The technical assistance (TA) contributes to Asian Development Bank's (ADB) strategic priorities in the draft country partnership strategy for the People's Republic of China, 2016 -2020, which includes addressing environmental challenges. The country partnership strategy highlights support for environmental management and restoration as a key cooperation area with the People's Republic of China (PRC). A memorandum of understanding signed between ADB and the PRC's Ministry of Environmental Protection in 2014 highlighted soil pollution and contaminated land management as an area on continued cooperation with the PRC. This proposed TA also effectively builds on a past ADB-financed TA which supported the PRC in developing recommendations for a national framework for soil pollution and contaminated land management. Lessons from this TA can potentially be replicated in other priority remediation sites not only in the PRC but also in other developing member countries facing similar challenges.
|Project Name||Remediation of Heavy Metal Contamination in Farmlands of Hunan Province|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Land-based natural resources management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||The technical assistance (TA) contributes to Asian Development Bank's (ADB) strategic priorities in the draft country partnership strategy for the People's Republic of China, 2016 -2020, which includes addressing environmental challenges. The country partnership strategy highlights support for environmental management and restoration as a key cooperation area with the People's Republic of China (PRC). A memorandum of understanding signed between ADB and the PRC's Ministry of Environmental Protection in 2014 highlighted soil pollution and contaminated land management as an area on continued cooperation with the PRC. This proposed TA also effectively builds on a past ADB-financed TA which supported the PRC in developing recommendations for a national framework for soil pollution and contaminated land management. Lessons from this TA can potentially be replicated in other priority remediation sites not only in the PRC but also in other developing member countries facing similar challenges.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
According to the Survey of National Soil Pollution Status jointly released in 2014 by the Ministry of Environmental Protection and the Ministry of Land and Resources, 19.4% of the PRC's farmlands ( an estimated 26 million hectares) is said to be dangerously contaminated. In 2011, excessive levels of the harmful heavy metal cadmium were detected in rice and rice products sold in many PRC provinces. Rice from the central province of Hunan was singled out as especially affected.
Earmarked as the major rice producer for the PRC''s large and increasing population, large areas of Hunan's once-fertile farmlands are currently contaminated due to toxic pollution from the mining industry and other irresponsible industrial practices over the past few decades. In 2013, the Hunan Provincial Agricultural Department (now the Hunan Agricultural Committee) conducted a heavy metal monitoring survey covering 45 counties within the Xiangjiang river basin; and collected samples from 1.8 million mu of rice production area. With reference to cadmium contamination, the survey results indicated that 44% of the 1.8 million mu of rice production areas were categorized as highly contaminated (>0.8 milligram per kilogram); 34% moderately contaminated (0.2 0.8 milligram per kilogram); and 22% without contamination detected. In addition to the contamination from industrial pollution, the generally acidic soil condition is also a contributing factor to the cadmium absorption capacity of rice crops.
From the food safety and public health perspective, the impacts of cadmium on human health have been subject to numerous global research efforts and are well documented. In the PRC, incidence of cadmium-tainted rice as a result of farmland contamination has been reported in academic publications and by the media.
Hunan has also been actively trying to address soil pollution and farmland contamination issues. In March 2011, the State Council approved the Implementation Plan for Heavy Metal Contamination Remediation in Xiangjiang River in Hunan Province. From 2011 to 2013, measures were taken by the province to reduce contamination from polluting industries, including closure, reform, and improvement of environmental practices of heavy metal enterprises.
The most significant recent milestone in the PRC government's combat against soil pollution is the release of the _Soil Ten Plan_ in May 2016, which outlines the comprehensive set of actions to combat soil pollution.
Despite the increasing priority and efforts given by the central and Hunan provincial governments, addressing soil pollution and contaminated farmland remediation continues to face numerous challenges. A key challenge is the lack of innovative and cost-effective technologies, and specific technical guidelines for contaminated farmland remediation. Farmland remediation is new to the PRC; and capacity and knowledge of remediation is also limited and emerging. The absence of an effective and efficient monitoring and early warning system for farmland contamination is another factor that will potentially jeopardize any remediation efforts in arable lands. The absence of a legal and policy framework to deal with farmland contamination is also a stumbling block. Finally, the lack of a financing strategy to support contaminated farmland remediation in Hunan Province also results in the central and Hunan provincial governments having to shoulder almost the entire costs for remediation of contaminated farmlands.
To address some of these key issues, the Hunan Provincial Government has requested the ADB for this TA to strengthen the capacity of provincial- and local-level administration for contaminated farmland remediation, management, and monitoring.
|Impact||Quality of arable land for rice farming in Hunan Province improved.|
|Description of Outcome||Hunan provincial government and local-level administration's capacity for remediation, monitoring, and management of contaminated farmlands enhanced.|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Technical guidelines, operational standards, and recommendations for cost-effective technologies for contaminated farmland remediation prepared.
Strategies for sustainable financing for remediation activities developed.
Knowledge of key stakeholders on contaminated farmland remediation enhanced.
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||The final workshop was held on 6 July 2019 with over 150 international and national participants. The final report was submitted on 31 July 2019.|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||A consulting firm will be engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time) using the simplified technical proposal and quality- and cost-based selection method, with a quality cost ratio of 90:10 due to the high technical complexity of the consulting assignment.|
|Procurement||All ADB-financed procurement will be conducted following ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Ramachandran, Pavit|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD|
Hunan Agriculture Committee
|Concept Clearance||22 Aug 2016|
|Fact Finding||23 Aug 2016 to 25 Aug 2016|
|Approval||26 Sep 2016|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||30 Sep 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|26 Sep 2016||18 Oct 2016||18 Oct 2016||30 Apr 2018||31 Jul 2019||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|400,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||400,000.00||26 Sep 2016||376,728.09|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
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In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Remediation of Heavy Metal Contamination in Farmlands of Hunan Province: Technical Assistance Completion Report||TA Completion Reports||Jun 2020|
|Remediation of Heavy Metal Contamination in Farmlands of Hunan Province: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Sep 2016|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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No tenders for this project were found.
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Policy and Advisory||Technical Assistance 9177||18 Jul 2017||ESD CHINA LIMITED(CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF)||Suite 2805, Bldg A, No. 6 Futong East St Square Beijing,China 100102 People's Rep China/[email protected]||Hunan Agriculture Committee||379,880.00||—|
None currently available.