Maldives: Greater Male Environmental Improvement and Waste Management Project

Sovereign Project | 51077-001

The proposed project will establish an integrated solid waste management system in Greater Male including collection, transfer, treatment using advanced waste-to-energy (WTE) technology, disposal, recycling, dumpsite closure and remediation, public awareness in reduce-reuse-recycle (3R), and strengthen institutional capacities for service delivery and environmental monitoring.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Di Mario, Luca
    South Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country
    Maldives
  • Modality
    • Technical Assistance
  • Sector
    • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
Project Name Greater Male Environmental Improvement and Waste Management Project
Project Number 51077-001
Country Maldives
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 9327-MLD: Greater Male Environmental Improvement and Waste Management Project
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 600,000.00
TA 9327-MLD: Greater Male Environmental Improvement and Waste Management Project (Supplementary)
High Level Technology Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The proposed project will establish an integrated solid waste management system in Greater Male including collection, transfer, treatment using advanced waste-to-energy (WTE) technology, disposal, recycling, dumpsite closure and remediation, public awareness in reduce-reuse-recycle (3R), and strengthen institutional capacities for service delivery and environmental monitoring.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Greater Male severely lacks an organized and environmentally sustainable solid waste management system. Waste management is operated by the recently established (2015) Waste Management Corporation Limited (WAMCO), an entity with limited staffing, and technical and managerial experience. Mixed municipal solid waste in Male city is currently collected on an ad hoc basis from multiple sources at unscheduled times by an aging fleet of trucks resulting in garbage left uncollected on roadsides for extended periods. There is no separate collection of construction, demolition, and hazardous wastes, and WAMCO does not currently charge a fee for services. Approximately 20 tpd of waste from small islands and low-cost resorts are dumped on beaches or in the deep ocean, and backyard burning is common practice with limited public awareness of 3R approaches.

Collected waste is transported on barges to the artificially created, industrially zoned Thilafushi Island located 6 kilometers from Male. Thilafushi Island is an artificially reclaimed island created in the early 1990s from a combination of garbage and sand. It is zoned for industrial use. The 30-year old 10-hectare open dumpsite managed by WAMCO has no leachate control systems. Since 2008 the government deliberately set fires to reduce growing mounds of garbage resulting in plumes of smoke and severe air pollution hazards to on-site workers, Male residents, and surrounding tourists generating frequent complaints. On-site equipment and site logistics are not sufficient or optimal to efficiently manage the growing volumes of incoming waste. A scarcity of land on Thilafushi Island requires MEE to reclaim part of the adjacent lagoon (1.5 meters depth) next to the dumpsite for the proposed regional waste management facility. Proposed area is 15 hectares to accommodate future expansion. The project will create a cleaner environment, contribute to reductions in the cost of electricity, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and improve climate change resilience and disaster risk management.

The project preparatory TA for the Greater Mal Environmental Improvement and Waste Management Project (GMEIWMP) was approved by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) on 6 June 2017 for $600,000, financed on a grant basis by ADB's Technical Assistance Special Fund (TASF-6). The TA executing agency is the Ministry of Finance of the Government of Maldives. The TA supports preparatory work and advance actions for the GMEIWMP, which aims to establish an integrated solid waste management system in the Greater Mal Region of the Maldives including collection, transfer, treatment using advanced waste-to-energy (WTE) technology, disposal, recycling, and dumpsite closure and remediation; and strengthen institutional capacities for solid waste services delivery and environmental monitoring, with improved public awareness in sustainable solid waste management. The project was split into two phase (i) collection, transfer, disposal, and awareness building in the first phase (GMEIWMP), and (ii) long-term treatment solution through WTE in the second phase (Greater Male Waste to Energy Project(. The two-phase approach allowed the government to access more Asian Development Fund grant allocation, while also providing more time to prepare the larger WTE project. The TA became effective on 12 June 2017 and was expected to be completed by 30 June 2018. The TA completion date was extended to 30 June 2019.

In August 2018, a top up of $1,000,000 financed on a grant basis by the High-Level Technology Fund (HLTF), bringing the total TA amount to $1,600,000, and an extension of the TA completion date to May 2022 were approved. This was to provide additional inputs to support critical aspects of the second phase of the project, especially related to WTE plant design and operational sustainability such as: (i) ensuring WTE design, performance parameters and emissions adhere to international standards and are state-of-the-art; (ii) maximizing residual incineration bottom ash (IBA) and construction and demolition waste (CDW) recovery and reuse for minimizing landfilling (land) requirement; (iii) capacity building to manage a high level technology, including exchange programs with model WTE plants and municipal solid waste service providers in Japan.

Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Male
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services 15 individual consultants, comprising 14 international and 1 national consultants were engaged to undertake the technical assistance project. The consultants were mobilized to adequately address the following aspects relating to the preparation and implementation of the projects: (i) detailed grant executing agency and implementing agency capacity assessment, and suggested remedial action plan to build executing agency and implementing agency capacity to minimize procurement and financial management risks; (ii) proposed or indicative grant related procurement plan with suggested level of priority or, if applicable, post review based on executing agency and implementing agency capacity assessment; (iii) indicative implementation schedule with proposed sequencing of consultant recruitment and procurement bidding and awarding; (iv) high quality and on time implementation including design review, procurement and capacity building; (v) ensure waste-to-energy design, perfomance parameters and emissions adhere to international standards; (vi) maximize residual ash and construction and demolition waste recovery and reuse for minimizing landifilling requirements; (vii) capacity building do manage high level technology, and (viii) support exchange program with waste-to-energy and model municipal solid waste service providers abroad.
Procurement Individual Consultants and Firm
Responsible ADB Officer Di Mario, Luca
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance (formerly Ministry of Finance and Treasury)
Ameenee Magu, Block 379, Male', Republic
of Maldives
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 06 Jun 2017
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 08 Dec 2021

TA 9327-MLD

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
06 Jun 2017 12 Jun 2017 12 Jun 2017 30 Jun 2018 16 May 2022 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
600,000.00 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,600,000.00 05 Jan 2022 1,177,123.72

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Waste-to-Energy Operation and Maintenance Expert Individual - Consulting Closed 16 Jul 2019 22 Jul 2019
Waste-to-Energy Process and Mechanical Engineering Expert Individual - Consulting Closed 16 Jul 2019 22 Jul 2019
Research and Market Study Consultant on the Reuse of Incinerator Bottom Ash and Construction and Demolition Waste Firm - Consulting Closed 19 Sep 2018 28 Sep 2018
Market Study Consultant on the Reuse of Incinerator Bottom Ash and Construction and Demolition Waste in the Maldives Individual - Consulting Closed 31 Jul 2018 11 Aug 2018
Technology Transfer Expert in Solid Waste Management Individual - Consulting Closed 28 Jul 2018 07 Aug 2018
Exchange Program Coordinator Individual - Consulting Closed 28 Jul 2018 07 Aug 2018

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Project Preparatory Technical Assistance 9327 12 Feb 2019 MOTT MACDONALD LIMITED (UNITED KINGDOM) | MOTT MACDONALD HOUSE, 8-10 SYDENHAM ROAD CROYDON CR0 2EE, UNITED KINGDOM Ministry of Finance 277,646.00

Procurement Plan

None currently available.