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Nepal: Supporting School Sector Development Plan

Sovereign (Public) Project | 49424-001 Status: Active

The program will support the School Sector Development Plan (SSDP), which is the government's major education initiative for FY2017 -FY2023. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and eight other joint financing partners (JFPs) will finance the program with the government during FY2017- FY2021 through a sector-wide approach.

Project Details

Project Officer
Smita Gyawali South Asia Department Request for information
  • Nepal
  • Grant
  • Loan
  • Technical Assistance
  • Education
Project Name Supporting School Sector Development Plan
Project Number 49424-001
Country Nepal
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant: Supporting School Sector Development Plan
Global Partnership for Education Fund US$ 26.60 million
Government of Finland US$ 22.34 million
Japan International Cooperation Agency US$ 3.00 million
Government of Norway US$ 39.46 million
Government of Australia US$ 9.00 million
European Union US$ 63.10 million
United Nations Children's Fund US$ 2.50 million
Loan 3452-NEP: Supporting School Sector Development Plan
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 120.00 million
Loan: Supporting School Sector Development Plan
World Bank US$ 150.00 million
TA 9215-NEP: Supporting Policies and Implementation in the School Sector
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
TA 9215-NEP: Supporting Policies and Implementation in the School Sector (Supplementary)
European Union US$ 4.72 million
ATF - Norway TA Grant US$ 594,858.00
TA 9215-NEP: Supporting Policies and Implementation in the School Sector (Supplementary)
ATF - Norway TA Grant US$ 391,307.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Education / Education sector development - Secondary

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The program will support the School Sector Development Plan (SSDP), which is the government's major education initiative for FY2017 -FY2023. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and eight other joint financing partners (JFPs) will finance the program with the government during FY2017- FY2021 through a sector-wide approach.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Building on its extensive experience in education, ADB will support the government''s SSDP through results-based lending (RBL). Program-based lending was the appropriate modality to support the School Sector Reform Program (SSRP) which preceded SSDP. The RBL modality is most suited to support the SSDP because (i) the government has demonstrated strong leadership and commitment to implementing reforms in critical areas; (ii) the program requires greater emphasis on translating policies already in place to implementation; and (iii) the JFPs have agreed on a single results framework and a common disbursement-linked indicators (DLIs) framework with the government which increases harmonization, reduces administrative burden and enables effective focus on results. ADB and other JFPs have coordinated due diligence assessments, harmonized key DLIs, and agreed on joint program reviews. A program action plan (PAP) will support timely DLI achievement. ADB's due diligence assessments provide reasonable assurance for effective achievement of results through RBL, with measures to strengthen program systems.

The SSDP builds on achievements and lessons from the SSRP. Midterm and final evaluations of the SSRP noted that while much progress had been made in access and equity in basic education, quality needed a stronger focus. The SSDP will support comprehensive interventions to improve the quality of basic education and expand access to quality secondary education. The SSDP will ensure that all newly built schools and classrooms meet disaster risk resilience standards. The National Reconstruction Authority is implementing a large-scale post-earthquake program for reconstruction and retrofitting of schools in 31 districts, including an ADB project.

ADB has been a leading development partner in education and the program will build on this experience. ADB funding will provide much-needed financial leverage for more investments to improve access to and quality of school education, with particular focus on secondary education. ADB financing will add value through key initiatives, such as the model school program, examination reform, provision of subject teachers, and improved school grant management system. The program will catalyze capacity building and system strengthening in the sector. ADB and other JFPs will adopt strong mitigation measures to address risks in public financial management, procurement, social and environment safeguards, and governance in school education. ADB will facilitate innovative knowledge solutions to implement key SSDP components such as (i) ICT-enriched teaching and learning; (ii) teacher professional development; (iii) activity-based pedagogy for math, science, and English; and (iv) model school development.

Impact More qualified human resource base for equitable socioeconomic development.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Equitable access to quality secondary education enhanced
Progress Toward Outcome The gross enrolment in secondary education has reached 60.6 (boys: 61.3 and girls:59.9). Percentage of enrolment in science stream in grade 11 reached boys 9.9% and girls: 5.3%. Cohort survival rate for grades 1-10 increased to 57.1%. It is estimated that the targets will be met by end of the program for first two indicators.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Access to basic and secondary schools improved

Quality of school education improved

Model school program pilot tested

School system governance and management improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1:

i.The math, science and English kits are at the final stage of approval by CDC.

ii. This will be updated in November when consolidated information will be shared by the government.

iii. A revised pro-poor scholarship scheme has been approved and it has been rolled out to schools in various districts in the academic year of 2017-2018.

Output 2:

i. Kits development has been completed in collaboration with the Curriculum Development Center and will be made available in 1500 schools in 2019-2020 academic session.

ii. Discussions have begun to scope out standardization of grade 10 and grade 8 examinations.

Output 3:

i. First round of review of 100 school improvement plans for model school program intervention is nearing completion. The government expects to approve the plans by November 2018.

ii. web-based EMIS with disaggregated data for gender and social groups is in progress.

Output 4:

i. First round of EMIS verification completed in 2017 which showed not a significant difference based on third-party verification.

ii. Percentage of recurring audit observations in SSDP no more than 5.0% of total expenditure- this output needs to be revisited given that fund flow, expenditure recording has been changed due to federalization.

Geographical Location Nation-wide
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The main environmental issues under the SSDP relate to impacts from construction, provision of safe drinking water, sanitation, waste management, and possible location of the school or its facilities in flood-prone, landslide areas and earthquake risk zones. Since the school and laboratory buildings are in the category of small and medium construction, with small and localized environmental effects, the Government of Nepal does not require specific environmental assessments. However, to manage and monitor potential small-scale environmental impacts, an environmental management framework (EMF) will be used for the SSDP.
Involuntary Resettlement No involuntary resettlement will take place under the program since infrastructure construction (civil works) will be of a small scale and mostly within school premises.
Indigenous Peoples Positive impacts are expected for them (Adivasi and Janajatis) thanks to affirmative actions of the program, which will increase participation and learning of indigenous communities. Negative impacts are not expected.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Extensive consultations with the Ministry of Education and Joint Financing Partners were conducted during the formulation of the project.
During Project Implementation

The implementation of the loan is undertaken in close coordination with the Ministry of Education and 8 other Joint Financing Partners (JFPs). Regular consultations on implementation are ensured through ongoing review missions. Joint Review Missions with other JFPs are also organized to monitor the progress of achievement of the DLIs.

Extensive consultation is also ongoing given the restructuring of government into federal structure

Business Opportunities
Consulting Services ADB has received co-financing support from the EU and Norwegian for the TA 9215: Supporting Policies and Implementation in the School Sector. The EOI for Norwegian fund has been advertised while the EOI for EU is under preparation
Procurement Not applicable.
Responsible ADB Officer Smita Gyawali
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Nepal Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Education
Sano Thimi
Kathmandu, Nepal
Concept Clearance 21 Dec 2015
Fact Finding 07 Jun 2016 to 14 Jun 2016
MRM 17 Aug 2016
Approval 02 Nov 2016
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 19 Sep 2018

Loan 3452-NEP

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
02 Nov 2016 02 Dec 2016 12 Dec 2016 31 May 2022 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 6,031.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 120.00 02 Nov 2016 56.00 0.00 47%
Counterpart 5,761.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 150.00 02 Nov 2016 56.00 0.00 47%

TA 9215-NEP

Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
02 Nov 2016 25 Nov 2016 25 Nov 2016 31 Dec 2021 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
891,307.00 5,314,858.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6,206,165.00 02 Nov 2016 623,373.95

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

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Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
External Monitoring, Review and Evaluation Team Firm - Consulting Closed 14 Aug 2018 12 Sep 2018
Program Management, Coordination and Technical Support Team Firm - Consulting Closed 10 May 2018 08 Jun 2018
Teacher Managment Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 09 Mar 2018 15 Mar 2018
Fiduciary Management Support Team Firm - Consulting Closed 22 Feb 2018 23 Mar 2018
Engineer Individual - Consulting Closed 16 Feb 2018 22 Feb 2018
Education Planning Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 08 Feb 2018 14 Feb 2018

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Capacity Development Technical Assistance 9215 10 Jul 2018 N Bhattarai & Co., Chartered Accountants(NEPAL) 194 Sahayog Marg, Anam Nagar, Kathmandu Nepal, Province 3, 3 Nepal Ministry of Education 280,200.00
ACHIEVEMENT OF DLIS 6(I) AND DLI 7 Loan 3452 15 Nov 2017 VARIOUS VARIOUS NEPAL Ministry of Education OTHERS 5,000,000.00 5,000,000.00
ACHEIVEMENT OF 2017 DLIS (DLI 1,2,4,5,6) Loan 3452 08 Sep 2017 VARIOUS VARIOUS NEPAL Ministry of Education OTHERS 15,000,000.00 15,000,000.00

Procurement Plan

None currently available.