Regional : Supporting Implementation of Environment-Related Sustainable Development Goals in Asia and the Pacific
The TA will build on ADB's previous support for achieving MDG7 (environmental sustainability) in Asia and the Pacific, and will align with Strategy 2030 (under preparation) to support DMCs in implementing actions on the environment-related SDGs. The TA will also work with regional partners such as Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), both of which have mandates to support countries to implement the SDGs. The TA also complements the regional TA on Agenda 2030 and the SDG, as both will help ADB support SDG implementation and develop Strategy 2030, but focuses on implementing environment-related SDGs.
Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department
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- Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
|Supporting Implementation of Environment-Related Sustainable Development Goals in Asia and the Pacific
|Country / Economy
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount
|Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change
|Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Forestry - Land-based natural resources management - Water-based natural resources management
Energy / Energy efficiency and conservation
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban sanitation - Urban solid waste management
|No gender elements
|The TA will build on ADB's previous support for achieving MDG7 (environmental sustainability) in Asia and the Pacific, and will align with Strategy 2030 (under preparation) to support DMCs in implementing actions on the environment-related SDGs. The TA will also work with regional partners such as Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), both of which have mandates to support countries to implement the SDGs. The TA also complements the regional TA on Agenda 2030 and the SDG, as both will help ADB support SDG implementation and develop Strategy 2030, but focuses on implementing environment-related SDGs.
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Implementation of environment-related SDGs will be critical for continued development in the region. Environmental degradation and climate change threaten development gains, with the poor suffering most. At the third Asia-Pacific Forum on Sustainable Development in April 2016, which initiated a regional dialogue on implementing Agenda 2030, participants identified environmental challenges to be prioritized in the region, including degradation of ecosystems, unsustainable resource use, air and water pollution, and threats posed by climate change and natural disasters. In providing DMCs support to implement environment-related SDGs, policy and institutional coherence, data monitoring, and accountability will need to be addressed at the national level. For example, governments will need capacity to analyze and evaluate policy options based on environmental as well as economic and social criteria, and to monitor policy impacts and progress against targets. Measurement and monitoring for environmental sustainability progress is the weakest among the sustainable development pillars (economic development, social development, and environmental protection) because of insufficient production of environment statistics, impeding DMCs' ability to determine baseline conditions and set targets. Financing is also a concern since, compared with other priorities such as basic services or infrastructure provision, less incentives exist to invest in environmental sustainability, as it is often difficult to demonstrate returns on investments.
DMCs have varying capacities and will have differing needs based on national circumstances and development priorities. Consultations undertaken by the project team indicate DMCs require capacity building support for environment-related SDG issues and access to finance. Tools and methodologies to mainstream the SDGs will have to be identified and/or developed considering applicability and priorities in DMCs. Helping DMCs identify priorities and set targets for environment-related SDGs will also assist ADB in identifying targets under the forthcoming Strategy 2030. Upstream support for environment-related SDGs will create opportunities to support sector investments in sustainable infrastructure and resource conservation (SDG12) and natural resources management (SDGs 14 and 15), including co-benefits in climate change adaptation and mitigation (SDG13).7 The national policies, strategies, and programs to be identified by the DMCs as necessary in meeting environment-related SDGs can be areas for follow-on ADB support through policy advice, TA, projects, and knowledge services.
Integration of environment-related SDGs into policy and planning processes in Asia and the Pacific DMCs improved or achieved in the long term (The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development)
|Description of Outcome
Capacity and knowledge of governments and other stakeholders to implement environment-related SDGs enhanced
|Progress Toward Outcome
|Phase 2 is being implemented in the Philippines and Viet Nam, while preparation for the implementation is underway in Mongolia. Support for the Philippines is focused on developing a plan for sustainable consumption and production in relation to SDG12. Activities supported in Viet Nam relate to developing indicators for monitoring environment dimensions of the SDG. Support for Mongolia will also be similar to this. Recruitment of consultants to support in-country implementation is ongoing.
|Description of Project Outputs
Regional stocktaking and review undertaken, technical guidance materials prepared, and knowledge-sharing workshop undertaken
Recommendations for mainstreaming environment-related SDGs in three pilot DMCs developed and dissemination workshop held
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Output 1:Regional stocktaking and review undertaken, technical guidance materials prepared, and knowledge-sharing workshop undertaken
- The TA team carried out desk study and interviews with UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), UN Environment, ADB operations departments and resident missions, and other development partners to gain a regional overview of progress on the integration of environment-related SDGs. The TA team produced a draft stocktaking and review report of 15 countries with an emphasis on SDGs 12, 14 and 15.
In parallel, a draft tools inventory was developed to help policymakers identify suitable approaches, tools and methodologies to understand the critical interlinkages and meaningfully integrate select environment-related SDGs and targets into their development planning and implementation activities with an emphasis on SDGs 12, 14 and 15.
A Regional Knowledge Sharing Workshop was conducted in Bangkok, Thailand on 20-21 February 2018 in collaboration with regional partners such as the UN ESCAP and UN Environment. About 104 participants from 19 DMCs coming from the government ministries working on national policy planning, environment and pollution control/resource efficiency, international development organizations including UN (ESCAP, Environment, PEI, and UNDP), civil society, private sector and NGOs attended the event.
In July 2018, the Workshop Proceedings Report from the Regional Knowledge Sharing Workshop was published. A summary paper on the Regional Stocktaking of the environment-related SDGs in Asia and the Pacific presenting the results of stocktaking of 15 countries' national and organizational responses to the environment-related SDGs is also being finalized.
Output 2: Recommendations for mainstreaming environment-related SDGs in three pilot DMCs developed and dissemination workshop held
-Phase 2 activities are being implemented in the Philippines and Viet Nam, and preparations are underway in Mongolia. Recruitment of consultants to support the in-country implementation is ongoing.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
|During Project Design
|During Project Implementation
|Responsible ADB Officer
|Responsible ADB Department
|Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department
|Responsible ADB Division
Asian Development Bank
|21 Sep 2016
|03 Aug 2016 to 23 Jun 2016
|24 Nov 2016
|Last Review Mission
|Last PDS Update
|27 Mar 2019
|24 Nov 2016
|24 Nov 2016
|31 Oct 2019
|31 Oct 2020
|10 Nov 2020
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization
|17 Jun 2022
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None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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The National Development Agency, under the support of the Mongolia subproject of the TA, developed a policy tool to assess, and help ensure the integration of the environment dimensions of the Sustainable Development Goals in socioeconomic policies in Mongolia. The participatory policy tool was based on Bhutan's Gross National Happiness Screening Tool, and another policy tool used in developing the Green Development Policy of Mongolia.
- Report 1: Desk Review of Existing Tools for Integrating Economic, Social and Environmental Sustainability Development Issues
- Report 2: Tool for Integrating Environment-Related SDGs into Social and Economic Policy Planning in Mongolia
- Report 3: Integration of Environment-Related SDGs into Sectoral Policies (Analysis of Energy and Health Development Policies)
None currently available.