50278-001: Community Vegetable Farming for Livelihood Improvement (formerly Sustainable Vegetable Farming for Smallholders) | Asian Development Bank

Mongolia: Community Vegetable Farming for Livelihood Improvement (formerly Sustainable Vegetable Farming for Smallholders)

Sovereign (Public) Project | 50278-001 Status: Proposed

Support for the preparation of the project was requested by GOM's MOFALI through discussions during the Country Programming Missions in 2015. The project is included in the Country Operations Business Plan for Mongolia, 2014 2016. The primary objective of the proposed grant is to improve rural livelihoods, particularly for small farmers and cooperatives with landholding of up to 5 hectares (ha), through income generation and diversification of diet, which will be supported by improved productivity in vegetable farming and seed production. The proposed grant will support the government's effort of reducing the reliance of import vegetables and vegetable seeds.

Project Details

Project Officer
Tirmizi, Shahbano East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Mongolia
 
Project Name Community Vegetable Farming for Livelihood Improvement (formerly Sustainable Vegetable Farming for Smallholders)
Project Number 50278-001
Country Mongolia
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant: Community Vegetable Farming for Livelihood Improvement (formerly Sustainable Vegetable Farming for Smallholders)
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 3.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture and Natural Resources - Agriculture, natural resources and rural development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description Support for the preparation of the project was requested by GOM's MOFALI through discussions during the Country Programming Missions in 2015. The project is included in the Country Operations Business Plan for Mongolia, 2014 2016. The primary objective of the proposed grant is to improve rural livelihoods, particularly for small farmers and cooperatives with landholding of up to 5 hectares (ha), through income generation and diversification of diet, which will be supported by improved productivity in vegetable farming and seed production. The proposed grant will support the government's effort of reducing the reliance of import vegetables and vegetable seeds.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Vegetable seed production is not very productive in Mongolia. This means low income for vegetable farmers and high reliance on imported products, which also threatens national food security. There are about 300 entities and cooperatives that operate vegetable production on farming plots of up to 5 ha. 80% of the field works such as planting, post plant processing, harvesting, and grading for 6,000 ha are handled manually. Insufficient mechanization in many different stages caused high labor demand and costs. Lack of water-saving technologies result in the wasteful water use for irrigation. Insufficient storage facilities make lives of vegetables and their seeds limited; hence, it reduces profitability of small farmers and cooperatives who do not own proper storage facilities. Mongolian weather with short summer limits crop season short, which result in the highly seasonal availability of vegetables and their price fluctuations and reliance on imported vegetables. Weak capacity of vegetable seed production is also a problem facing the sector.



The new government has a goal to supply increase domestic supply of seed production up to 80-100% of overall demand by 2020. This project will support the government's effort of reducing the reliance of import vegetables and their seeds. Currently 44% of domestic seed needs are produced locally within the country; this figure has dwindled further due to the severe drought faced last year when seed production dropped by 10% compared to last year's data. Seed producers are slowly moving towards more commercial production of crops and agricultural products, such as honey and dairy, further reducing local production of basic fruits and vegetables that make up the core diet.



Mongolia has come a long way over the past decade to mechanize cereal production and become self-sufficient for potato production, however vegetable farming has been neglected and left out of the many efforts undertaken by the government and donors. The government, on the back of Mongolia's Sustainable Development Policy, the newly amended (2015) State policy on the food and agriculture, Crop Production Law (amended 2016) and newly adopted Organic Food Law, is committed to increase and improve vegetable farming. Large and tangible investments in rehabilitation of irrigation schemes in the last few years and provincial aimag policies for guaranteeing land for agriculture for small-scale seed and vegetable producers, offer an enabling environment for the government to meet its targets for improving local production of seeds and being self-sufficient for their local vegetable needs.
Impact

Improved agricultural productivity and production management through a value chain approach, adaption to climate change, and capacity-building for farmers.

Increased income generation and enterprise support for smallholder farmers.

Outcome Rural livelihood for smallholder vegetable farmers in project areas improved.
Outputs

Community growers groups organized.

Sustainable vegetable farming practices applied.

Farmers' access to markets improved.

Geographical Location
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All ADB-financed consultants will be hired following ADB s Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).
Procurement All ADB-financed procurement will be conducted following ADB s Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time). A procurement agency will be hired to conduct procurement on behalf of the PMO and implementing agencies.
Responsible ADB Officer Tirmizi, Shahbano
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Food, Agriculture, and Light Industry (MOFALI)
Strategic Planning and Policy Department
MOFALI, Peace Avenue, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Timetable
Concept Clearance 13 Feb 2017
Fact Finding 29 May 2017 to 01 Jun 2017
MRM 28 Jun 2017
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 16 Feb 2017

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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