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Cambodia: Third Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Development Program

Sovereign (Public) Project | 50101-002 Status: Proposed

The proposed project will continue expansion of rural water supply and sanitation (RWSS) services, expanding the number of provinces from six to eight (Banteay Meanchey, Battambang, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Thom, Kampong Speu, Kampot, Pursat, and Siem Reap), and serving about 600 villages. While the general approach will remain the same, refinements to the project will include: (i) improved hybrid-CLTS approach developed under the JFPR grant, incorporating climate change, disaster risk management, and water and sanitation safety planning; (ii) improved water quality testing; (iii) revised approach for the sanitation subsidy and new target of open defecation free communes; and (iv) new sanitation solutions for fecal sludge management and floating villages developed under the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation grant.

Project Details

Project Officer
Hasanah, Siti Southeast Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Cambodia
Modality
  • Grant
  • Loan
Sector
  • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
 
Project Name Third Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Development Program
Project Number 50101-002
Country Cambodia
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant: Third Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Development Program
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 4.39 million
High Level Technology Fund US$ 1.00 million
Loan: Third Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Development Program
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 44.61 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Rural sanitation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development - Rural water supply services

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The proposed project will continue expansion of rural water supply and sanitation (RWSS) services, expanding the number of provinces from six to eight (Banteay Meanchey, Battambang, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Thom, Kampong Speu, Kampot, Pursat, and Siem Reap), and serving about 600 villages. While the general approach will remain the same, refinements to the project will include: (i) improved hybrid-CLTS approach developed under the JFPR grant, incorporating climate change, disaster risk management, and water and sanitation safety planning; (ii) improved water quality testing; (iii) revised approach for the sanitation subsidy and new target of open defecation free communes; and (iv) new sanitation solutions for fecal sludge management and floating villages developed under the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation grant.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Rationale for further sector financing. A third sector project is needed to support the government in its continuous efforts to achieve (i) universal RWSS coverage nationwide and (ii) its recently introduced target of an open defecation free Cambodia, where every households has a toilet. Given that 36.7% of the rural population does not have access to safe water supply and 35.8% does not have access to a household toilet (and currently practicing open defecation), the task of achieving the government targets remains huge, even given the significant gains over the past decade. The current annual levels of growth for water supply (1.8%) and sanitation (4.3% post-2010) are insufficient to reach the 2025 target coverage, and both must be accelerated to at least 5% per annum until 2025 to realize the vision of universal coverage. Continued sector financing is needed to at least 2025, and possibly 2030, for the government to achieve its targets. The additional sector loan modality is suitable because of (i) strong links with the current project, including capacities developed; (ii) a high degree of project readiness, and a well-performing executing agency; and (iii) scaling up project benefits using innovative designs in climate change, disaster risk management, and sanitation, developed under the ongoing TR-TA and grant.

Strategic alignment. The project will contribute to the government's efforts to achieve universal coverage for improved water supply and sanitation coverage by 2025. The project (i) remains consistent with ADB's country partnership strategy, which focuses on strengthening urban rural links in the Tonle Sap Basin; and (ii) is included in ADB's country operations business plan for Cambodia, 2019-2023. Lessons include (i) the need for greater focus on addressing gender inequality and supporting women's and community leadership to overcome cultural norms; (ii) the need to develop equitable solutions to address increases in the cost of community small piped water supply facilities, which hamper poorer households meeting beneficiary contributions; and (iii) the need to introduce climate change adaptation and mitigation together with disaster risk management to address the impact of climate change on RWSS, which is becoming significant with more severe floods and droughts and the depletion of groundwater sources in the dry season.

Impact Universal access to safe water supply and sanitation services in Cambodia by 2025
Outcome Universal access to sustainable rural water supply and sanitation services in target commune areas
Outputs

RWSS management decentralized

Rural water supply service in the Tonle Sap Provinces expanded

Rural sanitation in Tonle Sap Provinces expanded

Human resources strengthened and management capacity developed in Tonle Sap Provinces

Geographical Location Banteay Meanchey, Battambang, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Speu, Kampong Thom, Kampot, Pursat, Siem Reap
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Hasanah, Siti
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Rural Development
169 Corner Road Soviet Blvd.
Phnom Penh
Cambodia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 07 Oct 2016
Fact Finding 06 Feb 2019 to 19 Feb 2019
MRM 19 Jul 2019
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 10 Oct 2016

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


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Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Project Implementation Consultant Firm - Consulting Closed 21 Feb 2019 22 Mar 2019

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.