Regional: Strengthening Women's Resilience to Climate Change and Disaster Risk in Asia and the Pacific
The proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will enhance the capacity of three developing member countries (DMCs) - Fiji, the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), and Mongolia - to strengthen women's resilience to climate change and disaster risks. This will be done by demonstrating (i) the potential for green jobs for women, (ii) developing and advancing gender-responsive national and sector policies and actions on climate change and disaster risk management (CCDRM), and (iii) integrating women's rights into relevant environment law. The TA is included in the Asian Development Bank (ADB) Management-approved Gender Equity Thematic Group's 2017 annual work program.
Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department
Request for information
- Technical Assistance
- Public sector management
|Project Name||Strengthening Women's Resilience to Climate Change and Disaster Risk in Asia and the Pacific|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development
Education / Technical and vocational education and training
Energy / Energy efficiency and conservation
Public sector management / Public administration
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||The proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will enhance the capacity of three developing member countries (DMCs) - Fiji, the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), and Mongolia - to strengthen women's resilience to climate change and disaster risks. This will be done by demonstrating (i) the potential for green jobs for women, (ii) developing and advancing gender-responsive national and sector policies and actions on climate change and disaster risk management (CCDRM), and (iii) integrating women's rights into relevant environment law. The TA is included in the Asian Development Bank (ADB) Management-approved Gender Equity Thematic Group's 2017 annual work program.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Women, and particularly poor women, suffer disproportionately from the impact of climate change and disasters triggered by natural hazards. Their recovery from post-disaster shocks is typically less rapid than that of men as a result of their lack of resource ownership and human capital endowments, disadvantaged socioeconomic position, lack of voice in decision-making processes, and disproportionate care responsibilities. The same factors hamper women's adaptive capacity and access to climate smart technology and production inputs in agriculture, as well as their capacity to capture economic opportunities provided by growing green economy value chains. When poor households suffer from multiple climate-related hazards, they may adopt extreme coping actions that can lead to long-term and intergenerational vulnerability, such as early marriage for girls, selling land and other assets for less than their value, withdrawing children from school, and reducing their food consumption.
Women play a critical role in managing climate and disaster risks through their coping knowledge and experience in effectively mobilizing resources. However, their roles remain undervalued in climate policies and finance. Empowering women and recognizing them as agents of change, rather than simply victims, and supporting their participation in CCDRM policy and program development are fundamental requirements of sustainable development.
The growing recognition of the centrality of gender equality and women's empowerment in CCDRM has resulted in a number of global initiatives, including (i) the Paris Agreement; (ii) the Lima Programme on Gender, adopted by the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change; (iii) gender policies and action plans adopted by global climate financing mechanisms such as the Global Environment Facility, the Climate Investment Funds, and the Green Climate Fund; (iv) Sustainable Development Goal 13.b; and (v) gender actions under the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015-2030). Nonetheless, there are significant gaps in the capacity and commitment of countries to integrate gender equality in CCDRM work. Even those countries that have explicitly acknowledged the vulnerability of women to climate change and the impact of disasters have yet to define specific actions, work programs, and financing and implementation arrangements. Most countries find it challenging to design gender-responsive CCDRM projects. Key stakeholders such as women's groups and national machinery responsible for gender equality are largely excluded from important policy and program decision making.
Although national environmental laws will play an important role in effectively implementing national commitments to gender equality in CCDRM, little work has been done to critically assess the need for and means to implement legal reforms.
There is an unprecedented opportunity for women to benefit from growing green economies, but prospects for advancement from low-skill, entry-level positions to high-skill, higher-paying green jobs are hindered by existing gender inequalities. These include limited access to skills training and technical and vocational education and training (TVET), lack of finance, care responsibilities, limited access to assets such as land, and gender stereotypes in the existing labor market that reproduce the same gender gaps in the green economy. Reforms and demonstration of effective initiatives that are likely to accelerate green jobs and entrepreneurship for women are urgently needed to make the green economy value chain gender-inclusive.
|Impact||Developing member countries (DMC) demand for investments in gender-responsive climate change and disaster risk management (CCDRM) programs to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 5 and 13 increased.|
|Description of Outcome||Capacity of selected DMCs in developing and implementing gender-responsive CCDRM policies and programs increased|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Green job potential for women demonstrated
Policy advice for gender mainstreaming in CCDRM policies, strategies, and financing strengthened
Legal frameworks for gender-inclusive CCDRM strengthened
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
The TA has engaged and mobilized all three national gender consultants from selected DMCs, the national TA coordinator based in ADB Headquarters, and the international firm tasked to deliver Outputs 1 and 2 of the TA. For Output 3, the international consultants (environmental law specialist and gender law specialist) are on-board since November 2018.
For Outputs 1 and 2, an Inception Meeting was conducted in late April 2018 in Bangkok, Thailand involving all consultants, implementing agency (IA) representatives, and ADB. The inception report was approved by ADB on June 2018.
Steering committees for each country are established with focal persons already identified from the IA and line ministries. Initial Steering Committee meetings have been conducted in Fiji, Lao, and Mongolia.
Output 3 is expected to be completed this August 2019. The completion will culminate with the conduct of a Regional Workshop at ADB Headquarters. The preparation for the Regional Synthesis Report of three Country Studies and Good Global Practices is ongoing.
Outputs 1 and 2 are expected to be completed by November 2020. The preparation of country reports for Outputs 1 and 2 is ongoing. These country reports will be presented in National Workshops scheduled in June 2019.
The demonstration subproject in Fiji, which provided certification training in carpentry to 20 women was completed on December 2018. As an output of the training, 20 climate-resilient houses were built and home beneficiaries have also been selected. The Final Report of the subproject is expected to be submitted this May 2019.
Demonstration project in Mongolia is expected to start in June 2019
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||IAs, civil society organizations, and key stakeholders in the three TA countries have been widely consulted during the fact-finding missions, which have resulted in the TA project designs.|
|During Project Implementation||Steering committees for each country are established with focal persons already identified from the IA and line ministries and TORs for the Steering Committee have been approved.|
|Consulting Services||ADB will select, supervise, and evaluate all consultants. The TA will engage consultants using three methods: (i) an international consulting firm through fixed-budget selection, (ii) a nongovernment organization through single-source selection, and (iii) individual consultants. Consultant selection will be in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). TA proceeds will be disbursed in accordance with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time).|
|Procurement||Equipment will be procured in accordance with ADB Procurement Guidelines. Upon TA completion, all training equipment and materials will be handed over to the relevant implementing agency in accordance with relevant ADB guidelines.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Shagazatova, Malika|
|Responsible ADB Department||Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||SDTC-GEN*|
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
|Concept Clearance||19 May 2017|
|Fact Finding||22 May 2017 to 11 May 2017|
|Approval||28 Jul 2017|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||28 Mar 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|28 Jul 2017||-||28 Jul 2017||31 Dec 2020||30 Jun 2022||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|1,400,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||1,400,000.00||18 Nov 2021||914,929.60|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Strengthening Women's Resilience to Climate Change and Disaster Risk in Asia and the Pacific: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Jul 2017|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
Green Jobs for Women: Construction Skills for Fijian WomenThis ADB project equipped Fijian women with carpentry skills to contribute around shelter preparedness in their communities, as well as to access employment opportunities within historically a male-dominated construction industry.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Technical co-team leader/International Gender and Green Jobs Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||07 Dec 2019||13 Dec 2019|
|International Gender and Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||08 Oct 2019||14 Oct 2019|
|International Gender and Legal Frameworks Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||08 Oct 2019||14 Oct 2019|
|Mongolia National Gender Consultant||Individual - Consulting||Closed||30 May 2018||12 Jun 2018|
|Fiji National Gender Consultant||Individual - Consulting||Closed||24 Nov 2017||07 Dec 2017|
|Lao PDR National Gender Consultant||Individual - Consulting||Closed||24 Nov 2017||30 Nov 2017|
|Mongolia National Gender Consultant||Individual - Consulting||Closed||16 Nov 2017||22 Nov 2017|
|Outputs 1 and 2||Firm - Consulting||Closed||26 Sep 2017||02 Oct 2017|
|National TA Coordinator||Individual - Consulting||Closed||23 Aug 2017||04 Sep 2017|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor | Address||Executing Agency||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 9348||08 May 2020||MN Rural Development and Relief Association(MONGOLIA) | Bayanzurkh District, Peace avenue, 16A-1 NAMAC building, 106 Ulaanbaatar city Mon||Asian Development Bank||100,000.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 9348||15 Mar 2018||ASIA FOUNDATION (THE)(UNITED STATES) | 9TH FLOOR, 465 CALIFORNIA STREET SAN FRANCISCO, CA 94104 U.S.A.||*** No Executing Agency for this TA ***||580,000.00||—|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 9348||09 Feb 2018||Habitat for Humanity(FIJI) | Lot 1 foster Road,, Walubay Suva, Fiji I Fiji||*** No Executing Agency for this TA ***||270,171.00||—|
None currently available.