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China, People's Republic of: Remediation of Heavy Metal Contamination in Farmlands of Hunan Province

Sovereign (Public) Project | 50007-001 Status: Closed

The technical assistance (TA) contributes to Asian Development Bank's (ADB) strategic priorities in the draft country partnership strategy for the People's Republic of China, 2016 -2020, which includes addressing environmental challenges. The country partnership strategy highlights support for environmental management and restoration as a key cooperation area with the People's Republic of China (PRC). A memorandum of understanding signed between ADB and the PRC's Ministry of Environmental Protection in 2014 highlighted soil pollution and contaminated land management as an area on continued cooperation with the PRC. This proposed TA also effectively builds on a past ADB-financed TA which supported the PRC in developing recommendations for a national framework for soil pollution and contaminated land management. Lessons from this TA can potentially be replicated in other priority remediation sites not only in the PRC but also in other developing member countries facing similar challenges.

Project Details

Project Officer
Ramachandran, Pavit East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • China, People's Republic of
Modality
  • Technical Assistance
Sector
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
 
Project Name Remediation of Heavy Metal Contamination in Farmlands of Hunan Province
Project Number 50007-001
Country China, People's Republic of
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 9177-PRC: Remediation of Heavy Metal Contamination in Farmlands of Hunan Province
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 400,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Land-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description The technical assistance (TA) contributes to Asian Development Bank's (ADB) strategic priorities in the draft country partnership strategy for the People's Republic of China, 2016 -2020, which includes addressing environmental challenges. The country partnership strategy highlights support for environmental management and restoration as a key cooperation area with the People's Republic of China (PRC). A memorandum of understanding signed between ADB and the PRC's Ministry of Environmental Protection in 2014 highlighted soil pollution and contaminated land management as an area on continued cooperation with the PRC. This proposed TA also effectively builds on a past ADB-financed TA which supported the PRC in developing recommendations for a national framework for soil pollution and contaminated land management. Lessons from this TA can potentially be replicated in other priority remediation sites not only in the PRC but also in other developing member countries facing similar challenges.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

According to the Survey of National Soil Pollution Status jointly released in 2014 by the Ministry of Environmental Protection and the Ministry of Land and Resources, 19.4% of the PRC's farmlands ( an estimated 26 million hectares) is said to be dangerously contaminated. In 2011, excessive levels of the harmful heavy metal cadmium were detected in rice and rice products sold in many PRC provinces. Rice from the central province of Hunan was singled out as especially affected.

Earmarked as the major rice producer for the PRC''s large and increasing population, large areas of Hunan's once-fertile farmlands are currently contaminated due to toxic pollution from the mining industry and other irresponsible industrial practices over the past few decades. In 2013, the Hunan Provincial Agricultural Department (now the Hunan Agricultural Committee) conducted a heavy metal monitoring survey covering 45 counties within the Xiangjiang river basin; and collected samples from 1.8 million mu of rice production area. With reference to cadmium contamination, the survey results indicated that 44% of the 1.8 million mu of rice production areas were categorized as highly contaminated (>0.8 milligram per kilogram); 34% moderately contaminated (0.2 0.8 milligram per kilogram); and 22% without contamination detected. In addition to the contamination from industrial pollution, the generally acidic soil condition is also a contributing factor to the cadmium absorption capacity of rice crops.

From the food safety and public health perspective, the impacts of cadmium on human health have been subject to numerous global research efforts and are well documented. In the PRC, incidence of cadmium-tainted rice as a result of farmland contamination has been reported in academic publications and by the media.

Hunan has also been actively trying to address soil pollution and farmland contamination issues. In March 2011, the State Council approved the Implementation Plan for Heavy Metal Contamination Remediation in Xiangjiang River in Hunan Province. From 2011 to 2013, measures were taken by the province to reduce contamination from polluting industries, including closure, reform, and improvement of environmental practices of heavy metal enterprises.

The most significant recent milestone in the PRC government's combat against soil pollution is the release of the _Soil Ten Plan_ in May 2016, which outlines the comprehensive set of actions to combat soil pollution.

Despite the increasing priority and efforts given by the central and Hunan provincial governments, addressing soil pollution and contaminated farmland remediation continues to face numerous challenges. A key challenge is the lack of innovative and cost-effective technologies, and specific technical guidelines for contaminated farmland remediation. Farmland remediation is new to the PRC; and capacity and knowledge of remediation is also limited and emerging. The absence of an effective and efficient monitoring and early warning system for farmland contamination is another factor that will potentially jeopardize any remediation efforts in arable lands. The absence of a legal and policy framework to deal with farmland contamination is also a stumbling block. Finally, the lack of a financing strategy to support contaminated farmland remediation in Hunan Province also results in the central and Hunan provincial governments having to shoulder almost the entire costs for remediation of contaminated farmlands.

To address some of these key issues, the Hunan Provincial Government has requested the ADB for this TA to strengthen the capacity of provincial- and local-level administration for contaminated farmland remediation, management, and monitoring.

Impact Quality of arable land for rice farming in Hunan Province improved.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Hunan provincial government and local-level administration's capacity for remediation, monitoring, and management of contaminated farmlands enhanced.
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Technical guidelines, operational standards, and recommendations for cost-effective technologies for contaminated farmland remediation prepared.

Strategies for sustainable financing for remediation activities developed.

Knowledge of key stakeholders on contaminated farmland remediation enhanced.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) The final workshop was held on 6 July 2019 with over 150 international and national participants. The final report was submitted on 31 July 2019.
Geographical Location Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services A consulting firm will be engaged in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time) using the simplified technical proposal and quality- and cost-based selection method, with a quality cost ratio of 90:10 due to the high technical complexity of the consulting assignment.
Procurement All ADB-financed procurement will be conducted following ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Ramachandran, Pavit
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Hunan Agriculture Committee
Beijing, PRC
Timetable
Concept Clearance 22 Aug 2016
Fact Finding 23 Aug 2016 to 25 Aug 2016
MRM -
Approval 26 Sep 2016
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Sep 2019

TA 9177-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
26 Sep 2016 18 Oct 2016 18 Oct 2016 30 Apr 2018 31 Jul 2019 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
400,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 400,000.00 26 Sep 2016 376,728.09

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


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Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Policy and Advisory Technical Assistance 9177 18 Jul 2017 ESD CHINA LIMITED(CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF) Suite 2805, Bldg A, No. 6 Futong East St Square Beijing,China 100102 People's Rep China/[email protected] Hunan Agriculture Committee 379,880.00

Procurement Plan

None currently available.