Maldives: Greater Male Environmental Improvement and Waste Management Project
The proposed project will establish an integrated solid waste management system in Greater Male including collection, transfer, treatment using advanced waste-to-energy (WTE) technology, disposal, recycling, dumpsite closure and remediation, public awareness in reduce-reuse-recycle (3R), and strengthen institutional capacities for service delivery and environmental monitoring.
Di Mario, Luca
South Asia Department
Request for information
- Technical Assistance
- Water and other urban infrastructure and services
|Project Name||Greater Male Environmental Improvement and Waste Management Project|
|Country / Economy||Maldives
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The proposed project will establish an integrated solid waste management system in Greater Male including collection, transfer, treatment using advanced waste-to-energy (WTE) technology, disposal, recycling, dumpsite closure and remediation, public awareness in reduce-reuse-recycle (3R), and strengthen institutional capacities for service delivery and environmental monitoring.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Greater Male severely lacks an organized and environmentally sustainable solid waste management system. Waste management is operated by the recently established (2015) Waste Management Corporation Limited (WAMCO), an entity with limited staffing, and technical and managerial experience. Mixed municipal solid waste in Male city is currently collected on an ad hoc basis from multiple sources at unscheduled times by an aging fleet of trucks resulting in garbage left uncollected on roadsides for extended periods. There is no separate collection of construction, demolition, and hazardous wastes, and WAMCO does not currently charge a fee for services. Approximately 20 tpd of waste from small islands and low-cost resorts are dumped on beaches or in the deep ocean, and backyard burning is common practice with limited public awareness of 3R approaches.
Collected waste is transported on barges to the artificially created, industrially zoned Thilafushi Island located 6 kilometers from Male. Thilafushi Island is an artificially reclaimed island created in the early 1990s from a combination of garbage and sand. It is zoned for industrial use. The 30-year old 10-hectare open dumpsite managed by WAMCO has no leachate control systems. Since 2008 the government deliberately set fires to reduce growing mounds of garbage resulting in plumes of smoke and severe air pollution hazards to on-site workers, Male residents, and surrounding tourists generating frequent complaints. On-site equipment and site logistics are not sufficient or optimal to efficiently manage the growing volumes of incoming waste. A scarcity of land on Thilafushi Island requires MEE to reclaim part of the adjacent lagoon (1.5 meters depth) next to the dumpsite for the proposed regional waste management facility. Proposed area is 15 hectares to accommodate future expansion. The project will create a cleaner environment, contribute to reductions in the cost of electricity, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and improve climate change resilience and disaster risk management.
The project preparatory TA for the Greater Mal Environmental Improvement and Waste Management Project (GMEIWMP) was approved by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) on 6 June 2017 for $600,000, financed on a grant basis by ADB's Technical Assistance Special Fund (TASF-6). The TA executing agency is the Ministry of Finance of the Government of Maldives. The TA supports preparatory work and advance actions for the GMEIWMP, which aims to establish an integrated solid waste management system in the Greater Mal Region of the Maldives including collection, transfer, treatment using advanced waste-to-energy (WTE) technology, disposal, recycling, and dumpsite closure and remediation; and strengthen institutional capacities for solid waste services delivery and environmental monitoring, with improved public awareness in sustainable solid waste management. The project was split into two phase (i) collection, transfer, disposal, and awareness building in the first phase (GMEIWMP), and (ii) long-term treatment solution through WTE in the second phase (Greater Male Waste to Energy Project(. The two-phase approach allowed the government to access more Asian Development Fund grant allocation, while also providing more time to prepare the larger WTE project. The TA became effective on 12 June 2017 and was expected to be completed by 30 June 2018. The TA completion date was extended to 30 June 2019.
In August 2018, a top up of $1,000,000 financed on a grant basis by the High-Level Technology Fund (HLTF), bringing the total TA amount to $1,600,000, and an extension of the TA completion date to May 2022 were approved. This was to provide additional inputs to support critical aspects of the second phase of the project, especially related to WTE plant design and operational sustainability such as: (i) ensuring WTE design, performance parameters and emissions adhere to international standards and are state-of-the-art; (ii) maximizing residual incineration bottom ash (IBA) and construction and demolition waste (CDW) recovery and reuse for minimizing landfilling (land) requirement; (iii) capacity building to manage a high level technology, including exchange programs with model WTE plants and municipal solid waste service providers in Japan.
|Description of Outcome|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs|
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||15 individual consultants, comprising 14 international and 1 national consultants were engaged to undertake the technical assistance project. The consultants were mobilized to adequately address the following aspects relating to the preparation and implementation of the projects: (i) detailed grant executing agency and implementing agency capacity assessment, and suggested remedial action plan to build executing agency and implementing agency capacity to minimize procurement and financial management risks; (ii) proposed or indicative grant related procurement plan with suggested level of priority or, if applicable, post review based on executing agency and implementing agency capacity assessment; (iii) indicative implementation schedule with proposed sequencing of consultant recruitment and procurement bidding and awarding; (iv) high quality and on time implementation including design review, procurement and capacity building; (v) ensure waste-to-energy design, perfomance parameters and emissions adhere to international standards; (vi) maximize residual ash and construction and demolition waste recovery and reuse for minimizing landifilling requirements; (vii) capacity building do manage high level technology, and (viii) support exchange program with waste-to-energy and model municipal solid waste service providers abroad.|
|Procurement||Individual Consultants and Firm|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Di Mario, Luca|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban Development and Water Division, SARD|
Ministry of Finance (formerly Ministry of Finance and Treasury)
Ameenee Magu, Block 379, Male', Republic
|Approval||06 Jun 2017|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||08 Dec 2021|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|06 Jun 2017||12 Jun 2017||12 Jun 2017||30 Jun 2018||16 May 2022||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|600,000.00||1,000,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||1,600,000.00||17 Jun 2022||1,329,372.19|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Greater Male Environmental Improvement and Waste Management Project: Technical Assistance Consultant’s Report||Consultants' Reports||Feb 2019|
|Greater Male Environmental Improvement and Waste Management Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Jun 2017|
|Greater Male Environmental Improvement and Waste Management Project: Project Preparatory Technical Assistance Report||Project Preparatory Technical Assistance Reports||Jun 2017|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Waste-to-Energy Process and Mechanical Engineering Expert||Individual - Consulting||Closed||16 Jul 2019||22 Jul 2019|
|Waste-to-Energy Operation and Maintenance Expert||Individual - Consulting||Closed||16 Jul 2019||22 Jul 2019|
|Research and Market Study Consultant on the Reuse of Incinerator Bottom Ash and Construction and Demolition Waste||Firm - Consulting||Closed||19 Sep 2018||28 Sep 2018|
|Market Study Consultant on the Reuse of Incinerator Bottom Ash and Construction and Demolition Waste in the Maldives||Individual - Consulting||Closed||31 Jul 2018||11 Aug 2018|
|Exchange Program Coordinator||Individual - Consulting||Closed||28 Jul 2018||07 Aug 2018|
|Technology Transfer Expert in Solid Waste Management||Individual - Consulting||Closed||28 Jul 2018||07 Aug 2018|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor | Address||Executing Agency||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Project Preparatory||Technical Assistance 9327||12 Feb 2019||MOTT MACDONALD LIMITED (UNITED KINGDOM) | MOTT MACDONALD HOUSE, 8-10 SYDENHAM ROAD CROYDON CR0 2EE, UNITED KINGDOM||Ministry of Finance||277,646.00||—|
None currently available.