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Tajikistan: Dushanbe Water Supply and Sanitation Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 50347-002 Status: Active

The project will support Tajikistan in (i) rehabilitating and expanding climate-resilient water supply and sanitation (WSS) infrastructure, pilot testing the establishment of district metering areas (DMAs) for nonrevenue water (NRW) management in selected districts of Dushanbe city and rehabilitation of the south sewage collector, benefitting 352,000 people; and (ii) developing a business model for the State Unitary Enterprise Dushanbevodokanal (DVK) to improve the sustainability of operations, including an accountability and incentive mechanism with a performance benchmarking matrix and smart management system. The project will pilot test a behavior change component for raising public awareness on water usage and conservation and the benefits of smart meters. This is the first urban sector project of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Tajikistan, demonstrating efficient network management with potential for scaling up citywide.

Project Details

Project Officer
Petrone, Massimo Central and West Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Tajikistan
Sector
  • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
 
Project Name Dushanbe Water Supply and Sanitation Project
Project Number 50347-002
Country Tajikistan
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0612-TAJ: Dushanbe Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Project
concessional ordinary capital resources lending / Asian Development Fund US$ 41.18 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban water supply

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project will support Tajikistan in (i) rehabilitating and expanding climate-resilient water supply and sanitation (WSS) infrastructure, pilot testing the establishment of district metering areas (DMAs) for nonrevenue water (NRW) management in selected districts of Dushanbe city and rehabilitation of the south sewage collector, benefitting 352,000 people; and (ii) developing a business model for the State Unitary Enterprise Dushanbevodokanal (DVK) to improve the sustainability of operations, including an accountability and incentive mechanism with a performance benchmarking matrix and smart management system. The project will pilot test a behavior change component for raising public awareness on water usage and conservation and the benefits of smart meters. This is the first urban sector project of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Tajikistan, demonstrating efficient network management with potential for scaling up citywide. It is listed in the ADB country operations business plan for Tajikistan, 2018 2020.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Dushanbe, the capital city and economic center of Tajikistan, had an official population of 820,000 in 2016 but almost 1 million unofficially because of increased migration from rural areas and a significant number of returning migrants. Urban migration has added stress to the aging urban infrastructure and led to unplanned spatial expansion of the city, especially in the southeast, with low density patterns. This has caused environmental degradation, resulting in high coping costs, poor livability for citizens, and limited economic growth prospects.

The WSS systems in Dushanbe, built under the former Soviet Union, have deteriorated because of age, lack of continued capital investment, and inadequate operation and maintenance (O&M). Most of the population of Dushanbe has access to piped water supplied by DVK, except for the new development areas in the southeast of the city. The water system is characterized by intermittent operations (4 8 hours per day), high NRW, and low water pressure and energy efficiency. Disrupted supply conditions create daily shocks that damage the network and risks of wastewater infiltration. The expanding urban areas are not connected to the water and sewerage systems. Lack of public understanding of water conservation, combined with low tariffs, has led to uncontrolled water consumption and wastage. Water consumption is high at 330 liters per capita per day. Poor water quality and frequent water contamination have resulted in high incidences of diarrhea in children aged 6 11 months and diarrhea-related deaths among children aged 1 5 years. The incidence of ascariasis in Shohmansur district increased from 34 cases in 2015 to 53 in 2016.

Impact

Quality of life, health, urban resilience, and economic growth in Dushanbe improved

Universal access to safe and affordable drinking water improved

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Inclusive and sustainable access to safe and resilient water supply and sanitation services in Dushanbe city improved
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Climate-resilient water supply and sanitation infrastructure rehabilitated and expanded

Sustainable business model and institutional capacity developed

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Dushanbe
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects An initial environmental examination (IEE) and associated environmental management plan (EMP) have been prepared for the project, in accordance with the ADB Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS, 2009). The IEE established that the project is not anticipated to cause significant irreversible adverse environment impacts but is expected to have short-term localized construction-related potential impacts, including noise, dust, and exhaust emissions from equipment and construction vehicles; waste management; occupational health and safety; community health and safety; and construction traffic. During operations, potential impacts are related to the limited local capacity to maintain the functionality of the components, with positive impacts expected from the rehabilitation works. The EMP provides appropriate mitigation measures to be incorporated in each contract. The implementing agency will ensure the project complies with the environmental covenants. The implementing agency will recruit a full-time environmental specialist in the PIG, to monitor the implementation of the EMP and site-specific management plans. On-the-job training for institutional strengthening and environmental safeguards compliance will be conducted by the project management, design and supervision consultants.
Involuntary Resettlement The overall project social impacts are expected to be positive and will contribute to better living conditions, overall welfare, and health of the target beneficiaries. The south sewage collector covers 5,700 hectares catchment, benefitting about 352,000 people. The project will directly benefit 100,000 residents in Shohmanshur and Rudaki districts by improving access to safe water supply, and 38,000 of these residents in six DMAs will have 24/7 water supply. The project will create temporary employment opportunities during implementation for local people, especially the poor and vulnerable groups. It will benefit women, as it will reduce the time they spend fetching, storing, and treating water; and managing the consequences of poor quality water, such as illness in the family. ADB will allocate resources for professional trainings and the recruitment of social and gender specialists to ensure that poverty, gender, and other social issues receive priority; and that women, the poor, and socially excluded groups are engaged in all project stages. A summary poverty reduction and social strategy has been prepared, with measures to address the social impacts and enhance the distribution of project benefits.The census carried out during project preparation identified about 44 affected households with 288 household members. Out of the 44 affected households, 17 households with 98 members will experience a severe impact on their livelihood, and no household was found to belong to vulnerable groups. The project will affect two businesses and 12 business renters. No relocation is expected as a result of this project. A land acquisition and resettlement plans (LARP) has been prepared to mitigate the associated impacts and losses, with an entitlement matrix. In addition, a land acquisition and resettlement framework has been prepared in accordance with the SPS and relevant national legislation to guide the implementing agency in preparing and updating LARPs in case unanticipated impacts are identified during detailed design and project implementation.
Indigenous Peoples No indigenous peoples, as defined in the SPS, are in the project area.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Stakeholder consultations were conducted through formal and informal focus group discussions, wide consultations with communities, targeted workshop consultations, individual consultations with displaced persons during the census, and a detailed measurement survey from April to June 2018. A project information booklet was distributed to the communities. A grievance redress mechanism is in place to assist affected persons in resolving grievances and complaints. The land acquisition and resettlement framework, LARP, IEE, and EMP were approved by the implementing agency and publicly disclosed on the DVK and ADB websites in July 2018.
During Project Implementation The project includes a behavior change and communication plan, aimed at demand-side management, to promote the new service level and its impact on health, efficient water usage, and awareness of the benefits of metering and billing among stakeholders. The project will strengthen DVK communications and the media team's capacity to manage customer relations, improve service standards, establish communication protocol, and expand the customer response units to bolster customer trust.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Procurement (including consulting services) to be financed by ADB will follow ADB's Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time). An estimated 452 person-months (106 international and 362 national) of consulting services are required to (i) facilitate project management, design and implementation, and (ii) strengthen the institutional and operational capacity of the IA. Two international consulting firms will be engaged using the quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) method with a standard quality-cost ratio of 90:10. Two consulting firms will be engaged using single source selection method and 3 individual consultants will be engaged using individual consultant selection method. ADB's latest version of standard bidding documents for good and works and consulting services applied for Procurement Regulations for ADB's Borrower (2017, as amended from time to time) will be used for procurement of goods, works and consulting services depending on the nature of different packages. All contracts will be subject to ADB's prior review except the package Goods-02-SIMS, Goods-04-OFEQ2 and Goods-05-OFEQ3.
Procurement Project Procurement Risk Assessment has been undertaken. The overall procurement risk Assessment is Substantial. Based on the Procurement Risk Assessment and Management (P-RAMP) recommended in Project Procurement Risk Assessment report, an 18-month procurement plan is prepared. Procurement method for each package, review requirement, bidding procedure to be used, estimated time for advertising, document to be used are described in the Procurement plan. ADB's latest version of standard bidding documents for good and works and consulting services applied for Procurement Regulations for ADB's Borrower (2017, as amended from time to time) will be used for procurement of goods, works and consulting services depending on the nature of different packages. Open competitive bidding advertised internationally will be used for the procurement of all works contracts and procurement of operation and maintenance equipment as indicated in the Procurement Plan. Request for Quotation form international suppliers will be used for procurement of SMART Management System. RFQ from national suppliers will be used for office-related equipment.
Responsible ADB Officer Petrone, Massimo
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
State Executive Authority of Dushanbe City
[email protected]
80 Rudaki Avenue, Dushanbe
State Executive Authority of Dushanbe City
80 Rudaki Avenue, Dushanbe
Timetable
Concept Clearance 20 Oct 2017
Fact Finding 18 Jun 2018 to 29 Jun 2018
MRM 02 Aug 2018
Approval 27 Sep 2018
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 28 Sep 2018

Grant 0612-TAJ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
27 Sep 2018 29 Nov 2018 27 Feb 2019 31 Mar 2025 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 45.80 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 41.18 27 Sep 2018 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 4.62 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 27 Sep 2018 12.75 0.00 31%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - Satisfactory -

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards

Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

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Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
0612-TAJ: Dushanbe Water Supply and Sanitation Project [CW-01] Invitation for Bids Closed 27 May 2021 22 Jul 2021
Behavior Change and Communications Consultant Individual - Consulting Closed 15 Oct 2020 21 Oct 2020
0612-TAJ: Dushanbe Water Supply and Sanitation Project Invitation for Bids Closed 31 Aug 2020 30 Sep 2020
RESETTLEMENT SPECIALISTS FOR LARP UPDATING Individual - Consulting Closed 19 Jun 2020 25 Jun 2020
Procurement Consultant Individual - Consulting Closed 10 Jun 2020 30 Jun 2020
0612-TAJ: Dushanbe Water Supply and Sanitation Project [CW-03] Invitation for Bids Closed 16 Jul 2019 27 Aug 2019
Institutional Strengthening And Capacity Development Consultant Firm - Consulting Closed 24 Apr 2019 23 May 2019
Consulting Firm Firm - Consulting Closed 23 Oct 2018 21 Nov 2018
TAJ: Dushanbe Water Supply and Sanitation Project Advance Notice Active 22 Aug 2018

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor Contractor Address Executing Agency Contract Description Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
REHABILITATION OF SOUTH SEWAGE COLLECTOR Grant 0612 08 Jun 2020 LUDWIG PFEIFFER HOCH-UND TIEFBAU GMBH & CO. LILIENTHALSTRASSE 33 34123 KASSEL GERMANY State Executive Authority of Dushanbe City 9,396,671.39
INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING AND CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT CONSULTANT Grant 0612 20 Dec 2019 BDO CONSULTING LLC RUDAKI AVENUE 137 TAJIKISTAN REP. OF State Executive Authority of Dushanbe City 971,400.00

Procurement Plan