resettlement safeguards is excluded from the program scope. The following gaps identified in the program safeguard system will be addressed through the program action plan and attached TA: lack of identification of the poor and vulnerable groups during the screening process, lack of documentation of the consultation and information disclosure activities, and grievances received, and inadequate institutional arrangements, monitoring, and reporting arrangements.|
|Indigenous Peoples||Output 3 will support students from poor ethnic minority families and ethnic culture inheritance and innovation. The following gaps identified in the program safeguard system will be addressed through the program action plan and attached TA: lack of an effective monitoring and reporting system to analyze the performance of students from ethnic minority groups other than the Zhuang.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Consultations on poverty, social, and gender issues were conducted through (i) about 40 focus group discussions in 12 TVET institutions (4 tertiary TVET colleges and 8 secondary TVET schools), in which different groups of students (secondary and/or tertiary, female and/or male, ethnic minority and/or Han, poor and/or not poor, and disabled and/or not disabled) took part; (ii) about 30 key informant interviews with management teams of TVET institutions, representatives of students and teachers, and staff of relevant government agencies.|
|During Project Implementation||Industry associations will be involved in developing curriculum, training materials and methods, and assessments; delivering training; and providing research, recommendations, and guidance to align TVET with human resources needs in industries.|
|Consulting Services||The RBL program implementation will use the country's program procurement systems. Guangxi Education Department will undertake the recruitment of consulting services.|
|Procurement||The RBL program implementation will use the country's program procurement systems. Guangxi Education Department and TVET institutions will undertake the procurement of civil works, goods, and services.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Asako Maruyama|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD|
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Govt (GZARG)
No. 1 Minle Road, Nanning, Guangxi
|Concept Clearance||18 Apr 2016|
|Fact Finding||17 Apr 2017 to 28 Apr 2017|
|MRM||11 Jul 2017|
|Approval||20 Sep 2017|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||27 Sep 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|20 Sep 2017||14 Dec 2017||14 Mar 2018||30 Jun 2023||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||10,222.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||250.00||20 Sep 2017||21.50||0.00||9%|
|Cofinancing||200.00||20 Sep 2017||84.00||0.00||34%|
|Status of Covenants|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|20 Sep 2017||17 Oct 2017||17 Oct 2017||31 Dec 2022||-||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|600,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||600,000.00||20 Sep 2017||35,934.95|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Guangxi Modern Technical and Vocational Education and Training Development Program: Program Safeguard Systems Assessment||Program Safeguard Systems Assessments||May 2017|
|Guangxi Modern Technical and Vocational Education and Training Development Program: Resettlement Framework||Resettlement Frameworks||May 2017|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
ADB Supports Vocational Education System Reform in GuangxiADB's Board of Directors has approved a results-based loan of $250 million to help establish a demand-driven technical and vocational education and training system in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 9381||24 May 2018||NAREE International Limited(CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF) in association with Training & Technology Transfer Ltd.(NEW ZEALAND)||Unit N, 5/F, 4 Cho Yuen Street, Yau Tong Kowloon, Hong Kong, China||Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Govt (GZARG)||Consulting Services||315,590.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 9381||15 Oct 2018||BEIJING HELISON INFORMATION CONSULTING CO., LTD.(CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF)||Room 320, No. 12, Anhuili 2nd District,, District, Beijing, China,100101||Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Govt (GZARG)||Consulting Services||123,128.00||—|
None currently available.