fbpx 50287-001: Promoting Low-Carbon Development in Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program Cities | Asian Development Bank

Regional: Promoting Low-Carbon Development in Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program Cities

Sovereign (Public) Project | 50287-001 Status: Active

This regional capacity development technical assistance (TA) aims to support cities in Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) program countries to strengthen their capacity to undertake climate actions to further enhance sustainable, inclusive, and prosperous economic development.

The impact of the TA will be the achievement of the NDCs for Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and the PRC. The outcome will be the mainstreaming of climate actions in city investment plans in Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and the PRC.

The TA has the following outputs:

Project Details

Project Officer
Na Won Kim East Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Regional
Sector
  • Energy
 
Project Name Promoting Low-Carbon Development in Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program Cities
Project Number 50287-001
Country Regional
Afghanistan
Azerbaijan
Georgia
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic
Mongolia
Pakistan
China, People's Republic of
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 9308-REG: Promoting Low-Carbon Development in Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program Cities
Regional Cooperation and Integration Fund US$ 500,000.00
Republic of Korea e-Asia and Knowledge Partnership Fund US$ 500,000.00
Clean Energy Fund under the Clean Energy Financing Partnership Facility US$ 800,000.00
Governance Cooperation Fund US$ 348,000.00
People's Republic of China Poverty Reduction and Regional Cooperation Fund US$ 700,000.00
TA 9308-REG: Promoting Low-Carbon Development in Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program Cities (Supplementary)
Clean Technology Fund US$ 700,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Forestry - Land-based natural resources management

Energy / Electricity transmission and distribution - Energy efficiency and conservation - Renewable energy generation - biomass and waste - Renewable energy generation - solar

Information and communication technology / ICT strategy and policy, and capacity development

Public sector management / Law and judiciary - Public administration

Transport / Urban public transport - Urban roads and traffic management

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Other urban services - Urban flood protection - Urban housing - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban solid waste management - Urban water supply

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description

This regional capacity development technical assistance (TA) aims to support cities in Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) program countries to strengthen their capacity to undertake climate actions to further enhance sustainable, inclusive, and prosperous economic development.

The impact of the TA will be the achievement of the NDCs for Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and the PRC. The outcome will be the mainstreaming of climate actions in city investment plans in Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and the PRC.

The TA has the following outputs:

Output 1: Sustainable data management systems for greenhouse gas data assessed and enhanced at city level. To properly monitor a city's progress in reducing GHGs and enable comparison with the progress of other cities, it is important to have agreed-upon accounting and reporting standards. The TA will use the Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories (GPC). This project component will facilitate developing and sustaining data management systems for GHG data, promoting multistakeholder engagement and participation. It also includes information technology and communication systems, and training in GPC and other relevant open data methodologies and procedures.

Output 2: Recommended investment road maps for low-carbon economic growth at selected cities developed. This output will support selected pilot cities to build road maps for low-carbon urban development.

Output 3: A source book on successful practices and measures driving low-carbon economic development at city level developed and disseminated. Successful practices and measures implemented by CAREC cities have not been fully identified, recorded, or disseminated. The source book will disseminate knowledge and lessons, including through global high-level events, and further enhance developing country cooperation on climate change.

Output 4: Strengthened capacity for low-carbon city development. This output will consist of a series of capacity building workshops, in which CAREC cities will be encouraged to commit to developing their own low-carbon city road maps by learning from the experiences of pilot cities. City government officials, experts, and other relevant stakeholders (including academia, think tanks, and relevant sector-specific organizations that contribute to low-carbon city development) will learn how to enhance low-carbon development.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The pace of urbanization is increasing in many Asian Development Bank (ADB) developing member countries, including those involved in the CAREC program. If not properly managed, urbanization can increase pressure on energy and natural resources; increase pollution and production of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which contribute to climate destabilization; and threaten ecosystems. Cities within the CAREC region (_CAREC cities_) are home to much of the region's population, and have been the core drivers of national economic growth, but they have also become major sources of GHG emissions and other air pollutants. Recognizing the need to improve the urban environment, a number of city-level initiatives have emerged in the CAREC region that promotes aspects of sustainable, low-carbon urbanization. Lessons from these initiatives show that cities need better access to resources, support for local capacity enhancement, and more effective learning through cooperation among developing countries.

Climate change impacts are becoming increasingly apparent, and led to a historic agreement at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, held in Paris in December 2015, to mobilize a greater commitment to climate actions. Countries, including those involved in the CAREC program, submitted their nationally determined contribution (NDC) targets to express their commitment. As the Paris agreement came into force, to meet their NDC targets countries in the CAREC program will need additional capacity building and technology transfer, as well as access to sufficient financial resources. Among CAREC countries, Kazakhstan committed to reduce its 2030 GHG emissions by 25% compared to 1990 levels, under the condition that international support for finance and technology transfer is provided. Mongolia set a target to increase the share of renewable electricity capacity to 30% of the total electricity generation capacity and to reduce building heat loss by 40% by 2030 compared to 2010 levels. The People's Republic of China (PRC) set a target to have carbon emissions peak by 2030, and committed to an even earlier peak. Support is urgently needed to assist CAREC countries in achieving these targets.

Cities play a critical role in the CAREC program, and a focus on urban low-carbon development and transformation is a logical, strategic way to help CAREC countries achieve their NDC targets. Empowering city governments will enable them to develop strategic plans and successfully execute climate actions with effective sectoral and cross-sectoral measures to create greater impacts and synergy. Supporting these cities to create a system that measures progress towards stated goals is also essential. The TA is designed to support CAREC cities in this process.

The TA is aligned with ADB's Strategy 2020, which highlights the importance of supporting action on climate change in ADB developing member countries, and with the Strategy 2020 midterm review, which identified the need for an increased focus on the environment and climate change, through support for (i) clean investments, (ii) sustainable transport, (iii) climate adaptation, (iv) integrated management of disaster and climate risks, (v) better natural resource management, (vi) policies and capacity strengthening, and (vii) access to global and regional funds. The TA is also aligned with ADB's Priorities for Action on addressing climate change in Asia and the Pacific.

Impact Nationally determined contributions of Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and the PRC achieved
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Climate actions in city investment plans in Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and the People's Republic of China mainstreamed
Progress Toward Outcome Two inception missions conducted in the PRC (Aug 2017) and Kazakhstan (Feb 2018). Ten consultants (international and national) engaged. Increase in RETA amount by $700,000 from the Clean Technology Fund approved by DG, EARD on 15 February 2019. Revised TA amount is $3.548 million.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Sustainable data management systems for greenhouse gas data assessed and enhanced at city level

Recommended investment road maps for low-carbon economic growth at selected cities developed

A source book on successful practices and measures driving low-carbon economic development at city level developed and disseminated

Capacity for low-carbon city development among CAREC countries expanded

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Three consultants (two international - individual and firm and one national) have been recruited. Two inception missions held in Astana, Kazakhstan (12-16 February 2018) and Hunan Xiangtan, PRC (14-16 August 2017). TA completion date extended from 31 December 2019 to 31 December 2020.

The progress of RETA output 1 on Sustainable data management systems for greenhouse gas data assessed and enhanced at city level': The training on the Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories (GPC), online GHG inventory applications, city case studies, and successful examples of using GHG inventory in low-carbon development works were provided at all the pilot city governments including Changsha, Zhuzhou, and Xiangtan in the People's Republic of China; Astana in Kazakhstan, and Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia. All the pilot city governments expressed the usefulness of training and requested more detailed trainings where larger stakeholders groups can learn. The Vice Mayor of Astana expressed the strong interest to institutionalize GHG inventory system set-up and requested additional support on technical contents for the policy and legal document preparation. Close collaboration was established with ICLEI-US and discussed how to develop customized online GHG inventory for RETA pilot cities. ADB, WRI (a part of RETA consultant team), and ICLEI-US plan to explore options to build online GHG platform under RETA.

The progress of RETA output 2 on Recommended investment road maps for low-carbon economic growth at selected cities developed': National consultants prepared and submitted draft city assessment reports in December 2018 for all the pilot cities including Changsha, Zhuzhou, and Xiangtan in the People's Republic of China; Astana in Kazakhstan, and Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia have been prepared and submitted, which are currently under the review by international consultants and ADB for comments and feedbacks. A draft framework of low-carbon strategy for Astana were developed and shared with Astana government. Based on the draft city assessment of Ulaanbaatar, the RETA team is currently drafting low-carbon strategy for Ulaanbaatar, which can also co-benefit air quality improvement.

The progress of RETA Output 3 on A source book on successful practices and measures driving low-carbon economic development at city level developed and disseminated': The first publication on '50 Climate Solutions from Cities in the PRC' was finalized and launched in the international low-carbon workshop in Beijing on December 2018. Both English and Chinese versions of the publications were distributed to the low-carbon workshop participants and also disseminated through ADB website. It was recorded that only after one month of disclosure at ADB website, this source book of '50 Climate Solutions from Cities in the PRC' became one of top 3 knowledge products downloaded both in year of 2018 and in the month of December 2018. We also received requested from many CAREC countries for its translation in Russian and Mongolian.

The progress of RETA Output 4 on Capacity for low-carbon city development among CAREC countries expanded': The International Forum on Low Carbon Development for Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program Cities was held in Beijing, PRC on 4-6 December 2018. The main objective of the forum was to facilitate the exchange of knowledge and experiences from ongoing RETA's pilot city experiences and international best practices. The Forum focused on cross-sectoral approaches for low carbon synergy creation, integrated planning, and emerging issues such as transforming old industrial towns into modern, liveable, low carbon, and climate resilient cities. A total of 235 participants from CAREC countries, including government representatives from Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, People's Republic of China (PRC), Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Mongolia, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. From the PRC, representatives from Changsha, Dezhou, Dunhuang, Hanzhou, Jiaxing, Nanjing, Qingdao, Shanghai, Shenyang, Taiyuan, Wenzhou, Xiangtan, Zhenjiang, and Zhuzhou cities attended the forum. Workshop participants commented the range of innovative and effective ICT-based tools as highlights of the forum, such as greenhouse gas (GHG) online platform like ClearPath by ICLEI; (Climate) Adaptation Supporting Tool by Deltares; and Low-Carbon City Mapping tool by Kinesis. Using smart card system data, the detailed analysis made by World Resources Institute (WRI) also drew a lot of attention. The essential need to engage multi-stakeholders was discussed, particularly private sector engagement and activation and benefits of engaging young generation was emphasized. Green procurement policy was presented as one of the effective means of activating private sectors. Experiences from European countries and several PRC pilot cities were shared. Parallel meetings were held between DMC governments and forum speakers for further information exchange and collaboration. The representative from Yokohama City expressed their strong interest of continuous collaboration within ADB's low-carbon development capacity building works. The RETA team also received the confirmation from Mayor of Seoul Metropolitan Government to host the second low-carbon city workshop in 2019.

Geographical Location Afghanistan - Nation-wide; Azerbaijan - Nation-wide; China - Nation-wide; Georgia - Nation-wide; Kazakhstan - Nation-wide; Kyrgyz Republic - Nation-wide; Mongolia - Nation-wide; Pakistan - Nation-wide; Tajikistan - Nation-wide; Turkmenistan - Nation-wide; Uzbekistan - Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation At Astana pilot city, the Astana Low Carbon Development Strategy Working Group was initiated by the Astana City Mayor and consists of key government officials and experts. The working group held two meetings in January and February 2018. RETA co-sponsored and joined the second meeting of the working group, which was chaired by the Deputy Mayor of Astana and discussed Methodology and Mechanisms of Astana City Transition to Low-Carbon Development' with relevant stakeholders including international and national NGOs. Since then, RETA team, through endorsement from Astana city government, is working closely with Ecological Association, a national NGO in development low carbon strategy 2050.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The requirement for consultants is estimated at 150 person-months and in accordance with the Asian Development Bank's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time), using the quality- and cost-based selection method with a quality-cost ratio of 90:10 by requiring the submission of a simplified technical proposal covering all aspects of the terms of reference, consulting firms will be engaged, comprising three international consultants (36 person-months), and 26 national consultants (114 person-months).
Responsible ADB Officer Na Won Kim
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division EASI
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 31 Aug 2016
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 06 Apr 2017
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 28 Mar 2019

TA 9308-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
06 Apr 2017 - 06 Apr 2017 31 Dec 2019 31 Dec 2020 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
500,000.00 3,048,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3,548,000.00 06 Apr 2017 725,637.92

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
National Clean Technology Fund Project Coordinator Individual - Consulting Closed 03 Jul 2019 09 Jul 2019
National Waste Management Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 29 Jun 2019 05 Jul 2019
Waste Management Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 07 Jun 2019 14 Jun 2019
Smart Energy City Architect Individual - Consulting Closed 11 Apr 2019 17 Apr 2019
Energy Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 04 Apr 2019 07 Apr 2019
National Intelligent Transport System Designer Individual - Consulting Closed 27 Mar 2019 05 Apr 2019
Intelligent Transport System Designer Individual - Consulting Closed 27 Mar 2019 05 Apr 2019
Waste-to-Energy Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 26 Mar 2019 04 Apr 2019
Development of Ecosystem-Based Adaptation Measures for Climate Risks in Astana Firm - Consulting Closed 20 Mar 2019 03 Apr 2019
National Energy Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 15 Mar 2019 21 Mar 2019
National Distributed Energy and District Heating Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 15 Mar 2019 21 Mar 2019
Distributed Energy and District Heating Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 07 Mar 2019 13 Mar 2019
Climate Change and Technical Project Management Individual - Consulting Closed 11 Jan 2019 17 Jan 2019
Lead Events Coordinator Individual - Consulting Closed 05 Oct 2018 11 Oct 2018
Climate Change and Project Management Specialist for Astana Individual - Consulting Closed 17 May 2018 19 May 2018
Clean Energy Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 10 May 2018 16 May 2018
CZT Cluster City Assessment Firm - Consulting Closed 20 Apr 2018 19 May 2018
CS3 CAREC Firm-International Firm - Consulting Closed 07 Sep 2017 06 Oct 2017

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Capacity Development Technical Assistance 9308 12 Mar 2018 WORLD RESOURCES INSTITUTE (WRI)(UNITED STATES) in association with WUPPERTAL INSTITUTE FOR CLIMATE, ENV'T & ENERGY(GERMANY) 10 G STREET, NORTHEAST, SUITE 800 WASHINGTON, DC 20002 USA Asian Development Bank Consulting Services 896,119.00

Procurement Plan

None currently available.