Nepal : Supporting School Sector Development Plan

Sovereign Project | 49424-001

The program will support the School Sector Development Plan (SSDP), which is the government's major education initiative for FY2017-FY2023. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and eight other joint financing partners (JFPs) will finance the program with the government during FY2017-FY2021 through a sector-wide approach.

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Project Details

Project Name Supporting School Sector Development Plan
Project Number 49424-001
Country / Economy Nepal
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant: Supporting School Sector Development Plan
Government of Finland US$ 22.34 million
United Nations Children's Fund US$ 2.50 million
Global Partnership for Education Fund US$ 26.60 million
Government of Australia US$ 9.00 million
Japan International Cooperation Agency US$ 3.00 million
Government of Norway US$ 39.46 million
European Union US$ 63.10 million
United States Agency for International Development US$ 5.50 million
Loan 3452-NEP: Supporting School Sector Development Plan
Asian Development Fund US$ 120.00 million
Loan: Supporting School Sector Development Plan
World Bank US$ 150.00 million
TA 9215-NEP: Supporting Policies and Implementation in the School Sector
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 500,000.00
TA 9215-NEP: Supporting Policies and Implementation in the School Sector (Supplementary)
ATF - Norway TA Grant US$ 594,858.00
European Union US$ 4.72 million
TA 9215-NEP: Supporting Policies and Implementation in the School Sector (Supplementary)
ATF - Norway TA Grant US$ 391,307.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Education / Education sector development - Secondary

Gender Gender equity theme
Description The program will support the School Sector Development Plan (SSDP), which is the government's major education initiative for FY2017-FY2023. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and eight other joint financing partners (JFPs) will finance the program with the government during FY2017-FY2021 through a sector-wide approach.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Building on its extensive experience in education, ADB will support the government''s SSDP through results-based lending (RBL). Program-based lending was the appropriate modality to support the School Sector Reform Program (SSRP) which preceded SSDP. The RBL modality is most suited to support the SSDP because (i) the government has demonstrated strong leadership and commitment to implementing reforms in critical areas; (ii) the program requires greater emphasis on translating policies already in place to implementation; and (iii) the JFPs have agreed on a single results framework and a common disbursement-linked indicators (DLIs) framework with the government which increases harmonization, reduces administrative burden and enables effective focus on results. ADB and other JFPs have coordinated due diligence assessments, harmonized key DLIs, and agreed on joint program reviews. A program action plan (PAP) will support timely DLI achievement. ADB's due diligence assessments provide reasonable assurance for effective achievement of results through RBL, with measures to strengthen program systems.

The SSDP builds on achievements and lessons from the SSRP. Midterm and final evaluations of the SSRP noted that while much progress had been made in access and equity in basic education, quality needed a stronger focus. The SSDP will support comprehensive interventions to improve the quality of basic education and expand access to quality secondary education. The SSDP will ensure that all newly built schools and classrooms meet disaster risk resilience standards. The National Reconstruction Authority is implementing a large-scale post-earthquake program for reconstruction and retrofitting of schools in 31 districts, including an ADB project.

ADB has been a leading development partner in education and the program will build on this experience. ADB funding will provide much-needed financial leverage for more investments to improve access to and quality of school education, with particular focus on secondary education. ADB financing will add value through key initiatives, such as the model school program, examination reform, provision of subject teachers, and improved school grant management system. The program will catalyze capacity building and system strengthening in the sector. ADB and other JFPs will adopt strong mitigation measures to address risks in public financial management, procurement, social and environment safeguards, and governance in school education. ADB will facilitate innovative knowledge solutions to implement key SSDP components such as (i) ICT-enriched teaching and learning; (ii) teacher professional development; (iii) activity-based pedagogy for math, science, and English; and (iv) model school development.

Impact

More qualified human resource base for equitable socioeconomic development.

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Equitable access to quality secondary education enhanced

Progress Toward Outcome Achieved. Based on the progress reported by the MOEST, the GER in secondary education (grades 9 to 12) has reached 75.7 (76.8 for girls and 74.4 for boys), thus significantly surpassing the targets. Percentage of students enrolled in science subjects in grade 11 has increased to 12.7% (girls) and 17.3% (boys). Cohort survival rate for grades 1 to10 has increased to 58.5% in FY2019/20. Cohort survival rate has further increased to 66.1% in FY 2020/21.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Access to basic and secondary schools improved

Quality of school education improved

Model school program pilot tested

School system governance and management improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Achieved. Till date full provision of math, science, and English teachers has been made in 3,225 basic schools and 1,557 secondary schools. Achieved. According to the Consolidated Flash Report 2020/21, female teachers account for 20.8% of all secondary (grades 9-12) teachers. Achieved. Revised pro-poor scholarship scheme is implemented nationwide for secondary grades nationwide. Until FY 2019/20, 9,047 students have received pro-poor scholarships in grades 11 and 12, of which pro-science is 1176 with girls 49% in science and 65% in non-science subjects, respectively. Total 9,451 teachers have been trained in the first 15-day package of science, mathematics and English subjects. Achieved. 3,673 (91.82%) of 4,000 schools have access the online portal. Achieved. Framework for conducting standardized test for grade 8 by Local Governments has been approved by the MOEST. Achieved. NEB has completed preparation of repository (item bank) of 3,000 test items for mathematics, science, and English subjects for grade 8.Achieved. Model school program is currently being implemented in 200 community schools offering grades 1 to 10 or grades 1 to 12. Significantly achieved, out of 4000 schools, 3804 (95.1%) schools have access to the MOEST's online learning portal Sikai Chautari which includes new ICT resources and e-learning materials. CEHRD has asked model schools to make the portal accessible to all students and use it for blended teaching-learning. Achieved. Teachers were trained using online methods due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Achieved. Web-based EMIS with disaggregated data for gender and social groups is operational. The system is being continuously improved through support from the SSDP TA. Achieved. Second round of EMIS verification has been completed by independent third party. The report indicates more than 95% accuracy of student and teacher data in the EMIS. Similarly, when compared to the first round of EMIS verification, the report indicates that there is marginal decrease discrepancy between data entered into EMIS and the information maintained by schools as enrolment record. Achieved. As per the Office of the Auditor General (OAG) Audit Financial Report of SSDP for FY 2020/21, there is no ineligible expenses reported. Achieved. The government has reported that 631 local governments (80%) have education officer of at least level 6 or above.
Geographical Location Nation-wide
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The main environmental issues under the SSDP relate to impacts from construction, provision of safe drinking water, sanitation, waste management, and possible location of the school or its facilities in flood-prone, landslide areas and earthquake risk zones. Since the school and laboratory buildings are in the category of small and medium construction, with small and localized environmental effects, the Government of Nepal does not require specific environmental assessments. However, to manage and monitor potential small-scale environmental impacts, an environmental management framework (EMF) has been developed and the EA has uploaded the EMF in its website.
Involuntary Resettlement No involuntary resettlement will take place under the program since infrastructure construction (civil works) will be of a small scale and mostly within school premises.
Indigenous Peoples Positive impacts are expected for them (Adivasi and Janajatis) thanks to affirmative actions of the program, which will increase participation and learning of indigenous communities. Negative impacts are not expected. However, Social Management Framework (SMF) has also been developed and uploaded in the EA's website so as to monitor the possible impacts on indigenous peoples.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Extensive consultations with the Ministry of Education and Joint Financing Partners were conducted during the formulation of the project.
During Project Implementation The implementation of the loan is undertaken in close coordination with the Ministry of Education and 8 other Joint Financing Partners (JFPs). Regular consultations on implementation are ensured through ongoing review missions. Joint Review Missions with other JFPs are also organized to monitor the progress of achievement of the DLIs.Extensive consultation is also ongoing given the restructuring of government into federal structure
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services ADB has received co-financing support from the EU and Norwegian for the TA 9215: Supporting Policies and Implementation in the School Sector. The EOI for Norwegian fund has been advertised while the EOI for EU is under preparation
Procurement Not applicable.
Responsible ADB Officer Gyawali, Smita
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Nepal Resident Mission (NRM)
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Education, Science and Technology
Timetable
Concept Clearance 21 Dec 2015
Fact Finding 07 Jun 2016 to 14 Jun 2016
MRM 17 Aug 2016
Approval 02 Nov 2016
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 16 Dec 2022

Loan 3452-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
02 Nov 2016 02 Dec 2016 12 Dec 2016 31 May 2022 - 20 Oct 2022
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 5,881.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 120.00 08 Dec 2023 113.64 0.00 100%
Counterpart 5,761.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 08 Dec 2023 113.64 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

TA 9215-NEP

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
02 Nov 2016 25 Nov 2016 25 Nov 2016 31 Dec 2021 31 Mar 2023 19 Sep 2023
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 5,706,165.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6,206,165.00 08 Dec 2023 5,126,080.00
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Completion Report Project/Program Completion Reports Nov 2023
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Audited Project Financial Statements (16 July 2021-16 July 2022) Audited Project Financial Statements May 2023
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: SOFRECO School Sector Development Plan (SSDP) Mid-Term Evaluation Report Consultants' Reports Mar 2023
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: ADB-NEB Nepal Consultancy Services to Assist in Item Banking and Assessment Software and Capacity Development - Phase I OAT Project Final Report Consultants' Reports Mar 2023
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: British Council Final Progress Report Consultants' Reports Mar 2023
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: SOFRECO Final Evaluation Report Consultants' Reports Mar 2023
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Audited Project Financial Statements (16 July 2020-15 July 2021) Audited Project Financial Statements Jul 2022
Amendments to the Loan Agreement for Loan 3452-NEP: Supporting School Sector Development Plan Loan Agreement (Special Operations) Aug 2021
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Audited Project Financial Statements (17 July 2019-15 July 2020) Audited Project Financial Statements Jul 2021
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Audited Project Financial Statements (17 July 2018-16 July 2019) Audited Project Financial Statements Jun 2020
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Audited Project Financial Statements (17 July 2017-16 July 2018) Audited Project Financial Statements Apr 2019
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Audited Project Financial Statements (16 July 2016-15 July 2017) Audited Project Financial Statements Apr 2018
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Project Data Sheet (Nepali Translation) Translated PDS Mar 2017
Loan Agreement (Special Operations) for Loan 3452-NEP: Supporting School Sector Development Plan Loan Agreement (Special Operations) Dec 2016
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Report and Recommendation of the President Reports and Recommendations of the President Oct 2016
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Dec 2015

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report 2022 Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2022
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report 2021 Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2021
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report 2020 Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2020
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report 2019 Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2019
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Environmental and Social Monitoring Report 2018 Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports Dec 2018
Supporting School Sector Development Plan: Program Safeguard Systems Assessment Program Safeguard Systems Assessments Aug 2016

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

Title Document Type Document Date
Nepal: Assessment of School Education Financing in a Federal System Papers and Briefs Nov 2021

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Item Banking & Assessment Software and Capacity Development Firm Firm - Consulting Closed
Teacher Management Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
Education Planning Specialist - Team Leader for Model School Development Individual - Consulting Closed
ICT Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
External Monitoring, Review and Evaluation Team Firm - Consulting Closed
Program Management, Coordination and Technical Support Team Firm - Consulting Closed
Teacher Managment Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
Fiduciary Management Support Team Firm - Consulting Closed
Engineer Individual - Consulting Closed
Education Planning Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Capacity Development Technical Assistance Technical Assistance 9215 20 Jun 2022 Open Assessment Technologies SA (LUXEMBOURG) in association with National Foundation for Educational Research (U.K.) | 40 Parc d'Activites Capellen Mamer 8308 Luxembourg Ministry of Education, Science and Technology 198,300.00
REQUEST FOR DISBURSEMENT UNDER L3452 (RBL) AGAINST ACHIEVEMENT OF DISBURSEMENT LINKED INDICATORS Loan 3452 07 Dec 2020 VARIOUS | VARIOUS NEPAL Ministry of Education 3,984,636.89 3,984,636.89
REQUEST FOR DISBURSEMENT UNDER L3452 (RBL) AGAINST ACHIEVEMENT OF DISBURSEMENT LINKED INDICATORS Loan 3452 27 Aug 2020 VARIOUS | VARIOUS NEPAL Ministry of Education 16,175,508.76 16,175,508.75
WTIHDRAWAL APPLICATION NUMBER 00006 Loan 3452 03 Dec 2019 VARIOUS | VARIOUS NEPAL Ministry of Education 7,000,000.00 7,000,000.00
ACHIEVEMENT OF 2018 DLIS (DLI 3 AND 6) Loan 3452 03 Dec 2018 VARIOUS | VARIOUS NEPAL Ministry of Education 8,000,000.00 8,000,000.00
WITHDRAWAL APPLICATION NUMBER 00005 Loan 3452 13 Jun 2019 VARIOUS | VARIOUS NEPAL Ministry of Education 13,000,000.00 13,000,000.00
Capacity Development Technical Assistance 9215 21 Dec 2018 SOCIETE FRANCAISE DE REALISATION D'ETUDES ET DE CO(FRANCE) in association with FULL BRIGHT CONSULTANCY (PVT.) LTD.(NEPAL) | 92-98, BD VICTOR HUGO 92115 CLICHY CEDEX FRANCE Ministry of Education 493,865.00
Capacity Development Technical Assistance 9215 14 Jan 2019 British Council (Education) (UNITED KINGDOM) in association with Building Design Authority (NEPAL) | 58 Whitworth Street Manchester M1 8BB Un Kingdom/c.p. Muhaimin Syamsuddin [email protected] Ministry of Education 3,299,562.00
Capacity Development Technical Assistance 9215 10 Jul 2018 N Bhattarai & Co., Chartered Accountants(NEPAL) | 194 Sahayog Marg, Anam Nagar, Kathmandu Nepal, Province 3, 3 Nepal Ministry of Education 280,200.00
ACHIEVEMENT OF DLIS 6(I) AND DLI 7 Loan 3452 15 Nov 2017 VARIOUS | VARIOUS NEPAL Ministry of Education 5,000,000.00 5,000,000.00
ACHEIVEMENT OF 2017 DLIS (DLI 1,2,4,5,6) Loan 3452 08 Sep 2017 VARIOUS | VARIOUS NEPAL Ministry of Education 15,000,000.00 15,000,000.00

Procurement Plan

None currently available.