Vanuatu: Cyclone Pam School Reconstruction Project

Sovereign Project | 49320-001

The Asian Development Bank is working with Vanuatu to rebuild schools in the wake of Cyclone Pam. The project is rebuilding junior secondary schools in Tafea Province, making them more resilient to future disasters and climate change risks.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Mehta, Shinjini
    Pacific Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
  • Modality
    • Grant
  • Sector
    • Education
Project Name Cyclone Pam School Reconstruction Project
Project Number 49320-001
Country / Economy Vanuatu
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 9181-VAN: Cyclone Pam School Reconstruction Project
Japan Fund for Prosperous and Resilient Asia and the Pacific US$ 5.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Sector / Subsector

Education / Education sector development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming

The project implemented in two phases. Phase 1 involved (i) the preparation of detailed designs and cost estimates, (ii) the preparation of bidding documents for the civil works contract, and (iii) community consultation to ensure that community feedback is factored into the final design and costing. Phase 2 consists of (i) physical rehabilitation of the project schools, and (ii) strengthening the capacity of MOET and communities for build-back-better execution, safer construction, disaster risk reduction and preparedness, and maintenance planning.

The impact will be accelerated social recovery in Vanuatu's cyclone-affected provinces. The outcome will be critical social services resumed with disaster-resilient infrastructure. The project has two outputs: (i) schools in Tafea Province are rebuilt and/or upgraded, and (ii) the capacity of communities and MOET management for disaster risk reduction and disaster preparedness is strengthened. The recovery work is to be completed within 24 months.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy On 12 March 2015, category 5 tropical Cyclone Pam struck 22 islands of Vanuatu, leaving behind significant damage. On 25 August 2015, ADB received a request from the government for emergency assistance. It was to support post cyclone recovery and rehabilitation efforts in the education sector, with an emphasis on school infrastructure. One of the more remote provinces with five islands, Tafea Province was prioritized because it suffered the most damage in the education sector, and rehabilitation is focussed on one island because this would be the most cost-efficient solution.
Impact Accelerated social recovery in Vanuatu's cyclone Pam-affected provinces (defined by the project)
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Critical social services resumed with disaster-resilient infrastructure
Progress Toward Outcome Construction commenced in September 2018 and is due for completion in August 2019. A midterm review in August 2018 revealed that expanded facilities at only four schools could be provided within the budget after one school received alternative funding. A minor change is being processed to reflect this.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Schools on Tanna Island in Tafea Province are rebuilt and/or upgraded

Community and MOET management capacities for disaster risk reduction and preparedness are strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1 is being achieved. Number of schools revised to 4 due to one school being completed through funds from a separate donor. A minor change is being processed to reflect the change in number of schools. The bidding documents allow for new buildings which are dormitories, administration /library buildings and dining halls are provide and will service both genders. Likewise support services such as showers, toilets, water tanks, hand wash/ rain water collection and emergency stores are also provided. All review comments were included within the bidding documents.

Output 2 is being achieved. Community workshops were held in 2017 and 2018 to (i) consult communities on site layout and design features, and (ii) HIV/Aids pre civil works contractor mobilization. During 2019, the NGO will be carrying out 8 workshops related to Disaster Risk reduction, management and planning across the 4 schools/communities. Record of participants will outline the spread between female and male. Survey of attendees are being undertaken at each workshop and the team will continue to invest effort to ensure over 40% attendance by women.

Geographical Location Tafea Province, Tanna
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The project is classified as category B for environment. Reconstruction of buildings and facilities at five existing school sites is expected to have limited, only site-specific and, in most cases, temporary adverse impacts on the environment, which can be readily mitigated and managed through a construction-focused environmental management plan. An environmental assessment and review framework (EARF) was prepared for the project in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009) and has been posted on ADB's website. The contractor's approved CEMP is being followed.
Involuntary Resettlement The project is classified as category C for involuntary resettlement and indigenous peoples based on ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). The project is not expected to involve physical displacement or involuntary acquisition of land. The schools will be rebuilt on their existing sites, with some additional adjacent land to be sought in consultation with the community, landowners and MOET. Any subproject activity that would require involuntary resettlement will be excluded.
Indigenous Peoples The project is classified as category C for indigenous people as it is not expected to impact any distinct and vulnerable groups of indigenous people. The beneficiaries in the project areas are mostly Melanesians, native people of Vanuatu. The outputs will be culturally appropriate. Any subproject activity that would affect indigenous people will be excluded.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design A capacity development component will be included to ensure engagement of communities and nongovernment organizations (NGOs) during design and reconstruction. A further focus is on training for communities on (i) how to maintain the new facilities and (ii) disaster risk management in case of future disasters.
During Project Implementation A stakeholder engagement plan will be prepared based on participation methods that have worked well in other projects. It will provide guidelines for the project management unit and other relevant government agency staff, contractors, beneficiaries, and other stakeholders to enable them to communicate and consult with each other effectively, inclusively, and transparently and to ensure that effective participation occurs during design and implementation. This will rely heavily on the knowledge and support of an NGO familiar with the education sector in Vanuatu.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Advance contracting will be used for recruiting the design and supervision consultants.
Procurement The procurement of goods and works, and the recruitment of consulting services will be carried out according to the simplified and expedient procedures permitted under ADB's Disaster and Emergency Assistance Policy (2004), Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time), and Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). There will be multiple civil works contracts, using international competitive bidding, with one lot for each site.
Responsible ADB Officer Mehta, Shinjini
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Pacific Liaison and Coordination Office in Sydney, Australia
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance & Economic Management
P.M.B. 058
Port Vila
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM 01 Oct 2015
Approval 16 Nov 2015
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 29 Mar 2019

Grant 9181-VAN

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
16 Nov 2015 20 Nov 2015 03 Mar 2016 30 Jun 2018 30 Jun 2020 24 Aug 2020
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 5.72 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 17 Jun 2022 0.00 4.91 98%
Counterpart 0.72 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 5.00 17 Jun 2022 0.00 4.91 98%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Unsatisfactory Partly satisfactory Unsatisfactory - Unsatisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

Title Document Type Document Date
Vanuatu: Cyclone Pam School Reconstruction Project Validations of Project Completion Reports Aug 2021

Related Publications

None currently available.

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Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Grant No. 9181-VAN: Cyclone Pam School Reconstruction Project [MOET-ADB-2017 Lots 1-4] Invitation for Bids Closed 02 Nov 2017 15 Dec 2017

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)

Procurement Plan