China, People's Republic of : Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project

Sovereign Project | 49309-002

The project aims to support the development of a three-tiered elderly care system (ECS) in Yichang Municipality, Hubei Province by improving the coverage and utilization of home-based, community-based, and residential-based elderly care services.

The project is aligned with the following impact: a three-tiered ECS (home-based, community-based, and residential-based care services) established. The project will have the following outcome: coverage and utilization of elderly care services in Yichang increased. Outputs include (i) home-based and community-based care services and facilities improved, (ii) elderly care service capacity increased and its support system improved, (iii) facilities and services supporting the integration of healthcare and elderly care established, and (iv) capacity of elderly care management and project management support developed.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Wang, Lan
    Sectors Group
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    China, People's Republic of
  • Modality
  • Sector
    • Health
Project Name
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project
Project Number
49309-002
Country / Economy
  • China, People's Republic of
Project Status
Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance
  • Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3767-PRC: Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project
Source Amount
Ordinary capital resources US$ 150.00 million
Strategic Agendas
  • Environmentally sustainable growth
  • Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change
  • Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
  • Governance and capacity development
  • Knowledge solutions
Sector / Subsector
  • Education / Technical and vocational education and training

  • Health / Health sector development and reform - Health system development

Gender
Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The project aims to support the development of a three-tiered elderly care system (ECS) in Yichang Municipality, Hubei Province by improving the coverage and utilization of home-based, community-based, and residential-based elderly care services.

The project is aligned with the following impact: a three-tiered ECS (home-based, community-based, and residential-based care services) established. The project will have the following outcome: coverage and utilization of elderly care services in Yichang increased. Outputs include (i) home-based and community-based care services and facilities improved, (ii) elderly care service capacity increased and its support system improved, (iii) facilities and services supporting the integration of healthcare and elderly care established, and (iv) capacity of elderly care management and project management support developed.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The People's Republic of China (PRC) has the largest elderly population in the world. Rapid urbanization, internal migration of youth from rural areas, and the previous one-child policy have affected traditional family support systems, which are currently unable to meet elderly care needs. The population is aging rapidly, while per capita income remains modest and social security systems are still developing. The growing demand to create a sustainable elderly care system (ECS) and develop adequate elderly care services exceeds current supply. Developing adequate elderly care is a major government priority. The PRC's Twelfth Five-Year Plan, 2011-2015 sought to create a three-tiered ECS. The Thirteenth Five-Year Plan, 2016-2020 continues to support the development of elderly care by further defining the roles of the government, private sector, and civil society organizations; and promoting better integration of health care and elderly care services.

Yichang is one of 42 pilot cities jointly chosen in 2014 by the Ministry of Civil Affairs and National Development and Reform Commission to comprehensively develop its ECS, expand coverage, and ensure adequate service provision. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) began working with the Yichang Municipal Government (YMG) in 2014 to support its program of comprehensive reform by creating the Yichang elderly care strategic plan. In 2017, 22% of Yichang Municipality's population of 4.14 million was above the age of 60, well above the 2017 national average of 14.3%. Within the municipality, there is great diversity in the distribution of elderly and their care needs. Developing an ECS to address such complexity and demand is a significant challenge and one that is faced by many municipalities in the PRC.

Yichang's elderly care strategic plan for 2016-2030 was finalized in 2016 and has five strategic directions aimed at (i) expanding coverage and range of services, (ii) ensuring financial sustainability, (iii) improving service quality, (iv) developing partnerships with private sector and civil society organizations, and (v) strengthening human resources. The project will align with the Yichang elderly care strategic plan, help develop Yichang's ECS, and improve services and human resources.

Yichang's ECS is still being developed. Home-based and community-based elderly care services are underdeveloped, and available human resources are severely limited. Elderly people who need care are unable to remain in their communities. Residential-based elderly care facilities are limited, either unable to provide adequate services (leading to low occupancy), or - in the case of public facilities that offer quality services at a reasonable price - have long waiting lists and are unable to meet demand. The imbalance between demand and supply results in the majority of the elderly receiving little assistance, if any.

Impact

A three-tiered elderly care system (home-based, community-based, and residential-based care services) established

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

Coverage and utilization of elderly care services in Yichang increased

Progress Toward Outcome
The project progress is behind the schedule. The overall project implementation progress is about 60% as compared with the elapsed loan period of 80%. The cumulative contract commitments were $53.90 million accounting for 36% of the loan amount; total disbursement reached $42.00 million accounting for 28% of the loan amount.

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

1. Home-based and community-based care services and facilities improved

2. Elderly care service capacity increased and its support system improved

3. Facilities and services supporting the integration of health care and elderly care established

4. Capacity of elderly care management and project management support developed

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Construction of 10 CECCs, SPH and Dementia Care Center is ongoing; Procurement of the geriatric hospital, CMTCC and ICT platform is under preparation, expected to start in Q3 2023. The ICT consulting firm (YC-ICT-S01) has been in place in Q2 2022 to prepare TOR for the software development consulting firm (YC-ICT-S02), which will be recruited soon. Training programs are developed and trainings are ongoing.
Geographical Location
Yichang

Safeguard Categories

Environment
B
Involuntary Resettlement
B
Indigenous Peoples
C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
An initial environmental examination (IEE), including an environmental management plan (EMP), was prepared and disclosed on the ADB website on 19 July 2018. The EMP identified potential environmental impacts and risks for the pre-construction, construction, and operational phases; and proposed mitigation measures. The IEE concluded that the anticipated environmental impacts are insignificant and temporary, and can be mitigated through EMP implementation. Construction of 2 proposed geriatric hospitals, an elderly care nursing home, a dementia care center, and 16 CECCs is expected to have minor impacts on air and water quality, solid waste management, and soil and groundwater contamination during construction and operational stages; which can be adequately mitigated through EMP implementation and monitoring. Medical waste management due diligenceaddressing storage, transportation, treatment, and associated facilitiesfound safeguards procedures and operations to be adequate and strictly followed, and in compliance with both PRC and international regulations. YMG confirmed its commitment and capacity to implement the EMP. Further capacity-building measures were proposed in the EMP and agreed by YMG. A grievance redress mechanism will be established. The procedures, reporting timelines, and roles and responsibilities of all agencies are described in the EMP. YMG has full responsibility for safeguards oversight and EMP implementation and compliance.
Involuntary Resettlement
The project will acquire 6.28 hectares (ha) of land, 4.19 ha of collectively owned land, and 2.09 ha of state-owned land. A total of 15,313 square meters (m2) of houses will be demolished, including residential houses (5,433 m2) and nonresidential buildings of three enterprises (about 9,880 m2). The 269 affected persons include (i) 170 persons in 44 households, (ii) 51 employees in three enterprises, and (iii) 4 renters with 48 persons. Three households with 10 persons will lose their residential houses because of the demolition or the conversion to CECCs. Land acquisition will affect 23 households with 88 persons, and 18 households with 72 persons will be affected by land acquisition and demolition. The YMG will be responsible for compensation and provision of support and assistance prior to land acquisition and relocation activities. Affected persons do not rely on agriculture for their livelihoods, and the area of land lost is too small to impact household incomes. Land compensation payments will be considerable. Those who lose houses will be offered cash compensation at replacement cost or resettlement housing from the local government, and building compensation will enable them to purchase houses equal in size to their original houses. The three affected enterprises will receive negotiated prices before project implementation. The four affected renters with 48 persons will be compensated according to their contractual arrangements. The project team has informed the affected business owners and their employees when the properties will be acquired, and the local government will help them find new locations to continue their business activities. The project will provide skilled and unskilled job opportunities on a priority basis for all project-affected persons during construction and operation.
Indigenous Peoples
The People's Republic of China (PRC) has preferential policies for ethnic minorities, to ensure they participate in service administration and development programs, and manage their internal affairs. Ethnic minorities account for less than 1% of the population in the project impact areas. Most of the ethnic minorities in project impact areas (87%) are from the Tujia ethnic minority group, who share similar economic opportunities and social recognition with the PRC's dominant Han population. The project will ensure elderly people, regardless of ethnicity, gain equal access to elderly care services based on care needs, and that their cultural and religious sensitivities are recognized and elderly care providers accommodate any special dietary requirements. Ethnic minorities associate well with other communities and will equally benefit from the project. Therefore, an ethnic minority development plan is not needed.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation

During Project Design
The project will (i) ensure that elderly men and women participate equally in project-related public consultations; (ii) incorporate gender-responsive features in the project design, if any; (iii) promote increased employment opportunities for women; and (iv) build the executing and implementing agencies' institutional capacity for gender mainstreaming by engaging the All China Women's Federation to undertake employment training and public awareness creation.
During Project Implementation

Business Opportunities

Consulting Services

QCBS (project implementation support) - 156 person-months

QCBS (external monitoring) - 72 person-months

Individual consultants selection (start-up) - 57 person-months

QCBS (elderly care technical support) - 49 person-months

Individual consultants selection (elderly care system development) - 60 person-months

CQS (elderly care-ICT platform preparation) - 27 person-months

QCBS (elderly care-ICT software development) - 200 person-months

Procurement

National competitive bidding - 26 contracts

Shopping- 2 contracts

Contact

Responsible ADB Officer
Wang, Lan
Responsible ADB Department
Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division
Human and Social Development Sector Office (SG-HSD)
Executing Agencies
Hubei Provincial Finance Department
Yichang Municipal Government

Timetable

Concept Clearance
23 Nov 2016
Fact Finding
23 May 2018 to 31 May 2018
MRM
06 Aug 2018
Approval
13 Dec 2018
Last Review Mission
-
Last PDS Update
20 Sep 2023

Funding

Loan 3767-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
13 Dec 2018 31 May 2019 12 Sep 2019 31 Dec 2024 - -
Financing Plan
  Total (Amount in US$ million)
Project Cost 305.05
ADB 150.00
Counterpart 155.05
Cofinancing 0.00
Loan Utilization
  Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Cumulative Contract Awards 06 Jun 2024 59.79 0.00 40%
Cumulative Disbursements 06 Jun 2024 52.00 0.00 35%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Feb 2024
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2022) Audited Project Financial Statements Jul 2023
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Updated Project Administration Manual Project/Program Administration Manual Dec 2022
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (January-December 2021) Audited Project Financial Statements Jul 2022
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (July-December 2020) Audited Project Financial Statements Jul 2021
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (1 July 2017-31 December 2019) Audited Project Financial Statements Jul 2020
Loan Agreement (Ordinary Operations) for Loan 3767-PRC: Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) May 2019
Project Agreement for Loan 3767-PRC: Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project Project/Program Agreements May 2019
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Report and Recommendation of the President Reports and Recommendations of the President Nov 2018
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Project Administration Manual Project/Program Administration Manual Nov 2018
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Social Development and Gender Action Plan Gender Action Plans Nov 2018
湖北宜昌综合养老服务示范项目 : 项目数据表 Translated PDS Nov 2016

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: External Resettlement Monitoring and Evaluation Report No. 6 Social Monitoring Reports Mar 2024
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: External Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2023) Environmental Monitoring Reports Feb 2024
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Addendum to Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Oct 2023
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: New Projects Resettlement Due Diligence Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Oct 2023
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: External Resettlement Monitoring and Evaluation Report No. 5 Social Monitoring Reports Sep 2023
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: External Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2023) Environmental Monitoring Reports Aug 2023
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: External Resettlement Monitoring and Evaluation Report No. 4 Social Monitoring Reports Mar 2023
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: External Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2022) Environmental Monitoring Reports Feb 2023
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Addendum to Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Dec 2022
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: External Resettlement Monitoring and Evaluation Report No. 3 Social Monitoring Reports Oct 2022
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: External Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2022) Environmental Monitoring Reports Aug 2022
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Updated Resettlement Plan and Resettlement Due Diligence Report Resettlement Plans Aug 2022
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: External Resettlement Monitoring and Evaluation Report No. 1 Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2022
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: External Resettlement Monitoring and Evaluation Report No. 2 Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2022
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: External Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2021) Environmental Monitoring Reports May 2022
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2021) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2022
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2021) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2021
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2020) Environmental Monitoring Reports Apr 2021
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Resettlement External Monitoring Report (June 2019-June 2020) Social Monitoring Reports Aug 2020
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Environmental Monitoring Report (September 2019-June 2020) Environmental Monitoring Reports Aug 2020
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jul 2018
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans May 2018

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

  • 14 Dec 2018 | News Release

    New ADB Project to Showcase Elderly Care Options in the PRC

    ADB has approved a $150 million loan to help develop a comprehensive elderly care system in Yichang in central-eastern Hubei province to showcase ways that other cities in the PRC can look after their aging citizens.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
ICT Supervision Consultant Firm - Consulting Closed
Expert for Strategic Planning of Elderly Care Service System Individual - Consulting Closed
Planning Expert for Forum on Elderly Care Individual - Consulting Closed
Expert for Standardization of Facilities for the Aged Individual - Consulting Closed
Consulting service for the construction of information platform of intelligent elderly service Firm - Consulting Closed
Geriatric Hospital Planner Individual - Consulting Closed
3767-PRC: Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project (YC-TC-E20) Invitation for Bids Closed
Geriatric Hospital Planner Individual - Consulting Closed
External Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) Services Firm - Consulting Closed
Medical facility engineer Individual - Consulting Closed
Medical equipment specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
Geriatric Hospital Planner Individual - Consulting Closed
ICT specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
Geriatric care specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
Elderly Care Expert Individual - Consulting Closed
Project Management and Capacity Development Consulting Service Firm - Consulting Closed
Environmental Safeguard Individual - Consulting Closed
Social and Resettlement Safeguard Individual - Consulting Closed
Management and Procurement Expert Individual - Consulting Closed
Elderly care facility design specialist Individual - Consulting Closed

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
YC-ZX-C03d: Civil works for CECC at Tucheng village Loan 3767 26 Dec 2023 China Railway 25 Bureau Group Co., Ltd. | Guangdong Yichang Municipal Government 1,705,749.10 1,705,749.10
YC-ZX-C03b: Civil works for CECC at the Civil Affairs Bureau at Xiaoting District Loan 3767 26 Dec 2023 China Railway 25 Bureau Group Co., Ltd. | Guangdong Yichang Municipal Government 2,179,262.21 2,179,262.21
YC-2H-C02: Air conditioning and ventilation system Loan 3767 02 Aug 2023 Baicheng Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Technology (Hubei) Co., Ltd. | Hubei Yichang Municipal Government 1,590,681.75 1,555,942.94
YC-ZX-C03e: Civil works for CECC at the Agriculture Machine Company (beside the original new century training school) Loan 3767 24 Jul 2023 China Chemical Engineering 16th Construction Co., Ltd. | Hubei Yichang Municipal Government 1,532,886.00 1,532,886.00
YC-ZX-C03c: Civil works for CECC at the Shantou Road in Gaoxin District Loan 3767 27 Feb 2023 Zhongheng Construction Group Co., Ltd. | Jiangxi Yichang Municipal Government 3,899,507.93 3,870,756.22
YC-TC-E21: Equipment of practical training center (elderly medical treatment simulation, rehabilitation simulation, oral medicine simulation, elderly-medical technology, nursing preclinical medicine Loan 3767 16 Dec 2022 Tianjin Tianyan Technology Co., Ltd. | Tianjin Yichang Municipal Government 2,988,834.11 2,988,834.11
YC-DC-C04a: Dementia Care Center civil works Loan 3767 29 Sep 2022 Sichuan Huayuan Construction Engineering Co., Ltd. | Sichuan Yichang Municipal Government 4,474,512.41 4,474,512.41
YC-ZJ-C01a: CECC-Main building construction Loan 3767 11 Jul 2022 Sichuan Huayuan Construction Engineering Co., Ltd. | Sichuan Yichang Municipal Government 4,037,223.49 2,481,501.61
YC-ICT-S01: Consulting services to prepare the elderly care-ICT Platform Loan 3767 09 Mar 2022 Hubei Post and Telecommunications Planning and Design Co., Ltd. | Jianghan district, Changqing 3rd Road No.2, Wuhan City, Hubei Province Yichang Municipal Government 119,131.00 119,131.00
Procurement of Goods for Wellness & Care Training Centre Loan 3767 07 Mar 2022 Wuhan Jinmao Engineering Technology Co., Ltd. | 9th floor Building 4 In Dangdai Science and Technology Park, Road One of Guannanyuan East Lake New Technology Development Zone, Wuhan China Yichang Municipal Government 1,170,494.55 1,169,277.53
CECC Main Building Construction at Zigui Loan 3767 18 Sep 2021 Tianbao Construction Group Co. Ltd. | Guanyun East Road #33 Zhuozhou City Baoding City in Hebei Province Yichang Municipal Government 2,347,581.07 2,345,348.06
Building construction-Geriatric Hospital Construction Loan 3767 18 Sep 2021 Shanxi Construction Engineering Group Co. Ltd | 9 Xinjian Road Yingze District Taiyuan Province Shanxi Province 030032 Yichang Municipal Government 22,759,450.50 22,701,397.05
EXTERNAL MONITORS Loan 3767 28 May 2021 WUHAN YUNHAICHENG ENG CONSULTING | WUHAN, YICHANG CHINA, PEOPLE'S REP. OF Yichang Municipal Government 456,900.00 456,900.00
CECC MAIN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION IN YIDU Loan 3767 19 Mar 2021 FUJIAN LONGCHENG CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO., LTD | FLOOR 22-23 IN LONGCHENG BUILDING, ZIWEI ROAD, SHIMA TOWN, LONGHAI CITY, FUJIAN CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF Yichang Municipal Government 4,192,631.07 4,022,798.58
PROJECT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT AND CAPACITY DEVELOPMEN T Loan 3767 10 Dec 2020 HUBEI CHENGKANG FUTURE CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCTS | HUBEI CHENGKANG FUTURE ENGINEERING CONSULTING CO., LTD. (PRC CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF Yichang Municipal Government 594,367.00 594,367.00
YILING DISTRICT CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU COMMUNITY- BASED ELDERLY CARE CENTER RECONSTRUCTION WORK Loan 3767 10 Dec 2020 XIAMEN CHENGJIAN CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD | ROOM 206, NO. 101 LIANHUA ST LIANHUA TOWN, TONG?AN DISTRICT, XIAMEN CITY CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF Yichang Municipal Government 3,013,932.88 2,520,936.98
COMMUNITY-BASED ELDERLY CARE CENTER (CHILDREN'S PARK AND FORMER LABOR BUSINESS HOTEL) CIVIL AND DECORATION WORKS Loan 3767 26 Nov 2020 ZHONGDI YINGGANG CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO., LTD | RN ROAD, RARE EARTH HIGH-TECH ZONE, BAOT OU CITY, IMAR, PRC CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF Yichang Municipal Government 2,887,878.06 2,887,878.06

Procurement Plan

Title Document Type Document Date
Hubei Yichang Comprehensive Elderly Care Demonstration Project: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Feb 2024