The program will support the School Sector Development Plan (SSDP), which is the government's major education initiative for FY2017 -FY2023. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and eight other joint financing partners (JFPs) will finance the program with the government during FY2017- FY2021 through a sector-wide approach.
|Project Name||Supporting School Sector Development Plan|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Education / Education sector development - Secondary
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||The program will support the School Sector Development Plan (SSDP), which is the government's major education initiative for FY2017 -FY2023. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and eight other joint financing partners (JFPs) will finance the program with the government during FY2017- FY2021 through a sector-wide approach.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Building on its extensive experience in education, ADB will support the government''s SSDP through results-based lending (RBL). Program-based lending was the appropriate modality to support the School Sector Reform Program (SSRP) which preceded SSDP. The RBL modality is most suited to support the SSDP because (i) the government has demonstrated strong leadership and commitment to implementing reforms in critical areas; (ii) the program requires greater emphasis on translating policies already in place to implementation; and (iii) the JFPs have agreed on a single results framework and a common disbursement-linked indicators (DLIs) framework with the government which increases harmonization, reduces administrative burden and enables effective focus on results. ADB and other JFPs have coordinated due diligence assessments, harmonized key DLIs, and agreed on joint program reviews. A program action plan (PAP) will support timely DLI achievement. ADB's due diligence assessments provide reasonable assurance for effective achievement of results through RBL, with measures to strengthen program systems.
The SSDP builds on achievements and lessons from the SSRP. Midterm and final evaluations of the SSRP noted that while much progress had been made in access and equity in basic education, quality needed a stronger focus. The SSDP will support comprehensive interventions to improve the quality of basic education and expand access to quality secondary education. The SSDP will ensure that all newly built schools and classrooms meet disaster risk resilience standards. The National Reconstruction Authority is implementing a large-scale post-earthquake program for reconstruction and retrofitting of schools in 31 districts, including an ADB project.
ADB has been a leading development partner in education and the program will build on this experience. ADB funding will provide much-needed financial leverage for more investments to improve access to and quality of school education, with particular focus on secondary education. ADB financing will add value through key initiatives, such as the model school program, examination reform, provision of subject teachers, and improved school grant management system. The program will catalyze capacity building and system strengthening in the sector. ADB and other JFPs will adopt strong mitigation measures to address risks in public financial management, procurement, social and environment safeguards, and governance in school education. ADB will facilitate innovative knowledge solutions to implement key SSDP components such as (i) ICT-enriched teaching and learning; (ii) teacher professional development; (iii) activity-based pedagogy for math, science, and English; and (iv) model school development.
|Impact||More qualified human resource base for equitable socioeconomic development.|
|Description of Outcome||Equitable access to quality secondary education enhanced|
|Progress Toward Outcome||
- The gross enrolment in secondary education has reached 60.6 (boys: 61.3 and girls:59.9). This will be updated in JRM 2019.
- Percentage of enrollment in science stream in grade 11 reached boys 9.9% and girls: 5.3%. This will again be updated in JRM 2019.
- Cohort survival rate for grades 1-10 increased to 57.1%. It is estimated that the targets will be met by end of the program for first two indicators.
|Description of Project Outputs||
Access to basic and secondary schools improved
Quality of school education improved
Model school program pilot tested
School system governance and management improved
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
-The math, science and English kits have been approved by CDC. The schools to be selected for the distribution is being finalized. Further, the distribution mechanism of e-resources is being developed with the support of the TA consultant.
- The government is in the process of publishing the result of teacher recruitment.
- A revised pro-poor scholarship scheme has been approved and it has been rolled out all over Nepal.
- Government has started new teacher professional development program.
- Kits development has been completed in collaboration with the Curriculum Development Center. A mechanism is being developed to make these kits available in 1000 schools in first phase.
- According to the constitution of Nepal, Provincial Governments are responsible for grade 10 examinations and Local Governments are responsible for grade 8 examination. Discussions have begun with MOEST in relation to standardization of these examinations.
- 213 school improvement plans have been reviewed and feedback have been provided to schools to finalize the plans. Out of which,100 schools have submitted their final master plans.
- Web-based EMIS with disaggregated data for gender and social groups developed and operational.
- First round of EMIS verification completed in 2017 which showed not a significant difference. The report on second round of EMIS verification will be shared by 30 July 2019.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The main environmental issues under the SSDP relate to impacts from construction, provision of safe drinking water, sanitation, waste management, and possible location of the school or its facilities in flood-prone, landslide areas and earthquake risk zones. Since the school and laboratory buildings are in the category of small and medium construction, with small and localized environmental effects, the Government of Nepal does not require specific environmental assessments. However, to manage and monitor potential small-scale environmental impacts, an environmental management framework (EMF) has been developed and the EA has uploaded the EMF in its website.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||No involuntary resettlement will take place under the program since infrastructure construction (civil works) will be of a small scale and mostly within school premises.|
|Indigenous Peoples||Positive impacts are expected for them (Adivasi and Janajatis) thanks to affirmative actions of the program, which will increase participation and learning of indigenous communities. Negative impacts are not expected. However, Social Management Framework (SMF) has also been developed and uploaded in the EA's website so as to monitor the possible impacts on indigenous peoples.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Extensive consultations with the Ministry of Education and Joint Financing Partners were conducted during the formulation of the project.|
|During Project Implementation||
The implementation of the loan is undertaken in close coordination with the Ministry of Education and 8 other Joint Financing Partners (JFPs). Regular consultations on implementation are ensured through ongoing review missions. Joint Review Missions with other JFPs are also organized to monitor the progress of achievement of the DLIs.
Extensive consultation is also ongoing given the restructuring of government into federal structure
|Consulting Services||ADB has received co-financing support from the EU and Norwegian for the TA 9215: Supporting Policies and Implementation in the School Sector. The EOI for Norwegian fund has been advertised while the EOI for EU is under preparation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Gyawali, Smita|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Nepal Resident Mission|
Ministry of Education
|Concept Clearance||21 Dec 2015|
|Fact Finding||07 Jun 2016 to 14 Jun 2016|
|MRM||17 Aug 2016|
|Approval||02 Nov 2016|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||06 Sep 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|02 Nov 2016||02 Dec 2016||12 Dec 2016||31 May 2022||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||6,031.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||120.00||02 Nov 2016||79.18||0.00||66%|
|Cofinancing||150.00||02 Nov 2016||79.18||0.00||66%|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|02 Nov 2016||25 Nov 2016||25 Nov 2016||31 Dec 2021||-||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|1,391,307.00||10,629,716.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||12,021,023.00||02 Nov 2016||1,834,622.26|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report||Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports||Dec 2019|
|Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report||Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports||Dec 2018|
|Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Program Safeguard Systems Assessment||Program Safeguard Systems Assessments||Aug 2016|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|ICT Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||18 Jun 2020||24 Jun 2020|
|External Monitoring, Review and Evaluation Team||Firm - Consulting||Closed||14 Aug 2018||12 Sep 2018|
|Program Management, Coordination and Technical Support Team||Firm - Consulting||Closed||10 May 2018||08 Jun 2018|
|Teacher Managment Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||09 Mar 2018||15 Mar 2018|
|Fiduciary Management Support Team||Firm - Consulting||Closed||22 Feb 2018||23 Mar 2018|
|Engineer||Individual - Consulting||Closed||16 Feb 2018||22 Feb 2018|
|Education Planning Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||08 Feb 2018||14 Feb 2018|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|REQUEST FOR DISBURSEMENT UNDER L3452 (RBL) AGAINST ACHIEVEMENT OF DISBURSEMENT LINKED INDICATORS||Loan 3452||27 Aug 2020||VARIOUS||VARIOUS NEPAL||Ministry of Education||OTHERS||16,175,508.76||16,175,508.75|
|WTIHDRAWAL APPLICATION NUMBER 00006||Loan 3452||03 Dec 2019||VARIOUS||VARIOUS NEPAL||Ministry of Education||OTHERS||7,000,000.00||7,000,000.00|
|WITHDRAWAL APPLICATION NUMBER 00005||Loan 3452||13 Jun 2019||VARIOUS||VARIOUS NEPAL||Ministry of Education||OTHERS||13,000,000.00||13,000,000.00|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 9215||14 Jan 2019||British Council (Education) (UNITED KINGDOM) in association with Building Design Authority (NEPAL)||58 Whitworth Street Manchester M1 8BB Un Kingdom/c.p. Muhaimin Syamsuddin [email protected]||Ministry of Education||Consulting Services||3,299,562.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 9215||21 Dec 2018||SOCIETE FRANCAISE DE REALISATION D'ETUDES ET DE CO(FRANCE) in association with FULL BRIGHT CONSULTANCY (PVT.) LTD.(NEPAL)||92-98, BD VICTOR HUGO 92115 CLICHY CEDEX FRANCE||Ministry of Education||Consulting Services||493,865.00||—|
|ACHIEVEMENT OF 2018 DLIS (DLI 3 AND 6)||Loan 3452||03 Dec 2018||VARIOUS||VARIOUS NEPAL||Ministry of Education||OTHERS||8,000,000.00||8,000,000.00|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 9215||10 Jul 2018||N Bhattarai & Co., Chartered Accountants(NEPAL)||194 Sahayog Marg, Anam Nagar, Kathmandu Nepal, Province 3, 3 Nepal||Ministry of Education||280,200.00||—|
|ACHIEVEMENT OF DLIS 6(I) AND DLI 7||Loan 3452||15 Nov 2017||VARIOUS||VARIOUS NEPAL||Ministry of Education||OTHERS||5,000,000.00||5,000,000.00|
|ACHEIVEMENT OF 2017 DLIS (DLI 1,2,4,5,6)||Loan 3452||08 Sep 2017||VARIOUS||VARIOUS NEPAL||Ministry of Education||OTHERS||15,000,000.00||15,000,000.00|
None currently available.