China, People's Republic of: Developing Cost-Effective Policies and Investments to Achieve Climate and Air Quality Goals in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Region
The proposed technical assistance (TA) will use, expand, and tailor an existing model to the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region to support the government in (i) assessing the interaction of climate and clean air policies; (ii) capturing co-benefits and identifying synergies between policies across sectors; (iii) taking measures that are cost-effective and well-coordinated within the BTH region; (iv) identifying policy and management approaches that strengthen incentives for plant-level compliance with energy transformation and environmental objectives; (v) projecting the impact of incentives created by market-based instruments to be established, such as the national emissions trading system; and (vi) studying the health impacts of policies.
East Asia Department
Request for information
China, People's Republic of
- Technical Assistance
|Project Name||Developing Cost-Effective Policies and Investments to Achieve Climate and Air Quality Goals in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Region|
|Country / Economy||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Knowledge solutions
|Sector / Subsector||
Energy / Conventional energy generation - Energy efficiency and conservation
Industry and trade / Large and medium industries
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||The proposed technical assistance (TA) will use, expand, and tailor an existing model to the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region to support the government in (i) assessing the interaction of climate and clean air policies; (ii) capturing co-benefits and identifying synergies between policies across sectors; (iii) taking measures that are cost-effective and well-coordinated within the BTH region; (iv) identifying policy and management approaches that strengthen incentives for plant-level compliance with energy transformation and environmental objectives; (v) projecting the impact of incentives created by market-based instruments to be established, such as the national emissions trading system; and (vi) studying the health impacts of policies.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The study is timely, as the action plan is well advanced and will approach completion of its initial phase in 2017, while the preparation of its second phase (2018- 2022) is expected to commence in 2016. The TA will help the government to formulate cost-effective policies and high-impact interventions for the subsequent phase of the action plan.
Cost-effective policies and investments to achieve climate and air quality goals in the BTH region are of high importance for the government. During the country programming meeting in August 2015 in Beijing, the government and ADB agreed to provide long-term and scaled-up support to address air quality issues in the BTH region. Immediate support includes three TA projects and one sovereign loan on air pollution, balanced economic and social development, and low-carbon transport.
|Impact||Carbon intensity reduction and air quality improvement in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region accelerated.|
|Description of Outcome||More cost-effective policies and investments to improve air quality and reduce carbon dioxide emissions in the BTH region made|
|Progress Toward Outcome||There was a slight delay on the government concurrence on the TA as there were unsettled issues, but nonetheless, the TA became effective on 14 March 2016. The consultants were recruited based on single source selection. Contract signing took a little longer as some minor revisions were inserted in the general conditions of the contract which required approval from OGC. Tsinghua University commenced services on 7 September 2016.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Constraints for effective policy implementation analyzed and synthesized
Adequacy of the model framework assessed and improved
Interplays of climate and air quality co-benefits in the Beijing Tianjin Hebei region and their sequencing assessed
Set of policy recommendations and investment choices for the Beijing- Tianjin- Hebei region prepared
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||The TA closed on 13 December 2020. Financial closure is expected within March 2021.|
|Geographical Location||Nation-wide, Beijing, Hebei, Tianjin|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Consultations with governments were conducted.|
|During Project Implementation||Inception, interim, and final review missions have been fielded. Discussions during the missions were to review the consultants' performance, overall TA implementation, and status of deliverables based on the design and monitoring framework of the TA. The missions were also discussing interim results with companies, government institutions and other key stakeholders. The performance of the TA, including its outputs and outcomes, was evaluated during the final review mission based on the design and monitoring framework. Good practices and lessons learned will be disseminated through workshops and publication of a knowledge product.|
|Consulting Services||The consultants will be engaged by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) through a university following ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time) using the single-source selection method. It is estimated that the technical assistance (TA) will require a team of consultants consisting of three international consultants (15 person-months) and six national consultants (36 person-months) for TA implementation. The international consultants include a clean energy clean air nexus expert, an econometrician with experience in quantitative economic research and modeling, and an energy and environmental policy expert. The national consultants comprise (i) a clean energy clean air nexus expert, (ii) a project coordinator, (iii) an environmental policy and management expert, (iv) an expert in air quality modeling and health impact, (v) a low-carbon energy and climate policy expert, and (vi) an econometrician. In addition, the TA will require one eminent international consultant (4 person-months), to be recruited individually, who has an understanding of quantitative energy economic research to assess the model framework and review TA results from time to time.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Bano, Alfredo|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||EASI|
Department of Energy Conservation and Resources Utilization Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
Mr. Yang Tiesheng, Deputy Director
People's Republic of China 13 West Chang An Ave Beijing, 100804, China
|Concept Clearance||04 Dec 2015|
|Fact Finding||30 Nov 2015 to 01 Dec 2015|
|Approval||14 Dec 2015|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||26 Mar 2021|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|14 Dec 2015||14 Mar 2016||14 Mar 2016||11 Mar 2018||13 Dec 2020||10 Mar 2021|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|750,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||750,000.00||17 Jun 2022||718,982.73|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Developing Cost-Effective Policies and Investments to Achieve Climate and Air Quality Goals in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Region: Technical Assistance Completion Report||TA Completion Reports||May 2022|
|Developing Cost-Effective Policies and Investments to Achieve Climate and Air Quality Goals in the Beijing Tianjin Hebei Region: Technical Assistance Consultant’s Report||Consultants' Reports||Dec 2020|
|制定具有成本效益的政策和投资计划，助京津冀地区实现气候和空气质量目标: 项目数据表||Translated PDS||Mar 2017|
|Developing Cost-Effective Policies and Investments to Achieve Climate and Air Quality Goals in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Dec 2015|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor | Address||Executing Agency||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Policy and Advisory||Technical Assistance 9034||06 Sep 2016||Tsinghua University (China, People's Republic of) | BEIJING, PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA||Department of Energy Conservation and Resources Utilization||560,487.00||—|
None currently available.