China, People's Republic of: Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project

Sovereign Project | 50222-002

The project is located in Chongqing, a centrally administered municipality in the Chengdu-Chongqing city cluster at the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. Chongqing's resource-based inefficient economy is impacting the environment, and it prioritizes innovation in promoting sustainable development to shift from heavily polluting industries to innovation-driven industries across all economic sectors. The project will (i) help the people in Chongqing gain industry-relevant and innovation-oriented skills and capacities for employment; and (ii) support institutions to create an enabling and inclusive environment that helps build an innovative, diversified, efficient, and green economy in Chongqing.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Maruyama, Hinako
    East Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    China, People's Republic of
  • Sector
    • Education
Project Name Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project
Project Number 50222-002
Country / Economy China, People's Republic of
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 3897-PRC: Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 200.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Education / Technical and vocational education and training

Industry and trade / Industry and trade sector development

Public sector management / Social protection initiatives

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description

The project is located in Chongqing, a centrally administered municipality in the Chengdu-Chongqing city cluster at the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. Chongqing's resource-based inefficient economy is impacting the environment, and it prioritizes innovation in promoting sustainable development to shift from heavily polluting industries to innovation-driven industries across all economic sectors. The project will (i) help the people in Chongqing gain industry-relevant and innovation-oriented skills and capacities for employment; and (ii) support institutions to create an enabling and inclusive environment that helps build an innovative, diversified, efficient, and green economy in Chongqing.

The project will work with seven subprojects managed by seven implementing agencies in Chongqing's innovation ecosystem to pilot interventions. To support Chongqing's innovation-driven economic transformation, the project will enable graduates to gain employment within Chongqing in strategic emerging industries, and skilled technicians working in enterprises and R&D institutions in Changshou and Dianjiang's economic and technological development areas to gain improved skills on entrepreneurship. Inclusiveness is the main feature of the project, as it considers vulnerable groups in society that are most affected in Chongqing's economic transformation, including unskilled workers, returning migrants, farmers, and women. The project's activities for these groups demonstrate the key features of an inclusive innovation ecosystem model. The project will contribute significantly to institutional strengthening and project sustainability.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Chongqing's per capita disposable income for both urban and rural residents was below the national average in 2017. The gap in income growth and industrial development between Chongqing and the PRC's eastern coastal cities led to a massive population out-migration from Chongqing and caused severe social and economic problems; given the scarcity of matching local jobs in Chongqing, about 4.82 million people from Chongqing left their hometowns and families to seek work in the coastal cities or outside of Chongqing in 2017. The Chongqing Municipal Government (CMG) is under immense pressure and has issued policies and directives to support the migrant workers to return to their hometown in Chongqing for employment and entrepreneurship. However, the support mechanisms are still at the pilot stage and Chongqing lacks the capacity in facilitating the integration of returning migrants into the labor market and enhancing their access to public and social services.

Chongqing's economic growth slowed from 9.3% in 2017 to 6.5% in 2018. The CMG prioritizes innovation in promoting sustainable development to shift from heavily polluting industries to innovation-driven industries across all economic sectors. However, the skills mismatch between the local human resource supply and industry's demand prevails because of a lack of relevant education and training. Among university or college graduates from Chongqing, only about 65% find employment in Chongqing, with the others mainly finding jobs in the eastern PRC. The economy and industries of Chongqing have been developing through imitation or replication, but the intelligent industry has no model to imitate. Chongqing's innovation level was ranked 19th among 20 major PRC cities.

Chongqing has steadily expanded access to higher education, which helps lay an essential human resource foundation for the development of the YREB's upper reaches. However, Chongqing's higher education institutions (HEIs) still face financial challenges; human resource challenges; and modern teaching and learning challenges, including the need for facilities to introduce and deliver new programs and courses aligned to evolving skills demands in the local economy. Local skilled workers, farmers, and returning migrant workers, in particular, need to continuously update their knowledge and gain new skills to integrate modern technologies in their jobs to improve their livelihood. Education programs take many years to have an impact; there is, therefore, an urgent need to invest now.

Industries are striving to shift to less-polluting and efficient operations through research and development (R&D). However, despite high returns, there is underinvestment in long-term, high-risk R&D activities because of limited private financial resources. Public investment in R&D is a crucial catalyst to boosting private R&D activities, innovations, long-term productivity, and economic growth. Chongqing aims to create an enabling and inclusive economic environment by providing public services assistance at an early stage for R&D and start-ups. Chongqing lacks the capacity to support business incubation; institution-industry partnerships; mentorships for entrepreneurs and job seekers, including returning migrant workers; intermediary services on legal, finance, or intellectual property; and spaces for networking and collaboration.

Women made up 48.6% of the total population in Chongqing in 2017. Female students' representation varies from 16% to 70% in the project HEIs. Education patterns remain segregated along gender lines, with women underrepresented in engineering, information technology, and science and technology studies at all educational levels and in the workforce. The female entrepreneurs in the economic and technological development areas (ETDAs) in Changshou District and Dianjiang County account for only about 3% of all entrepreneurs in the ETDAs in Changshou and Dianjiang. HEIs' female teachers and students lack knowledge and skills in innovation and entrepreneurship as well as the confidence to start their own businesses. The employment rate of returning migrants who are female is about 20% lower than that of returning male migrants. Training programs, networks, and support targeting women are insufficient. There is a gender imbalance in labor division-even when women start their own businesses, they are primarily responsible for child and elderly care and housework.

Chongqing lacks capacity to help create an enabling "innovation ecosystem" where HEIs (teachers, students, researchers, administrators, and managers); enterprises (entrepreneurs, engineers, skilled workers, returning migrant workers); intermediary services (business incubators; and professionals on legal, tax, finance, and intellectual property); and government (officials, policy makers, advisors) are interconnected and transfer knowledge, ideas, human and financial capital, and policies to provide an enabling environment for innovation and create jobs and benefits for both men and women. People need spaces that facilitate capacity building and networking to generate new ideas to start businesses. Chongqing also needs to build institutional capacity to manage the planned interdisciplinary capacity building activities.

Strategic fit. The PRC formulated the YREB development plan, which envisages the establishment of an innovative and modern industrial system in the YREB, making the YREB a strategic economic region for national economic and social development by 2030. The PRC also issued the YREB innovation-driven industrial transformation and upgrading plan in 2016, which identifies obsolete industries and economic activities to be upgraded and diversified by YREB cities through entrepreneurial and innovative approaches. The project is aligned with five out of the seven operational priorities of ADB's Strategy 2030. The project is in line with ADB's (i) education sector operations plan by strengthening quality, inclusiveness, and relevant skills in higher education and contributing to filling labor market gaps; (ii) country partnership strategy for the PRC, 2016-2020 by supporting skills development and education; and (iii) country operations business plan for the PRC, 2019-2021, which refers to ADB's contribution to human development to promote innovation and improve service delivery, and to create an enabling environment for innovation and new industries to support the green transformation of the local economy. The project supports the achievement of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals.

Impact

Sustainable and inclusive economic transformation in the Yangtze River Economic Belt achieved

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Employment opportunities and people's capacity for innovation in Chongqing strengthened

Progress Toward Outcome

The loan was approved on 19 March 2020, signed on 3 August 2020, and became effective on 30 October 2020. A virtual loan inception mission was conducted intermittently in October 2020 and a review mission in August 2021. Following trainings conducted from June to August 2020, the seven implementing agencies have obtained fundamental knowledge on ADB's procurement requirements and procedures for the recruitment of consultants and procurement of goods and works under ADB's new procurement framework. Eight consultant selections have been advertised. The first consulting contract for the procurement agent was awarded in December 2020, the project implementation consultants were fielded in March 2021, and the engineering design and engineering survey service (JT-S03) for CJU was fielded in June 2021. In Q4 2021, the project cost consulting service for CVIE (GC-S02) and engineering design and engineering survey service for Dianjiang subproject (DJ-S03) contracts were awarded. Recruitment is ongoing for two consultant selections. Both ADB- and counterpart-financed civil works packages are at the design preparation stage, and the procurement process of the design institutes started in Q3 2020. Five human capital development activities are ongoing. Of the total of 35 activities (65 indicators) in SGAP, 4 activities are completed, and 17 are in progress (40 indicators).

The project is now having about 12 months' delay caused by various reasons. However, the project outputs will be realized by the project closing date of 31 March 2026 given the mitigation measures in place.

Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Relevance and quality of higher education and vocational training strengthened

Supporting mechanisms for innovation and entrepreneurship established

Institutional and project management capacity enhanced

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Output 1

CVIE and DCI have submitted the design drawings for ADB's review. The design reflected expected requirements of green and human centered building and quality assurance of buildings.

While some trainings have been conducted in 2021, the five HEIs are preparing to develop or upgrade programs and/or specialized courses and trainings.

Output 2

The implementing agencies started to prepare the bidding documents as of Q4 2021.

Dianjiang has submitted the design drawing for ADB's review.

Trainings on innovation and entrepreneurship are being conducted.

Output 3

Project management consultants have carried out a series of trainings on project implementation and management and training on the social and gender action plan. Fifteen gender officers in CPMO and IAs also participated in gender equality training organized by ADB.

In the last quarter of the year, under the guidance of project management consultant's social consultant, a series of related activities for capacity improvement were carried out, including the establishment of an online communication platform, an internal monitoring system implemented by SGAP, and related training. PMC consultants and gender specialists from CPMOs and IAs also participated in training and discussions on gender action plan implementation organized by ADB.

In December 2021, ADB, CPMO, and the project management consultants held a video conference to discuss strengthening capacity building activities for involved IAs. To improve the skills of IAs in carrying out innovation development activities and preparing soft activity implementation program, and to better achieve the objectives of human resources development activities, the project management consultants have prepared a Capacity Building Action Plan.

Trainings organized by ADB, PMC, and related institutions continue to be conducted in 2022.

Geographical Location Chongqing
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects An initial environmental examination and environmental management plan (EMP) were prepared for the project in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement, and disclosed on the ADB website. The EMP defines mitigation measures, monitoring requirements, and institutional responsibilities to ensure proper environmental management throughout construction and operation. The environmental management capabilities of the executing and implementing agencies were strengthened through on-the-job training and will be further enhanced by capacity development proposed under the project. Potential affected persons and stakeholders were consulted and their concerns have been incorporated in the project design and will be addressed through effective implementation of the EMP. The CPMO will establish a grievance redress mechanism. The executing agency will submit semiannual internal environmental monitoring reports to ADB. An external monitor will also submit semiannual monitoring reports to the executing agency and ADB.
Involuntary Resettlement A draft resettlement plan was prepared for the Dianjiang subproject, and key information in the resettlement plan and due diligence report were disclosed to the affected persons. During implementation, training on ADB's involuntary resettlement will be provided to the CPMO and implementing agencies. A grievance redress mechanism has been established, and an external agency will be engaged for semiannual resettlement monitoring.
Indigenous Peoples The project locations do not have a concentration of ethnic minority people. No adverse impact by the project on ethnic minorities is envisaged.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Relevant agencies and stakeholders were consulted during TRTA implementation including relevant agencies from Chongqing Municipal Government and project implementing agencies.
During Project Implementation Relevant agencies and stakeholders will be consulted during project implementation.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The procurement of consulting services will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Policy and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).
Procurement The procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADB's Procurement Policy and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).
Responsible ADB Officer Maruyama, Hinako
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Chongqing Municipal Government
Timetable
Concept Clearance 29 Nov 2018
Fact Finding 22 Apr 2019 to 30 Apr 2019
MRM 11 Nov 2019
Approval 19 Mar 2020
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 20 Sep 2022

Loan 3897-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
19 Mar 2020 03 Aug 2020 30 Oct 2020 30 Sep 2026 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 451.48 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 200.00 23 Jan 2023 10.16 0.00 5%
Counterpart 251.48 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 23 Jan 2023 7.61 0.00 4%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Social and Gender Action Plan Implementation Progress Report (January-June 2022) Executing Agency Progress Reports Jul 2022
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Audited Project Financial Statements (30 October 2020-31 December 2021) Audited Project Financial Statements Jul 2022
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Social and Gender Action Plan Implementation Progress Report (July-December 2021) Executing Agency Progress Reports Jan 2022
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Social and Gender Action Plan Implementation Progress Report (January-June 2021) Executing Agency Progress Reports Aug 2021
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Jan 2021
Loan Agreement (Ordinary Operations) for Loan 3897-PRC: Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources) Aug 2020
Project Agreement for Loan 3897-PRC: Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project Project/Program Agreements Aug 2020
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Project Administration Manual Project/Program Administration Manual Feb 2020
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Gender Action Plan Gender Action Plans Feb 2020
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Report and Recommendation of the President Reports and Recommendations of the President Feb 2020
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Dec 2018

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Chongqing University of Education Resettlement Due Diligence Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Aug 2022
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Chongqing University of Science and Technology Resettlement Due Diligence Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Aug 2022
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Internal Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2022) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jul 2022
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Internal Resettlement Monitoring Report (January-June 2022) Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2022
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Internal Resettlement Monitoring Report (July-December 2021) Social Monitoring Reports Jan 2022
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Internal Environmental Monitoring Report (July-December 2021) Environmental Monitoring Reports Jan 2022
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Internal Environmental Monitoring Report (October 2020-June 2021) Environmental Monitoring Reports Aug 2021
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Internal Resettlement Monitoring Report (January-June 2021) Social Monitoring Reports Jul 2021
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Draft Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Oct 2019
重庆创新与人力资源发展示范项目: 移民安置计划 Resettlement Plans Oct 2019
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Resettlement Due Diligence Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Oct 2019
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project: Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Oct 2019

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Loan 3897-PRC: Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project [DJ-CW01] Invitation for Bids Closed 04 Nov 2022 05 Dec 2022
Chongqing Innovation and Human Capital Development Project (ADB Loan No.: 3897-PRC) Invitation for Bids Closed 22 Apr 2022 20 May 2022
Engineering Design and Engineering Survey Service for Dianjiang Subproject Firm - Consulting Closed 13 Nov 2020 04 Dec 2020
Project Cost Consulting Service for CVIE Firm - Consulting Closed 26 Oct 2020 24 Nov 2020
Construction Supervision Consulting Service Firm - Consulting Closed 20 Oct 2020 18 Nov 2020
Engineering design, engineering survey, project management, and construction cost consulting service for CSVC subproject Firm - Consulting Closed 10 Oct 2020 08 Nov 2020
Project conceptual design for Changshou subproject Firm - Consulting Closed 30 Sep 2020 04 Dec 2020
Engineering survey, engineering design, engineering cost and BIM model consulting service for CJU technological innovation and construction of engineering training hub subproject Firm - Consulting Closed 30 Sep 2020 29 Oct 2020
Project Management Support Consulting Service Firm - Consulting Closed 02 Jul 2020 31 Jul 2020
Procurement Agent Consulting Services Firm - Consulting Closed 27 Dec 2019 31 Jan 2020

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
SX-S05: Engineering design, engineering survey, project management, and construction cost consulting service for CSVC subproject Loan 3897 22 Jul 2022 CISDI Engineering Co., Ltd. in a joint venture with Chongqing CISDI Engineering Consulting Co., Ltd. | No. 1 Shuanggang Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing Chongqing Municipal Government 1,259,155.58 1,259,118.24
PM-S01: Construction Supervision Loan 3897 24 Jun 2022 Chongqing Water Group Public Works Consulting Co., Ltd. in a JV with Chongqing Engineering Management Co., Ltd. | 3-Shop 1, Building 1, Longcheng Tiandu, No. 288, Ziyuan Road, Longta Street, Yubei District, Chongqing Chongqing Municipal Government 3,952,143.59 3,947,189.33
DJ-S03: Engineering design and engineering survey service for Dianjiang subproject Loan 3897 16 Nov 2021 CCTEG Chongqing Engineering (GROUP) Co., Ltd | 179 #Chang jiang No.2 street, Chongqing Chongqing Municipal Government 866,298.27 866,298.27
GC-S02: Project cost consulting service for CVIE Loan 3897 08 Nov 2021 Chongqing Li Xin Engineering Cost Consulting Co., Ltd. | 9F, Gate 1, Building A, No.2, Gaoke Fortune Avenue, Yubei District, Chongqing Chongqing Municipal Government 215,657.70 215,657.70
Engineering survey, engineering design, engineering cost and BIM model consulting service for CJU technological innovation and construction of engineering training hub subproject Loan 3897 19 Aug 2021 China CMCU Engineering Corporation in a JV with Chongqing Zhongke Survey and Design Co., Ltd. | No.17 Yuzhou Road, Chongqing, China Chongqing Municipal Government 479,378.97 479,378.97
PM-S04: PROJECT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT Loan 3897 17 Mar 2021 HALCROW (CHONGQING) ENGINEERING CONSULTING | ROOM A1501, CIIC BUILDING, NO.2 WUJIAN ROAD, JIANGBEI DISTRICT, CHONGQING CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF Chongqing Municipal Government 2,976,061.07 2,955,308.97
PM-S02: PROCUREMENT AGENT Loan 3897 28 Dec 2020 INSTRIMPEX INTERNATIONAL TENDERING CO.,LTDIN | RM.1501, GENERTEC PLAZA, NO.90,XISANHUAN ZHONGLU, FENGTAI DISTRICT, BEIJING CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF Chongqing Municipal Government 474,819.78 474,819.78