The proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will increase rural clean energy supply in the greater Beijing Tianjin Hebei (BTH) region by assessing the current energy consumption and structure, and its impacts on air quality
|Project Name||Study of Clean Energy Supply for the Rural Areas in the Greater Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Region|
|Country||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Energy / Energy efficiency and conservation - Renewable energy generation - biomass and waste - Renewable energy generation - geothermal - Renewable energy generation - solar - Renewable energy generation - wind
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||No gender elements|
|Description||The proposed knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will increase rural clean energy supply in the greater Beijing Tianjin Hebei (BTH) region by assessing the current energy consumption and structure, and its impacts on air quality|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
In recent years, haze has become a serious problem in the PRC, especially in the greater BTH region. In 2015, only 186 days, or 51% of the days in the year, met air quality standards in Beijing. There were 46 heavily polluted days accounting for 13% of the year. The frequent occurrence of haze in this region has drawn extensive attention domestically and internationally. Haze not only poses a threat to public health, but also on socio-economic development. One study estimated that the severe haze in January 2013 may have resulted in approximately 700 premature deaths, 6,000 hospitalizations for cardiovascular disease, 5,500 hospitalizations for respiratory disease, and $250 million in economic losses.
The main cause of the large-scale haze and largest source of particulate matter less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter (PM2.5) in the BTH region is raw coal combustion. As living standards have improved in the rural areas, households have transitioned from direct burning of traditional, low quality fuels straw, fuelwood, and other biomass to raw coal in household stoves and heating facilities. To date, coal accounts for more than 55% of domestic energy consumption in the BTH and its surrounding rural areas. This shift has resulted in adverse impacts on the environment and high levels of pollution emissions. Raw coal combustion, especially low-quality coal combustion, produces a large amount of PM2.5 and carbon monoxide. Comparing to the emission produced from the coal used for power generation, the pollutants from raw coal burning are 5 to 10 times more as these pollutants are directly emitted to the atmosphere without any treatment, which poses serious risks to the environment and public health. There is about 700 -800 million tons of raw coal used annually in the PRC. Therefore, reducing pollution emissions from rural and semi-urban energy consumption can greatly contribute to addressing the haze problem in the BTH and surrounding areas.
The Government of the PRC is committed to increasing the use of clean heating technologies. In May 2017, a joint notice was issued by the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Housing, Urban and Rural Development, Ministry of Environmental Protection, and National Energy Administration on conducting the pilot work of clean heating in winter in the northern region. The central government will provide financial support to pilot cities in replacing dirty raw coal-based heating facilities with clean heating. The national government is also encouraging local governments to adopt policy measures that promote institutional innovation and attract private sector investments to scaled-up the replacement of coal-based heating facilities in additional cities.
The TA will focus on Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong, and Henan, municipalities and provinces that have substantial biomass, solar, wind, and geothermal resource potential. The TA will help these local governments develop policy measures to optimize rural energy supply and improve air quality through the following knowledge building activities:
(i) Conducting a survey to identify the status and structure of rural energy consumption.
(ii) Assessing impacts of rural energy consumption on air quality.
(iii) Proposing clean energy supply structures in pilot municipalities. And
(iv) Assessing the market potential of clean energy uptake and development of a clean energy strategy.
|Impact||Air pollution reduced and public health improved in the greater BTH region|
|Description of Outcome||Rural energy structure and air quality improved in the greater BTH region|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Survey of the status and structure of rural energy consumption in the greater BTH region conducted
Report on the status and structure of rural energy consumption in the greater BTH region prepared
Rural clean energy supply plan proposed
Recommendations on the clean energy development strategy made to the government
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||Recruitment of consultants is underway.|
|Geographical Location||Beijing, Hebei, Henan, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Shandong, Shanxi, Tianjin|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation||Recruitment for consultants is currently ongoing.|
|Consulting Services||Consultants will be engaged in accordance with ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and the associated Project Administration Instructions. Consultants will be engaged to prepare the TA, using the individual selection method and output-based partial lump-sum contracts. In addition, a firm will be engaged using quality- and cost-based selection method and output-based, partial lump-sum contract for the complementary survey to prepare reports.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Xuedu Lu|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||EASI|
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
11 Nong Zhan Guan
Nan Li, Beijing
People's Republic of China
|Concept Clearance||21 Aug 2017|
|Fact Finding||07 Sep 2017 to 07 Sep 2017|
|Approval||12 Oct 2017|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||25 Mar 2019|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|12 Oct 2017||03 Nov 2017||03 Nov 2017||30 Nov 2019||30 Nov 2020||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|400,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||400,000.00||12 Oct 2017||88,488.00|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|大京津冀地区农村清洁能源供应研究 : 项目数据表||Translated PDS||Mar 2018|
|Study of Clean Energy Supply for the Rural Areas in the Greater Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Oct 2017|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
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|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|National rural clean heating/cooking appliance specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||25 Apr 2019||07 May 2019|
|National Energy Policy Expert/Team leader||Individual - Consulting||Closed||25 Apr 2019||07 May 2019|
|National distributed energy specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||25 Apr 2019||07 May 2019|
|Distributed Energy Network Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||18 Jul 2018||24 Jul 2018|
|Biomass Energy Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||18 Jul 2018||24 Jul 2018|
|Environmental Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||18 Jul 2018||24 Jul 2018|
|Clean Energy Specialist/Team Leader||Individual - Consulting||Closed||18 Jul 2018||24 Jul 2018|
|Clean Stoves Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||18 Jul 2018||24 Jul 2018|
|Energy Policy and Regulatory Expert||Individual - Consulting||Closed||18 Jul 2018||24 Jul 2018|
|Solar Energy Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||18 Jul 2018||24 Jul 2018|
|Clean Stoves Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||26 Apr 2018||02 May 2018|
|Solar Energy Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||26 Apr 2018||02 May 2018|
|Geothermal Energy Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||06 Dec 2017||15 Dec 2017|
|Clean Stoves Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||06 Dec 2017||15 Dec 2017|
|Economist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||06 Dec 2017||15 Dec 2017|
|Solar Energy Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||06 Dec 2017||15 Dec 2017|
|Energy Efficiency Expert||Individual - Consulting||Closed||06 Dec 2017||15 Dec 2017|
|Rural Clean Energy Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||06 Dec 2017||15 Dec 2017|
|Consulting Firm (Survey)||Firm - Consulting||Closed||05 Dec 2017||03 Jan 2018|
|Renewable Energy Specialist (International)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||05 Dec 2017||11 Dec 2017|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Capacity Development||Technical Assistance 9403||25 Apr 2018||Beijing Jiashu Technology Consulting Co., Ltd.(CHINA,PEOPLE'SREP.OF)||No.6 Xuanwumenwai Street, East Wing of Z Square, Room 822 Beijing 100052 China||*** No Executing Agency for this TA ***||Consulting Services||145,979.00||—|
None currently available.