Bangladesh : Supporting Fourth Primary Education Development Program-Additional Financing

Sovereign Project | 50192-004

The Fourth Primary Education Development Program (PEDP4) is the government's flagship initiative in the education sector aiming to provide quality education to all children. To support this program, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved a concessional loan of $500 million from ADB's ordinary capital resources on 27 September 2018. The loan closing date is 31 January 2024. The Government of Bangladesh, ADB, and five other development partners jointly finance the program via a sector-wide approach. The impact of the results-based lending (RBL) program is strengthened human capital formation. The outcome is improved quality and equity of primary education for all children from pre-primary to grade 5. The outputs are (i) improved quality of primary education, (ii) enhanced access and participation to primary education, and (iii) improved governance and management of primary education system.

Project Details

Project Name Supporting Fourth Primary Education Development Program-Additional Financing
Project Number 50192-004
Country / Economy Bangladesh
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0891-BAN: Supporting Fourth Primary Education Development Program-Additional Financing
Education Above All Foundation US$ 12.40 million
Operational Priorities OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
Sector / Subsector

Education / Education sector development - Pre-primary and primary

Gender Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The Fourth Primary Education Development Program (PEDP4) is the government's flagship initiative in the education sector aiming to provide quality education to all children. To support this program, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved a concessional loan of $500 million from ADB's ordinary capital resources on 27 September 2018. The loan closing date is 31 January 2024. The Government of Bangladesh, ADB, and five other development partners jointly finance the program via a sector-wide approach. The impact of the results-based lending (RBL) program is strengthened human capital formation. The outcome is improved quality and equity of primary education for all children from pre-primary to grade 5. The outputs are (i) improved quality of primary education, (ii) enhanced access and participation to primary education, and (iii) improved governance and management of primary education system.

The ongoing program is performing well. Despite the challenges of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and the closure of primary schools for over 18 months, the program is on track with solid progress to meet its outcome and outputs. As of 31 December 2022, 22 out of 39 sub-indicators of disbursement-linked indicators (DLIs) have been achieved. This will increase the ongoing program cumulative disbursement to 65%, while program time lapsed is at 70%. The PEDP4 midterm review conducted jointly by government and development partners assessed that the remaining sub-indicators of DLIs have progressed well and are on track to be achieved before the program completion date despite the impact of COVID-19. The government remains committed to accelerating efforts for achieving all program results with continued supports by development partners. Compliance with fiduciary and safeguard policy requirements for the ongoing program is satisfactory. The risk management plan is being complied with and has been successful. The project performance rating has been on track' throughout implementation of the program.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The additional financing is to reduce financing cost for out-of-school children (OOSC) by replacing part of ADB funding by Education Above All Foundation, Qatar (EAA) grant funds to achieve the same results previously planned (DLI 6). This will allow reallocating the corresponding ADB funding for additional scope of support to strengthen teacher training in response to the unanticipated impacts of COVID-19 (DLI 3). Bangladesh is among the countries with long school closures due to COVID-19. Primary schools of Bangladesh were closed from 17 March 2020 to 12 September 2021. The pandemic is likely to increase poverty due to significant reduction of household income from loss of formal and informal jobs, which is a major cause for children to discontinue enrollment to schools. The primary school dropout is expected to increase, which will increase the number of OOSC. The COVID-19 safety requirements, such as social distancing and hygiene protocols, further increase the cost of educating OOSC in learning centers. Given the government's limited fiscal space being affected by COVID-19 and economic recovery needs, grant financing will help reduce the cost of financing. During the school closure, teachers received little training because physical meetings were restricted. As a result, students enrolled in primary schools received limited support from teachers, aggravating their learning loss from the school closure. This requires strengthening the resilience and inclusiveness of teacher training through blended delivery modalities.
Impact

Human capital formation strengthened (Bangladesh Seventh-Five Year Plan FY2016-FY2020)

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Quality and equity of primary education improved for all children from pre-primary to grade 5

Progress Toward Outcome ongoing activities
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Quality of primary education improved

Access and participation to primary education enhanced

Governance and management or primary education system improved

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Nation-wide
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Consultant recruitment is expected under technical assistance
Procurement procurement of goods that require international procurement
Responsible ADB Officer Li, Zhigang
Responsible ADB Department Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Sector Office (SG-HSD)
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Primary and Mass Education
Timetable
Concept Clearance 28 Jul 2022
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 24 Apr 2023
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 25 Apr 2023

Grant 0891-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
24 Apr 2023 05 Jun 2023 20 Jun 2023 31 Jan 2024 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 12.40 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.00 13 Feb 2024 0.00 12.40 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 12.40 13 Feb 2024 0.00 0.00 0%

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Tenders

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Contracts Awarded

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Procurement Plan

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