The proposed project will support the government of Cambodia in improving urban services and enhancing climate resilience in participating towns in the Tonle Sap Basin. The project will support improve urban services in wastewater management, solid waste management and drainage in the provincial cities of Battambang (Battambang Province), Serei Saophoan (Banteay Meanchey Province) and Stueng Saen (Kampong Thom Province). The project will also improve institutional effectiveness and improve the policy and planning environment.
|Project Name||Second Urban Environmental Management in the Tonle Sap Basin Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban flood protection - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sewerage - Urban solid waste management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The proposed project will support the government of Cambodia in improving urban services and enhancing climate resilience in participating towns in the Tonle Sap Basin. The project will support improve urban services in wastewater management, solid waste management and drainage in the provincial cities of Battambang (Battambang Province), Serei Saophoan (Banteay Meanchey Province) and Stueng Saen (Kampong Thom Province). The project will also improve institutional effectiveness and improve the policy and planning environment.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The Tonle Sap basin is home to about a third of Cambodia's population, while nearly half of the population depends on the lake's resources, particularly its fish, for their livelihoods. The largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia, the lake has a highly diverse ecosystem and unique hydrology, where seasonal variations are linked closely with fish production. With 62% of its water originating in the Mekong River, and 38% in the Tonle Sap basin, the Tonle Sap is at risk of being adversely affected by climate-induced changes to the Mekong River and its tributaries, as well as by environmental degradation in the basin. Climate projections point to increasing daily maximum temperatures and more frequent large rainfall events, indicating that flooding, particularly in the low-lying Tonle Sap basin, will increase. Cambodia's urban population growth rate of 4.4%, one of the fastest-growing in Southeast Asia, translates into significant growth in the basin's towns. In a largely rural region that is predominantly based on agriculture and fisheries, urban areas are key for economic development, but also represent the greatest threat to the ecosystem.
The proposed project will build on ADB's programmatic, sequential engagement in Cambodia's urban sector and in the Tonle Sap basin. The 2005 Tonle Sap Basin Strategy highlighted the importance of the basin from an ecological, environmental and poverty perspective, while the 2012 Urban Sector Assessment, Strategy and Road Map for Cambodia highlighted sustainable urban development in the Tonle Sap as one of the ADB's three priority areas moving forward. The Tonle Sap Urban Development Strategic Framework (2014-2030) identified and prioritized the urgent urban infrastructure needs for the six key towns in the Tonle Sap basin. The first Tonle Sap Integrated Urban Environmental Management Project, approved in 2015 and currently under implementation, is focusing on a subset of priority investments in the two top-ranked towns, namely Kampong Chnnang and Pursat.
|Impact||Sustainable, inclusive, equitable, and resilient growth achieved|
|Outcome||Urban services improved in participating cities.|
Improved urban services
Improved institutional effectiveness
Improved policy and planning environment
|Geographical Location||Battambang, Serei Saophoan, Stueng Saen|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The project is Category B for Environment. The wastewater treatment plants, construction of new controlled landfills and closure of existing landfills will reduce soil, groundwater and surface water pollution. Improved drainage and increased climate resilience will reduce flood impacts and improve urban sanitation and hygiene. The IEEs will identify potential negative construction environmental impacts that are localized and short-term, such as access and traffic disruption, noise, dust, waste and wastewater management. Potential negative operational environmental impacts may result from poor or inadequate operation and maintenance practice, in relation to leachate, gas and sludge management, quality of effluent discharges and associated community health and safety risks. The sites selected for the proposed infrastructure will avoid impacts on sensitive environmental receptors. Construction and operational impacts can be prevented or minimized to an acceptable degree through effective implementation of Environment Management Plans.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The project is Category B for involuntary resettlement impacts as it will involve acquisition of privately owned lands, temporary and limited permanent impacts on incomes due to loss of access to lands for farming. No physical relocation is expected. For sub-projects where the sites are certain, Resettlement Plans (RPs) will be prepared in accordance with the ADB's SPS (2009) and government laws. For the remaining sub-projects that require land acquisition, the sites will be acquired by government after loan approval and based on sound engineering designs. For these sub-projects, a Resettlement Framework (RF) will be prepared to (i) screen and select subproject sites that will be identified after the loan and grant approval; and (ii) guide preparation of RPs after completion of the detailed engineering design in compliance with the approved RF. The RPs will be submitted to ADB for review before any contracts are awarded and implemented prior to civil works commencement.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The project is category B for Indigenous Peoples. The Poverty and Social Assessment confirmed the presence of Cham and Vietnamese ethnic minorities residing within the larger project service area. There are however no indigenous peoples (IPs) residing in these areas. Although the subprojects with identified sites will not adversely affect the ethnic minorities, and beneficial impacts are expected from the project, an Indigenous Peoples Planning Framework (IPPF) has been prepared and disclosed per the ADB's SPS (2009). The IPPF will guide the IP impact screening for sites to be identified after Board approval.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||A Stakeholder Communication Strategy (SCS) has been prepared. It integrates strategic communication into the project to encourage behaviors in support of project outcomes. These include adoption of sewerage connections, proper sanitation and disposal of waste, and payments for new urban services.|
|During Project Implementation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Kamal, Sameer A.|
|Responsible ADB Department||Southeast Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban Development and Water Division, SERD|
Ministry of Public Works and Transport
4th Floor Eastern Building
Corner Norodom Boulevard Street 106
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
|Concept Clearance||14 Oct 2016|
|Fact Finding||05 Mar 2018 to 15 Mar 2018|
|MRM||19 Apr 2018|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||28 Mar 2018|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Public Communications Policy (PCP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Second Integrated Urban Environmental Management in the Tonle Sap Basin Project: Project Data Sheet (Khmer Translation)||Translated PDS||Oct 2016|
|Second Integrated Urban Environmental Management in the Tonle Sap Basin Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Oct 2016|
|Second Integrated Urban Environmental Management in the Tonle Sap Basin Project: Project Preparatory Technical Assistance Report||Project Preparatory Technical Assistance Reports||Oct 2016|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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The Public Communications Policy (PCP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
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No tenders for this project were found.
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