The project will support Tajikistan in (i) rehabilitating and expanding climate-resilient water supply and sanitation (WSS) infrastructure, pilot testing the establishment of district metering areas (DMAs) for nonrevenue water (NRW) management in selected districts of Dushanbe city and rehabilitation of the south sewage collector, benefitting 352,000 people; and (ii) developing a business model for the State Unitary Enterprise Dushanbevodokanal (DVK) to improve the sustainability of operations, including an accountability and incentive mechanism with a performance benchmarking matrix and smart management system. The project will pilot test a behavior change component for raising public awareness on water usage and conservation and the benefits of smart meters. This is the first urban sector project of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Tajikistan, demonstrating efficient network management with potential for scaling up citywide.
|Project Name||Dushanbe Water Supply and Sanitation Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban water supply
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project will support Tajikistan in (i) rehabilitating and expanding climate-resilient water supply and sanitation (WSS) infrastructure, pilot testing the establishment of district metering areas (DMAs) for nonrevenue water (NRW) management in selected districts of Dushanbe city and rehabilitation of the south sewage collector, benefitting 352,000 people; and (ii) developing a business model for the State Unitary Enterprise Dushanbevodokanal (DVK) to improve the sustainability of operations, including an accountability and incentive mechanism with a performance benchmarking matrix and smart management system. The project will pilot test a behavior change component for raising public awareness on water usage and conservation and the benefits of smart meters. This is the first urban sector project of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Tajikistan, demonstrating efficient network management with potential for scaling up citywide. It is listed in the ADB country operations business plan for Tajikistan, 2018 2020.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Dushanbe, the capital city and economic center of Tajikistan, had an official population of 820,000 in 2016 but almost 1 million unofficially because of increased migration from rural areas and a significant number of returning migrants. Urban migration has added stress to the aging urban infrastructure and led to unplanned spatial expansion of the city, especially in the southeast, with low density patterns. This has caused environmental degradation, resulting in high coping costs, poor livability for citizens, and limited economic growth prospects.
The WSS systems in Dushanbe, built under the former Soviet Union, have deteriorated because of age, lack of continued capital investment, and inadequate operation and maintenance (O&M). Most of the population of Dushanbe has access to piped water supplied by DVK, except for the new development areas in the southeast of the city. The water system is characterized by intermittent operations (4 8 hours per day), high NRW, and low water pressure and energy efficiency. Disrupted supply conditions create daily shocks that damage the network and risks of wastewater infiltration. The expanding urban areas are not connected to the water and sewerage systems. Lack of public understanding of water conservation, combined with low tariffs, has led to uncontrolled water consumption and wastage. Water consumption is high at 330 liters per capita per day. Poor water quality and frequent water contamination have resulted in high incidences of diarrhea in children aged 6 11 months and diarrhea-related deaths among children aged 1 5 years. The incidence of ascariasis in Shohmansur district increased from 34 cases in 2015 to 53 in 2016.
Quality of life, health, urban resilience, and economic growth in Dushanbe improved
Universal access to safe and affordable drinking water improved
|Description of Outcome||Inclusive and sustainable access to safe and resilient water supply and sanitation services in Dushanbe city improved|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Climate-resilient water supply and sanitation infrastructure rehabilitated and expanded
Sustainable business model and institutional capacity developed
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||An initial environmental examination (IEE) and associated environmental management plan (EMP) have been prepared for the project, in accordance with the ADB Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS, 2009). The IEE established that the project is not anticipated to cause significant irreversible adverse environment impacts but is expected to have short-term localized construction-related potential impacts, including noise, dust, and exhaust emissions from equipment and construction vehicles; waste management; occupational health and safety; community health and safety; and construction traffic. During operations, potential impacts are related to the limited local capacity to maintain the functionality of the components, with positive impacts expected from the rehabilitation works. The EMP provides appropriate mitigation measures to be incorporated in each contract. The implementing agency will ensure the project complies with the environmental covenants. The implementing agency will recruit a full-time environmental specialist in the PIG, to monitor the implementation of the EMP and site-specific management plans. On-the-job training for institutional strengthening and environmental safeguards compliance will be conducted by the project management, design and supervision consultants.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The overall project social impacts are expected to be positive and will contribute to better living conditions, overall welfare, and health of the target beneficiaries. The south sewage collector covers 5,700 hectares catchment, benefitting about 352,000 people. The project will directly benefit 100,000 residents in Shohmanshur and Rudaki districts by improving access to safe water supply, and 38,000 of these residents in six DMAs will have 24/7 water supply. The project will create temporary employment opportunities during implementation for local people, especially the poor and vulnerable groups. It will benefit women, as it will reduce the time they spend fetching, storing, and treating water; and managing the consequences of poor quality water, such as illness in the family. ADB will allocate resources for professional trainings and the recruitment of social and gender specialists to ensure that poverty, gender, and other social issues receive priority; and that women, the poor, and socially excluded groups are engaged in all project stages. A summary poverty reduction and social strategy has been prepared, with measures to address the social impacts and enhance the distribution of project benefits.The census carried out during project preparation identified about 44 affected households with 288 household members. Out of the 44 affected households, 17 households with 98 members will experience a severe impact on their livelihood, and no household was found to belong to vulnerable groups. The project will affect two businesses and 12 business renters. No relocation is expected as a result of this project. A land acquisition and resettlement plans (LARP) has been prepared to mitigate the associated impacts and losses, with an entitlement matrix. In addition, a land acquisition and resettlement framework has been prepared in accordance with the SPS and relevant national legislation to guide the implementing agency in preparing and updating LARPs in case unanticipated impacts are identified during detailed design and project implementation.|
|Indigenous Peoples||No indigenous peoples, as defined in the SPS, are in the project area.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Stakeholder consultations were conducted through formal and informal focus group discussions, wide consultations with communities, targeted workshop consultations, individual consultations with displaced persons during the census, and a detailed measurement survey from April to June 2018. A project information booklet was distributed to the communities. A grievance redress mechanism is in place to assist affected persons in resolving grievances and complaints. The land acquisition and resettlement framework, LARP, IEE, and EMP were approved by the implementing agency and publicly disclosed on the DVK and ADB websites in July 2018.|
|During Project Implementation||The project includes a behavior change and communication plan, aimed at demand-side management, to promote the new service level and its impact on health, efficient water usage, and awareness of the benefits of metering and billing among stakeholders. The project will strengthen DVK communications and the media team's capacity to manage customer relations, improve service standards, establish communication protocol, and expand the customer response units to bolster customer trust.|
|Consulting Services||Procurement (including consulting services) to be financed by ADB will follow ADB's Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time). An estimated 452 person-months (106 international and 362 national) of consulting services are required to (i) facilitate project management, design and implementation, and (ii) strengthen the institutional and operational capacity of the IA. Two international consulting firms will be engaged using the quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) method with a standard quality-cost ratio of 90:10. Two consulting firms will be engaged using single source selection method and 3 individual consultants will be engaged using individual consultant selection method. ADB's latest version of standard bidding documents for good and works and consulting services applied for Procurement Regulations for ADB's Borrower (2017, as amended from time to time) will be used for procurement of goods, works and consulting services depending on the nature of different packages. All contracts will be subject to ADB's prior review except the package Goods-02-SIMS, Goods-04-OFEQ2 and Goods-05-OFEQ3.|
|Procurement||Project Procurement Risk Assessment has been undertaken. The overall procurement risk Assessment is Substantial. Based on the Procurement Risk Assessment and Management (P-RAMP) recommended in Project Procurement Risk Assessment report, an 18-month procurement plan is prepared. Procurement method for each package, review requirement, bidding procedure to be used, estimated time for advertising, document to be used are described in the Procurement plan. ADB's latest version of standard bidding documents for good and works and consulting services applied for Procurement Regulations for ADB's Borrower (2017, as amended from time to time) will be used for procurement of goods, works and consulting services depending on the nature of different packages. Open competitive bidding advertised internationally will be used for the procurement of all works contracts and procurement of operation and maintenance equipment as indicated in the Procurement Plan. Request for Quotation form international suppliers will be used for procurement of SMART Management System. RFQ from national suppliers will be used for office-related equipment.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Petrone, Massimo|
|Responsible ADB Department||Central and West Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban Development and Water Division, CWRD|
State Executive Authority of Dushanbe City
80 Rudaki Avenue, Dushanbe State Executive Authority of Dushanbe City
80 Rudaki Avenue, Dushanbe
|Concept Clearance||20 Oct 2017|
|Fact Finding||18 Jun 2018 to 29 Jun 2018|
|MRM||02 Aug 2018|
|Approval||27 Sep 2018|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||28 Sep 2018|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|27 Sep 2018||29 Nov 2018||27 Feb 2019||31 Mar 2025||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||45.80||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||41.18||27 Sep 2018||0.00||0.00||0%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||27 Sep 2018||12.75||0.00||31%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
ADB Grant to Improve Water Supply, Sanitation Systems in DushanbeADB's Board of Directors has approved a $41.18 million grant to rehabilitate and expand climate-resilient water supply and sanitation infrastructure to improve the delivery of urban services in the southeast area of Dushanbe.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|0612-TAJ: Dushanbe Water Supply and Sanitation Project [CW-01]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||27 May 2021||22 Jul 2021|
|Behavior Change and Communications Consultant||Individual - Consulting||Closed||15 Oct 2020||21 Oct 2020|
|0612-TAJ: Dushanbe Water Supply and Sanitation Project||Invitation for Bids||Closed||31 Aug 2020||30 Sep 2020|
|RESETTLEMENT SPECIALISTS FOR LARP UPDATING||Individual - Consulting||Closed||19 Jun 2020||25 Jun 2020|
|Procurement Consultant||Individual - Consulting||Closed||10 Jun 2020||30 Jun 2020|
|0612-TAJ: Dushanbe Water Supply and Sanitation Project [CW-03]||Invitation for Bids||Closed||16 Jul 2019||27 Aug 2019|
|Institutional Strengthening And Capacity Development Consultant||Firm - Consulting||Closed||24 Apr 2019||23 May 2019|
|Consulting Firm||Firm - Consulting||Closed||23 Oct 2018||21 Nov 2018|
|TAJ: Dushanbe Water Supply and Sanitation Project||Advance Notice||Active||22 Aug 2018|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|REHABILITATION OF SOUTH SEWAGE COLLECTOR||Grant 0612||08 Jun 2020||LUDWIG PFEIFFER HOCH-UND TIEFBAU GMBH & CO.||LILIENTHALSTRASSE 33 34123 KASSEL GERMANY||State Executive Authority of Dushanbe City||9,396,671.39||—|
|INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING AND CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT CONSULTANT||Grant 0612||20 Dec 2019||BDO CONSULTING LLC||RUDAKI AVENUE 137 TAJIKISTAN REP. OF||State Executive Authority of Dushanbe City||971,400.00||—|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Dushanbe Water Supply and Sanitation Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Jul 2021|