The proposed project will establish an integrated solid waste management system in Greater Male including collection, transfer, treatment using advanced waste-to-energy (WTE) technology, disposal, recycling, dumpsite closure and remediation, public awareness in reduce-reuse-recycle (3R), and strengthen institutional capacities for service delivery and environmental monitoring.
|Project Name||Greater Male Environmental Improvement and Waste Management Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The proposed project will establish an integrated solid waste management system in Greater Male including collection, transfer, treatment using advanced waste-to-energy (WTE) technology, disposal, recycling, dumpsite closure and remediation, public awareness in reduce-reuse-recycle (3R), and strengthen institutional capacities for service delivery and environmental monitoring.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
As part of its national strategy to achieve efficient public spending on economic and social services, the Government of the Maldives targets 70% of its total population to reside in the Greater Male Region. The plan seeks to create spatial agglomeration to generate economic opportunities for faster growth and poverty reduction. Tourism accounts for 30% of gross domestic product and is expected to expand, particularly in the project area. To prepare for the increase in population, the government is embarking on major infrastructure projects including three mega transport and residential housing projects amounting to $1.5 billion. The near doubling of Male's population will significantly increase pressure on the already stressed solid waste management system. Considering the Maldives reputation as a pristine high-end tourist destination, environmental pollution from improper waste management poses significant threats to the tourism economy. Moreover, the 100% dependence on diesel power, the high cost of electricity generation, and the associated carbon emissions justifies consideration of alternative and renewable energy sources.
Solid waste management in the project area is therefore a top priority of the government. The government's 2015 Manifesto explicitly aims to improve waste management in the Male area. The 2015 National Policy for Solid Waste outlines key principles to improve environmental outcomes, and the Solid Waste Management Act (currently pending approval in Parliament) sets a legal and institutional framework for pollution control and solid waste management. The Ministry of Environment and Energy (MEE) launched the Saafu Raajje (Clean Maldives) initiative in 2015, a national public awareness sanitation campaign. Recent measurements show 366 tons per day (tpd) of mixed solid waste is generated in the project area and this is expected to grow to around 460 tpd by 2021.
Greater Male severely lacks an organized and environmentally sustainable solid waste management system. Waste management is operated by the recently established (2015) Waste Management Corporation Limited (WAMCO), an entity with limited staffing, and technical and managerial experience. Mixed municipal solid waste in Male city is currently collected on an ad hoc basis from multiple sources at unscheduled times by an aging fleet of trucks resulting in garbage left uncollected on roadsides for extended periods. There is no separate collection of construction, demolition, and hazardous wastes, and WAMCO does not currently charge a fee for services. Approximately 20 tpd of waste from small islands and low-cost resorts are dumped on beaches or in the deep ocean, and backyard burning is common practice with limited public awareness of 3R approaches.
Collected waste is transported on barges to the artificially created, industrially zoned Thilafushi Island located 6 kilometers from Male. Thilafushi Island is an artificially reclaimed island created in the early 1990s from a combination of garbage and sand. It is zoned for industrial use. The 30-year old 10-hectare open dumpsite managed by WAMCO has no leachate control systems. Since 2008 the government deliberately set fires to reduce growing mounds of garbage resulting in plumes of smoke and severe air pollution hazards to on-site workers, Male residents, and surrounding tourists generating frequent complaints. On-site equipment and site logistics are not sufficient or optimal to efficiently manage the growing volumes of incoming waste. A scarcity of land on Thilafushi Island requires MEE to reclaim part of the adjacent lagoon (1.5 meters depth) next to the dumpsite for the proposed regional waste management facility. Proposed area is 15 hectares to accommodate future expansion.
The project will create a cleaner environment, contribute to reductions in the cost of electricity, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and improve climate change resilience and disaster risk management.
|Description of Outcome|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs|
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||Eleven individuals comprising 9 international consultants and 3 national consultants were engaged to undertake the technical assistance project. The consultants are mobilized to help ADB adequately address the following aspects relating to the ensuing grant project and undertake the following tasks, among others: (i) detailed grant executing agency and implementing agency capacity assessment, and suggested remedial action plan to build executing agency and implementing agency capacity to minimize procurement and financial management risks; (ii) proposed or indicative grant related procurement plan with suggested level of priority or, if applicable, post review based on executing agency and implementing agency capacity assessment; and (iii) indicative implementation schedule with proposed sequencing of consultant recruitment and procurement bidding and awarding.|
|Procurement||To be determined|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Di Mario, Luca|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban Development and Water Division, SARD|
Ministry of Finance (formerly Ministry of Finance and Treasury)
Ameenee Magu, Block 379, Male', Republic
|Approval||06 Jun 2017|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||28 Mar 2018|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|06 Jun 2017||12 Jun 2017||12 Jun 2017||30 Jun 2018||16 May 2022||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|600,000.00||1,000,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||1,600,000.00||06 Jun 2017||1,162,157.62|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Greater Male Environmental Improvement and Waste Management Project: Technical Assistance Consultant’s Report||Consultants' Reports||Feb 2019|
|Greater Male Environmental Improvement and Waste Management Project: Project Preparatory Technical Assistance Report||Project Preparatory Technical Assistance Reports||Jun 2017|
|Greater Male Environmental Improvement and Waste Management Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Jun 2017|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Waste-to-Energy Operation and Maintenance Expert||Individual - Consulting||Closed||16 Jul 2019||22 Jul 2019|
|Waste-to-Energy Process and Mechanical Engineering Expert||Individual - Consulting||Closed||16 Jul 2019||22 Jul 2019|
|Research and Market Study Consultant on the Reuse of Incinerator Bottom Ash and Construction and Demolition Waste||Firm - Consulting||Closed||19 Sep 2018||28 Sep 2018|
|Market Study Consultant on the Reuse of Incinerator Bottom Ash and Construction and Demolition Waste in the Maldives||Individual - Consulting||Closed||31 Jul 2018||11 Aug 2018|
|Exchange Program Coordinator||Individual - Consulting||Closed||28 Jul 2018||07 Aug 2018|
|Technology Transfer Expert in Solid Waste Management||Individual - Consulting||Closed||28 Jul 2018||07 Aug 2018|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor||Contractor Address||Executing Agency||Contract Description||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Project Preparatory||Technical Assistance 9327||12 Feb 2019||MOTT MACDONALD LIMITED (UNITED KINGDOM)||MOTT MACDONALD HOUSE, 8-10 SYDENHAM ROAD CROYDON CR0 2EE, UNITED KINGDOM||Ministry of Finance||Consulting Services||277,646.00||—|
None currently available.