Viet Nam : Municipal Waste-to-Energy Project

Nonsovereign Project | 50371-001

Project Name Municipal Waste-to-Energy Project
Project Number 50371-001
Country / Economy Viet Nam
Type or Modality of Assistance
3607 Loan Ordinary capital resources USD 100.00 million Committed
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Drivers of Change Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Energy / Renewable energy generation - biomass and waste

Gender Some gender elements
Responsible ADB Department Private Sector Operations Department
Responsible ADB Division Portfolio Management Division, PSOD
Responsible ADB Officer Wong, Yee To
Project Sponsor(s)
Objectives and Scope CEIL aims to develop and invest in WTE projects with a combined capacity of up to 7,500 tons of MSW daily in Viet Nam. Each WTE plant will treat MSW, recover waste heat for power generation and supply to the local grid, purify waste gas, and treat leachate. By 2028, 2.5 million tons of MSW will be treated per year, 790 GWh of electricity will be generated annually, and approximately 787,300 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) emissions will be avoided on average per year.
Status of Development Objectives Developing
Status of Operation/Construction The first project, Can Tho Project, has been fully operational since November 2019. ADB is working towards making further disbursements under the facility.
Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

ADBs Midterm Review of Strategy 2020 outlined 10 strategic priorities of ADB operations to address the development challenges in Asia and the Pacific Islands. The project supports three of those priorities: (i) environment and climate change, (ii) infrastructure development, and (iii) private sector development and operations.

ADBs country partnership strategy for Viet Nam, 2016-2020 aims to foster inclusive and environmentally sustainable growth. The project is aligned with two of the three pillars of the strategy; (i) increasing the inclusiveness of infrastructure and service delivery; and (ii) improving environmental sustainability and climate change response.

The project aligns with ADBs energy policy which encourages interventions designed to shift reliance on fossil fuel sources for energy to renewable forms of energy to slowdown the growth of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and help countries achieve energy self-sufficiency.

The project is aligned with the commitments made by Viet Nam to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The project entails a loan for general corporate finance and although specific subprojects have not yet been identified they are expected to be category B for environment, as the technologies and systems that will be used in the subprojects are technologically mature and proven capable of minimizing emissions to meet the stringent EU2010 emission standards. The subprojects are unlikely to have significant adverse environmental impacts that are irreversible, diverse, or unprecedented.
Involuntary Resettlement The project is classified as category B involuntary resettlement. CEIL is planning smaller MSW WTE plants in Viet Nam than those it owns and operates in the PRC, which have variously caused major, non-major and no involuntary resettlement impacts. While subproject facilities in Viet Nam are not expected to require significant involuntary economic and physical displacement, government land grants for each concession in the form of land use rights may still produce non-major involuntary displacement impacts on residents or land users.
Indigenous Peoples The project is classified as category C for indigenous peoples. The project is not expected to directly or indirectly affect the dignity, human rights, livelihood systems, or culture of the country's 53 recognized ethnic minority groups, which are concentrated mostly in the country's mountainous rural areas. Subprojects will be in urban and peri-urban areas where no distinct or vulnerable ethnic minority groups are expected to be adversely or beneficially affected.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
Timetable for assistance design, processing and implementation
Concept Clearance 13 Dec 2016
Credit Committee Meeting 20 Oct 2017
Approval 01 Dec 2017
Last PDS Update 09 Aug 2022

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Municipal Waste-to-Energy Project: Can Tho Waste-to-Energy Plant Environmental and Social Monitoring Report (January-December 2020) Environmental and Social Monitoring Reports May 2021
Municipal Waste to Energy Project: Environmental and Social Impact Assessment Environment and Social Impact Assessments Oct 2019

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.

Related Publications

None currently available.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

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