Mongolia : Sustaining Access to and Quality of Education During Economic Difficulties Project (Additional Financing)

Sovereign Project | 50091-006

The additional financing will scale up the scope of the ongoing project by increasing number of schools and kindergartens by nine and the overall project will have in total 30 schools and kindergartens to be constructed and expanded and provided with the required furniture and equipment for their operations. The impact and outcome of the overall project will remain unchanged from the ongoing project. The construction and provision of furniture and equipment will be added to Output 1 of the ongoing project: Gap in enrollment capacity of schools and kindergartens narrowed, but the remaining outputs will remain unchanged.

Project Details

Project Name Sustaining Access to and Quality of Education During Economic Difficulties Project (Additional Financing)
Project Number 50091-006
Country / Economy Mongolia
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan: Sustaining Access to and Quality of Education During Economic Difficulties Project (Additional Financing)
Concessional ordinary capital resources lending US$ 15.00 million
Operational Priorities OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
Sector / Subsector

Education / Education sector development - Pre-primary and primary - Secondary

Public sector management / Decentralization

Gender Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The additional financing will scale up the scope of the ongoing project by increasing number of schools and kindergartens by nine and the overall project will have in total 30 schools and kindergartens to be constructed and expanded and provided with the required furniture and equipment for their operations. The impact and outcome of the overall project will remain unchanged from the ongoing project. The construction and provision of furniture and equipment will be added to Output 1 of the ongoing project: Gap in enrollment capacity of schools and kindergartens narrowed, but the remaining outputs will remain unchanged.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy As of school year of 2022 (SY), there were in total 859 schools in country of which 688 or 80.1% were public. Three free years of pre-primary education are provided at public kindergartens (985 or 69.7% of kindergartens). In 2021, the gross enrollment rate (GER) reached 97.0% for primary education, 96.3% for junior secondary and 96.7% for senior secondary education. In coming years, the high growth of school-age population is expected. The gap in enrollment capacity of schools and kindergartens remain to be persistent partly due to the lack of available seats at public schools and kindergartens. In five years or from SY2018 to SY2022, student enrollment in public schools increased by 23.5%, outpacing the rate of increase in the number of public schools (4.9%). Enrollments in public kindergartens moderately increased by 4.2%, though 96 more public kindergartens (10.8% increase) were newly opened. Ulaanbaatar saw a particularly significant expansion in student enrollment, recording a 38.0% surge in schools and a 6.8% increase in kindergartens, largely because of ruralurban migration. Three of the six schools that operated in three shifts in SY2022 were in Ulaanbaatar, and the average class size in Ulaanbaatar (33.5 in schools, and 30.2 in kindergartens) was bigger than the national average (30.2 in schools and 29.9 in kindergartens). Due to the increase in school-age population, there is a growing tendency in the number of schools with three shifts. Although according to the official statistics, there were only six schools operating in three shifts in SY 2002, this number is going to reach 68 in SY 2023 including 47 schools in Ulaanbaatar and 21 outside of Ulaanbaatar. As the gap in enrollment capacity of schools and kindergartens persistently exists nowadays, the government requested the additional financing of $15 million to cover the funding gap for the construction and expansion of originally planned schools and kindergartens.
Impact

More accessible, more equitable, and better quality education system developed

Outcome

Access to and quality of pre-primary, primary and secondary education sustained during economic difficulties

Outputs

Gap in enrollment capacity of schools and kindergartens narrowed

Geographical Location Nation-wide
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The IEE and public consultations were conducted on eight school and kindergarten construction and expansion sites during the original project processing. The project IEE has been updated with the details of new additional kindergarten and public consultations. An environmental assessment of the Murun kindergarten will be prepared and disclosed as part of the updated IEE. The existing generic EMP will be applied to the additional financing. The project will develop a site-specific Environmental Management Plan for the construction of all nine facilities.
Involuntary Resettlement The project will not require any permanent and/or temporary land acquisition or resettlement. Due diligence reviews were conducted and confirmed that new sites under additional financing will not trigger LAR impacts nor any legacy issues. DDRs will be updated if any impacts are triggered during the project implementation.
Indigenous Peoples

The project seeks to sustain access to and quality of education for all kindergarten and school-age children, regardless of ethnicity. Measures to enhance inclusiveness and sensitivity, and maximize project benefits for all vulnerable groups, including ethnic groups, have been incorporated into the GAAP.

The EA will manage the environmental and social impacts, and any required capacity support through the PIU Environmental, and Social and Gender Specialists who are engaged on full time basis. The safeguard monitoring reports will be disclosed through the ADB website on a semi-annual basis.

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Single-source selection method will be applied for selection of individual consultants as continuation of the existing contracts under the ongoing project.
Procurement

Procurement of goods, works, consulting services, and non-consulting services will follow the ADB Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time) and the Consulting Guidelines (2013, as amended from time to time).

National competitive bidding method will be applied for procurement of goods and works for 10 packages.

Responsible ADB Officer Lonjid, Itgel
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Mongolia Resident Mission (MNRM)
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Education and Science
Timetable
Concept Clearance 10 Jul 2023
Fact Finding 03 Jul 2023 to 08 Sep 2023
MRM -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 12 Oct 2023

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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None currently available.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

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Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.